495 Works

The “Grey” Intersection of Open Source information and Intelligence

June Crowe & Thomas Davidson
The U.S. Government intelligence community (IC) is relying less on “classified” information as a sole source and is moving toward an “all source” product that includes open source information. Gradually, this change will result in a more comprehensive, virtual IC that will enhance or replace the smaller, classified collections of individual government bureaucracies. This has created an emerging paradigm involving technology, outsourcing, and relationships both inside and outside of the IC that has resulted in...


Keith Jeffery & Anne Asserson
This paper addresses the place of grey not only in the landscape of information, but also of knowledge, wealth creation and improvement of the quality of life. It builds on work by the authors published in previous GL conferences. The very notion of grey is linked conceptually with dull and dismal. It refers to a concept between recognised states. It is also linked with age and distinction, even the magical (Gandalf the Grey). The hypothesis...

Open access to full text and ETDs in Europe: improving accessibility through the choice of language?

Christiane Stock
Next to journal articles and eprints electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are the most frequent document type found in open archives, for various reasons: ETDs are a well defined and well referenced document type. Rules for deposit and citation are generally established on a national level, and international standards exist for specific information and theses metadata, contrary to other grey documents. ETDs are administrative documents, and students can be “obliged” to deposit their work in...

Grey literature for development: Some case studies

Bharati Sen
Grey literature refers to publications issued by government, academia, business, and industry, in both print and electronic formats, but not controlled by commercial publishing interests, and where publishing is not the primary business activity of the organization. Newsletters, reports, working papers, theses, government documents, bulletins, fact sheets, conference proceedings and other publications distributed free, available by subscription, or for sale comprises grey literature (Weintraub 2000) Non-profit organizations and interest groups keep their members informed via...

GL8 Welcome Address

Fredrick Barton
On behalf of the University of New Orleans and Chancellor Tim Ryan, on behalf of the City of New Orleans and the State of Louisiana, and for those of you who have traveled here from abroad, on behalf of the United States, I welcome you to the Lindy Boggs Conference Center and wish to all of you a productive meeting and a pleasant visit to our campus and our community.

Grey in the R&D Process

Keith G. Jeffery & Anne Asserson
The rate of acquisition of data, its structuring into information and its interpretation as knowledge is increasing rapidly. There are more active researchers now than ever and the output of white publications per researcher is increasing. The output of grey publications is orders of magnitude greater. Past techniques of experts (librarians) cataloguing manually with metadata each publication do not scale. The problem is to find ways to manage this resource. The hypothesis is in 4...

Czech Grey Literature and Research Outputs: Transformation of the NUŠL Service

Petra Černohlávková & Hana Vyčítalová
The Czech National Repository of Grey Literature (NUSL) has been bringing GL to science and society over 10 years. It is based on Lisbon definition from 1997, updated in 2004, and on its own document typology that was created in 2008 as one of the outputs of the same name project. Since then there have been several papers and articles calling for new definition and new typology, asking what should be still considered GL and...

The Use and Knowledge of Slovenian University Librarians about Grey Literature

Veronika Potočnik & Špela Velikonja
Access to grey literature is growing which is a result of a constant development of open science and accessibility of information. Since little is known about grey literature and its use in Slovenia, the aim of the study is to examine its usage, and to obtain information about acquaintance of Slovenian academic librarians with this kind of literature. The survey was conducted by using an online questionnaire addressed to the Slovenian academic libraries. The questionnaire...

Analysis of National R&D Project Report Output Utilization and Economic Contribution

Kiseok Choi, Cheol-Joo Chae, Yong-hee Yae & Yong Ju Shin

Managing Diversity in the International Nuclear Information System

Dobrica Savic

Looking for Information that is not Easy to Find: An Inventory of LibGuides in Canadian Post-Secondary Institutions Devoted to Grey Literature

Marcus Vaska & Rosvita Vaska

Grey Literature and Research Assessment exercises: From the current criteria to the Open Science models

Silvia Giannini, Rosaria Deluca, Anna Molino & Stefania Biagioni
International Conference on Grey Literature – Public Awareness and Access to Grey Literature, Volume 19, Number 1, Pages 11-25, ISSN 1386-2316

Grey Literature: A Pilot Course constructed and implemented via Distance Education

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel & Christiane Stock
Co-authored together with J. Frantzen, J. Schöpfel, and C. Stock: Over the past years, training courses, guest lectures, seminars and workshops have been organized by information professionals on the topic of grey literature. Most of these endeavours have undoubtedly had some impact on this field of information, however difficult it would be to measure. Many of these course lectures were given within existing programs and may have only been one-time offerings. At the Eighth International...

How open access policies affect access to grey literature in university digital repositories: A case study of iSchools

Tomas A. Lipinski & Katie Chamberlain Kritikos
An issue of interest to library and information science (LIS) scholars and practitioners is how open-access policies can affect the access and use of grey literature in university repositories. Open access (OA) refers to research placed online free from all price barriers and from most permission barriers (Suber, 2015), allowing unfettered access to scholarship and promoting open scholarly communication (Banach, 2011; Eysenbach, 2006). OA may apply research published traditionally, such as books (Schwartz, 2012) and...

A Hidden Treasure on Computer Science Pre-History in Pisa: the CSCE Collection

stefania biagioni & Silvia Giannini
The collection of the Center for the Study of Electronic Computers (CSCE) contains the scientific documentation produced by the staff and associate members of the Center. The CSCE was established by the University of Pisa with the specific purpose of designing and building the first electronic computer entirely built in Italy: the CEP, standing for “Pisan Electronic Computer”. In recent times we have carried out the analysis, the description and the digitization of these historical...

Leveraging Grey Literature – Capitalizing on Value and the Return on Investment: A Cumulative Case Study

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, stefania biagioni, Carlo Carlesi & Christiane Stock

Towards a Prague Definition of Grey Literature

Joachim Schopfel
The most common definition of grey literature, the so-called ‘Luxembourg definition’, was discussed and approved during the 3rd International Conference on Grey Literature in 1997. In 2004, at the 6th International Conference on Grey literature in New York City, a postscript was added. The main characteristic of this definition is its economic perspective on grey literature, based on business, publishing and distribution models of the disappearing Gutenberg galaxy. With the changing research environment and new...

Altmetrics and Grey Literature: Perspectives and Challenges

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost

Data from “Exploring Next Generation Grey” including Questionnaire and Results

Joachim Schopfel, Dominic Farace, David Baxter, Silvia Giannini, ANNA MOLINO, Tomas A. Lipinski, Veronika Potočnik & Dobrica Savic
The GL2021 Conference offered the many and diverse communities of practice in the field of grey literature a unique opportunity to collaborate in addressing and defining the next phase in the digital transformation of grey literature. In preparation for this conference, a panel session on the future of grey literature was planned on the program; and, in advance, an online survey was carried out among GreyNet’s own community of practice in the field of grey...

Zines as Nonbinary Objects and Questions of Privilege

Andrea Marshall
Zines exist within the hybrid recesses of cultural consciousness. They are subcultural relics of the eras prior to the internet and they are knowledge infrastructures that overtly disrupt mainstream cultural perspectives. They also function as boundary artifacts that bridge gaps between analog print protocols and digital manifestations of data such as PDFs and hyperlinks. Nicolini et al. (2012) observe that “we look at objects as boundary devices but also as epistemic things, objects of activities,...

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  • Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
  • Institute of Information Science and Technologies
  • University of Lille
  • Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies
  • GreyNet International
  • Institute for Computational Linguistics “A. Zampolli”
  • University of California, Irvine
  • National Library of Technology
  • Information International Associates (United States)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency