153 Works

Illustration de stratégies de sécurisation des droits fonciers des femmes dans un contexte d’acquisition des terres à grande échelle au Sénégal

Ndéye Yandé NDIAYE
L’acquisition de larges superficies de terres arables dans les pays en développement pour y effectuer des investissements a pris forme et ampleur au Sénégal en 2000 avec l’avènement des réformes dans le secteur agricole. Une étude d’IPAR de 2011 dresse un tableau sombre d’attribution de grandes surfaces au profit d’investisseurs privés. Les femmes sont particulièrement touchées par ce phénomène. Leur occupation étant déjà fragilisée par des pratiques discriminatoires, elles se voient aussi déposséder de terres...

Money, power and the complexities of urban land corruption in Zimbabwe

Manase Kudzai Chiweshe
ABSTRACT Urban land in Zimbabwe is a lucrative economic and thus political asset. Increased demand for urban land across the country has been driven by multiple factors including high rates of urbanization, increased rural-urban migration, urban population growth and serious challenges in housing provision post-independence. This paper uses desk research to map out the actors and contestations over land. It highlights case studies from Harare and Chitungwiza that show how political power leads to primitive...

ANALYSIS OF TREND OF WATER LEVEL: IN CASE OF LAKE TANA, ETHIOPIA

Sintayehu Abie Diress & Tulu Besha Bedada
Lakes are integrator of environmental changes occurring at a regional to global scale and present a high variety of behaviors on a variety of time scale. Their crucial importance as water stocks and retaining given the significant environmental changes occurring worldwide at many anthropocentric levels has increased the necessity of monitoring all its morphodynamic characteristics i.e. water level, surface area and volume. In this paper a 57 years water level data obtained by combining Bahir...

Market Rent Determinant Variables of Residential Apartments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Masresha Asnakew Belete
Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify rent determinant variables of residential apartments. Reviews of substantial empirical results in different countries indicate that rental value is a result of the combined contribution of the integrated components of the property, amenities, and externalities. To test the significance of some variables on monthly rent in the case study areas, multiple regression model is used for 164 samples in three purposefully selected case study areas. The...

Compulsory Land Acquisition and Good Governance: An Assessment of the Luguruni Satellite Town Project in Dar es Salaam Tanzania

ELITRUDER RICHARD MAKUPA & SAMWEL ALANANGA
Despite a comprehensive regulatory framework on land matters, compulsory land acquisition in Tanzania has been associated with complaints and delays in compensation payments an indication that good governance principles might not be under serious consideration. This paper evaluates land acquisition practices in Tanzania in the light of good governance principles based on interviews and focus group discussions with project affected people and government officials who were involved in Luguruni Satellite Town Project in Dar es...

Site Evaluation of Eco-towns using GIS and Analytical Hierarchy Process: Case of Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area

Lilian Mono Wabineno-Oryema
Uganda’s total population is projected to increase to 61 million by 2040 in the rations of 37million (60%) to 24million (40%) in the Urban to rural areas respectively. Due to population expansion, Kampala as any other urban area is facing the problems of unplanned rapid growth such as: congestion, unplanned slums amongst others. The Kampala Physical Development Plan pointed out the need to develop new satellite eco-towns in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area of Ssisa...

Institutional Overlap and Power Relations in Private-Led Regularization Projects in Informal Settlements: The case of Gairo Town, Morogoro

Dawah Lulu Magembe-Mushi & Joel Mwanga Msami
In the early 1990s to date, the private sector has continued to gain momentum in urban planning and service delivery. Among others, the penetration of neo-liberal ideology in policies and legislations empowered the engagement of private sector in urban planning domain. Subsequently many private firms have dominated the process of the preparation of details schemes including regularization of informal settlements in different cities, municipalities and towns in Tanzania. However, the institutional overlap and power relation...

Effects of land titling and registration on tenure security and agricultural investments: Case of Gataraga sector, Northern Rwanda

Emmanuel Muyombano, Margareta Espling & Petter Pilesjo
Rwanda has undertaken a land registration and titling program since 2008 with a registration of 10.3 million land parcels in 2013. The aim of this paper is to investigate the early effects of the program on tenure security and agricultural investments since few studies have been carried out in this research area. The study was undertaken in Musanze district in Northern Rwanda, with specific focus on Gataraga sector and it draws on a mix of...

Communities’ role in securing customary land tenure in Zambia

Tapuwa Wambe Langton Nzara
Community land and natural resources lie at the heart of social, political and economic life in much of rural Africa. While the Zambian government acknowledges customary tenure, it has not established required legislation needed to secure it and support to communities in their efforts to protect their lands. As a consequence, many communities continue to lose their land/ access to critical natural resources, undermining local livelihoods and triggering conflicts. This paper presents the results of...

