118 Works

Grey Copyrights for Grey Literature: National Assumptions, International Rights

Michael Seadle
Copyright enforcement is a mixture of law and culturally-influenced practice. Although the statute law appears in black and white, the traditions and expectations of those who create and use GL are definitely greyscale. And the latter are a better predictor of both infringement and litigation than the letter of the law itself. Casual US assumptions about using GL stem in part from technicalities in the pre-1978 copyright law, which often threw GL immediately into the...

Grey Literature in Energy: A Shifting Paradigm

Deborah E. Cutler
Grey literature has long been a focus area for both the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and the multinational information exchange agreements in which OSTI participates. The International Energy Agency's Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) and the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Nuclear Information System (INIS), along with their member countries, are OSTI's principal global partners in the exchange of energy-related grey literature. From a user's perspective, grey literature...

Trends in Publishing Academic Grey Literature: Examples from Economics

Fethy Mili
What impact might electronic publishing have on grey literature? This work tries to give some answers based on changes in the publishing of economics research preprints or working-paper series. Institutions and some members of the economics community have created archives to facilitate access to working papers. In this document, we evaluate the prospects for electronic publishing of economics preprints using an inventory of material available from institutions' web sites. Also the paper contains an overview...

Grey Literature : Plausible Applications for Distance Education Practices

Julia Gelfand
With distance education among the most dynamic elements in post-secondary education today and with changes in emerging instruction technologies breaking frontiers, new interpretations of copyright and creative site licensing of information, grey literature has an equally new potential for use in these structures. The "Innovation Diffusion" common in distance education is a parallel structure to developments in electronic publishing and alternative ways to distribute and treat grey literature. Connectivity remains the major challenge as distance...

Grey Literature Based Surveys of Information Industry Development in Central and Eastern Europe

Krystyna Siwek
During transformation and accession period in Central and East European countries, specially after dissemination of Bangemann Report, many various surveys, reports, studies etc. appeared in form of publications, on WWW pages and as internal documents. They are prepared by external bodies as EU, OECD or international financial organizations. Some studies have been conducted by foreign and Polish experts affiliated to universities, research units or consultancy agencies. In Poland the crucial are those prepared by State...

INIST : Tracking Grey Literature in a Changing Environment

Joachim Schopfel
The Institute of Scientific & Technical Information (INIST, www.inist.fr), founded in '88 and part of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS, www.cnrs.fr), is a major public database producer (Pascal, Francis) and document supply center. Since 1998, INIST has engaged in a collective reflection on its databases, services and acquisition policy to face up with electronic document and rapidly changing needs. Our approach to "non-conventional literature" (reports, theses, conferences) is moving from traditional "paper...

Survey and Collection of Technical Reports Published by Japanese Private Companies

Tetsu Ono
Technical reports provided by Japanese private companies are one of publication types of GL which are usually not-for-sale or hardly available through conventional and commercial distribution routes. Due to in sufficient information publication by the private sector, it has been very difficult to locate and obtain them. Therefore, JST conducted a survey on 1,582 Japanese companies listed in stock exchanges during January through March of 1996 to investigate the publishing situation and collect additional literature...

Grey documents in AGRIS and the non-conventional document supply by AGRIS and AGLINET

Apolena Roubinkova
The International Association of Agricultural Librarians and Documentarists (IAALD) has understood since its creation (in 1955) that the access to the primary documents and namely for the non-conventional ones is essential in agriculture for everyone in all countries all over the world, and that the 2500 agricultural libraries (in 1980) need an internationally supported structure in order to promote their cooperation. AGLINET (AGricultural LIbrary NETwork) was created in November 1971, under the coordination of David...

Grey literature in information science: production, circulation, and use

Vilma Alberani & Paola De Castro
After a brief consideration of the scope of the discipline and the subjects covered, also in accordance with SIGLE subject categories, a general outlook is given of the main producers of GL in this field, particularly professional organizations and international bodies. Attention is given both to the formal aspect of GL documents and to the objectives they are produced for. The main circulation channels are discussed as well as the databases where they are generally...

Value and use of grey literature: the implications of networked publishing

John Mackenzie Owen
The value of grey literature (GL) has often been regarded as secondary to that of officially published documents. But digital information networks provide an opportunity for GL to become the most important type of electronic publication. The concept of `GL' itself will disappear as it evolves into a new concept of networked organizational publishing. This development will greatly increase the value of GL and lead to qualitative and quantitative changes in its use. This paper...

The author/respondent relationship with grey literature : a study in unperformed informal communication

Helmut M. Artus
The author/respondant relationship with grey literature: a study in unperformed informal communication Grey literature is generally supposed to be a medium for informal scientific communication. I shall present the results of an empirical survey of the Information Centre for the Social Sciences (Bonn, F.R.G.) with 1,600 Social Scienctists showing a rather strange and contradictory situation: Although there are strong efforts towards the dissemination of grey literature, there is only very little feed back by the...

The Italian grey literature in SIGLE in the scientific-technical fields

A. Pagamonci
The central role of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) within the national scientific and technological research policy is pointed out. Particular reference is given to the increasing size of its activities at the European and international levels. In this framework, the role of the central library acquires a new complimentary value in the relationship between research activities and scientific information. This explains why CNR was selected, at the national level, as the most qualified...

