13,799 Works

The alliance between ecology and cybernetics for a new design science

Massimo Perriccioli
The essay aims to find elements and characteristics of a new design science based on theories, methods and inter and trans-disciplinary research processes, and on holistic and generative approaches that develop in the convergence of natural and artificial sciences. It particularly focuses on ecology, as the science of systemic and generative relations between agents and the environment, and cybernetics, as the science of information and self-regulating systems.

Learning from the past to build the future: multidisciplinary design process

Ornella Iuorio
Multidisciplinary skills and knowledges were common in historical constructions. The necessity to rethink the way we design and realize our built environment in response to the climate change is requiring the re-convergence of knowledge. The development of multidisciplinary practices and digital communication platforms are enabling the new transition. The design and fabrication of shell is one the field, where the cross-over of knowledge is most evident. Digital technologies are facilitating experimentations of complex shell geometries,...

Recover the ordinary. Multidisciplinary experimentation for the Casa Italia prototype in Sora

Alfonso Giancotti & Michele Conteduca
The paper reports the results of an experimental and multidisciplinary design research for the upcycling of a public residential building in the city of Sora to guarantee its architectural and environmental redevelopment, seismic improvement and energy efficiency. The project, drawn up on the basis of indications provided by a working group coordinated by Architect Renzo Piano, who promoted the initiative as senator for life, is supported by the Casa Italia Department of the Presidency of...

From autonomy to heteronomy of design. Evolutionary contributions of technological design

Mario Losasso & Enza Tersigni
The position of the project between autonomy and heteronomy is constantly echoed both in current prevalent thought and in the transformations of the ontology of the project. Contemporary pluralism and multiculturalism foster a shift in the interest of design debate towards a convergence of knowledge and expertise with different points of view. Technological culture of design provides its own contribution interpreting the project as a moment of coordination between diversified and complex inputs within the...

The heteronomy of building technologies in the construction industry in Italy. Notes for a to-do list

Laura Daglio & Elisabetta Ginelli
A pervasive self-referential technique has characterized architecture for some decades, affecting a minor part of architectural production. Celebrated by specialist publications, it has marginally impacted current and ordinary constructions that actually transform the landscape. Addressing the latter production, the essay attempts to define and argue the heteronomous nature of technological change in the national context as a prerequisite for orienting research and design towards the pursuit of a social role of technology, considered a response...

Social openBIM strategies for public housing authorities

Marina Block & Monica Rossi-Schwarzenbeck
This research, based on a framework agreement between the Federico II University of Naples and HTWK Leipzig, commences with a theoretical reflection on public housing in Bipolar Europe during the Cold War. The aim is to set up innovative redevelopment and management processes, in which the potential offered by digitization can support the work of managing authorities and improve energy-environmental, space-functional and technological-constructive quality standards of the districts in question. The research involved experimenting with...

Design and technologies, between sciences and new humanism. Innovation in the education and role of designers

Spartaco Paris
Starting from a critical interpretation of some authors involved in the debate raised by the call, this paper hypothesizes practicable conditions for a circular, non-pyramidal integration of technological disciplines into design processes, presenting some experimental investigations in support of these concepts. The paper aims to investigate, in particular, how the role of digital technologies, the key players in a full-blown transformation of thought, impacts the designer’s education models and has a tendency to redefine both...

Ostia Antica e le province africane: contatti, scambi, influenze ed eredità. Problematiche di studio e prospettive di valorizzazione

Maria Grazia Turco & Sonia Gallico
The essay is part of the studies regarding Ostia Antica, focused on its relations with African provinces – today in Tunisia – characterized by diversified influences, legacies, and cultural bonds. In Ostia, the intertwining of interests and cultures is also testified by various cults and religions coming from all over the Mediterranean Sea. The present study is aimed at highlighting Piazzale delle Corporazioni (Guild square) urban role: it is a structure built behind the theater...