MODÈLE D’ONTOLOGIE ET THÉSAURUS POUR LA GOUVERNANCE DU DOMAINE FONCIER MAROCAIN

MOULAY ABDESLAM ADAD, EL HASSANE SEMLALI, MOHA EL AYACHI & FATIHA IBANNAIN
Comme tout domaine vital, le domaine d’administration du foncier est un univers de discours peuplé par des termes et des concepts dont le sens et la sémantique forment un système de connaissances. L’organisation de ces connaissances est un préalable à la gestion des données foncières et accessible grâce aux technologies du web sémantique. Il en résulte un système d’organisation des connaissances foncières, suivant un modèle de domaine d’ontologie appuyé par un thésaurus. Les concepts du...

The Mining Cadastre as an Extension and Specialization of the Kenyan Property Cadastre

David Siriba
The accelerated exploration of sub-surface mineral resources across much of Africa has created the need for proper administration of sub-surface land rights. The trend world-wide is a separate cadastre for mining. The reasons advanced for this separation are: the relatively short-term (issued as leases) nature of the mining rights, the mining laws relate exclusively to the right of exploiting minerals and are not modifying the property right; the boundaries of these rights are not linked...

Inclusiveness of Urban Land Administration in the City of Lusaka, Zambia

Mubanga Lupale, Mubanga Lupale & Godfrey Hampwaye
Many cities in developing countries are experiencing urbanization characterised by the continuous proliferation of informal settlements. This article gives an account of a study that determined the inclusiveness of land administration in the City of Lusaka using the perspective of good governance principles. The study findings shows that land administration in the City of Lusaka is not inclusive as most indicators of the five good governance principles recorded negative responses of at least 60 per...

Recours aux satellites pour appuyer le management de l’eau d’irrigation: Estimation des besoins en eau des agrumes par télédétection dans la Plaine de Triffa-Berkane (Maroc)

Rachid Hadria, Loubna Elmansouri, Tarik Benabdelouahab, Hamza Ouatiki, Youssef Lebrini, Abdelaziz Htitiou & Rida Khellouk
Les agrumes représentent la première culture irriguée dans la plaine de Trifa (Berkane, Maroc) avec une superficie en extension continue. Ceci accentue les pressions sur les ressources en eau déjà limitées dans la région. De ce fait, une gouvernance efficace et rationnelle de l’eau agricole s’impose. Dans ce travail, nous proposons une approche basée sur les observations satellitaires pour appuyer la gestion de l’eau d’irrigation consommée par les surfaces agrumicoles. Cette approche est scindée en...

LAND TENURE DISTRIBUTION AND WELL BEING OF WOMEN IN NIGERIA(a land policy agenda)

David Ayock Ishaya, Julius Andrew Baji, Ishaya Musa Goje & Yakubu Ahmed Ubangari
The land use act of 1978 is the linchpin for all land related issues in Nigeria, land also has a strong and positive correlates with economic activities in a country. Nigeria being the largest economy in Africa and the 26 largest economy in the world is still grappling issues of gender equality and empowerment. The aim of this research is to explore the nexus between land tenure distribution and the wellbeing of women in Nigeria....

Assessing Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Governance of Tenure: A Toolkit Approach: Lessons generated from ActionAid’s work with governments and communities

Catherine Gatundu, Zakaria Sambakhe & Fanta Jatta
The livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to and control over land and natural resources which are in turn the source of food and shelter, the basis for social, cultural and religious practices, and a central factor in economic growth. While each country’s unique tenure system and challenges require tailored responses, there is a need, common across most countries for substantial investments in...

LAND RIGHTS AND ECONOMIC RESILIENCE OF RURAL WOMEN IN THE G5-SAHEL COUNTRIES, WEST AFRICA

Alfred Runezerwa Bizoza
This article discusses different issues pertaining gender and land governance with focus to access and control of land by rural women and how this affects their resilience in G5-Sahel region- Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Mauritania. Findings show that land remains the property of men, customary chiefs, male members of the family who have the full control of land use; women continue to serve as servants of their husbands in the farming activities. Limited...

The Influences of Gendered Customary Land Tenure System on Food Security in Nandom District, Ghana

Kizito Doghle, Justice Owusu-Ansah & Paul Boniface Akaabre
Food insecurity has been a major global development concern. Hence, SDG Two seeks to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. The situation is severe in sub-Saharan Africa, where customary practices deprive women of land ownership and limit their access rights. This paper explores the influences of a gendered land tenure system on food security in Nandom District, adapting conditional assessment modules defined by USDA and FAO. With a list of households categorized under headship, 30 respondents...

