32 Works

BDSP: a unique initiative to archive and disseminate French grey literature on public health

François Petitjean & Christian Stock
BDSP (Public Health Databank) is a network of institutions initiated 20 years ago by the French ministry of health. Its aim is to collect and provide access to documents on public health topics, with specific attention to grey literature published in French. 40 organizations participate in this open and collaborative network, including the stakeholders of the French health system and from other French-speaking countries. It is managed by a team of 4 members of the...

Back to Grey: Disclosure and Concealment of Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost
The open access principle requires that scientific information be made widely and readily available to society. Defined in 2003 as a “comprehensive source of human knowledge and cultural heritage that has been approved by the scientific community”, open access implies that content be openly accessible and this needs the active commitment of each and every individual producer of scientific knowledge. Yet, in spite of the growing success of the open access initiative, a significant part...

Usage of grey literature in open archives: state of the art and empirical results

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost
The purpose of our communication is to present first results from a current research on the development and usage of open archives in France. This study aims to gain empirical insight in usage patterns of freely available scientific items deposited in open archives, especially of non-commercial material, e.g. grey literature, mostly not distributed through other channels. We present a state of the art of published empirical data, standardization, research projects etc., together with a survey...

OpenSIGLE - Crossroads for Libraries, Research and Educational Institutions in the field of Grey Literature

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Christiane Stock, Nathalie Henrot & Joachim Schopfel
This work is based on a paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Grey Literature (GL10) in which GreyNet’s collections of conference preprints were made accessible via the OpenSIGLE Repository. OpenSIGLE offers a unique distribution channel for European grey literature with roots dating back a quarter century. In the first part of this paper, the experience of INIST as service provider and GreyNet as data provider will be discussed including recent developments. Later in...

D4Humanities: Deposit of Dissertation Data in Social Sciences & Humanities – A Project in Digital Humanities

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost
Following our work on research data and electronic theses and dissertations since 2013, we are conducting a new research project between 2017 and 2018 called D4Humanities with three objectives – to develop the research data management and stewardship on our campus, to gain better insight into the nature of research data in social sciences and humanities and to produce empirical evidence on the development of dissertations. In particular, the project contains three components: 1. Qualitative...

Degrees of Openness: Grey Literature in Institutional Repositories

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost
In spite of the growing success of the open access initiative, a significant part of scientific and technical information remains unavailable on the web or circulates with restrictions. Even in institutional repositories created to disseminate the scientific production of an academic institution, broad and open access to more or less important sectors of the scientific production is restricted. In order to provide new empirical evidence, 25 large institutional repositories from different continents were selected in...

Grey Literature in Open Repositories: New Insights and New Issues

Joachim Schopfel, Eric kergosien, Helene Prost & Florence Thiault
HAL is the national open repository for documents and data from French scientists. The paper analyses how grey literature is represented on HAL. It presents original empirical results from a follow-up study to former research, based on the scientometric assessment of deposits on the French national HAL repository by more than 1,200 research laboratories. These laboratories are affiliated to ten large French research universities and cover the whole range of scientific domains. We assessed the...

Grey communities An empirical study on databases and repositories

Helene Prost & Joachim Schopfel
The paper explores grey communities outside the Grey Literature Network Service (GreyNet) and identifies potential members for GreyNet. GreyNet can be compared to a Learned Society specialised in grey literature as a particular field of library and information sciences (LIS). Its relevance is related to its capacity to enforce the terminology and definition of grey literature in LIS research and publications, and its impact and outreach can be assessed through the proportion of experts dealing...

Grey Literature in an Open Context: From Certainty to New Challenges

Christine Stock & Joachim Schopfel
In 1997 grey literature was defined at Luxembourg as “that which is produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats, but which is not controlled by commercial publishers”. Distinction between commercial (white), non-commercial (grey) and other (dirty) literature seemed easy. Six years later, the landscape of scientific and technical information has radically changed. What is the place of grey literature between continuous electronic resources, open archives and new...

LARA - Open access to scientific and technical reports

Christiane Stock & Emmanuelle Rocklin
Co-authored together with Emmanuelle Rocklin and Aurélie Cordier. INIST has a longstanding practice of collecting and referencing grey reports. Its collection of 60 000 government funded reports or institutional research papers is made available through traditional document supply. Today reports are a minor issue in French repository projects. That’s why INIST decided to create a national repository for grey reports: LARA - Libre Accès aux RApports scientifiques et techniques. Its aim is to allow direct...

Knowledge Generation in the Field of Grey Literature: A Review of Conference-based Research Results

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel & Christiane Stock
Co-authored together with Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schöpfel, and Christiane Stock. - Perhaps the most cost effective research carried out in information science today is in the field of grey literature. The published proceedings in the GL-Conference Series provide a record of impressive research results in this field of information. These results are based on various and diverse approaches and methodologies, whereby citation data, survey data, systems data, bibliographic and metadata, as well as other evidence...

INIST : Tracking Grey Literature in a Changing Environment

Joachim Schopfel
The Institute of Scientific & Technical Information (INIST, www.inist.fr), founded in '88 and part of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS, www.cnrs.fr), is a major public database producer (Pascal, Francis) and document supply center. Since 1998, INIST has engaged in a collective reflection on its databases, services and acquisition policy to face up with electronic document and rapidly changing needs. Our approach to "non-conventional literature" (reports, theses, conferences) is moving from traditional "paper...

Grey literature on bilingualism in Belgium

Joachim Schopfel
Because of the town Antwerp host of the GL9 conference and because of our own former scientific experience we selected the field of bilingualism for a study on the importance of grey literature in social sciences and humanities. The study is meant to be an additional contribution to comparable scientometric analyses on the distribution of types of publications in different scientific domains. Bilingualism, the learning and use of two or more languages, is a linguistic,...

