789 Works

Does Unaspis euonymi (Comstock) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) host Serratia symbiotica Moran (Bacteria: Enterobacteriaceae)?

Maria Scrascia, Carlo Pazzani, Pietro D'Addabbo, Marta Oliva, Roberta Roberto, Valentina Russo & Francesco Porcelli
The euonymus scale Unaspis euonymi (Comstock) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) is a pest of spindle that exhibits a strong preference for Euonymus, although it has been detected on at least 18 genera in 13 plant families (Buxus, Camellia, Celastrus, Daphne, Eugenia, Euonymus, Hibiscus, Ilex, Jasminum, Ligustrum, Lonicera, Olea, Pachistima, Pachysandra, Perychmenum, Prunus and Syringa) (Salisbury et al., 2013). Heavy infestation by this pest may lead to the death of the host plant and consequential loss of income...

Nidularia pulvinata (Planchon) (Hemiptera: Kermesidae) urban outbreaks associated with entomopathogenic fungi

Roberta Roberto, Stefania Pollastro, Giuseppina Pellizzari & Francesco Porcelli
Pest outbreaks often give to insect pathogens the opportunity to infect their host species eventually leading them to death. Recent Nidularia outbreaks off urban Quercus ilex L. showed some cases of entomopathogenic fungi virulence, apparently sustained by species of Fusarium and other fungi. Infection is apparent on the Nidularia population because fungi provoke the scale color shifting to orange or dull-green in medium in large patches. After the isolation in an axenic culture of the...

The history of Dactylopius coccus (Costa) (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) in the Mediterranean basin: the Sicilian episode

Gaetana Mazzeo, Agatino Russo, Pompeo Suma & Santi Longo
Dactylopius coccus (Costa) belongs to the family Dacylopiidae (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha), that includes species that live exclusively on Cactaceae and are native in America as well as their host plants. From the dried body of the females, rich in carminic acid, can be extracted the red carmine dye used primarily for food, clothing and cosmetic coloring. In Mexico this species was already reared for that purpose by native people before the discovery of America. The Spanish...

CARATTERI MORFOLOGICI DISTINTIVI DELLE LARVE DI DACUS OLEAE GMEL., CERATITIS CAPITATA WIED., RHAGOLETIS CERASI L. (DIPT., TEPHRITIDAE)

Angelo Sabatino
I Ditteri Tefritidi, sono fra gli insetti più dannosi alle colture fruttifere e già molti Autori hanno condotto su di essi studi di morfo-biologia e sui mezzi di lotta. Da un esame dei lavori morfo-biologici, ho notato che la grande maggioranza di questi riguardano le forme adulte di tali insetti, mentre lasciano in secondo ordine la morfologia delle larve, le quali sono poi le dirette responsabili dei gravi danni economici apportati all'agricoltura. È stato questo...

NOTIZIE SULLA PRESENZA IN SICILIA DI UNA NUOVA COCCINIGLIA DEGLI AGRUMI: Osservazioni biologiche preliminari

Sebastiano Barbagallo
In the citrus orchards of some areas of Sicily the presence has been reported of citricola scale, Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Kuwana) (Homoptera, Coccidae), which is a new species for the Mediterranean basin. The discovery of this soft scale in the Sicilian orange groves is of particular interest and deserves great care in order to try to limit it and to avoid its spreading throughout the island. The citricola scale, in fact, is well known as being...

LIMONIINEN AUS NORDITALIEN (DIPTERA, TIPULIDAE)

Hans Mendl
Allo scopo di rimediare alla mancanza di liste faunistiche vengono riuniti recenti reperti con più antiche raccolte debitamente revisionate che trattano località dell'Italia settentrionale. Si tratta di località della Liguria, del Piemonte e del Trentino-Alto Adige. Alcune indicazioni vennero già pubblicate prima; altro materiale proviene da Istituti e Musei come quello Nazionale di Parigi (leg. MATILE, MATILE & LAVY), del Museo Moravico (leg. PocKORNY 1884-88; KERTESZ 1905, ScHMIDT 1909), dell'Istituto di Entomologia di Bolzano (leg....

CONTRIBUTI ALLA CONOSCENZA DELLA LEPIDOTTEROFAUNA DELL'ITALIA MERIDIONALE I. RHOPALOCERA DI PUGLIA E LUCANIA

Paolo Parenzan
This works starts the publication of the results of a research campaign carried out in Puglia and Lucania from 1966 to 1974 in order to widen the knowledge of the Lepidoptera fauna of Southern Italy. 365 day-time excursions have been made in five localities of Puglia and in four localities of Lucania. Two skilled correspondents have supplied us with the data of two other localities of Puglia. In the first part of the book are...

