72 Works

Diachronic study of the dynamics of the forest of Aït Bouzid (Central High Atlas, Morocco)

AIMAN HILI
This work presents the results of the study of the spatio-temporal dynamics of the Aït Bouzid forest between 1984 and 2019 (35 years old), based on remote sensing tools and the GIS tool. This study domain covers an area of 12,060 ha, given its location in the central High Atlas (near Lake Bine El Ouidane) several conditions are favorable to a very remarkable dynamic. In order to study this dynamic, we used the images from...

In Quest of Customary Tenure Security: Opportunities and Challenges of Land Use Planning in Tanzania

Method Julius Gwaleba
Mainstreaming land use planning for tenure security in rural areas is a key issue to both scholars, academia and policymakers as well as governments in most developing countries. The need for local land use decision-making for enhancing tenure security as well as trade-offs for deliberative decision-making are crucial to improving local community needs, interests and concerns. Deliberative decision-making seeks to respond to local needs, interests and concerns with legitimate and acceptable social, cultural and institutional...

Matriarchy at the Crossroads in Africa: The Clash between its Theoretical and Practical Orientation in Tanzania’s Land Tenure Systems

Jumanne Kassim Ngohengo
Contrary to scholarship that attaches matrilineal practices to women’s control and power over land in Africa. This paper interrogated this theoretical positioning to its contemporary practicality by posing the discussions among the ‘Luguru’ matrilineal of Eastern Tanzania. The article has discussed how land has been claimed, transferred, and owned across gender lens with the apparent changes in political and socio-cultural settings of the community. Shreds of evidence deduced from triangulated approaches provided contradictory conclusions. There...

Governability of Customary Land Tenure Institutions: insights from Odupongkpehe Customary Area in Ghana

Anthony Acquah Mensah
Context and background The role of customary land tenure institutions in land governance is immeasurable. Notwithstanding the enormous role of customary land tenure institutions in local land governance, they are fraught with problems. The governability of customary land tenure institutions is critical to good local land governance. The literature on has mainly focused on examining the role and capacity of customary land tenure institutions with very little attention to good local land governance indicators. Goal...

Towards a regulatory planning of conflicts related to the use in peri-urban and rural areas

Abdelwahed EL IDRISSI
Context and background: Reconciling the sectoral interests of urban planning and agriculture is a challenge. The idyllic ambition to plan the city while enhancing agricultural land through a planning tool is subject to conflicts of use and divergent stakeholder logics. Goal and objectives: This study highlights the problem of conflicts between urban planning and agricultural land. The aim is to identify ways of objectifying and rationalizing the planning process in order to regulate these conflicts....

Dilemma in implementing land use-plans and institutional frameworks for urban agriculture governance: Case of Daraja Mbili and Lemala in Arusha City, Tanzania

Pastory Salvatory Thomas
ABSTRACT Context and background Urban agriculture is one of the urban land uses in the wards of Daraja Mbili and Lemala. Yet, its practice is constrained by limited access to land, unplanned land and the prevalence of claims that the practice is incompatible with non-agricultural and environmental conservation. Goal and objective This study was conducted to investigate the regulation of urban agriculture through land-use planning and institutional frameworks. It examines the extent of successful implementations...

The political economy of land reform in post conflict Rwanda (1994-2020)

Jossam POTEL & Owona Gloria
Insecurity over land ownership in Rwanda was a critical part of the tension between communities. Addressing insecurity around land has consequently been one of the foremost priorities of the post-conflict reforms initiated in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Rwanda set out to address the issue of land ownership and land-related challenges through passage of several laws and policies. The 2004 National Land Policy which was reviewed in 2019 provides general...

Securing and Managing Community Land: Lessons from Kenya

IBRAHIM MWATHANE, Mwenda Makathimo, Robert Kibugi & Elvin Nyukuri
This paper was presented in the 2021 Conference on Land Policy in Africa held in Kigali, Rwanda, in November 2021. It is based on a three-year study by the Land Development and Governance Institute (LDGI), in partnership with the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada, to test the efficacy of the application of Kenya's new Community Land Act. The study sites are in Isiolo and Marsabit Counties, both in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Northern...

ELECRONIC LAND TITLING (E-TITLING) IN LAND ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMIC ECOSYSTEMS IN RWANDA

ATHANASE AKUMUNTU
ABSTRACT Electronic land titling in the field of land administration being a new concept of right registration on land and properties developed on it, is seen to be the future of a centric land administration in Rwanda. Rwanda is promoting a cashless economy and a full paperless land administration aiming at promoting the principle of “zero trip zero paper”. Since the completion of systematic land registration, the country has achieved a commendable work in the...

