246 Works


Anthony Mushinge, Alex Mumbaala Simposya & Ngosa Mukeya
Like in a number of other developing countries, the issue of illegal occupation of land is evident in Zambia’s cities. This problem has continued to exist, despite the existence of laws and public institutions meant to address the issue. The objectives of this paper were to establish the factors that lead to continued illegal land occupation in Zambia’s cities, establish the consequences of illegal occupation of land, and suggest how illegal occupation of land can...

Securing and Managing Community Land: Lessons from Kenya

IBRAHIM MWATHANE, Mwenda Makathimo, Robert Kibugi & Elvin Nyukuri
This paper was presented in the 2021 Conference on Land Policy in Africa held in Kigali, Rwanda, in November 2021. It is based on a three-year study by the Land Development and Governance Institute (LDGI), in partnership with the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada, to test the efficacy of the application of Kenya's new Community Land Act. The study sites are in Isiolo and Marsabit Counties, both in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Northern...


ABSTRACT Electronic land titling in the field of land administration being a new concept of right registration on land and properties developed on it, is seen to be the future of a centric land administration in Rwanda. Rwanda is promoting a cashless economy and a full paperless land administration aiming at promoting the principle of “zero trip zero paper”. Since the completion of systematic land registration, the country has achieved a commendable work in the...

Sécurisation foncière en Afrique: les cas du Maroc, la Tunisie et le Rwanda

Abderrahim ID-RAIS, El Hassan SEMLALI, Mohamed ETTARID & Abdelwahed El IDRISSI
La sécurisation des droits fonciers a pour objectif de garantir les droits réels d’une personne sur un bien foncier. L’absence d’un régime de sécurisation fiable est un frein du développement socio-économique des pays africains. Cette étude vise la réalisation d’une comparaison entre les régimes de sécurisation foncière en Afrique à travers les cas de trois pays africains en voie de développement à savoir le Maroc, la Tunisie et le Rwanda. L’objectif étant de tirer les...

Informality in Urban Areas, a Case of Land Use Transformation in Mlalakuwa Settlement, Dar es Salaam

Najum Juma & Nelly Babere
Land use development and transformation in informal settlements have been taking place because informal settlements have been alternative way of providing affordable housing to low income people. Many governments use strict regulations to deny informal settlements from infrastructure services but in Tanzania informal settlements are provided with such services. This paper presents the findings on how land use transformation is taking place and publicly used spaces disappear overtime in the informal settlements, the context behind...

Innovative Customary Land Governance in Zambia: Experiences, Lessons Learned and Emerging Impacts

In Zambia, security of tenure for communities residing under customary land tenure settings has in recent years increasingly come under threat owing to the pressures of high rate of urbanization, speculation, subdivision and conversion to state land, which effectively excludes marginal populations from accessing resources for their land. While customary land is a major resource for most Zambians, the inadequacy or total lack of documentation leads to tenure insecurity, making people susceptible to forced displacements,...

Technology for Land Governance: Ensuring that Women Benefit from the Revolution

Ailey Kaiser Hughes
Innovative technologies for land governance can promote clear land tenure and effective land administration, reduce corruption, and support economic growth. Mobile technologies offer real-time access to information and open communication between people and government services. These technologies are revolutionizing land governance around the world; however, without additional steps to ensure that women and men equitably benefit from the technology revolution, the application of these technologies may amplify the preexisting inequalities that women face. This paper...

Améliorer le système d'expropriation et de compensation dans un contexte de pluralisme juridique: Leçons du Camerou

Samuel A. Nguiffo
Cameroon is currently witnessing an unprecedented wave of land-based investments, ranging from natural resources exploitation (oil, mining and gas), logging, large infrastructure building, etc. These developments happen in a context of population growth, in an increase in the domestic demand for land. There is a gap between the legislation governing expropriation and compensation in the country, and the variety of customary rules on land and resources. This context of legal pluralism results into endless conflicts...

Reviewing the role of women pastoralist in conflicts in the Horn of Africa

Kenneth Victor Odary, Everlyne Komba & Walter Nyamato
The Horn of Africa has seen its fair share of natural resource conflicts among and between competing pastoralists communities. The conflicts hitherto associated with men, ignored women pastoralists’ role in the same conflict. Using an existing data and an open-ended qualitative approach the study sought answers on the role of women pastoralists in conflict in the horn of Africa. Results show that women have a hand in conflict either by offering active or passive support....