LA PHORACANTHA SEMIPUNCTATA FABR. (COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE) NELL'ITALIA MERIDIONALE

Paolo Parenzan
THE Phoracantha semipunctata FABR. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) IN SOUTHERN ITALY The presence of Phoracantha semipunctata Fabr. (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), a borer pest of Eucalyptus, has been reported on the outskirts of Taranto, in Puglia. It is the third report in Europe, after those in Sardinia and Sicily, and the first for the ltalian paeninsula. The biology of the insect is resumed and its geonemy is described. Owing to the dangerfulness of the Coleopter and its quick acclimatation,...

STUDI SULLE LARVE DEI COLEOTTERI DITISCIDI IV. Morfologia dei tre stadi larvali di Copelatus haemorroidalis F.

Luigi De Marzo
È trattata la morfologia esterna dei tre stadi larvali di Copelatus haemorroidalis F. (Dytiscidae, Colymbetinae) con l'intento di studiare le variazioni che essa subisce nel corso dello sviluppo larvale e di paragonarla con quella delle specie precedentemente esaminate; viene considerato con particolare attenzione il comportamento della chetotassi delle larve neonate. Si mettono in evidenza, inoltre, i caratteri che, nell'ambito della subf. Colymbetinae, appaiono esclusivi di specie del genere Copelatus. MORPHOLOGY OF THE THREE LARVAL INSTARS...

DESCRIZIONE DEL MASCHIO E DI UNA FEMMINA TERATOLOGICA DI MACRONEURA VESICULARIS (RETZIUS) (HYM. CHALCIDOIDEA)

Raffaele Monaco
DESCRIPTION OF THE MALE AND A TERATOLOGIC FEMALE OF Macroneura vesicularis (RETZIUS) (Hym.-Chalcidoidea) The author describes (with drawings) the male (antennae, legs, wings, copulatory organ) and a teratologic female which has left antenna and wings like the male, therefore she may be regarded as gynandromorphic. È descritto il maschio della Macroneura vesicularis (Retzius) (Hym.-Chalcidoidea), non ancora ben conosciuto, riportando specialmente i caratteri più importanti ai fini tassinomici. È inoltre descritta una femmina che rappresenta un...

NOTA SU METAPHYCUS LOUNSBURYI (HOW.) (HYM.-ENCYRTIDAE) PARASSITA DI SAISSETIA OLEAE (OLIV.)

Raffaele Monaco
NOTE ON Metaphycus lounsburyi (HOW.) (Hym.-Encyrtidae) PARASITE OF Saissetia oleae (OLIV.) Metaphycus lounsburyi (How.) (Hym. Encyrtidae) known as parasite of Saissetia oleae (Oliv.) and already discovered in Campania (Southern Italy) has been found also in other areas in Southern Italy such as Sicily, Calabria, Basilicata and Puglia, mainly in coastal growings. In Puglia its development lasts from end of April up to November. M. lounsburyi in natura! conditions has 6-8 generations a year (up to...

UN NUOVO ACARO ERIOFIDE (DITRYMACUS ATHIASELLUS K.) SU OLIVO IN PUGLIA

Giorgio Nuzzaci & Nicola Vovlas
Ditrymacus athiasellus KEIFER (Acarina - Eriophyoidea) ON OLIVE TREES IN APULIA The Eriophyid mite, Ditrymacus athiasellus Keifer (Eriophyidae, Phyllocoptinae), has been found on Olive (Olea europea L.) in Apulia. Morphological details observed under scanning electron microscope are described. Besides the characteristics reported in the origina! Keifer's description, it has been observed from 12 to 18 small spines on the anterior edge of the shield lobe and a cuticular ornamentation of the coxe with granules.

DANNI AL CIPRESSO (CUPRESSUS SEMPERVIRENS L.) DA TRISETACUS JUNIPERINUS (NAL.) (ACARINA: ERIOPHYOIDEA)

Giorgio Nuzzaci & Raffaele Monaco
DAMAGES ON CYPRESS (Cupressus sempervirens L.) BY Trisetacus juniperinus (NAL.) (Acarina: Eriophyoidea) The AA. refer abouth damages on Cupressus sempervirens L. by Trisetacus juniperinus (Nal.) in Apulia (Southern Italy). Infested young twiggs appear crowdy and swollen; also the terminai buds are killed. It seem particularly injurious to plants both before or after transplant. In arder to control T. juniperinus infestation, one treatment at norma! volume of Oxydemeton-methyl and white oil (40 g of a. i....

