246 Works

LAND CERTIFICATION \"OUT OF ORDER\" IN NORTHERN CÔTE D’IVOIRE: Case studies in Tioroniadougou and Kebi

Gaoussou SORO, Debegnoun Marcelline SORO & Adja Ferdinard VANGA
Context and background: During decades the government of Côte d’Ivoire, try to find ways to resolved rural lands conflicts. So, since 1998, he was engaged in a politic of land securization. The issue of this process is the delivery of individual and collective land certificates to land rights holders. This certificate must be transformed on individual property title. In 2021, however many regions are engaged in certification, voluntary request for certificate by farmers and customary...

On Cultivating African Architecture for the Africa We Need

Patrick Kabanda
Africa’s age-old architectural knowledge is replete with diverse design techniques that satisfy not only aesthetic but also functional purposes. Nevertheless, as is normally the case with many African creative endeavors, this knowledge is not fully harvested. Yet from the COVID-19 pandemic, which demands rethinking of how space is used, to climate change, which questions how structures are designed and made, the need to consider how African architecture can shape the Africa we need, not to...

Efficiency and equity impacts of agricultural land rental markets in Zimbabwe

Simbarashe Tatsvarei, Clifton Makate, Tanyaradzwa Rukasha, Benjamin Hanyani-Mlambo & Peter Mukarumbwa
ontext and background Agriculture, and consequently land is considered a potential to increase economic growth and development than any other sector. With a lot of studies in Asian economies showing increased efficiency and equity associated with land rental markets, this study sought to establish if the same was true for informal land market in one province of Zimbabwe. Goal and Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the efficiency and equity impacts of informal land rental...

Gender Equality in Ownership of Agricultural Land in Rural Tanzania: Does Matrilineal Tenure System Matter?

Sophia Marcian Kongela
Gender gap in ownership of agricultural land is still wide in many developing countries, mainly in favour of men. In some of these countries, both patrilineal and matrilineal systems are practised and recognized by governments. Tanzania is one of the countries in which both systems are practised. This paper explores the extent of gender equality in ownership of agricultural land in Kisarawe and Mkuranga districts which are typical rural agricultural settings and mainly matrilineal societies...

The Land tenure in Northern Africa Challenges and opportunities

Moha EL-AYACHI, Lahcen BOURAMDANE & Mouastapha G.TINE
In Northern Africa region, land administration and land management systems are characterized by the existence of various institutions and a diversity of land tenures. In order to meet the requirements of the new era, a series of emerging policies has been developed and implemented according to the national needs and to the international regulations. In terms of historical events, we distinguish in the Northern Africa three different groups’ state members: (1) Sudan and Egypt, and...

Land readjustment: The missing link in urban Zimbabwe

Charles Chavunduka
Zimbabwe has been experiencing a rapid rate of urbanization amidst a failure by conventional approaches of urban land management to cope with the demand for housing. In view of these challenges, this paper investigates the feasibility and nature of land readjustment for urban land management in Zimbabwe. Using case study research methodology and a desk review of evidence from developed and developing countries the potential use of land readjustment in Zimbabwe is examined. Findings from...

MEASURES TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF APPROPRIATE LAND GOVERNANCE CAPACITY IN AFRICA: Empowerment for Africa’s Youth

IBRAHIM MWATHANE
The Continental Land Policy Initiative, now the African Land Policy Centre, has made tremendous progress in generating knowledge on land governance since inception in 2006. A key milestone was the formulation of a Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa in 2009 upon which the African Union Declaration on Land Issues in Africa was prepared and endorsed in Libya in July 2009. The Declaration urges member states to prioritise and allocate enough financial resources...

Investigating Climate Variability in Spatio-Temporal Domains Using GIS and Statistical Techniques in Case of Wello, Northeastern Ethiopian Highlands

Getie Gebrie Eshetie
Land use land cover dynamics is a widespread phenomenon in many parts of Ethiopia and This study aimed at investigating climate variability in spatio-temporal domains using Geographical Information System and statistical techniques. In this study, time series data of rainfall and temperature from National Centers for Environmental Prediction’s Climate Forecast System Reanalysis and National Meteorological Agency and crop data from Central Statistical Agency were used. Mann-Kendall and Sen’s Slope methods have been used for the...

