42 Works

Web-CDI: A system for online administration of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories

Benjamin Edward deMayo, Danielle Kellier, Mika Braginsky, Christina Bergmann, Cielke Hendriks, Caroline Rowland, Michael Frank & Virginia Marchman
Understanding the mechanisms that drive variation in children’s language acquisition requires large, population-representative datasets of children’s word learning across development. Parent report measures such as the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI) are commonly used to collect such data, but the traditional paper-based forms make the curation of large datasets logistically challenging. Many CDI datasets are thus gathered using convenience samples, often recruited from communities in proximity to major research institutions. Here, we introduce Web-CDI, a...

Non-word repetition in children learning Yélî Dnye

Alejandrina Cristia & Marisa Casillas

It’s your turn: The dynamics of conversational turn-taking in father-child and mother-child interaction

Linda Kelly, Elizabeth Nixon & Jean Quigley
The aim of this study was to elucidate the interactive and temporal features of conversational turn-taking during father-child and mother-child play and investigate associations with children’s cognitive and language abilities. Eighty typically developing two-year-olds (M = 24.06 months, SD = 1.39) and their biological mothers and fathers took part in the current study which consisted of a single visit to an Infant and Child Lab. Parent-child conversational turn-taking was measured from dyadic structured play interactions...

Judaica: An Embodied Laboratory for Songwork

Ben Spatz, Nazlıhan Eda Erçin & Agnieszka Mendel
“Judaica: An Embodied Laboratory for Songwork” was a two-year research project that explored the construction of identity through the act of singing. The heart of the project was a six-month laboratory period in which the three of us worked closely together, on a full-time basis, as skilled performance practitioners investigating the cultural and epistemic potential of songs. In response to critical work in the humanities and social sciences calling for greater recognition of embodied knowledge...

A Turning Points analysis of Cross-Border Merger and Acquisition Negotiations

Yadvinder S. Rana, Daniel Druckman & Jesus Canduela
Despite the recent increase in Cross-Border Merger and Acquisition (CBMA) activity, research has repeatedly determined that over 70 percent of CBMAs fail to deliver the promised results, with evidence pointing to ineffective negotiation process management as one of the crucial factors explaining CBMA failure. We perform a turning points analysis of nine negotiations between automobile manufacturers. The findings indicate that negotiation outcomes are significantly influenced by substantive and strategic elements internal to the negotiation process....

Fresh Press Agri-Fiber Paper Lab

Eric Benson
Fresh Press is an interdisciplinary research and making lab at the University of Illinois that explores the potential of regional sustainable agricultural fiber waste as art, paper, and objects. Our mission is to develop entrepreneurial and artistic markets for paper products originating from locally produced sustainable agricultural fiber waste (corn stalks, rye, hemp, and prairie grasses). We are divided into three organizational components: research, residencies, and outreach. Our research involves developing new models, methods, and...

Negotiation and Conflict Management: Two Valuable Tools in the Public Relations Toolbox

James Grunig
This introductory essay summarizes my research and theorizing over more than 50 years about the nature of public relations, how and why it is practiced in different ways, and how it can be practiced most effectively and ethically. I have concluded that public relations will be most ethical and have the most value for publics, organizations, and society when the function is involved in the strategic management processes of organizations and is practiced with a...

Language Development Research Editorial: Why do we need another journal?

Ben Ambridge

Passive sentence reversal errors in autism: Replicating Ambridge, Bidgood, and Thomas (2020)

Samuel Jones, Madeline Dooley & Ben Ambridge

Unfolding the Genome

Gupi Ranganathan & Erez Lieberman Aiden
From 2009-2011, we worked together at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard (Broad Institute, n.d.), building on a study (Lieberman-Aiden & Van Berkum et al., 2009) that made it possible to explore how the human genome, the DNA contained in every cell of the body, folds in 3D. At the outset of our collaboration, our approaches seemed so different as to be, perhaps, incommensurable. The scientists used tools like mathematics, computer science, and molecular...