DESCRIZIONE DELLO SCYMNUS (NEPHUS) KIESENWETTERI Muls. (COLEOPTERA- COCCINELLIDAE)

Domenico Roberti
Su piante di Tamerici (Tamarix africana) fortemente infestate da Trabu- tina leonardii Silv. (Coccidae, Coccinae, Pseudococcini) nell'estate del 1975, nella località marina « Torre Guaceto » in provincia di Brindisi, si è svilup- pato e moltiplicato in modo straordinario un piccolo Coccinellide, lo Scymnus (Nephus) kiesenwetteri Muls., che insieme con altri predatori ha contribuito a far ridurre le popolazioni del fì.tofago fino a determinarne una pressocchè com- pleta eliminazione. Osservazioni bio-ecologiche a riguardo sono state...

SULLA SINONIMIA DI COLEOPHORA ORIOLELLA ZLL. E COLEOPHORA MONGETELLA CHRÉT. (LEPIDOPTERA, COLEOPHORIDAE)

Eberhard Jaeckh & Giorgio Baldizzone
Das Ergebnis beruht auf Untersuchungen von Faltern, nach denen ZELLER die Coleo- phora oriolella und CHRÉTIEN die Coleophora mongetella beschrieben hatten. Auch altere Stiicke dieser Arten aus Museum-Sammlungen und viele eigene Fange aus dem Siidalpen- raum wurden verglichen und untersucht. Wahrend ZELLER, wahrscheinlich durch eine Verwechslung von ]. MANN ein falsches Substrat fiir die Raupe und dadurch auch einen falschen Raupensack angab, was bis in neueste Zeit immer wieder abgeschrieben wurde, ziichtete CHRÉTIEN diese Art...

CONTRIBUTI ALLA CONOSCENZA DELLA LEPIDOTTEROFAUNA DELL'ITALIA MERIDIONALE IV. Heterocera (Bombyces et Sphinges) di Puglia e Lucania

Paolo Parenzan
CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF LEPIDOPTERA IN SOURTHERN ITALY IV. Heterocera (Bombyces ET Sphinges) OF APULIA AND LUCANIA By this first work on the Heterocera the author gives some results of researches on the Lepidopterofauna, carried out in Apulia and Lucania during 1967-77. In the first part are described the main localities explored, except the ones already dealt with in a former paper on the Rhopalocera. In the second part the collected species are listed...

VITIS VINIFERA L. NUOVA PIANTA OSPITE DI APHIS CITRICOLA VAN DER GOOT

Mario Ciampolini
Vitis vini/era is indicated as a new host-plant of Aphis citrico/a Van der Goot. During 1977 a severe and widespread infestation of the phytophagous has been rising in Taranto and Matera provinces causing damages to table and wine grapes. Infestation began on May-June carried by the alatae gynoparae migrants from Citrus spp. where the anholocycle takes piace with ibernation as aptera female as larva. The A., describing the alterations caused to the screw, gives suggestions...

CONTRIBUTO ALLA CONOSCENZA DELLE GORTYNA Ochs. EUROPEE (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE)

Rina Ippolito & Paolo Parenzan
CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE EUROPEAN G o r t y n a OCHS. SPECIES (Lepidoptera - Noctuidae) The european species up to now included in the Gortyna genus 'are: G. flavago, G. xanthenes, G. franciscae G. borelii, G. fiorii, G. galassii, G. puengeleri. lts external characters (morphologic and chromatic) and the morphology of male and female genitalia are reported and comparatively examined. A rewiew of bio-eto-ecological knowledge are also given. On the basis...

INFLUENZA DELL'ACCOPPIAMENTO SULLA RECETTIVITÀ SESSUALE E SULL'OVIDEPOSIZIONE IN FEMMINE DI CERATITIS CAPITATA WIEDEMANN

Gevino Delrio & R. Cavalloro
INFLUENCE OF MATING ON THE SEXUAL RECEPTIVITY AND OVIPOSITION IN FEMALE Ceratitis capitata WIEDEMANN The extstmg knowledge, especially concerning the Dipterae, of the effects of mating and the causes of sexual receptivity and the increase in oviposition has been reviewed. After a description of the male sexual organs, experiments were carried out on adults of Ceratitis capitata Wield. using various technique, such as castration of the males, removal of the spermatheca in the females, transplant...

