217 Works

Federal Information System on Grey Literature in Russia: a New Stage of Development in Digital and Network Environment

Aleksandr Starovoitov
Since the late nineties when the Russian grey literature (GL) system in the sphere of scientific and technical information was first presented to the international GL community in Luxembourg we have had several opportunities to describe one or another aspect of the Federal Information System on GL in Russia [1,2,3,4,5]. This time we would like to dwell upon the system as a whole following its development from the past through present times to the prospective...

Green Light for Grey Literature? Orphan Works, Web-Archiving and other Digitization Initiatives – Recent Developments in U.S. Copyright Law and Policy

Tomas Lipinski
This paper reviews recent legislative and case developments in the area of copyright law affecting the collection, preservation including digitization and dissemination of grey literature. Alternative frameworks for crafting a legislative solution to impediments the copyright present to these uses are discussed. This includes review of pending legislation targeting the problem of so-called “orphan works” offering a limitation on the monetary damages or injunctive relief the copyright owner may be granted and another pending proposal...

INTEREST - INTERoperation for Exploitation, Science and Technology

Keith Jeffery & Anne Asserson
This paper addresses the topic of interoperation of Grey resources. The title should be read as INTERoperation for Exploitation, Science and Technology. It builds on work by the authors published in previous GL conferences. The method is architectural analysis and comparison. The costs of the study are negligible, but of course the costs of implementing any solution are considerable. The result/conclusion is that CERIF (Common European Research Information Format) is the essential component to meet...

Grey Literature on Caste-based Minority Community in India

Jyoti Bhabal
According to the ancient Hindu scriptures, there are four "varnas’ (groups). Manusmriti has mentioned four varnas: the Brahmins (teachers, scholars and priests), the Kshatriyas (kings and warriors), the Vaishyas (traders), and Shudras (agriculturists, service providers, and some artisan groups). Offspring of different varnas belong to different JŅtis (Castes). Another group excluded from the main society was called Parjanya or Antyaja. This group of former "untouchables" (now called Dalits) was considered either the lower section of...

Two Worlds: About Bars and Stars in Scientific Information Publishing, An Analysis of Open Source Ideology As a Means of Self-controlled Publishing

Cees de Blaaij
Scientific publishing has become very profitable for several publishing companies. Information in our age has become a first rate economic asset. Another consequence is that smaller publishing companies have gradually been taken over by bigger ones. Ergo there is less competition and more concentration of economic power in the publishing sector. At the same time it has become more important for the mammoths of the publishing industry to protect these interests and give it a...

Grey literature on bilingualism in Belgium

Joachim Schopfel
Because of the town Antwerp host of the GL9 conference and because of our own former scientific experience we selected the field of bilingualism for a study on the importance of grey literature in social sciences and humanities. The study is meant to be an additional contribution to comparable scientometric analyses on the distribution of types of publications in different scientific domains. Bilingualism, the learning and use of two or more languages, is a linguistic,...

Hyperactive Grey Objects

Keith Jeffery & Anne Asserson
Previous papers on Grey literature by the authors have described (1) the need for formal metadata to allow machine understanding and therefore scalable operations; (2) the enhancement of repositories of grey (and other) e-publications by linking with CRIS (Current Research Information Systems); (3) the use of the research process to collect metadata incrementally reducing the threshold barrier for end-users and improving quality in an ambient GRIDs environment. This paper takes the development one step further...

Awareness and empowerment in document production and distribution as a “must” for open access: experiences from the “Nancy style” to guarantee quality

Paola De Castro, Sandra Salinetti & Marcus Banks
Co-authored together with Sandra Salinetti and Marcus Banks. - The debate on Grey Literature (GL) has now a very long tradition going from uncertainty and confusion, in the last century, to new certainties and appraisal in the open access era. This implies the general acquisition of the awareness of the importance of GL as a fundamental primary source of information, hence the necessity to empower authors and issuing organization to guarantee quality in both production...

