48 Works

Suitability Study of the Locations of Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) in Southwestern Nigeria

Anthony Olatunbosun Abiri
The Study evaluated the locational suitability of established Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) in Southwestern Nigeria and proposed optimum locations for additional CORS in the study area. These were with the view of determining the sufficiency of the existing CORS distribution for various applications in the study area. Secondary data were used for the study. The secondary data used were the shapefiles of the states and local governments as well as the positions of the...

Evaluation des zones potentielles d’eaux souterraines avec l’utilisation des SIG et de la télédétection Cas du sous-bassin de la Sandougou (bassin de la Gambie)

Cheikh Faye, Boubacar Solly, Sidy Dièye & Ababacar Fall
Groundwater is an important natural resource for domestic, agricultural and industrial use. Today, due to climate change, population growth, advanced irrigation practices and industrial uses, the demand for groundwater has increased considerably, and needs to be assessed. This article aims to delimit the potential groundwater zones in the Sandougou basin using GIS and remote sensing. The multi-criteria decision analysis technique (MCDA) is used by integrating different thematic layers. The thematic layers of land cover, drainage...

Over promising while Under Delivering: Implementation of Kenya’s Community Land Act

Collins Odote Oloo, Rahma Hassan & Husna Mubarak
Kenya’s constitution of 2010 provides for recognition, protection, and registration of community land. This is significant because it recognizes customary tenure after decades of historical bias towards private property and brings to the fore the uniqueness of the African commons. We revisit the debate on managing communal land by reviewing the process of implementation of the Community Land. The paper is based on a review of the legal framework, discussions on the implementation of the...

Extent of Rental Income Tax Compliance by Taxpayers’ in Zambia: Case of Residential Properties in Kitwe City

Anthony Mushinge, Bwalya Shilengwe, Jeff Kanyense & Chota M. Mwenya
Government mainly raises domestic revenue through taxation such as income tax, value added tax and customs and excise duty. Residential rental income tax is a component of income tax. There is low rental income tax collections in Zambia caused by among other things low taxpayers’ compliance. In order to obtain insights about the actual realities on the ground and using Kitwe city as a case study area, the research evaluated the extent of residential rental...

Towards elimination of corruption in the land sector: incorporation of Geospatial Technologies in land governance at the local level

Anthony Kwabena Sarfo & Prince Aboagye Anokye
the paper advances a course for the incorporation of technology in land management as an indispensable endeavor to eliminating the bottlenecks and contributing to the fight against corruption in the land sector. Employing a mixed-method approach, chiefly qualitative, 250 individuals, including personnel selected nationwide from the five-lap implementing agencies and patrons of their services as well as individuals in academic and research institutions were interviewed. It was evident from the findings that there is generally,...

Precipitation and Temperature trend analysis by Mann Kendall test: The case of Addis Ababa methodological station, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Sintayehu Abie Diress & Tulu Besha Bedada
The impact of climate change on annual and monthly air precipitation and temperature has received a great deal of attention by scholars worldwide. This study focuses on detecting trends in annual precipitation and temperature for Addis Ababa methodological station located in Addis Ababa. SPSS in combination with the excel spreadsheet used for analyzing the statistics. We were also used the Mann-Kendall trend test and Sen’s slope method to detect trends and the magnitude of change....

Spatialisation du carbone dans la forêt classée de Goungoun (Bénin)

Soufouyane ZAKARI, Ismaël MAZO, Erick S. SOGBOSSI & Ismaïla TOKO IMOROU
L’objectif de la présente recherche est de modéliser le stock de carbone dans la forêt classée de Goungoun et ses terroirs riverains (FCGTR) au Nord-Bénin. Pour ce faire, des données d’inventaire forestier et des variables environnementales ont été utilisées. Ces données ont été collectées dans 150 placeaux de 18 m de rayon. Le diamètre des arbres permis de quantifier le carbone à partir d’un modèle allométrique. La combinaison d’indices spectraux et de variables structurales ont...

Using cartographic documents and GIS for creation a hydrodatabase in the Hodna basin - Algeria

Djamel KHOUDOUR, Abdelghani ZEDAM & Sofiane BENSEFIA
The Hodna basin, one of the most important basins of Algeria, marks the transition between the Tellian domain in the north and the Sahara in the south. In addition, hydro-agricultural developments (construction of dams for irrigation) still have very important impacts on the functioning and hydrogeological characteristics of the basin. The Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computerized tool for representing and analyzing all the elements that exist on Earth as well as all the...

MAPPING OF PIPELINE OIL SPILL SITES IN PART OF NIGER DELTA AREA, NIGERIA, USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FROM 2016 TO 2018

Vivian Ndidiamaka Asogwa, Francis Ifeanyi OKEKE & Tobie Camille MBARGA MBARGA
ABSTRACT The negative impact of oil spillage cannot be overemphasized. The Niger Delta area which is the hub of oil exploration and exploitation has experienced lots of oil spillage in the past years. This research work was carried out in some parts of Niger Delta area using Nigerian Agip oil Company (NAOC) oil spill data. The research work aimed at identifying the oil spill sites using Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. The data used were...

