67 Works

The Effects of Climate Change on Wetlands in the Main Hawaiian Islands: An Initial Assessment

Dan A. Polhemus
The Hawaiian Islands are an intraplate hotspot chain lying in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and consist of a mix of generally steep-sided, rocky high islands in the southeast and low-lying coral atolls in the northwest. Due to their topography, these islands harbor a relatively limited number of wetland ecosystems, although the features that are present are diverse, ranging from a hypersaline lake on Laysan, to acidic upland bogs such as Pepeopae on Molokai, to large...

Downscaled climate projections at 800m spatial resolution for the north central United States based on the Multivariate Adaptive Constructed Analog (MACA) method from selective CMIP5 models

Imtiaz Rangwala & Candida F. Dewes
This dataset provides downscaled climate projections at 800m spatial resolution for nine ecologically-relevant climate variables for the north central US region between 35.5N-49N latitude and 88W-118W longitude from 12 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project - Phas 5 (CMIP5) climate model simulations (6GCMs x 2RCPs) which are downscaled using the Multivariate Adaptive Constructed Analog (MACA) method. These projections are available as five different (approximately) 30-year climate normals between 1950 and 2099 as monthly values, except for Aridity...

Monthly Pan Evaporation Data across the Continental United States between 1950-2001

Michael T. Hobbins, Joseph J. Barsugli, Candida F. Dewes & Imtiaz Rangwala
Pan evaporation is a measure of atmospheric evaporative demand (E0) for which long term and spatially distributed observations are available from the NOAA Cooperative Observer (COOP) Network. However, this data requires extensive quality control and homogenization due to documented and undocumented station moves and other factors including human errors in recording or digitization. Station-based Pan Evaporation measurements (in mm) from 247 stations across the continental United States were compiled and quality controlled for the analysis...

Conservation Priorities for Recreational Birding

Katherine Warnell
Recreational birding is a popular activity in the United States, with about 20% of the population participating each year (Carver 2013). To assess the spatial distribution of recreational birding in the southeast, we combined two data sources: eBird (Sullivan et al. 2009) and the National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-associated Recreation (NSFHWAR; US Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, and Department of Commerce 2011). We used spatial birding data from eBird to distribute...

The Effects of Drought on Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout: The Role of Stream Flow and Temperature

Colleen Caldwell
The impacts of climate change on cold water species will likely manifest in populations at the trailing edge of their distribution. Rio Grande cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii virginalis, RGCT) occupy arid southwestern U.S.A. streams at the southern-most edge of all cutthroat trout distributions; thus making RGCT particularly vulnerable to the anticipated warming and drying in this region. However, RGCT may possess a portfolio of life-history traits that aide in their persistence, attributes commonly observed in...

Model Output for BCSD CMIP5 Simulations for the Rio Grande from 1951-2099

David Gutzler
The data files used in the analysis of BCSD CMIP5 simulations as part of the broader analysis of the future of streamflow predictability for the Rio Grande headwaters. The data files were generated using the raw data from the Bureau of Reclamation publicly available datasets (reference below) "Reclamation, 2013. 'Downscaled CMIP3 and CMIP5 Climate and Hydrology Projections: Release of Downscaled CMIP5 Climate Projections, Comparison with preceding Information, and Summary of User Needs', prepared by the...

CASC-Led Climate Training Activities for Tribes and Indigenous Communities

Robin O'Malley & Tori Pfaeffle
The Climate Adaptation Science Centers have conducted numerous training and skills development activities to support tribal and indigenous partners as they seek to use scientific information and techniques to understand and respond to climate change impacts. Because these activities were generated in different CASC regions, with different tribal / indigenous stakeholders, climate change contexts, and training needs, and because the CASC network encourages innovation, these activities were not developed or implemented in a nationally consistent...

Simulated Daily Surface Water Permit Requested Diversions and Diversions for Southeast Oklahoma

Wayne Kellogg & Frank Schalla
RiverWare simulated daily averaged surface water permit requested diversions and diversions modeled in the spatially refined model region within the Red River Basin. Values reported are for 18 different climate projection scenarios and a historical scenario, from 2010 through 2099 and 1976 through 2005, respectively. The RiverWare model was used to determine the impacts on regulated flows, resevoir levels, and water permit reliability. RiverWare was used for this project because of its ability to simulate...

