4,732 Works

Printing R-Evolution and Society 1450-1500

Cristina Dondi
The volume contains a reassessment of the economic and social impact of the printing revolution on the development of early modern European society, using 15th-century printed books, which still survive today in their thousands, as historical sources. Papers on production, trade, the cost of books in comparison with the cost of living, literacy, the transmission of texts in print, and the use and circulation of books and illustration are the result of several years of...

Convergence and the Beast: A Canonical Crossover Affair

Željka Flegar
<div> <p>In the digital age it has become almost impossible to view children’s texts outside the context of the new media. This study will focus on three works of children’s fiction, <i>The Tale of Peter Rabbit</i> by Beatrix Potter, <i>Where the Wild Things Are</i> by Maurice Sendak, and <i>Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them</i> by Newt Scamander/J.K. Rowling; and their respective adaptations, <i>Peter Rabbit</i>, <i>Where the Wild Things Are</i>, and <i>Fantastic Beasts and Where...

Salvaging Patriarchy in the 2018 Film Adaptation of <em>Tomb Raider</em>

Andrei Nae
<div> <p>This article focuses on the recent film adaptation of the 2013 <i>Tomb Raider</i> video game. My main goal is to show that, despite the significant changes that the plot undergoes when transitioning from video game to feature film, the adaptation remains faithful to the conservative gender politics of its ludic source text, in the sense that in both the game and the film Lara must struggle to maintain patriarchal order. While in the game...

The Problem of Completeness in Henry James’s <em>The Spoils of Poynton</em>

Totten Gary
<div> <p>James’s essays on art and exhibitions written between the 1870s and the end of the century illustrate his attention to the composition of the art exhibition within the space of the gallery or museum. James’s perception of art exhibit design and effect inform his representation of Mrs Gareth’s art collection and its setting in <i>The Spoils of Poynton</i> (1897). As James looked to art and the art exhibit for models to represent ‘the workings...

George Gissing: A Story of English Realism

Rebecca Hutcheon
<div> <p>George Gissing’s novels sit on the permeable boundary between the diegetic tendencies of 19th-century realism and the mimesis-dominated narratives of modernism. In his early novels, characters deliver barely disguised narratorial comments directly to the reader. But this form of realism is already strained. The self-awareness of Gissing’s art, manifesting in satire and irony, butts up against his research-led approach to writing. This article shows that what emerges in Gissing is a conflict between narrative...

The Disappearing Act: Heritage Making in Charlotte Riddell’s Novels

Silvana Colella
<div> <p>This article examines the strategies of heritage making in Riddell’s City novels, popular in the nineteenth century, but little known today. Drawing on late Victorian debates about the preservation of the past and its material remains, the article focuses on the relationship between fictional and non-fictional elements, in Riddell’s urban realism, which frequently pivots on heritage concerns. The main argument is twofold: 1) heritage discourse provides an apt frame for the self-validation of the...

<em>Adam Bede</em>, Realism, the Past, and Readers in 1859

Gail Marshall
<div> <p>This article gives an account of the immediate publication context of George Eliot’s first novel, <i>Adam Bede</i>, in terms of competing opportunities for leisure, anxieties about the reading of fiction, the publishing industry, and the social and political context of February 1859. It examines the way in which the novel engages with its first readers, specifically through its treatment of the experience of reading fiction, and the ways in which <i>Adam Bede</i> differs from...

The Kingdom Where Nobody Dies

Ann-Marie Richardson
<div> <p>This essay explores Charlotte Brontë’s 1849 novel <i>Shirley</i> as a literary endeavour to recreate the sibling dynamic of the Brontës’ childhoods, and the psychological effect of being the ‘surviving’ sibling of a formally collaborative unit. In their adolescent years, the Brontës famously forged fictional kingdoms together, known collectively as “The Glass Town Saga”. Throughout adulthood, each Brontë continuously returned to these stories, oftentimes due to nostalgia and occasionally for creative reinvention. However, by the...


Luisa Villa

A New Tool for Describing Provenance Images

Marieke Van Delft
<div> <p>Following the rise of the study of the history of the book in the eighties and nineties, provenance studies have become an important component in the research of social and cultural historians. This development was noticed and embraced by the Consortium of European Research Libraries (CERL). The Consortium incorporated results of provenance research in existing resources and new ones were developed. The latest development is the CERL Provenance Digital Archive, an international online database...

The Incunabula Short Title Catalogue (ISTC)

John Goldfinch & Karen Limper-Herz
<div> <p>From its foundation in 1980, the ISTC has been one of the most important international reference sources for incunabula studies. Based on a merger of F.R. Goff’s <i>Incunabula in North American Libraries: A Third Census and the Indice Generale degli Incunaboli delle Biblioteche d’Italia</i>, it aimed to be a comprehensive list both of 15th-century editions and of surviving copies of incunabula. While maintaining its original purpose, it has striven to take advantage of new...

Visual Interpretation of the ISTC

Gregory Prickman
<div> <p>The Atlas of Early Printing is an online resource built with GIS tools to depict the spread and development of printing during the incunable period in Europe. It has been online since 2008 and continues to be developed. The site uses data from the <i>Incunabula Short Title Catalog</i> (ISTC) and other sources, providing a visualisation of the databases from which the data is retrieved. The data being visualised is the result of many decades...

The Essling LOD Project

Ilaria Andreoli & Ilenia Maschietto
<div> <p><i>Les livres à figures vénitiens de la fin du XVe siècle et du commencement du XVIe</i> (1907-1914), whose author is Victor Masséna, Prince of Essling, is a census of all illustrated books printed in Venice from 1469 to 1525. The bibliographical descriptions are chronologically organised, on the basis of a ‘genealogical’ approach, suitable for studying the iconographical and stylistic evolution of illustration. Almost all copies of Essling’s Venetian collection are now part of the...