Enhancing diffusion of scientific contents: Open data in Repositories

Daniela Luzi & roberta ruggieri
The free availability of data gathered during research activities is becoming one of the new challenges facing the Open Access Movement. New scientific instruments and technologies used in highly collaborative fields such as molecular biology, astronomy and environmental sciences, make it possible to collect a great amount of data in different formats. Moreover, data are often associated with tools that can aggregate them as well as with direct references to the publications – conventional or...

TEF: Metadata for French dissertations

Dalila Boudia & Rosa Maria Gómez de Regil
Since 2000, universities and research institutions have been encouraged to promote and preserve scientific and technical productions by disseminating digital theses and dissertations. This national program implies that new practices and new tools impacting thesis identification are going to be established at different levels (administrative circuit, theses production mode, theses submission methods, document processing chain, dissemination platforms, digital preservation systems…).It is important to describe theses and dissertations using metadata in Internet shared formats to gain...

MetaGrey Europe, A Proposal in the Aftermath of EAGLE-SIGLE

Joachim Schopfel
In the aftermath of EAGLE, the objective of the MetaGrey Europe project is to organize a new network of European leading organisations for the collection and dissemination of grey research literature, to facilitate the access to European grey literature through a unique web-interface (metasearch engine), to increase its international visibility and to safeguard the former SIGLE records and integrate them in the new network in an OAI-PMH compliant format. The communication describes the project scope,...

Body and Literature: Study on the Grey Literature of a health service starting from a reflection on health

William Théaux
Existence of Grey Literature can be followed, as primal ego is followed by Psychoanalysis after considering an Unconscious at its source. In case of Literature, Cybernetics is found in place of such source; this has consequences in regard with the human bodies that are living along with this Literature.

50 Years of Experience in Making Grey Literature Available: Matching the Expectations of the Particle Physics Community

Carmen O’Dell & Jens Vigen
Co-authored together with Dallman D., Vesely M., and Vigen J. / The CERN Scientific Information Service has been active in the field of digital library research and in providing scientific information services to the high-energy physics community for almost five decades now. Most recently the research focus has been on interoperability issues in document storage and retrieval systems, metadata added-value services, digital library automation and networked information services. The achievements of this research and the...

Implications of copyright evolution for the future of scholarly communication and grey literature

Marcus Banks & Cees De Blaaij
Traditional practices regarding copyright are undergoing transformation. Although it is still common for scholars to give up their rights to their articles so that they will be published, this happens less frequently than it once did. Our analysis of the RoMEO database [1] shows that 75% of publishers allow authors to post their work in an online repository, whether that repository is hosted by their institution or on a personal web page. Whatever becomes of...

The Impact of Grey Literature in Advancing Global Karst Research: An Information Needs Assessment for a Globally Distributed Interdisciplinary Community

Todd Chavez
Co-authored together with Anna Perrault, Pete Reehling, and Courtney Crummett. - A survey of the global karst community was conducted in 2006. The survey was distributed via the World Wide Web to known karst researchers. The instrument was designed to generate an initial inventory of core grey information types, to assess levels of usage of grey information by the respondents, and to gauge the karst community’s willingness to participate in building and expanding both this...

The Messy World of Grey Literature in Cyber Security

Patricia Erwin
The foundation of my paper is based on four observations: 1) Research is messy; 2) Traditional collection development policies are structured documents aimed at assuring a level of quality in the collection, but also to satisfy the administrative need to justify the expense of providing resources to an academic or research community; 3) Grey literature doesn’t fit the formal model of scholarly communication, therefore the quality is suspect and is not adequately addressed in most...

Metadata-based analysis to improve clinical trial exchange

Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio L. Ricci & Luca Dan Serbanati
Co-authored together with Fabrizio Ricci and Luca Serbanati. - There are various, important information sources devoted to the diffusion of clinical trials, but they fail to achieve a complete coverage of clinical research. The demand for a mandatory public registration of clinical trials is emerging from different institutions, which are making efforts to develop common metadata schemas to both increase information exchange and make this information publicly available. The paper describes a metadata analysis of...