GENDER-BASED LAND ACCES AND WELLBEING IN CAMEROON

Eric Patrick FEUBI PAMEN, Mathurin TCHAKOUNTE NJODA & Alain Charles BITA
The aim of this paper is to highlight the determinants of women land access in Cameron and appreciate its effects on wellbeing trough income and consumption. We use the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to capture land access determinants and a Simultaneous Equations Model (SEM) to put on evidence the implications on wellbeing in Cameroon. From data of the World Development Indicators of the World Bank, our main results show that land access for a woman...

Effects of Women Land Rights on Agricultural Outcomes in Rwanda

Mercyline W. Kamande & Emery Musonerwa Bahati
This study examines the effect of land rights on agricultural outcomes in Rwanda. We characterize the effects of land rights from two perspectives. The first one is land rights indicated by the right to sell and guarantee land and the second one is land titling. The agricultural outcomes include agricultural productivity, food security and nutritional diversity. From the results, land rights are found to have a positive relationship with all the outcome variables. The effect...

Land Governance and Agricultural Sustainability in Nigeria

Olubunmi Olanike Alawode, Victor Oluwadamilare Abegunde & Oluwatosin Adejoke Adewusi
This paper analysed land governance and crop commercialization in Nigeria. General Household Survey (Living Standard Measurement Survey) panel data for the post-planting and post-harvest periods of 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons were used. Descriptive statistics, Crop Commercialization Index (CCI) and Tobit regression model were used to analyse data. The semi-subsistence farmers constitute the highest proportion (62.4%), out of which almost one-quarter (24.6%) of the farmers sold less than a quarter (<25.0%) of their crop produce,...

Conflicting land deals and food insecurity: The era of Jatropha boom, bust and transformation in Ghana

Richmond Antwi-Bediako & Mohammed Abubakari
Global concerns about fossil fuel prices and climate change have directed focus on prospects of biofuels. In Ghana, large-scale biofuel development has been entangled with several problems including disputes over land use and a combination of challenges such as low yield performance of Jatropha, food versus oilseed prices and financial viability issues. Furthermore, the exercised land acquisition processes lacked transparency and could not protect the rights of vulnerable local people. One particular challenge is the...

Reflections on Botswana’s Tribal Land Act no. 1 of 2018

Boga Thura Manatsha
In August 2017, Botswana’s parliament passed the Tribal Land Bill, which became the Tribal Land Act no. 1 of 2018. It shall come into operation once the minister sanctions. Until then, the 1994 Act shall be operational. The new Act is aimed at addressing the challenges that cannot be effectively addressed by the operational Act. Some hail it as progressive, but this article argues that the Act has some limitations. Its insistence on the registration...

Scaling up pro-poor land recordation:Findings and consequences of three peri-urban cases from sub-Saharan Africa

Paul Van Asperen, Bob Hendriks & Jaap Zevenbergen
Scaling up promotion of land rights and improved access to land for the poor, women and other vulnerable groups has been at the core of the global land community’s agenda. The pro-poor land recordation tool (PPLRT) offers an alternative approach to both conventional and emergent responsible land tools, which can be implemented on its own and in combination with other tools. It has recently been tested for various types of rural contexts. This article further...

Gouvernance des terres agricoles à Pissa en Centrafrique

Félix NGANA
La République Centrafricaine est un pays à vocation agricole où quasiment 80 % de la population vivent de l’agriculture. A Pissa, la terre représente une richesse inaliénable pour les agriculteurs. C’est de la terre que les paysans tirent l’essentiel de leurs subsistances. L’utilité économique, culturelle et alimentaire a poussé les populations rurales de Pissa de développer le « droit coutumier » de sorte à assurer la bonne gestion de la terre. Force est de constater,...

ACCES A LA PROPRIETE FONCIERE ET MISE EN VALEUR DURABLE DES TERRES EN PAYS BAMUM AU CAMEROUN

Fabrice Mopi Touoyem
Le pays Bamum est un territoire de la région de l’Ouest Cameroun fondé au XIVe siècle par le roi Nchare. C’est un royaume où le Sultan est le dépositaire des terres. Les allochtones acquièrent le plus souvent des terres auprès des autochtones pour exploitation. Les autochtones n’ont qu’un droit d’usufruitsur les terre qui leurs sont cédées, mais aucun droit de disposer sur celles-ci. Ainsi, les tentatives d’immatriculation de ces terrains se heurtent très souvent au...

