16 Works

Grey Literature : Plausible Applications for Distance Education Practices

Julia Gelfand
With distance education among the most dynamic elements in post-secondary education today and with changes in emerging instruction technologies breaking frontiers, new interpretations of copyright and creative site licensing of information, grey literature has an equally new potential for use in these structures. The "Innovation Diffusion" common in distance education is a parallel structure to developments in electronic publishing and alternative ways to distribute and treat grey literature. Connectivity remains the major challenge as distance...

Research Life Cycle: Exploring Credibility of Metrics and Value in a New Era of eScholarship that Supports Grey Literature

Julia Gelfand & Anthony Lin
The fundamental components of the research process are defined by academic tradition, discipline and its participants. Traditional scholarship has now evolved into eScholarship with emerging technologies providing new methods of innovation and new ways of handling classical research processes. This revised research life cycle not only incorporates the established parts of the research chain, from discovery, gathering, and creating, but now has added phases of citing, sharing, preserving and archiving. There are quantifiable elements that...

Data: Is it Grey, Maligned or Malignant?

Julia Gelfand & Daniel Tsang
Cancers, growths, past events, social issues, conditions, and trends are each proverbially described as on a spectrum from maligned to malignant and scientists, physicians, journalists, commentators, politicians and other specialists offer opinions and commentary on what frames the answer to this question of the title. This paper explores not just the color and tone of data, but attempts to resolve what characterizes whether data is maligned or malignant. Hues of greyness distinguish the perils of...

The Ubiquity of Grey Literature in a Connected Content Context

Julia Gelfand
Ubiquitous or pervasive computing has become a new paradigm in computer science and networking and seeks to embed computers into all functions of daily life, where the technology may be invisible. This "calm technology" allows for some powerful new products and ways of doing things. In the library, publishing, and information arenas this may mean potentially transforming the bibliographic organization and how scholars find and use information. The social and cultural enhancements ubiquitous computing offers...

Teaching and Exposing Grey Literature: What the Information Profession Needs to Know

Julia Gelfand
GL takes on new meanings with publishers and individuals creating new products and releasing information in different ways. With several choices of release usually available in different formats, the difficulty once associated with publishing GL and the enormous expenses predicted for a relatively low volume, electronic publishing via html and pdf has created new models and opportunities. Information access in the global economy forces the information professional to be better aware of a wider spectrum...

Grey Literature: Taxonomies and Structures for Collection Development

Julia Gelfand
Libraries worldwide have not picked up the pace of addressing where Grey Literature fits in collection policies. This remains rather curious due to the skyrocketing prices of traditional books, journals, databases, and other information resources, and trends to serialize and promote access in perpetuity. Most collection development policies only address resources for which payment has been made, where formal acquisitions or licensing practices are observed. Due to more interest and a commitment to Open Access...

Virtual Reality and Establishing a Presence in Second Life: New Forms of Grey Literature?

Kristine Ferry, Julia Gelfand, Dana Peterman & Holly Tomren
Co-authored together with J. Gelfand, D. Peterman, and H. Tomren: The virtual reality program Second Life poses new challenges to its more than 3 million users that include economic interactions, methods of communication, and documentation. This paper assesses the range of activities taking place in Second Life, proposes how Second Life may be viewed as a form of emergent grey literature, discusses the tools used to discover, document, and preserve it. Just five years ago,...

“Knock, Knock:” Are Institutional Repositories a Home for Grey Literature?

Julia Gelfand
Academic and special libraries are eagerly as well as reluctantly joining the bandwagon to participate in institutional repositories. The young and growing collection of the University of California Institutional Repository hosted by the California Digital Library (CDL) contains nearly 5300 documents (see http://repositories.cdlib.org/escholarship/). This paper will analyze the contents of that collection in terms of levels of greyness. Content comes from 9 different campuses composing the University of California’s Research Units, Centers, and Departments and...

Library as Publisher: Convergence of New Forms and Roles of Textual and Non-Textual Grey Literature in Digital Scholarship

Julia Gelfand & Anthony Lin

Challenges for Collections in New Collaborative Teaching and Learning Environments: Does Grey Literature Fill a Void?

Julia Gelfand
Academic institutions around the globe are introducing and launching bold new teaching initiatives that utilize technologies in the classroom and for remote teaching. The emphasis on distance learning is but one example of this. However, the focus of this paper is to explore the collaborative nature of teaching, learning and studying where faculty and students have to be aware of access to information and the new course management and bibliographic software options to share information...

Social Networking: Product or Process and What Shade of Grey?

Julia Gelfand & Anthony Lin
Social networking debuted in 1997 and is now an established and common method of communication and is increasingly related to and supportive of academic publishing, scholarship and generating new information. Some of the most mature and popular sites are Facebook, Bebo, Twitter, Linked-In and Plaxo plus many more specialized examples. As many professional societies and individuals choose to develop a presence on social networking sites (SNSs), the utility of them has become more valuable and...

Grey literature in new packages: implications from the transition to electronic publishing

Julia Gelfand
In the past three years the phenomena of the emergence and development of the worldwide web (www) has captured all elements of society and created a forum for GL as never before. The range of information now mounted on web sites ceases to amaze noone. We have seen computer systems, especially knowledge-based systems used in various ways to support knowledge work in the most creative ways while challenging how grounded they are in traditional literature....

How Open Science Influences Next Developments in Grey Literature

Julia Gelfand & Anthony Lin
The practice of open science reinforces the intersections of open access, open data, open educational resources (textbooks), open methods, open standards, open transcription, open peer review, to promote how science is based on replication of experimental process and outcomes. Traditional publishing streams of books and journals capture just a fraction of the content now contextualized in open science. Our definition of open science blends the Foster Open Science Taxonomy with contextualizing science as Abraham Flexner...

Sexuality Leveraged Through Diversity: Recognizing LGBT+ Communities

Anthony Lin & Julia Gelfand

Academic libraries and collection development implications for grey literature

Julia Gelfand
The proliferation of grey literature (GL) in all subject areas poses great challenges, concerns and responsibilities for libraries. This paper examines the major issues most germane to the acquisition and collection development aspects of grey literature and providing access to it in library collections. With increasing academic and scholarly value placed in the grey literature and it being an original and primary source for information, many collection development policies are beginning to include grey literature...

Deepfakes: A Digital Transformation Leads to Misinformation

Nika Nour & Julia Gelfand
Deepfakes are a product of artificial intelligence (AI) and software applications used to create convincing falsified audiovisual content. Linguistically, a portmanteau combines deep learning aspects of AI with the doctored or falsified enhancements that deem the content fake and now deepfake or misinformation results. A variety of sophisticated software programs’ exacting algorithms create high-quality videos and manipulated audio of people who may not exist, twisting others who do exist, creating the potential for leading to...

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