144 Works

International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future

Sandro Dettori, Maria Rosaria Filigheddu & Marcello Cillara
Il Congresso affronta le principali tematiche della filiera, dalla biodiversità alla pianificazione forestale, dall'economia alla trasformazione industriale del sughero, con l'intenzione di fare il punto della situazione e svolgere un ruolo di raccordo sia tra ricercatori delle due sponde del Mediterraneo sia tra il mondo della ricerca e quello dell'industria.

On Searle on Austin on truth

Odai Al Zoubi
John Searle gives two different interpretations to Austin’s view on truth: ‘the propositional interpretation’ and ‘the stating interpretation’. The former identifies what is true or false with the locutionary meaning, and the latter with the illocutionary act of stating. In this article, I argue that both interpretations are inaccurate, and I introduce a fresh interpretation that identifies what is true or false with the whole speech act.

Book Reviews

Null Null
Book reviews: issue 5, volume 2017

Reply to Peter M. S. Hacker

Diego Marconi
In his article for Argumenta, Professor Hacker essentially reiterates views he had presented, at much greater length, in his recent book Wittgenstein: Comparisons and Context (Oxford University Press, 2013). Here I will not discuss such views, as I already did so, albeit briefly, in a review I wrote for the Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (25.10.2014). However, as Hacker polemically discusses my review in his article, I should like to reply to some of his criticisms....

Analytic philosophy and European culture. Filosofia analitica e cultura europea

Umberto Eco
This is a talk for the Round Table that rounded off the 6th National Conference of the Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy (SIFA), Genoa 2004. Given the subject of Eco’s talk, it is worth noting that the Round Table was held in the Carlo Felice opera house and, perhaps because of the presence of Eco, there was standing room only. The conference to which the event was annexed was held in the classrooms of the...

Radical interpretation and pragmatic enrichment

Peter Pagin
I consider a problem from pragmatics for the radical interpretation project, relying on the principle of charity. If a speaker X in a context c manifests the attitude of holding a sentence s true, this might be because of believing, not the content of s in c, but what results from a pragmatic enrichment of that content. In this case, the connection between the holding-true attitude and the meaning of s might be too loose...

Language dreamwork reconsidered

Andreas Heise
This paper offers both exegetical and systematic reconsiderations of Donald Davidson’s view on metaphor. In his essay What Metaphors Mean, Davidson argued against the idea that metaphors have any kind of propositional content beyond the literal meaning of the relevant sentence. Apart from this negative claim, Davidson also made a constructive proposal by suggesting that metaphor’s distinctive effect is to prompt a mental state of seeing-as. These two points seem connected insofar as Davidson makes...

Putnam on Methods of Inquiry

Gary Ebbs
Hilary Putnam’s paradigm-changing clarifications of our methods of inquiry in science and everyday life are central to his philosophy. He takes for granted that the judgments of scientists are for the most part reasonable and not in need of philosophical support, and that no part of our supposed knowledge is unrevisable or guaranteed to be true. He infers from key episodes in the history of science that our language contains terms whose references may remain...

Literature and practical knowledge

Pascal Engel
This article defends literary cognitivism, the view that literature can convey genuine propositional knowledge, in the form of propositions which are (i) true (ii) justified and (iii) have aesthetic value because they convey such knowledge. I reply to familiar objections to this view, and reformulate it as the thesis that literary knowledge is a form practical knowledge that is only derivatively propositional. I attempt to apply some ideas to be found in Stanley’s and Williamson’s...

One cheer for autonomy-centered perfectionism: an arm’s-length defense of Joseph Raz’s perfectionism against an allegation of internal inconsistency

Matthew H. Kramer
In the present article, I will concentrate sustainedly on a central strand of Jonathan Quong’s critique of Joseph Raz’s autonomy-centered liberal perfectionism. Rightly taking Raz to have offered the most elaborate and prominent version of autonomy-centered perfectionism in the contemporary debates over such matters, Quong devotes much of the first half of his book to contesting a number of Raz’s positions. This article will defend Raz against one of Quong’s chief objections, an allegation of...

There could be a light that never goes out: the metaphysical possibility of disembodied existence

Michele Paolini Paoletti
According to many philosophers, even if it is metaphysically possible that I exist without my present body or without my present brain, it is not metaphysically possible that I exist without any physical support. Thus, it is not metaphysically possible that I exist in some afterlife world, where I do not have any physical support. I shall argue against such a thesis by distinguishing two different notions of physical and by examining two strategies used...

What does it mean that constitutive rules are in force?

Bartosz Kaluzinski

The ludic background of constitutive rules in Bernard Suits

Filip Kobiela

Can a city be relocated? Exploring the metaphysics of context-dependency

Fabio Bacchini & Nicola Piras
This paper explores the Persistence Question about cities, that is, what is neces-sary and sufficient for two cities existing at different times to be numerically identical. We first show that we can possibly put an end to the existence of a city in a number of ways other than by physically destroying it, which reveals the metaphysics of cities to be partly different from that of ordinary objects. Then we focus in particular on the...