Land Dispute and Resolution Process Among the Youth Under the Customary System in the Techiman Traditional Area of Ghana

Joseph Kwaku Kidido
Securing land rights of all including the youth to allow for investment is very imperative. This is because access to land is very fundamental to ending extreme poverty especially in the Sub-Saharan Africa where agriculture remains the economic backbone of majority of households. To this end, access to fair and timeous land disputes resolution mechanism to adjudicate and resolve disputes which create tenure insecurity is critical. This study investigates land dispute cases and the resolution...

Women’s Access to Land and Security of Tenure post 2013 Constitution in Zimbabwe

Sandra Bhatasara
Rural women’s livelihoods in Africa are dependent on their rights and entitlement to land as well as security of tenure. Equally important is how land laws and land governance systems shape and reshape women’s access to land and tenure security. As such, this paper focuses on women’s access to land and tenure security after the adoption of a new Constitution in 2013 and Statutory Instrument 53 of 2014 in Zimbabwe. Whereas both legal instruments are...

Land-use planning Implementation Uncertainty in Bamako District

FOUNEMAKAN SISSOKO
The goal of this research was to understand the driving forces and agents that prevent the effective application of land-use policies through plan implementation, in the fastest growing city in Africa, Bamako District. The current results yield from the field work done in November and December of 2017. The survey was done at three levels, including interviews with official actors, and questionnaires sent to with citizens and the neighborhood leaders and neighborhood development Committees (Comité...

Non-Technical Pathways as Complements to Reducing Corruption in Land Governance Institutions in Africa

IBRAHIM MWATHANE
This paper underscores that corruption remains of key concern to land governance institutions in Africa, escalates costs of doing business and therefore undermines investments. Where widespread, land related corruption can grossly undermine tenure security, that it can cause deep discontent and foment social and political insecurity. It therefore needs appropriate responses. Many land governance institutions are in the process of establishing initiatives to respond to corruption. Most of these initiatives are however technology-driven and include...

Land Governance Arrangements in Eastern Africa: Description and Comparison

Achamyeleh Gashu Adam, Aline M M Cikara, , Lilian Mono Wabineno, Potel Jossam, Robert Wayumba, Prosper Turimubumwe & Jaap Zevenbergen
This study is aimed to assess features of land governance arrangements in the Eastern Africa region. Comparative and qualitative research approach was employed to achieve the objectives of the study. The research was also conducted within the context of long standing research collaboration under the umbrella of the Eastern African Land Administration Network (EALAN). The Eastern African countries included in this study are those represented through respective institutions in the EALAN, namely: Burundi, Democratic Republic...

Protecting the Land Rights of Women through an Inclusive Land Registration System: The Case of Ethiopia

Abebaw Abebe Belay & Tigistu G/Meskel Abza
Land is owned by the state and peoples of Ethiopia. Rural farmers and pastoralists have landholding right which contains bundle of rights. Women have equal right to fully use their landholding. Ethiopia has implemented a first level land certification (FLLC). Despite the achievements of the FLLC, gaps were identified especially as regards to local participation throughout the certification process. Ethiopia is currently implementing Second Level Land Certification. 15 million parcels have been registered, of which...

Assessing the challanges of women's land rights in Tanznia

AMINA KIMANGANO KIVARIA
The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges of women on land rights, in Tanzania customary practices often required woman to access land through their fathers, brothers, husbands or other men who control the land, so this makes women vulnerable and decreases agricultural productivity. When women loses their connection to this male relative, either through death, divorce or migration, they can lose their land, home and means of supporting themselves and their families....

Threats of Statutory Tenure on Customary Land in Zambia: Evidence from Chamuka Chiefdom in Chisamba District

Anthony Mushinge, Alex Mumbaala Simposya & Steven Chowa
This chapter investigated threats of statutory tenure on customary land. The study was primarily qualitative in nature and adopted a case study approach. Using evidence from Chamuka Chiefdom in Chisamba District, Central Province, the paper concludes that there are various threats of statutory tenure on customary land. These include traditional leaders losing control over land, displacements, land disputes, investors acquire more land than what is demarcated to them by traditional leaders, traditional leaders’ not consulting...

Transparency in Land Title Registration: Strategies to Eradicate Corruption in Africa Land Sector

Rukayat Bewaji Adeyinka
Land titles registration is germane to providing proof of individual ownership of land. In recognition of its importance in enhancing property rights, efforts at improving land title registration has increased significantly. Generally, the most vital areas vulnerable to corruption in Africa land sector are land administration, customary land tenure, management of state-owned land, land use planning, family land inheritance, conversion of land use, investments for both present period and speculative purpose among others. Hence, lack...

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