South Central Climate Projections Evaluation Project (C-PrEP)

Adrienne Wootten
Global climate models (GCMs) are numerically complex, computationally intensive, physics-based research tools used to simulate our planet’s inter-connected climate system. In addition to improving the scientific understanding of how the large-scale climate system works, GCM simulations of past and future climate conditions can be useful in applied research contexts. When seeking to apply information from global-scale climate projections to address local- and regional-scale climate questions, GCM-generated datasets often undergo statistical post-processing generally known as statistical...

Linguistic diversity metrics from eight Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services assessments

Abigail Lynch
Multicultural representation is a stated goal of many global scientific assessment processes. These processes aim to mobilize a broader, more diverse pool of information for international knowledge-building and synthesis processes while increasing social legitimacy and inclusiveness. Often, enhancing cultural diversity is encouraged through engagement of diverse expert teams and sources of knowledge in different languages. In this dataset, we examined the incorporation of multicultural diversity in the eight published assessments of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform...

Examples of vulnerability assessment tools and resources used or referenced in the State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs)

Kirsten Lackstrom, Kirstin Dow, Nils Peterson, Erika Chin & Kaly Clark
The project team examined State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs) from 15 southeastern states and Puerto Rico in order to: 1) identify the various approaches used to address climate change in the recent SWAP updates, 2) highlight key commonalities and differences among the states, and 3) improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities that state agencies face as they address climate change risks. Methods included detailed review of the SWAPs and follow-up interviews with SWAP coordinators....

Examples of climate adaptation planning tools, approaches, and resources referenced in State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs) and Interviews

Kirsten Lackstrom, Kirstin Dow, Nils Peterson, Erika Chin & Kaly Clark
The project team examined State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs) from 15 southeastern states and Puerto Rico in order to: 1) identify the various approaches used to address climate change in the recent SWAP updates, 2) highlight key commonalities and differences among the states, and 3) improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities that state agencies face as they address climate change risks. Methods included detailed review of the SWAPs and follow-up interviews with SWAP coordinators....

Canopy Water Balance Input Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019

Thomas Gimabelluca & Han Tseng
Measurements of fog, fog interception parameters, and climate variables such as wind, radiation, temperature, and humidity, along with vegetation data, to test a model to estimate CWI as a function of fog-water movement and vegetation characteristics.

The role of landscape characteristics in climate-driven rapid ecological change over the last 21,000 years in the Middle and Southern Rockies, U.S.A.

Shelley Crausbay, Amanda Kissel, Patrick Freeman, Robert George & Eric Stofferahn
These model objects are the outputs of two Bayesian hierarchical models (one for the Middle Rockies and one for the Southern Rockies) to explore the role of landscape characteristics in climate-driven ecological change and transformation. We used the rate of change for each site at 100-yr time steps as the response variable, and included elevation, CHILI, aspect, slope, and TPI as fixed effects in the models, run separately for each ecoregion. We included a random...

Interview transcripts from meetings with coastal resource managers about data needs related to coastal wetlands and sea level rise

Alison Meadow
These three PDFs contain qualitative notes taken during focus group-style interviews in 2017 with coastal resource managers Grand Bay, AL; Port Aransas, TX; and Tampa Bay, FL about their data needs related to tidal wetlands and sea level rise and interest in working with USGS researchers to receive that data. The coastal managers were all engaged in conversations with USGS scientists as part of a separate project entitled Landscape conservation design for enhancing the adaptive...

Restoring Floodplains in the Connecticut River Basin: A Flood Management Strategy

Richard N. Palmer & Abigail Ericson

Drought Indicators of the South Central Plains (1981-2014)

Mark Shafer & Steven Quiring
The South Central U.S. is one of the main agricultural regions in North America: annual agricultural production is valued at more than $44 billion dollars. However, as climate conditions change, the region is experiencing more frequent and severe droughts, with significant impacts on agriculture and broader consequences for land management. For example, in 2011 drought caused an estimated $7.6 billion in agricultural losses in Texas and an additional $1.6 billion in Oklahoma. Although there are...