Hegel’s fact of reason: life and death in the experience of freedom

Dean Moyar
This paper shows how Hegel transforms Kant’s Fact of Reason argument for freedom, and in particular how Hegel takes over the role of experience and death in Kant’s “Gallows Man” illustration of the Fact. I reconstruct a central thread of the Phenomenology of Spirit in which Hegel develops his view of freedom and practical rationality through a series of life and death experiences undergone by “shapes of consciousness”. While Hegel views his fact of reason...

Some limits to Hegel's appeal to life

Andrew Werner
For two hundred years, people have been trying to make sense of Hegel’s so-called “dialectical method”. Helpfully, Hegel frequently compares this method with the idea of life, or the organic (cf., e.g., PhG 2, 34, 56). This comparison has become very popular in the literature (in, e.g., Pippin, Beiser, and Ng). Typically, scholars who invoke the idea of life also note that the comparison has limits and that no organic analogy can completely explain the...

Lo strumentario tessile della Preistoria. I pesi da telaio della Sardegna

Maria Grazia Melis
Le ricerche pubblicate in questo volume possono essere considerate un primo, importante passo verso la valorizzazione dei reperti sardi associati alla tessitura in contesti preistorici.

Empatia e spaesamento: una lettura cognitivista di \"La signora Frola e il signor Ponza, suo genero\"

Sarah Palumbo
Il contributo propone una breve introduzione all’empatia come processo cognitivo che coinvolge la capacità del lettore di immaginarsi nei panni dell’altro e, più precisamente, di assumere il punto di vista dei personaggi letterari. Facendo riferimento alle teorie più recentemente proposte dagli studi cognitivi, il saggio mira a illustrare come attraverso il linguaggio sia possibile condurre i lettori a modificare il proprio centro deittico; a tale scopo si propone quindi un’analisi poetico-cognitiva della novella di Pirandello...

Persons, reasons, and what matters. Introduction

Fabio Patrone

Why should one care about one’s own future?

Julien Bugnon & Martine Nida-Rümelin

Porta dell’anima o amaro nutrimento: il cuore e i segni della vergogna nella cultura americana

Fiorenzo Iuliano
Il saggio si concentra sul cuore come significante controverso della vergogna nella letteratura americana. La prima sezione include la rilettura di alcuni brani di Thomas Hooker, pastore puritano, ipotizzando che il puritanesimo americano avesse individuato nel cuore uno dei simboli più convincenti, pure se meno facilmente decifrabili, della vergogna. Il saggio poi procede con la lettura de La lettera scarlatta di Nathaniel Hawthorne (testo emblematico sullo stigma, non solo nella letteratura americana), allo scopo di...

La vergogna della lingua: gli scrittori dell’esilio tra XX e XXI secolo

Rosanna Morace
L’intervento indaga i brani saggistici o letterari di autori translingue ove sia tematizzato il sentimento della vergogna verso una lingua, nelle sue diverse accezioni: pudore, imbarazzo, soggezione, colpa, peccato, oppressione, gelosia (Adrian Bravi), circoscrivendo l’analisi dal dopoguerra ad oggi: un tempo nel quale il retaggio dei totalitarismi, l’ancora concreta realtà del colonialismo e la nascita di nuovi nazionalismi si riverbera nel sentimento ancipite, misto di nostalgia e vergogna, verso una lingua e le sue implicazioni...

Giocolieri, prestigiatori e oratori: il ruolo delle emozioni nell’arte dell’improvvisazione

Francesca Romana Nocchi
One of the aspects that the art of rhetoric and acting share is the acquisition of a technique based on identification. In rhetoric manuals, whenever the modes in which the speak-er can start using the technique need to be addressed and clarified, examples of actors deeply moved and shaken by their own roles are pointed out: it is a recurring topos, which highlights the reciprocity between the two artes. Through mental projections of narrated events,...

La tragedia greca, nostra contemporanea

Sotera Fornaro
La tragedia greca oggi è da intendersi come un’esperienza teatrale che si situa su un confine, quello tra il passato mitico del testo, il presente della messa in scena, il futuro delle possibili e infinite altre messe in scena e del ripetersi, in altre situazioni, della stessa esperienza, estetica, percettiva, corporea. La tragedia greca può perciò oggi significare un momento di passaggio e di confronto, in cui il passato mitico e il modello archetipico da...

Revisiting Moore’s metaphysics

Herbert Hochberg
The paper reexamines Moore’s early (1890s-1903) metaphysics and critically examines some recent discussion (Bell, MacBride) of both Moore’s metaphysics and the significance of the latter for his more well-known works of the early 20th century. In doing so it focuses on (1) the distinction between natural and non-natural properties, (2) problems regarding universals, relations, particulars, “tropes” and predication, and (3) the matter of “intentionality”—both as issues and as they arise in Moore’s early writings.

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