Vibrant Ecologies of Research

Aaron Knochel
What are the elements necessary to create a vibrant ecology of research where art and design inquiry may flourish alongside, within, and out of social and physical science research that is so deeply embedded within the fiber of research-oriented universities? In this special collection of Ground Works, the project work and commentaries explore vibrant ecologies of research deepening our understanding of the institutional, social, and epistemological systems that effectively weave arts-based inquiry into the scholarly...

Just-in-time Ecology of Interdisciplinarity

Lauren Stetz, Karen Keifer-Boyd & Michele Mekel
The Pennsylvania State University Viral Imaginations: COVID-19 project is a curated, online, publicly-accessible gallery and archive of Pennsylvanians’ creative expressions in response to their first-person, lived coronavirus pandemic realities. Constructing a safe and empowering space for sharing experiences across strata of race, ethnicity, language, age, socioeconomic status, education, and ability, the archive provides a platform for the preservation of unique and diverse narratives. Designed as a highly interdisciplinary endeavor, Viral Imaginations brings together specialists from...

Cripping Media Art Ecologies

Lindsey Felt & Vanessa Chang
By remaking the creative design cycle through an accessibility and disability justice lens, Leonardo CripTech Incubator scaffolds new forms of artistic access. In recent years, disability justice has emerged as a paradigm and practice incubated by queer and disabled creative practitioners of color like Patty Berne and Sins Invalid. A Disability Justice framework “understands that all bodies are unique and essential, that all bodies have strengths and needs that must be met” (Sins Invalid, 2015)....

Conflict Positioning in Crisis Communication: Impact of antecedent conditions on negotiation

Augustine Pang & Glen T Cameron
Organizations need to position themselves favorably in times of crisis. The conflict positioning conceptualization offers a framework for organizations to do so by integrating insights of crisis communication with negotiation through the following steps. First, understanding the factors that will affect an organization’s ability to handle the crisis. Second, based on the influence of these factors, examine the stance the organization will adopt. Third, examine the strategies the organization will embrace. Four, the strategies adopted...

Toward a Contingency Theory of Relating Management: Exploring Organization-Public Relationships (OPRs) in Conflicts

Yang Cheng & Allison Fisk
This paper presents the theoretical rationale for a contingency theory of relating management. Thepurpose of building such a contingency approach is to assist organizations in assessing and managing the dynamics of relationships with their external andinternal publics when conflicts arise. Through integrating interdisciplinary literature from public relations and conflict management, this theoretical framework argues that contingent organization-public relationships (COPRs) inthe conflict management process are highly dynamic and complex. COPRs influence relationship qualities and depend on...

Sleep behaviour in children with language disorder

Victoria Knowland, Mohreet Rauni, M. Gareth Gaskell, Sarah Walker, Elaine van Rijn, Lisa-Marie Henderson & Courtenay Norbury
Sleep and language are intimately linked over childhood, yet objective measurements of sleep behaviour have never been compared between children with developmental disorders of language and their language-typical peers. The aim of this two-study series was to assess an emergent hypothesis that children with poor structural language development may also exhibit poor sleep. In Study 1, 196 parents of 4-10 year-old children completed the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire and the Children’s Communication Checklist-2, including the...

Gender Differences in Motives for Initiating and Avoiding Negotiations

Julia Reif, Katharina Kugler & Felix Brodbeck
To gain a more comprehensive understanding of gender differences in negotiations, we qualitatively (N = 1119) and quantitatively (N = 200) investigated men’s and women’s motives for initiating and avoiding negotiations. Men and women reported different relational and regulatory foci in negotiation initiation and avoidance motives, but similar modes of motives when legitimizing role-(in)consistent behaviors: Men avoiding and women initiating negotiations (i.e., role-inconsistent behavior) explained their behaviors by basic cybernetic, experiential motives (negative discrepancy and...

Negotiating Disciplines: A Model of Integrative Public Relations from a Conflict-Resolution Perspective

Yi-Hui Christine Huang & Qinxian Cai
This paper investigates potential cross-fertilizations of public relations and conflict management. We first address criticisms of the two-way symmetrical communication model and Excellence theory in the field of public relations in order to highlight how concepts borrowed from negotiation and conflict management scholarship can remedy those concerns. Ultimately, we theorize an integrative public relations model that outlines a conflict-resolution perspective of public relations. Multiple scenarios and contexts in which this model might be applied include:...