Gridded 20km Daily Reference Evapotranspiration for the State of Alaska from 1979 to 2017

Peter Bieniek
Reference evapotranspiration (ET0), like potential evapotranspiration, is a measure of atmospheric evaporative demand. It was used in the context of this study to evaluate drought conditions that can lead to wildfire activity in Alaska using the Evaporative Demand Drought Index (EDDI) and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). The ET0 data are on a 20km grid with daily temporal resolution and were computed using the meteorological inputs from the dynamically downscaled ERA-Interim reanalysis and two...

Landscape Evaporative Response Index (LERI): A high resolution monitoring and assessment of evapotranspiration across the Contiguous United States

Imtiaz, Lesley Smith, Gabriel Senay, Joseph Barsugli, Stefanie Kagone, Mike Hobbins Rangwala
Landscape Evaporative Response Index (LERI) is remotely-sensed high-resolution information of the evaporative response from the land in near real time. LERI assesses anomalies in actual evapotranspiration (ETa), as percentiles, across the Contiguous US and northern Mexico at a 1-km spatial resolution. LERI is based on the ETa data produced by the U. S. Geological Survey using the operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model. SSEBop combines evapotranspiration fraction generated from remotely sensed MODIS thermal imagery,...

Canopy Water Balance Output Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019

Thomas Gimabelluca & Han Tseng
The outputs of two versions of the Single-Layer Wet Canopy Water Balance model. Parameters include cloud water interception, evaporation of rainwater or fog water from wet canopy (interception evaporation), and canopy water storage.

Survey of Participants in the Arizona Wine Industry in Summer 2021 for the purposes of understanding their data needs

Alison Meadow
This data is from a survey of participants in the Arizona wine industry conducted in 2021. Participants in the Arizona wine industry generally include wine grape growers, wine makers, winery owners, vineyard or winery employees, and viticulture students. The data were collected in order to inform a broader economic analysis of the Arizona wine industry, which had been requested by a number of industry members during engagement with University of Arizona and Arizona Cooperative Extension...

Growth and photosynthesis or red maples subjected to drought in North Carolina

Steven Frank
These data were collected from 27 April 2017 through 4 Septmber 2017. Data are measurements of plant physiology collected using a LI-COR LI-6400XT Portable Photosynthesis System. Methods detailed in: Lahr, E.C., Backe, K.M. & Frank, S.D. Intraspecific variation in morphology, physiology, and ecology of wildtype relative to horticultural varieties of red maple (Acer rubrum). Trees 34, 603–614 (2020).

Soil Moisture Data for the Red River and Rio Grande Basins from 2015-2019

Tyson Ochsner, Matthew Levi & Grant Snitker
Modeled soil moisture raster maps (4km-pixels) displaying volumetric water content (VWC) and fraction of available water (FAW) in 10-cm depth increments for the 2015-2019 period for the Red River and Rio Grande basins.

Daily streamflow and reservoir water elevation data for Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas (2006-2099)

Cody Hudson & Wayne Kellogg
Daily streamflow and reservoir water elevation data for modeled locations in the Red River Basin. Values reported are for 18 different GCM (Global Climate Model) / RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) / GDM Downscaling scenarios. Climate data from each scenario was input into a Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, that output flow values. These values were then input into RiverWare, to determine the impacts on regulated flows, lake levels and water availability. RiverWare was used for...

Data for Climate drives shifts in grass reproductive phenology across the western U.S. (1895-2013)

Seth Munson
This dataset includes herbaria specimen records that report collection location and date (from 1895 – 2013) for grasses from the Southwest Environmental Information Network (http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet, Accessed 3 March 2014; 79% of records) and Global Biodiversity Information Facility (http://www.gbif.org, [accessed 3 March 2014]; 21% of records) for 12 states in the western United States. Associated climate data include monthly mean temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and precipitation from the herbaria record locations from climate rasters provided...

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