Il paesaggio del turismo oltre il COVID-19: prospettive per una Firenze resiliente

Elena Tarsi & Massimo Carta
Le misure anti-contagio legate all’emergenza sanitaria da COVID-19 decise da molti governi nazionali, hanno avuto un impatto devastante sull’industria del turismo, mettendo in luce con estrema chiarezza la fragilità di un sistema che, pur producendo enormi profitti, trasforma profondamente i luoghi interessati, la percezione che ne hanno abitanti e visitatori e la loro capacità di resilienza. Il contributo riflette sul caso di Firenze e sulla progressiva specializzazione turistica del suo centro storico, presentando un bilancio...

Altri, altrove, altrimenti

Annalisa Metta
Terminata la fase più intensa e drammatica del contagio da Coronavirus, l’osservazione di alcune sue conseguenze sugli spazi aperti urbani potrebbe essere utile per l’avanzamento del progetto, al di là della contingenza emergenziale. In particolare, si sollevano due questioni. La prima: dopo che l’assenza degli umani ha rivelato la presenza di altri esseri viventi, vegetali e animali, nello spazio urbano, potrebbe ora essere possibile e persino desiderabile stabilire con essi rinnovate condizioni di compresenza, alla...

Cities after covid-19: how trees and green infrastructures can help shaping a sustainable future

Francesco Ferrini & Antonella Gori
There is no doubt that metropolitan areas are, and will increasingly be, the engines of economic growth and fertile grounds for the development of technology, creativity and innovation and this will need a shift in the future cities planning and management especially regarding the increase in green areas. This must be done through a regeneration process that can only refer to the 17 objectives of sustainable development (UN, 2019) that are frequently neglected in regeneration...

The Organ Care System as a new promising tool for donor heart ex vivo preservation

Antonella Bonetti, Giovanni Benedetti, Cristina Cantarutti, Veronica Ferrara, Magali Contin, Nicoletta Finato, Sandro Sponga, Gennaro Esposito, Ugolino Livi & Fulvia Ortolani
Heart transplantation remains the gold standard treatment for end-stage heart failure. To face actual donor shortage, heart warm perfusion with the Organ Care System (OCS) was introduced alternatively to usual cold ischemic storage [1]. Here, OCS-preserved hearts were matched against those subjected to cold ischemia in terms of (i) perioperative clinical parameters, (ii) histopathological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of pre- and post-implant left ventricle biopsies, and (iii) cardiomyocyte metabolism by NMR spectroscopy of blood samples....

Remanentes socio-históricos y culturales de la esclavitud urbana en el centro Histórico La Habana Vieja

Inaury Portuondo Cárdenas
Transatlantic slavery as a process has been stereotyped in many bibliographies emphasizing plantation slavery. However, urban slavery and its characteristics are always overlapping “under the city’s comfort” that the owners could offer. In the Havana Historic Center, this view has a great impact on the history, culture and development of a city close to its 500th anniversary. However, the optimal visualization and socialization of the subject with its just historical treatment has been a debt...

Peer assessment practices in an online context: does the group size matter?

Chiara Pelati, Valentina Grion, Lan Li & Anna Serbati
The present study examined how group size may impact students’ participation, perceptions, and work quality in an online peer assessment activity. One hundred sixty-three college freshmen were randomly assigned into three conditions that consisted of either 3-student groups, 6-student groups, or 9-student groups. Students reviewed each other’s projects within their groups. Upon receiving peer feedback, students improved their own work. The data analysis suggested that students in bigger groups more actively participated in peer review...

Update in progress. Urban metabolism strategies: an application case

Federico Orsini
Time acts as a fundamental variable of urban transformation. In fact, changing needs can make an architecture or a technological unit obsolete over time. Precisely, this unexpected deficiency in performance can no longer be interpreted as a limitation but rather as potential to update the architecture itself. This paper fits into this framework and investigates both the potential and limitations of architecture considered an upgradeable system in which time, and the need for changes, become...

Effects of the endoplasmic reticulum signaling pathway on cadmium-induced impairment of the blood brain barrier

Jacopo J.V. Branca, Mario Maresca, Gabriele Morucci, Ferdinando Paternostro, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Massimo Gulisano & Alessandra Pacini
Due to its high permeability to blood-brain barrier (BBB), cadmium (Cd) has been regarded as a possible etiological factor for human neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease [1]. However, the mechanism underlying cadmium-induced BBB permeability remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of Cd in RBE4 cells (rat brain endothelial cells) and delineated the signaling pathway that, triggering endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caspase 3 activation, leads to...