PRESENZA DI BACULOVIRUS {SOTTOGRUPPO A) TRA LE POPOLAZIONI LARVALI DELLA LYMANTRIA DISP AR L. (LEP. LYMANTRIIDAE) NELL'ITALIA MERIDIONALE

Oreste Triggiani
ON THE PRESENCE OF A Baculovirus (SUBGROUP A) AMONG LARVAL POPULATIONS OF Lymantria dispar L. (Lep.: Lymantriidae) IN SOUTH ITALY A presence of a Baculovirus (subgroup A) among larval populations of Lymantria dispar has been for the fìrst time reported in South Italy. This virus caused 5-7% mortality among the larvae in 1976 and the 25-28% in 1980 in the wood of Montecamplo (Laterza - TA). L'Autore riferisce sulla presenza di un Baculovirus (sottogruppo A)...

CONTRIBUZIONI ALLA CONOSCENZA DEI COLEOPHORIDAE XXIII. Coleophora halimionella n.sp.

Giorgio Baldizzone
Morfologia esterna (fig. 1-2): Apertura alare, 9-13 mm. Capo (fig. 3-4) e torace bruno-chiaro riflettente; flagellum anellato di bianco e bruno-chiaro. Nella ~ la base delle antenne e i primi 5-6 articoli del flagellum sono rive- stiti e ispessiti da fitte squame bruno-chiare. Palpi labiali bianchi, disseminati di squame brune nella parte ventrale; il secondo articolo è lungo circa il doppio del diametro dell'occhio. Ala anteriore di un uniforme colore bruno chiaro, tendente al fulvo...

DESCRIZIONE DI UNA NUOVS SPECIE DI CARDEPIA, GENERE NUOVO PER L'ITALIA

Paolo Parenzan
Cardepia hartigi N. SP. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Hadeninae), A NEW GENUS FOR ITALY Cardepia hartigi n. sp. is described and illustrated on specimens collected in a marsh near Taranto (South ltaly). lt is the first record of the Genus Cardepia for ltaly. This new species is also presents in West Greece. The A. thinks Cardepia and Discestra are two distinct and well characterized Genus because their frontal processes and morphology of females genitalia. Con la ·scoperta...

Prove di controllo microbiologico della Processionaria del pino (Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff., Lepid. Thaumetopoeidae) nelle pinete in Puglia

Oreste Triggiani & Ciril Sidor
MICROBIAL CONTROL OF Thaumetopoea pityocampa SCHIFF. (LEPID.: Thaumetopoeidae) IN THE PINE-WOODS OF APULIA During 1979 and 1982 experiments were carried out by using microorganisms against first instars of Thaumetopoea pityocampa in Pulicchie woods of Apulia. In 1979 the Thuricide HP (Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki ser. 3a-3b, 150-300 g/c.p./hl) gave good results killing ali insects larvae within 12 days. In 1982 four stocks of B. thuringiensis were used (B. th. n. 2 = Bactucide ser. 3a-3b;...

Bombyces e Sphinges (Lepid.- Heterocera) dell'Italia meridionale (addenda)

Paolo Parezan
In this work the species of Bombyces and Sphinges of Southern ltaly are listed, which are not included in my previous paper {PARENZAN, 1977). 61 species are listed, three of which: Chamaesphecia stelidiformis Frr., Pelosia plumosa Mab. and Nola squalida Stdgr. are noted for the first time in ltaly; Lamellocossus terebra D. & S., Adscita geryon Hb., Heterogynis penella Hb., Paranthrene tabani/ormis Rott., Synanthedon formicaeformis Esp., Synanthedon culici/ormis L., Chamaesphecia annellata Z., Chamaesphecia affinis Stdgr.,...

A MULTI-CONTRIBUTORS DATABASE FOR ALL ASPECTS OF THE BIOLOGY AND CONTROL OF THE DIASPIDIDAE

Francesco Porcelli & A.P. Garonna
A MULTI-CONTRIBUTORS DATABASE FOR ALL ASPECTS OF THE BIOLOGY AND CONTROL OF THE DIASPIDIDAE. The difficulties of studying the Diaspididae from an Agricultural Entomology point of view are recognized by the authors. A “multi-contributors” database, which includes all aspects of biological control, host-plant interactions, world distribution and taxonomy, is submitted for the attention of researchers engaged in the control of armoured scale insect pests. The database will be available before the end of 1999 by...

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