A demonstration of the uncomputability of parametric models of language acquisition and a biologically plausible alternative

Evelina Leivada & Elliot Murphy
The logical problem of language acquisition has been at the forefront of psycholinguistics and behavioral neuroscience for decades. One of the most influential answers to the problem of how successful acquisition occurs on the basis of noisy input suggests that the child is aided by innate principles and parameters (P&P). These are conceived as part of our biological endowment for language. Previous work on the computability of parametric models has focused on the process of...

How Do Buddhist Monks Frame Conflicts? A Buddhist Approach to Paradox

Hee-Chan Song
Paradox theory proposes that some tensions need not be mitigated, eliminated, or reconciled because organizations can make synergy by keeping them intact. It suggests that to create synergy, people must separate elements of tensions either cognitively or structurally. This separation tactic then allows them to identify hidden interconnectivity among contradicting elements. This study suggests an alternative mechanism to this separation-and-then-integration process, by exploring a Buddhist approach, which has remained largely overlooked by paradox researchers. Empirically,...

Expectation violation enhances the development of new abstract syntactic representations: evidence from an artificial language learning study

Giulia Bovolenta & Emma Marsden
Prediction error is known to enhance priming effects for familiar syntactic structures; it also strengthens the formation of new declarative memories. Here, we investigate whether violating expectations may aid the acquisition of new abstract syntactic structures, too, by enhancing memory for individual instances which can then form the basis for abstraction. In a cross-situational artificial language learning paradigm, participants were exposed to novel syntactic structures in ways that either violated their expectations (Surprisal group) or...

Choreografish: An Arts-Based, Virtual Reality, Anxiety Intervention for Autism

Eric Handman, Roger Altizer, Cheryl Wright & Greg Bayles
Choreografish is a participatory research project leveraging virtual reality, arts engagement, and design to collaborate with young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The research team was motivated by a combination of observations: that some people with ASD experience social anxiety and attendant difficulties accessing social art forms such as dance and choreography, and that some have a predilection for developing patterns as a way of exerting control and making meaning. University of Utah faculty...

Childrenʼs language abilities predict success in remote communication contexts

Karla McGregor, Ronald Pomper, Nichole Eden, Timothy Arbisi-Kelm, Nancy Ohlmann, Shivani Gajre & Erin Smolak
Remote communicative contexts are part of everyday social, familial, and academic interactions for the modern child. We investigated the ability of second-graders to engage in remote discourse, and we determined whether language ability, theory of mind, and shy temperament predicted their success. Fifty 7-to-9-year-old monolingual English speakers with a wide range of language abilities participated in standardized testing and an expository discourse task in which they taught two adults to solve the Tower of London,...

Machines that Dream

Benjamin David Robert Bogart
Watching and Dreaming is a body of work that enables the viewer to peer inside the “mind” of a machine to observe its perceptions, mind wanderings, and dreams. This is not a metaphorical representation of dreams, nor a technical exercise in AI such as DeepDream [1] but the realization of a computational model of dreaming informed by cognitive neuroscience. This level of description avoids biases towards Jungian and Freudian psychology that assume dreaming is exclusively...

Negotiation Strategy: A Cross-Cultural Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Theory and Measurement

Jeanne M Brett & Chelsea Galoni
Negotiation theorists conceptualize negotiation strategy from a behavioral or a motivational perspective and negotiation researchers code transcripts or collect negotiators’ self-reports to operationalize it. This meta-analysis evaluates the functional similarities and differences between these different theoretical perspectives and approaches to measuring negotiation strategy as it predicts joint gains. We analyzed 3,899 unique negotiations from 76 independent samples and 46 different papers. Our results reveal that motivational and behavioral theories and self-report and behavioral coding measurements...

Registration Year

  • 2022
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Resource Types

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    42

Affiliations

  • Pennsylvania State University
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  • Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
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  • Stanford University
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  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
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  • Macquarie University
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  • George Mason University
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  • University of Liverpool
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  • New Bulgarian University
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