Self-Assessment in the university context: a systematic review

Beatrice Doria & Valentina Grion
Assessment is an emerging educational topic and the need to make education a practice aimed at improving university student’s learning is growing. The interest in self-assessment as a lifelong learning strategy is also part of this framework. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in order to investigate self-assessment as a learning strategy in the university context and to understand its real benefits. The obtained evidences highlight the positive aspects and the potential of...

Rome babylon

Rosario Pavia
TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, TECHNE 17 (2019): Horizontality/verticality in architecture

Promote Informal Formative Assessment practices in Higher Education: the potential of video analysis as a training tool

Lisa O’Keeffe, Alessandra Rosa, Ira Vannini & Bruce White
This article presents the theoretical and methodological framework, objectives and phases of a project of the University of Bologna aimed at promoting Informal Formative Assessment (IFA) practices in university teaching. The paper has two elements – the first, the use of video analysis in teacher training to develop the skills required for implementing IFA are examined through the University of South Australia example provided. The second – the IFA construct outlined within the project and...

Schedule quality evaluation for Construction Project Management

Marco Alvise Bragadin & Kalle Kahkonen
The construction schedule is the most important construction document as it indicates total project duration, project stages and times of activities, costs, logical sequences, quality and safety. Hence, the quality of a phase schedule presented by a contractor must be assessed by the owner’s consultant either before the commencement of works or during the bidding phase. Only few international standards concerning schedule quality exist, and most of them are not specific for construction. A construction-oriented...

La Sociedad Abakua Enigmas y realidades di Ediel Gonzales Herrera, Ediciones Extramuros, La Habana, 2017

Giovanna Campani
Comparative Cultural Studies - European and Latin American Perspectives, Vol 3 No 6 (2018)

Does Pelvic Incidence Influence the Morphology of the Sacroiliac Joint?

Giorgio Cacciola, Federico De Meo, Angelo Favaloro, Alessandro Pisani, Piero Cavaliere, Andrea Barbanera, Elena Filippini, Carmelo Milazzo & Debora Di Mauro
Pelvic Incidence is defined as the angle between the perpendicular line to the upper plate of S1 at its midpoint and the line between this point and the center of bicoxofemoral line, it describes the position of femural heads in relation to sacrum. Recently some authors described a direct correlation between high values of PI and large AP pelvic axis (horizontal pelvis) and a wide pelvic ring [1]. Also the acetabular orientation is influenced by...

The circular economy in transforming a died heritage site into a living ecosystem, to be managed as a complex adaptive organism

Luigi Fusco Girard
Climate change is a consequence of our difficulty to manage the currently conflicts and contradictions. It is configured as a process that makes human life on Earth increasingly uninhabitable, making the relationship between the Earth’s ecosystem and humanity increasingly difficult. A fundamental cause of the climate change is the way in which economic wealth is produced and distributed. The current economy produces also ecological and social poverty. The adaptive reuse of cultural assets is proposed...

Reference in Formal Semantics and Natural Language: A Methodological Route

Francesca Boccuni
In this paper, I will tackle the notion of reference of singular terms in the light of a classic analytic divide, i.e. whether its analysis, like the analysis of other basic notions, should be carried out in natural language or in the semantics of formal frameworks. I will incline toward the latter strategy, and consider reference in classical first-order logic as the simplest framework in which to investigate reference.

Evaluating online health information in terms of readability, understandability and actionability

Marco Masoni & Maria Renza Guelfi
Improving the population health literacy is one of the main objectives of 21st century medicine. Poor health literacy is associated with an inappropriate use of healthcare resources, a higher rate of unnecessary services and hospitalizations. The Internet could play an important role in increasing the level of the population health literacy. To this end, in addition to being of high quality, it is important that information provided to citizens has to be readable. Furthermore, it...

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