Building a Digital Commons for Cyber Security Resources

Patricia A. Erwin
The Institute for Information Infrastructure Protection (I3P) is a consortium that includes academic institutions, federally-funded national laboratories, and non-profit organizations in the United States. The I3P brings experts together to identify and help mitigate threats aimed at the U.S. information infrastructure. Funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), the Consortium functions as a virtual national lab, with the ability to organize teams and workgroups...

Wallops Island Balloon Technology: Can’t see the Repository for the Documents

Andrea Japzon & Nikkia Anderson
Since the Wallop’s Balloon Technology documents repository began approximately 9 years ago, the Goddard Library has become increasingly involved in developing digital archiving capabilities. The Library developed the Digital Archiving System (DAS) which is a prototype infrastructure for creating a combined metadata repository that allows metadata for heterogeneous digital objects to be searched with a single search mechanism and presented in a single results page. With this, the opportunity has been presented to expand the...

Impact of the Inclusion of Grey Literature on the Scholarly Communication Patterns of an Interdisciplinary Specialty

Kathel Dunn
Researchers who more routinely use traditional scholarly literature published in peer-reviewed journals are especially disadvantaged in understanding, accessing and obtaining grey literature in their fields of research.(Lasker, 1998) For example, researchers in health policy find that their research depends on both the well-organized and relatively easily accessible journal literature used by scientists and clinicians; the researchers also need to find reports literature published by think tanks and independent research organizations. The purpose of this research...

Relating Intellectual Property Products to the Corporate Context

Keith Jeffery & Anne Asserson
The knowledge society demands that organizations utilise to the full the IP (intellectual property) they generate and acquire. In a context of research, development and innovation, the IP consists of products, patents and publications (in the widest sense – any stored representation of human intellect). While conventional research publications (white literature) provide much of the visible IP, the ‘submerged part of the iceberg’ is the grey literature. With OA (Open Access) technologies the line between...

Uniform requirements for Grey literature? Proposal for the adoption of a “Nancy style”

Paola De Castro & Sandra Salinetti
In the last international conferences on Grey Literature (GL), the Internet “sea change” suffered by GL was deeply analysed under its different nuances, coming to the conclusion that the characteristics initially associated to this production have been completely upset. The main advantages of the Net regard information retrieval, document usability and availability against an increased level of responsibility for its authors and issuing organizations.1 This 7th International Conference on GL is devoted to open access,...

Public funded research and Open Access: Perspectives and Policies

Cees de Blaaij
There are several arguments for promoting the necessity of Open Access (OA). Public funded research can be considered as a common good. From that point of view the accessibility of scientific information is crucial as a political instrument in strengthening a democratic society and to improve the knowledge driven society by efficient and effective distribution of scientific information An important question is what are governments doing to promote OA? Do they consider OA as a...

From “Grey Literature” to “Specialized Resources”: Rethinking Terminology to Enhance Grey Literature Access and Use

David Baxter & Margo Hilbrecht
Gambling Research Exchange (GREO) is an independent Knowledge Translation and Exchange (KTE) organization that aims to reduce harm from gambling. GREO curates and maintains a digital library of credible gambling information, most of which is grey literature. Several stakeholder groups use this library, including policy makers, researchers, treatment providers, regulators, and gambling operators. In order to meet knowledge needs, GREO both manages and produces grey literature, and maintains a research data repository for use by...

Grey in the Innovation Process

Keith Jeffery & Anne Asserson
The research lifecycle has multiple objectives materialised as outputs, outcomes and impacts. Typical outputs are research publications (including grey literature), patents and products such as research datasets and software, many kinds of art or prototype engineering artifacts. Outcomes include patent licence income, value of a company set up to exploit the output or trained research staff. Impacts include employment creation, a commercial product that saves lives or labour or development of a new field of...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Text
  • Conference Paper


  • Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
  • Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies
  • Institute of Information Science and Technologies
  • GreyNet International
  • Institute for Computational Linguistics “A. Zampolli”
  • University of Lille
  • University of Bergen
  • Information International Associates (United States)
  • University of California, Irvine
  • University of Mysore