REAL PROPERTY VALUATION IN EXPROPRIATION IN ETHIOPIA: BASES, APPROACHES AND PROCEDURES

Habtamu Bishaw Asres
The purpose of this paper is to examine the existing real property valuation practice in case of expropriation in Ethiopia and to propose potential bases and approaches compatible to the Ethiopian real property system based on desk review research in which existing literature are the main source. The paper found that, there is no standard and responsible institution for property valuation. As a result, valuation variation and valuation inaccuracies are common. Therefore, market value can...

DATA SHARING EFFICIENCY ON THE ZAMBIAN RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY MARKET: CASE STUDY OF LUSAKA

Christopher Mulenga
The residential property market in Zambia is characterised by lack of readily available property market data resulting in market values that do not reflect all market information. An empirical case study approach based on best practice from both developed and developing countries to assess how this information can be incorporated into easily accessible data sharing mechanisms among the buyers, sellers, estate agents and valuation surveyors has been adopted. The evidence gathered from other countries show...

Implications of urbanization and Impact of Population Growth on Abidjan City, Cote d’Ivoire.

Hyacinthe Kouakou Kouassi, Hettiarachchi J. Chamara, Armand Kouadio N’DA & Ota Mitsuru
The Absorption of rural Landscape by the process of urbanization is a critical issue leading to several, economic and environmental complications. Urbanization drives land use and land cover change (zoya et al., 2016), and, since the First Industrial Revolution (from about 1760 to 1840), has been characterised by the growth of urban population and spatial extension of cities. With the beginning of the twenty-first century, urbanization has gone hand in hand with development in emerging...

Analysis of Factors influencing Vulnerability of Fishing Systems to Climate Change among Artisanal Fisher-folks in Coastal area of Lagos, Nigeria

Abdulrazaq Kamal Daudu, Felix Olayinka Oladipo, Latifat Kehinde Olatinwo & Waheed Oyedola Kareem
Climate change poses serious challenges to the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture systems, with severe implications for the majority people who depend on them largely for their livelihoods. Therefore, this study investigates factors influencing the vulnerability of fishing activities to climate change among artisanal fisher-folks in coastal area of Lagos, Nigeria. A three-stage random sampling technique was used to select 342 artisanal fishers from the study area. Data were collected with the aid of structured...

Development of a Landmark Land Use and Management Framework for Liberia

Ellen Pratt
In October 2016 the Liberia Land Authority (LLA|) was legislated as the Nation’s first one-stop-shop for land management and administration. The LLA has the statutory mandate to administer land administration across the nation. The Authority is charged with supporting the development of a National Land Use and Management Agenda. This process commenced with the development of a National Land Use and Management Framework, especially poignant with the passage of Liberia’s landmark Land Rights Legislation, which...

Corruption and Politics of Land Administration, Housing Provision and Homelessness among the Urban Poor in Abuja

Abdullahi Adam
ABSTRACT Rapid urbanization has continued to occur in many post independent capital cities in Africa with serious competition for land and housing among urban dwellers thereby posing challenges to governments. Consequently, this paper examines how corruption and politics have constituted hindrances to efficient land administration and housing provision as homelessness among the urban poor is on the increase as against the provisions of the Abuja Master Plan (AMP). The locale of this study is the...

Evaluation of Urban Land Administration Processes and Institutional Arrangements of Ethiopia: Based on Advocacy Coalition Theory

Solomon Dargie Chekole
Land is the most vital resource on earth from which humankind derives almost all its basic needs. Land plays significant role through economic, social, political and cultural dimensions. Administration of this vital resource (Land) is a major issue underlying social, economic and cultural development. Its protection will be sustainable if there is proper land administration system. Land administration and management in urban Ethiopia during the last decade was in transition and has faced many interrelated...

PROVIDNG SECURE TENURE FOR ALL:A Country Implementation Strategy for Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration. The case of Uganda

Moses Musinguzi, Stig Enemark, Naome Kabanda, Danilo Antonio & Simon Peter Mwesigye
In this paper, we present and discuss the principles, approach and provisions for a country implementation strategy for Fit for Purpose Land Administration in Uganda. The Fit–For-Purpose Land Administration (FFP LA) concept has gained recognition by governments, global professional bodies and international development agencies, as a complementary approach to conventional land administration. FFP LA puts into consideration the cultural, social, economic and political context of a country to build the components of land administration so...

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