DYNAMIQUES PASTORALES ET STRATEGIES DE RESILIENCE AUX EFFETS DU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE DANS LE FERLO AU SENEGAL

Alpha BA
Context Pastoralism obeys logics that are sometimes misunderstood by public decision-makers and that are at the origin of many interventions that are often inappropriate. The controversial effects of pastoral public policies are accentuated by several exogenous and endogenous hazards. In Senegal, particularly in the Ferlo area, populations are developing endogenous strategies to cope with this situation. Goals of the work This work proposes to analyse the perceptions of pastoralists on the phenomena that threaten the...

LAND MASTERY, MAJOR ISSUE FOR WETLANDS CONSERVATION IN RURAL AREAS: Case of Macta in northwestern Algerian.

GUEBBABI Ismail, Tarik Ghodbani, Abdeldjalil Bougherira, Abdelaziz Kouti, Bilal Belloulou, Djilali Mekhatria & Miloud Sallay
Context and background The Macta wetland is a coveted and fragile area with a biodiversity hot-spot on the Algerian western coast and the southern shore of the Mediterranean. This rural area is affected by the increase of human activity linking, mainly, agricultural and pastoral practices. In the context of put into nature reserve for this wetland, the land mastery has become a major issue that currently represents a determining factor in the relationship between man...

AN INQUIRY INTO THE CAUSES OF ILLEGAL OCCUPATION OF LAND IN ZAMBIA’S CITIES: A Case of Kitwe City

Anthony Mushinge, Alex Mumbaala Simposya & Ngosa Mukeya
Like in a number of other developing countries, the issue of illegal occupation of land is evident in Zambia’s cities. This problem has continued to exist, despite the existence of laws and public institutions meant to address the issue. The objectives of this paper were to establish the factors that lead to continued illegal land occupation in Zambia’s cities, establish the consequences of illegal occupation of land, and suggest how illegal occupation of land can...

National Land Coalitions and the Preservation of Communities’ Ancestral Land Heritage in Africa

Alain Christian Essimi Biloa, Constanze VonOppeln & Yonas Mekonen
National Land Coalitions (NLCs) work towards the recognition, defence, protection and redistribution of land rights at national level. They build upon frameworks on land tenure developed and agreed by different regional and intergovernmental institutions. Platforms are at the heart of protecting and preserving community and customary lands which constitute the major category of landholding in Africa. The purpose of this paper is threefold: share the successes of National Land Coalitions in selected countries in securing...

Large-scale agricultural investments and household vulnerability to food insecurity: Evidence from Kenya, Madagascar and Mozambique

Wegayehu Fitawek & Sheryl L Hendriks
This study set out to estimate the role of large-scale agricultural investments on household vulnerability to food insecurity in sample communities in Kenya, Madagascar and Mozambique based on their adoption of coping strategies. The study used secondary data from the three countries (Kenya, Madagascar and Mozambique). The findings of the study revealed that households with members engaged in contract agreements with LSAIs adopted fewer coping strategies and were less food insecure than other households. Contract...

Capacity of local government authorities in governing inner-city petty trading. A case of Dodoma city council in Tanzania.

David Mwipopo
Context and background Presently, in developing countries, growth of major cities is characterized by pressure on livelihood activities especially on potential inner-streets which attract variety of users including petty traders to interact on prime spaces hence leading to increased pressure on governing informal activities. Legally, in a conventional point of view, local government authorities are considered as key actors for successful petty trading governance capacity. Despite current development agendas and policies on informal economy and...

Political Economy Analysis of how Corruption affects Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. A Case Study of the Forest and Land Use Sectors of Ghana

Patrick Opoku, Henry Mensah, Dorcas Peggy Somuah, Dorothy Asabea Opoku & Rudith King
Context and background Land and forest play a critical role in climate change since a rise in deforestation and land degradation contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. If there is one thing that will sabotage efforts to address deforestation and the climate crisis, it is corruption. Yet corruption is strangely missing from the discussions and academic literature on forest and lands in many countries. In Ghana, how corruption in the land and forestry...

Review of land governance education system from the context of inclusive land governance: lessons from EALAN

Achamyeleh Gashu Adam
In view of land’s vital importance as a foundation of societal livelihood and its position being at the heart of social and political interests and conflicts, increasing number of universities in Africa have been launching and expanding formal educational and research programs since the last two decades. The ongoing expansion of land governance educational and research programs are mainly driven by the need for the overall socio-economic development reforms at continental level in Africa. It...