Large Scale Agricultural Investments and Its Impact on Gender Relations and Wellbeing of Small Holder Farmers: Evidence from Kilombero Valley in Tanzania

John Nshimba Jeckoniah, Elimeleck P. Akyoo & Samwel Kabote
This paper explores the impact of large-scale agricultural investment on household livelihood outcomes among smallholder farmers in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. The study used qualitative and quantitative data from a sample of 376 households. Quantitative data analysis employed independent samples t-test and multiple linear regressions. There were associations in livelihood outcomes and household headship (p < 0.05). The age of household head, years of schooling, household size, land size, group membership, household participation in the out-grower...

Impacts des actions des ONG sur la gestion durable des aires protegées en République Démocratique du Congo Cas de la Reserve de Biosphère de Luki au Kongo Central

L'étude relative aux impacts des actions des ONG sur la gestion durable des aires protégées dans la réserve de biosphère de Luki (RBL), dans la province du Kongo centrale située à l'ouest de la RDC, montre que cette réserve regorge une diversité biologique particulière qui est soumise à une pression importante due aux activités anthropiques. Plusieurs ONG s'y implantent. Les enquêtes sur les activités de ces ONG ont été réalisées en vue d'en décéler les...

Foncier et genre : Difficile accès des femmes à la terre dans le milieu rural de la Vallée du Fleuve Sénégal (sud de la Mauritanie)

WAGUE Ou Ousmane Mohamadou
L’accès des femmes au foncier est au cœur de l’actualité depuis trois décennies. Dans le Sud de la Mauritanie, la mainmise des hommes sur les terres est une réalité. Les femmes ne représentent que 4.2% des détenteurs des Titres fonciers. L’égalité entre l’homme et la femme en matière d’accès à la propriété foncière est ainsi loin d’être atteinte et le genre un objectif lointain dans le foncier. Les obstacles entravant l’accès de la Femme à...

Monétarisation du foncier au village Gbago en Centrafrique De l’accès libre à la marchandisation des terres en milieu rural

La monétarisation des terres à la périphérie des villes en centrafricain est une préoccupation importante. Certaines valeurs culturelles qui justifient l’accès libre à la terre ont tendance à disparaître à cause de l’argent dans un pays où plus de 95 % de la population est pauvre. La terre qui ne se vendait pas commence à l’être. Les raisons de ce changement sont multiples. Les perturbations socioéconomiques et politiques ont engendré une nouvelle perception de la...

Reciprocal Implications of Water and Land Acquisitions for Investments in Ethiopia: Risks of Water Insecurities and Regulatory Responses in Tigray Region

Zbelo Haileslassie Embaye
The multiple forms of land acquisitions show direct and indirect implications on water. The motive to utilize, control or grab water is devised through acquiring land. There are embedded water issues in almost all land acquisitions. Practical challenges are explored especially in keeping the balance of water securities. The paper is done with the objective of analyzing the water implications, balance, priority and extent of security given to users in lieu of water security indicators...

Evaluating Spatial Data Acquisition and Management Techniques for Multipurpose Cadastre in Ethiopia and Rwanda (Preliminary Results)

Didier Milindi Rugema
Spatial data are a basis in development of multipurpose cadastre. This paper aims to evaluate spatial data acquisition and management techniques for multipurpose cadastre in Ethiopia and Rwanda. The research was conducted using a qualitative research method, a review of existing literature on spatial data acquisition and management techniques for cadastral purposes. The empirical data have also been collected. The results reveal that using techniques that are not standard based, Ethiopia and Rwanda have carried...

Securing land tenure for women in Cameroon's forest societies: a marginalized position seen and maintained

Billy Athur Ngandji
Land capital occupies a prominent place in production activities in Africa. In forestry companies, women workers of production excellence, do not enjoy the same rights as the male agent in terms of access to land. This article attempts to question the foundations of this societal injustice while highlighting the various shadows that overwhelm women's tenure security in the forest zone. The major goal is to study in the event of looking for sustainable, inclusive solutions....