LAND TENURE SYSTEMS’ ASSESSMENT EVALUATION: CASE STUDY OF COTE D’IVOIRE

Ithri AIT Hou, Loubna EL MANSOURI, Kamal BENADDOU ELIDRISSI, Kenza Ait EL KADI, Moclair Edwine MOUKAMBI & Moha EL-AYACHI
In Cote d’Ivoire, as in many African countries, social tensions are frequently linked to a crisis of the rule of property law. These socio-legal conflicts are referred to by various names depending on their subject matter or the time and place in which they arise: law crises, the weakness of the State apparatus, the unsuitability and failure of institutions, and so on. However, in the majority of cases, these conflicts stem from a common phenomenon:...

Integration of Geospatial data of UAVs in Cadastral Management System and Regularization of Illegal Occupations in Informal Settlements

Tobie Camille MBARGA MBARGA, Raphael NDUKWU, Andrew IBOCHI & Francis OKEKE
Abstract: To avoid illegal occupation of people in areas where construction is forbidden and the development of informal settlements, municipal authorities must anticipate city planning. The implementation of layouts and cadastral plans, plays a broad range of uses in: taxation, land development, land registration, urban planning and design of infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of the population. This paper aims to demonstrate that, the integration of images of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is...

Land Corruption, Gender and Rural Land Governance in Zimbabwe

Kingstone Mujeyi Mujeyi
Existing land governance system in Zimbabwe subjects vulnerable groups such as women to ‘land corruption’, which entrenches the already existing gendered land inequalities. This study used secondary data and found that Zimbabwe has witnessed various forms of corruption in general and land corruption, in particular, despite the country having the requisite policy, legal and institutional frameworks as well as other mechanisms to curb the scourge of corruption. It is the effectiveness of the institutional setup...

Le juge de l'administration et la protection des droits fonciers des administrés au Sénégal.

Ameth DIALLO
Au Sénégal, la montée en puissance des conflits fonciers amène à s'interroger sur la place du juge de l'administration dans la protection des droits fonciers des administrateurs. En effet, la plupart des conflits qui naissent soit entre agriculteurs et éleveurs, soit entre les populations et les investisseurs privés, se règlent souvent par le biais de modes alternatifs à savoir la conciliation ou la médiation foncière. Certains en concluent une «prépondérance» des modes alternatifs de résolution...

Problématique foncière relative à l’occupation de l’espace autour des monts Mbankolo et Akok-Ndoué à Yaoundé

Rose MEDIEBOU CHINDJI
La divergence entre les normes urbanistiques, les modes d’acquisition foncière et pratiques foncières régit le mode d’occupation du sol dans la capitale camerounaise. Cette recherche vise à analyser les logiques socio-spatiales qui conduisent à l’installation croissante des populations dans les espaces dits « non aedificandi ». La recherche s’est appuyée sur une recherche documentaire, des entretiens semi-directifs, observations directes et des enquêtes auprès de 100 ménages dans les quartiers Akok-Ndoué et Mbankolo. Il en ressort...

Impacts of Socio-political Organisational Structures Underpinning Indigenous Land Tenure Systems: Evidence from Ghana

BENJAMIN ARMAH QUAYE
To benefit from the underutilised potential of urban land resources, the introduction and improvement of land registration and cadastral systems have been advocated. However, evidence from empirical research in a number of developing economies including those in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) continues to show mixed or inconclusive outcomes from the implementation and operations of such systems. This paper argues that for introduced formal systems to succeed in providing the relevant outcomes it is essential to examine...

Towards a New Complex Science of Cities

Safiya EL GHMARI & Adil ZABADI
With most of the world population living in cities, there is an increasing complexity that is accompanying this process. In addition to the growing number of agents interfering in the planning process and in cities evolution, it is important to note that until today urban policy fails to understand its dynamics. Complexity sciences offers an open system methodology to approach urban systems. However, it is not a recent trend, but it has taken time to...

Foncier industriel: Accès et modes de mobilisation au profit des investisseurs

Kawtar Chaari, Moulay Abdeslam ADAD, Mohamed ALAOUI & Tayeb TACHALLAIT
Au Maroc, le foncier est de plus en plus considéré comme un obstacle et une contrainte majeure sur plusieurs niveaux. Dans le secteur industriel le foncier est un levier essentiel à l’investissent, le développement qu’a connu le secteur industriel depuis lancement de Plan d’Accélération Industriel nécessite une importante assiette foncière pour répondre aux besoins des industriels. Devant cette situation, la mobilisation du foncier au profit des industriels s’avère une question primordiale. Dans ce cadre, nous...