Determination of Optimal Antenna Height and Mask Angle of Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver for Point Positioning

Olusayo Adeleke
Global Position System (GPS) receivers are capable of surveying measurement with geodetic positioning accuracy. They are designed to be mounted on a tripod usually with a tribrach and set up for observations with assigned mask angle and height of antenna above the survey marks. Assignation of inaccurate mask angle and height of antenna, during observations, is undoubtedly the most prevalent and frequent biases in GPS set up during control surveying which usually leads to less...

Réformes pour réguler l'accaparement des terres au profit des jeunes en Afrique de l’Ouest francophone : Cas du Bénin et du Sénégal.

Ameth DIALLO & Innocent Antoine HOUEDJI
Context and background Land grabbing has been in the news in Africa in recent years. Fertile land is increasingly falling into the hands of national or international private investors. Farmers with rudimentary means, youth, women, indigenous people, and pastoralists are the actors most affected by large-scale land grabs. Fertile land is becoming increasingly scarce and the public authorities do not seem to be determined to put in place safeguards to regulate this situation. However, while...

Digital mapping of soil salinity in Kampe-Omi irrigation Scheme

Olumuyiwa Idowu Ojo
Soil salinity being a problem of irrigated agriculture reduces the productivity of agricultural land adversely. Detection of soil salinity by conventional means of soil survey requires a great deal of time, but remote sensing data and GIS techniques minimize time consuming and offer the possibility for monitoring and mapping salt affected land. This study assessed and digitally mapped out soil salinity level in Kampe – Omi between the periods of 10 years (2005 - 2014)....

Review of wheat yield estimating methods in Morocco

Adra IDRISSI, Samir Nadem, Abdelghani Boudhar & Tarik Benabdelouahab
Context and background: Wheat is one of the oldest crops in the world and has always been one of the most important staple foods for millions of people around the world, especially in North Africa, where wheat is the most dominant crop. The importance of wheat yield estimation is well known in agricultural management and policy making at regional and national levels. In semi-arid areas such as the case of Morocco, an operational cereal yield...

Discriminatory cultural practices on youths and women’s access to family land among the Ndali: Insights from Local leaders in the Southern Highlands Zone in Tanzania

Fredrick Bwire Magina & Agnes Nkundwe Mwasumbi
This paper presents empirical evidences of cultural barriers to women and the youths in accessing family land among the Ndali tribe, drawing insights on the cultural practices and social norms. The evidence emanates from discussions with local leaders: members of Village Land Councils and members of the Village Councils from six villages namely Itumba, Isongole, Nyenzebwe, Mlale, Ilulu and Izuba. A total of 65 leaders (26 females and 39 males) took part in the focus...

Drone and GIS Technologies in Collective Land ‘’Melkisation’’ Process

Hafsa Ait Laydi
The context of the contribution of drone technology and GIS in the production of deliverables recommended by the Directorate of Rural Affairs in Morocco, by supporting the community land melkisation project, which aims to mobilize 1 million hectares of land for investment. The aim of this column, in collaboration with a surveying company, is to highlight the workflow of collecting data by drones as well as developing a process for providing deliverables in the framework...

Distribution et démographie des parcs à rôniers dans la Région des Savanes du Togo

Wouyo ATAKPAMA, Kokou ATOEMNE, Hodabalo EGBELOU, Essotèbèmime PADAKALE, Komlan BATAWILA & Koffi AKPAGANA
Context and background: The roast palm parklands remain one of the most striking elements of the Savannah region of Togo. Given the importance of this resource for the local population, knowledge of their diversity and demographic structure is necessary for better management of roast palm plant communities throughout the Savannah region of Togo. Goal and objectives: The study carried out in the region of Savannahs of Togo contributes to the sustainable management of agroforestry parklands...

Reality or a Pipe Dream: Securing women rights in community land registration in Kenya

Angela Nyanchama Nyamongo & Eileen Wakesho Mwagae
The wave of formalization of indigenous and Community land rights has been witnessed across many African countries. This could partly be in response to the Africa Union declaration on land issues and challenges in Africa. Under the declaration, member states are urged to review their land sectors, with a view to develop comprehensive policies, which take into account peculiar needs. Additionally, a number of international frameworks such as the United Nation Declaration on the Rights...

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