Understanding corruption in Zimbabwe’s land sector: A structural breaks approach

Batsirai Winmore Mazviona, Innocent Bayai & Purpose Mazviona
This study provides an understanding on whether land reform policies pursued by the government of Zimbabwe post-independence (1980) have an effect on the corruption in the land sector. Agriculture and corruption data from 2000 to 2017 were obtained from World Bank and Ibrahim Index of Governance website respectively. The Bai and Perron multiple structural break tests were employed to establish the break years. Structural breaks in time series assist in understanding factors affecting the dynamics...

The Implication Of Social Policies in Enhancing Equality in Peri-Urban Land Market in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania

Nelly John Babere
Population increase influence the dynamics in land market and agitate land access competition, which results into exclusion of some individuals. Inequality is evident in majority of Tanzanians women, youth, children and elderly. It is more prevalence in land markets where rich individuals are favorable to make choices regarding access to land resources. Owing to potential developments, peri-urban areas are becoming places where changes in land uses and activities take place. This study analyzed how gender...

Cadastral Data Model for an Informal Settlement: Case Study of Huruma, Nairobi – Kenya

Malachi Odongo Atieno & David Siriba
The complexity of tenure claims in the informal settlements has been difficult to incorporate into the formal systems owing to their dynamic and continuously changing nature. Innovative tools are therefore required to capture these claims. This requires the development of a cadastral data model specifically for informal settlements that would document such claims to make it easier to manage the current situation as well as prepare for future formalization processes such as regularization or relocation....

Space-Enhanced Systematic Land Titling and Registration: A Stride at Resuscitating Nigeria’s ‘Dead Capital’

Caleb Olutayo Oluwadare & Olajide Kufoniyi
Since the commencement of land registration in Nigeria, less than 3% of land, mainly in urban areas had been registered. This is partly due to the prevalent sporadic method. Sporadic procedure of obtaining title is associated with many problems which include time and cost. This study examined space-enhanced systematic land titling and registration (SLTR) approach in Ondo State, Nigeria towards easing the titling logjam in the State. Questionnaire and Oral interview were used to elicit...

Slow, stealthy and steady – capacity development to address land tenure issues in development programmes: experiences of the IFAD/GLTN TSLI-ESA Project

Agatha Achieng Wanyonyi, Solomon Mkumbwa, Harold Liversage & Omar Sylla
Land and natural resource tenure security is a central yet often neglected area for economic development and poverty reduction in the developing world. Land is fundamental to the lives of poor rural people. It is a source of food, shelter, income and social identity. Secure access to land reduces vulnerability to hunger and poverty. There are some 1.3 billion extremely poor people in the world, struggling to survive on less than US$1.25 a day, and...

Spatial Assessment of Impacts of Artisanal and Small-scale Mining on Land Cover and Environment, Batouri, Eastern Cameroun

Artisanal and small-scale mining affects the quality and components of the environment in the Batouri area in different ways. Activities interfere with air, soil, water, fauna and forest resources. This study seeks to assess the impacts of mining on the environment using a combination of spatial analysis, questionnaires administration and Leopold’s grid of impact assessment. The impacts of mining on physical environment include air pollution by emission of dusts and fumes from engines, soil and...


Toju Francis Balogun
The study looks at the implementation of a GIS - Based Property Tax Information Management System to solve the problem of low internally generated revenue. It also considers the appropriateness of high-resolution satellite image in generating property information in the absence of land registry record. Building characteristics needed for property valuation that could not be derived from high resolution satellite were collected from property owners using structured questionnaire. GPS coordinate points of sampled properties, property...

Petit périmètre irrigué villageois : Un atout de gestion intégrée des ressources en eau dans le bassin Chari-Logone au Tchad

DAOUD Borgoto
The irrigation process is old and its dynamic has moved towards the promotion of small village irrigated areas where the involvement of producer’s production is more important. The establishment of business management and supervision entities has been a success. But their sustainable operation has not lived up to expectations by the low capitalization of local competence. The study addresses the question of sustainability of agricultural development in the Sahel. The aim is to contribute to...


Kizito Doghle, Rudith Sylvana King & Paul Bniface Akaabre
Denial of women in land entitlements especially in patriarchal societies has been a major development concern in Ghana, resulting in promulgation of legal establishments that seek to enhance equality in access to land. This paper examines the underlying factors for gender inequality in land access and usage despite laws established to bridge the gap. Interviews with land custodians and households in North-Western Ghana revealed the desire to preserve cultural heritage as the primary reason for...

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