Social costs! Pricing Ambient Air Pollution: Case of Kankoyo Township (Mufulira), Zambia

Niraj Jain, Ephraim Kabunda Munshifwa, Roy Alexander Chileshe & Ackson Mumba
Context and background The debate on the relationship between air pollution and its effects on residential property values is an old one in real estate economics literature, nonetheless, how affected communities are then compensated remains largely unsettled. Goal and Objectives: This paper examined the relationship between the emission of sulphur dioxide fumes from a mining smelter in Mufulira, Zambia and its effects on residential property values on a neighbouring township of Kankoyo. Methodology: The study...

Land Grabbing or Rice sector development opportunity?

Sérgio Ponguane, Nézia Mucavele & Bento Mussumbuluco
Demand for agricultural land by foreign investors has been increasing in Mozambique over the last years and the Wanbao project is an example. The implementation of this project in Gaza has divided opinions between the government, civil society and academia. This study aims to contribute to the debate on whether Wanbao project can be considered as land grabbing and the extent to which it contributes to the development of small scale agriculture in Gaza. The...

Affectation des terres et variabilité de la biomasse ligneuse au Nord-Bénin

Mazo MAZO, Ousséni Ousséni AROUNA & Ismaïla TOKO IMOROU
L’objectif de cette recherche est d’évaluer l’impact des changements d’affectation des terres sur la biomasse ligneuse dans la Forêt Classée de Goungoun et ses Terroirs Riverains au Nord-Bénin. Les cartes d’affectation des terres obtenues de l’interprétation des images Landsat et des données d’inventaire forestier tous de 2005 et de 2018 ont permis d’estimer la variation de la biomasse ligneuse. Les cartes de biomasse ont été générées en tenant compte des catégories d’affectation des terres de...

Participatory public policies: the experience of urban development projects in Benin (Case of the Urban Development and Decentralization Support Project)

Précieux Christian BEHANZIN, Georges DOSSOU, Jadix SAÏNOU, Casilda DOSSOU-YOVO & Raymond DOSSOU-VOU
Citizen participation is increasingly well understood around the world, and its practice is spreading. In fact, it became a pillar of well-functioning democracies in the 19th century. This makes it desirable, desirable and even essential! It helps institutions build fruitful relationships with communities. These relationships enhance local quality of life because they explain decisions, which tend to be more sustainable and equitable. It is for the Urban Development and Decentralization Support Project (PAURAD), and as...

Corruption in the Post-1991 Urban Land Governance of Ethiopia: Tracing Major Drivers in the Law

Misganaw Gashaw Beza
Rapid urban population growth and spatial expansion of urban centers have brought unprecedented demand for land in developing countries such as Ethiopia. The dramatic shifts in urban land tenure from Feudal System (pre-1974) to Socialist Land Policy (1974- 1991) and to the current system (post-1991) have left the urban populations uncertain about their property rights. The historical context coupled with the complex legal and institutional structure and the absence of proper records of rights and...

CONTRIBUTION A L'ANALYSE DE L'INSECURITE FONCIERE DANS LES FRONTS PIONNIERS DES MARGES DU PAYS BAMOUN (OUEST -CAMEROUN )

ILIASSOU NDAM
Résumé en Français Le pays bamoun, connait aujourd’hui de profondes mutations socio-spatiales et économiques. La disponibilité du capital foncier dans ces nouveaux espaces agricoles attire aussi des migrants venus d’autres horizons. Cette nouvelle forme de colonisation agricole des espaces jadis faiblement peuplés provoque aujourd’hui la résurgence des velléités identitaires avec en prime d’incessants conflits fonciers qui en résultent . Ce travail vise à analyser le processus d’anthropisation agricole de ces espaces pionniers et la précarité...

Opportunités et défis de mise en œuvre d'une infrastructure de données spatiales au niveau de la région Rabat-Sale-Kénitra.

Elmostapha Elomari, Loubna El Mansouri, Hassan Ghinane & Moha El-Ayachi
Une Infrastructure de Données Spatiales (SDI) de la région Rabat-Salé-Kenitra(RSK) représente une opportunité majeure de coordination des échanges et de partage de données spatiales entre plusieurs acteurs : producteurs ou utilisateurs de données à référence spatiale à l’échelle régionale. Le but de cet article est d'analyser les potentialités et les handicaps de la mise en œuvre d'une telle infrastructure de données spatiales. Pour ce faire, une enquête scientifique a été menée visant à recueillir un...

THE LAND RIGHTS, CLIMATE JUSTICE AND GENDER EQUALITY CONUNDRUM: HUMAN RIGHTS STRATEGIES AND PRACTICE

Siraj Sait
Climate change-related threats and land insecurities are increasingly impacting upon disadvantaged communities, especially women. In the context of evolving land policy discourse and priorities, intertwined land tenure, climate change, and gender equality require reference to global normative human rights and development frameworks. Human Rights treaties, the Paris Agreement, the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the New Urban Agenda, among others have strategic policy implications. While professionals focus on land use planning, management, administration...

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