La Biblioteca pubblica veneziana e gli incunaboli miniati

Autori Vari | Various Authors
<div> <p>Venice was central to the production of printed books in the 15th-century and illumination continued to be applied to this new type of books, beyond the age of the manuscript. However, the illuminated incunabula preserved today in the Library of the Serenissima do not represent a noticeable percentage of the production of value. As is known, very few specimens printed on parchment or with miniatures entered the Marciana collections. Yet, the activity of the...

The Decoration and Illustration of Venetian Incunabula

Lilian Armstrong
<div> <p>The paper summarises the decoration of Venetian incunabula from 1469-1500. In the early 1470s, illuminators experimented with schemes for ‘finishing’ the printed books, decorating the margins and spaces left blank for initials. The high numbers of hand-illuminated volumes indicate that numerous miniaturists must have come to Venice for this work. In the later 1470s and 1480s, incunabula continued to be illuminated, but greater numbers of each edition were printed, so the proportion that were...

Tra il libro manoscritto e l’edizione a stampa in Catalogna nella seconda metà del XV secolo (1450-1500)

Antoni Iglesias Fonseca
<div> <p>The first books published in Catalonia and the notarial documents preserved have brought to light the names of the first printers and booksellers of late medieval Catalonia. In order to present the situation of book production from 1473 onwards, we offer information on the first identified Catalan incunable, the first dated Catalan incunable, the first incunable in Catalan, the oldest printing shop, etc; about the first known printers, many of foreign origin; about the...

Sellers and Buyers of the Lyon Book Market in the Late 15th Century

Monique Hulvey
<div> <p>Without a university or parliament, Lyon became an important centre of book production and distribution over the last quarter of the fifteenth century. In the course of these years, favourable economic conditions with the development of a fourth annual fair and elaborate banking services, turned the provincial merchant town into a European marketplace. Constant movement of people, goods, and money, as well as a ten-year tax exemption for newcomers to the printing business, attracted...

The Memmingen Book Network

Claire Bolton
<div> <p>This paper uses book provenance information from the town of Memmingen in southern Germany as a basis for discovering its book trade history. It brings together this information with that of some earlier writers to throw light on the scholarly book network that grew in the town, the book buyers and owners, and the book producers with their supporting trades, in Memmingen in the second half of the fifteenth century. It will look at...

«Emptus Ferrarie». I prezzi del libro a stampa nella città estense fra Quattro e primi del Cinquecento

Paolo Tinti
<div> <p>During the second half of the 15th century Ferrara, with the Este Court as well as the University and many professionals in law and medicine was an active centre in book circulation, use and - of course - selling. At the end of 15th century, the book market, besides the manuscript production prepared for the Este family and its <i>entourage</i>, was dominated by the cheapest hand-printed editions, also purchased by nobles (such as the...

Heredes de Plauto stampadore deno avere infrascritte robe e dinari

Elena Gatti
<div> <p>Two archival sources of the late 15th century allow to outline some considerations and comparisons between the cost of living and book prices in Bologna. The first reports books stored in Bologna by the printer/bookseller Francesco Platone de’ Benedetti during his lifetime; the second, the most important for this study-case, reports the prices and sales of those books made by his heirs.</p> </div>

Da Vespasiano da Bisticci a Franz Renner e Bartolomeo Lupoto

Lorenz Böninger
<div> <p>In 1967 Roberto Ridolfi presented, albeit incompletely, a series of archival documents on the Venetian-Florentine book trade in 1477. A fresh look at this and other relating material allows us to reconstruct the network of the Venetian printer Francesco della Fontana (Franz Renner) and his sponsor Leonardo Donà between Venice, Florence, Lucca and Genova. Lists of incunabula often included the expected sale prices for them, but these were subject to different forces on the...

«Con un altro piccolo Indice in 4° bislungo»

Sara Mansutti
<div> <p>In the Marciana library the pressmark Classe XI, 45 (7439), as is well known, stands for Francesco de Madiis’s <i>Zornale</i>. What is less well known is that it actually refers to two manuscripts. Together with the <i>Zornale</i>, usually placed inside the front cover, is kept another, much smaller, manuscript list of books. The records of the library showed that the two documents arrived together in 1812, after their discovery in the attics of Palazzo...

From the <I>Corpus Iuris</I> to ‘psalterioli da puti’, on Parchment, Bound, Gilt... The Price of Any Book Sold in Venice 1484-1488

Cristina Dondi
<div> <p>The ledger of the Venetian bookseller Francesco De Madiis, known as the <i>Zornale</i> (1484-88), which is currently being studied by Cristina Dondi and Neil Harris, offers a unique insight into the market value of the earliest printed books, of any sort. The essay offers the analysis of a variety of subjects, prices, sales, customers, and comparison with the cost of living in Renaissance Venice, the largest place of production and distribution in 15th-century Europe....

Institutional Change for Gender Equality in Research

Maria Sangiuliano & Agostino Cortesi

Il commercio degli incunaboli a Padova nel 1480: il <em>Quaderneto</em> di Antonio Moretto

Ester Peric
<div> <p>In 1480 publisher and bookseller Antonio Moretto delivered a total of over 900 incunabula to be sold in his shop in Padua. The details of this business transaction survive in a small paper gathering of 8 leaves, known as <i>Quaderneto</i>, in which the titles of the books, the number of copies available, and the sale prices fixed by Moretto himself are listed. It is an important source for our knowledge of Italian Renaissance book-trade...

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