MetaGrey Europe, A Proposal in the Aftermath of EAGLE-SIGLE

Joachim Schopfel
In the aftermath of EAGLE, the objective of the MetaGrey Europe project is to organize a new network of European leading organisations for the collection and dissemination of grey research literature, to facilitate the access to European grey literature through a unique web-interface (metasearch engine), to increase its international visibility and to safeguard the former SIGLE records and integrate them in the new network in an OAI-PMH compliant format. The communication describes the project scope,...

From OpenSIGLE to OpenGrey Changes and Continuity

Christiane Stock & Nathalie Henrot
First presented at the GL8 conference in New Orleans 2006 as a prototype, OpenSIGLE went life in December 2007. After three years of existence, the results are beyond all expectations. OpenSIGLE has become a reference source for grey literature, and its user community has grown constantly, especially from outside Europe. The integration of the GL conference preprints into the repository from 2008 onwards not only added research papers on the topic of grey literature to...

The Grey Side of the Green Road : Empirical Assessment of Academic Publishing in the HAL Open Repository

Joachim Schopfel, Eric kergosien, Helene Prost & Florence Thiault
The paper provides empirical results on the part of grey literature in the French national open repository HAL. The results are based on a quantitative analysis of 973,968 deposits from 1,272 research laboratories affiliated the ten most important research universities in France (IDEX program). 35% of all deposits (documents and records) are grey literature. The main types of these items are conference papers (71%), PhD theses (11%) and preprints and working papers (8%). Their overall...

Citation Analysis and Grey Literature: Stakeholders in the Grey Circuit

Joachim Schopfel, Christiane Stock, Dominic Farace & Jerry Frantzen
Co-authored together with Christiane Stock, Dominic Farace, and Jerry Frantzen. The goal of this research project is to learn more about the expanding field of information known as ‘grey literature’. Citation analysis allows one the possibility to follow the work of the authors in the GLConference series, as well as authors whom they have cited both in grey and commercial publishing. A further goal of this paper is to examine the value of the GL-...

OpenSIGLE, Home to GreyNet’s Research Community and its Grey Literature Collections: Initial Results and a Project Proposal

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel, Christiane Stock & Nathalie Henrot
Paper co-authored together with Frantzen J., Stock C., Henrot N., & Schöpfel, J. For the past 16 years, GreyNet has sought to serve researchers and authors in the field of grey literature. To further this end, GreyNet has signed on to the OpenSIGLE repository and in so doing seeks to preserve and make openly available research results originating in the International Conference Series on Grey Literature. GreyNet together with colleagues at INISTCNRS have designed the...

Policy Development for Grey Literature Resources: An Assessment of the Pisa Declaration

Dobrica Savic, Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Stefania Biagioni, Carlo Carlesi, Herbert Gruttemeier & Christiane Stock

Linking full-text grey literature to underlying research and post-publication data: An Enhanced Publications Project 2011-2012

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Christiane Stock, Laurents Sesink & Debbie Rabina
This project seeks to circumvent the data vs. documents camp in the grey literature community by way of a middle ground provided through enhanced publications. Enhanced publications allow for a fuller understanding of the process in which data and information are used and applied in the generation of knowledge. The enhanced publication of grey literature precludes the idea of a random selection of data and information, and instead focuses on the human intervention in data-rich...

GreyGuide, GreyNet’s web access portal and lobby for change in Grey Literature

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, stefania biagioni, Carlo Carlesi, Roberto Ponti & Christiane Stock
In December 2013, the GreyGuide was formerly launched as an online forum and repository of good practice in grey literature. The project partners then turned to the acquisition of both proposed and published good practices. During this same timeframe, GreyNet – one of the project partners – welcomed far reaching developments in its infrastructure. Three new committees were established alongside its Program Committee in line with GreyNet’s fourfold mission dedicated to research, publication, open access,...

Grey literature in French Digital Repositories: A Survey

Joachim Schopfel & Christian Stock
The impact of open archives on the availability and selection of scientific and technical information is growing. Yet, there is little empirical evidence on the deposit and processing of grey literature in digital repositories. The purpose of this communication is to provide a survey on grey literature in French open archives, e.g. institutional and subject-based digital repositories. The survey is based on a selection of 56 representative French digital repositories. The different archives are selected...

From SIGLE to OpenSIGLE and beyond: An in-depth look at Resource Migration in European Context

Christiane Stock, Joachim Schopfel & Nathalie Henrot
Co-authored together with Christiane Stock and Nathalie Henrot. - In 1980, some major European scientific information centres established the “System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe” (SIGLE) to provide access to European grey literature and to improve bibliographic coverage. August 23, 2006, the Luxemburg Register of Commerce and Societies published the liquidation of the association EAGLE that produced the SIGLE database until 2005. Nevertheless, the former EAGLE member consented to preserve the European co-operation...

Dissertations and Data

Joachim Schopfel, Primož Južnič, Helene Prost, Cécile Malleret, Ana Češarek & Teja Koler-Povh

An innovative concept to disseminate scientific communications

Sylvie Grésillaud
Different information elements compose a congress: before it, a program is available. During a conference, we follow the speech of the orator, some slides and sometimes a text which is published in the detailed program. After the congress, we can read or see the intervention by consulting the conference proceeding or the web site when it exist. On this site we could find the intervention video and slides. But it is not easy to reach...

Registration Year

  • 2022
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  • 2019
  • 2018

Resource Types

  • Text
  • Conference Paper


  • Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
  • University of Lille
  • GreyNet International
  • Institute of Information Science and Technologies
  • University of Rennes 2
  • Pratt Institute
  • Data Archiving and Networked Services
  • International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Catholic University of Lyon
  • University of Ljubljana