Local government and consultants: a Grey Literature database on local reports in the Senatsbibliothek Berlin

Claudia Lux
Changing local government's organization and services is a goal of the newly proposed lean administration politics in Germany. Private consultants take part in organizing and downsizing local administration in hundreds of cities and towns. They prepare expertise valuation and reports on all local problems: traffic and parking, housing and environment, youth problems and local welfare, development strategies and privatization. These reports are financed by local government and are published only in very few copies (5-20)....

Grey Literature: The State of the Marketplace

Marjorie M.K. Hlava
Access to the grey literature of the Soviet Union and its satellites is becoming even more difficult as the information infrastructure continues to dissolve and reorganize on a considerably lesser scale. Libraries continue to acquire, track, and house books and periodical, but the proceedings, technical reports, theses, dissertations, reviews, and other materials including newspapers, pamphlets, and so forth, do not follow the classic distribution channels and those which were in place are being replaced. This...

Electronic networking and grey literature: the African context

Kgomotso H. Moahi
Whilst the rest of the world is on the threshold of being an integral part of "Cyberspace" or on the net, most African countries are still trying to grapple with the more basic problem of implementing computer systems. Of course, not all of these countries are the same, with some, like South Africa, being more advanced. Africa also has a number of problems when it comes to the collection, processing and dissemination of grey literature....

Project management in grey literature: a study based on the development of the Working Papers Project at the University of Warwick

Geoffrey E. Cleave
The Working Papers Project at the University of Warwick has been in continous development for over 25 years. The Project was started with one clear aim, that of providing awareness of and access to working papers in economics and management, a form of 'grey literature' which has always been of outstanding importance for researchers in this one part of the social sciences. Three factors were identified as crucial to the success of the project, the...

Every document is born \"grey\" - Some documents can become \"open\"

Stefania Lombardi
As we all know, “grey” doesn’t often mean “closed”; maybe sometimes it can mean just hard to find. If its sources are open and there are the conditions, the whole document could become an open access one. An example among all is the case of the pre-prints. When you archive a pre-print in a repository you allow the free, open and “grey” pre- print become Open Access to everyone. If the immediately archived “grey” pre-print...

The Grey Side of the Green Road : Empirical Assessment of Academic Publishing in the HAL Open Repository

Joachim Schopfel, Eric kergosien, Helene Prost & Florence Thiault
The paper provides empirical results on the part of grey literature in the French national open repository HAL. The results are based on a quantitative analysis of 973,968 deposits from 1,272 research laboratories affiliated the ten most important research universities in France (IDEX program). 35% of all deposits (documents and records) are grey literature. The main types of these items are conference papers (71%), PhD theses (11%) and preprints and working papers (8%). Their overall...

The Internet and the Socio-Structural Change of Informal Scientific Communication

Helmut M. Artus
In my paper, I will try to understand some of the developments and changes of scientific communication caused by the dramatically booming Internet. My special interest will focus on the future of informal communication, especially of that kind which to-date is covered by grey literature, whose future, I think, could be interesting and unexpectedly positive. My approach will be a sociological one since it is necessary to analyse science as a social system inhabited by...

A profile of GL producers in the field of safety and health at workplaces in Italy: results of a sample survey

Angela Aceti, Maria Castriotta, Rosa Di Cesare & Daniela Luzi
The recent European regulation (EEC Framework Directive 89/391) regarding safety and health at work and its transposition in the Italian legislation (L.D. 626/94 and L.D. 242/96) attaches great importance to the role of information. For the first time, employers are obliged to carry out the risk assessment pertaining to the specific workplace and to inform all their employees; the latter, in their turn, have not only to be informed, but to play an active role...

Grey Literature and Library and Information Studies (LIS) : A Global Perspective

L. Olatokunbo Aina
A lot of studies on grey literature (GL) abound in the literature. Most of the studies, however, relate to disciplines other than LIS. The main objectives of this study are to determine the focus and trends of GL publications. Other objectives include determining the proportion of GL published that focuses on national, regional and global issues, identifying the various formats of GL prevalent in LIS, and the major sources used by information professionals in publishing...

Link Managers for Grey Literature

Elena Lodi, Jens Vigen & Martin Vesely
In the self-service area of the library reading rooms it is necessary to organise the collections in the simplest way possible. This is an important feature for readers making it possible to get direct access to the material without necessarily having to go via the library catalogue to retrieve the call number. A typical example will be that a collection is organised so that a reader can easily get directly from an article reference to...

The Competitive Advantage for the New Millennium : Knowledge Management

Atefeh Sadri McCampbell
The paper defines the newly emerging concept of knowledge management. The topics presented include: principles and practices of knowledge management and the competitive advantage gained by industries employing this discipline. The technical applications and tools currently utilized within this discipline will also be discussed. A survey was conducted to quantify the level of corporate awareness of knowledge management, the effectiveness of knowledge management practices on leveraging intellectual capital, the measurement of knowledge management initiatives and...

Issues in Distribution of Grey Literature : Experience of the Japan Documentation Center (JDC)

Ichiko T. Morita
The focus of this paper is to present some issues in grey literature, its dissemination, its place in the collection, grey literature in electronic formats, and difficulty in dealing with languages of publication. Those issues are presented from the past five years of the author's experiences in establishing and developing the Japan Documentation Center. The Center collects, processes and disseminates Japanese policy related grey literature in the areas of politics, economics, business and industry, the...

The virtual library in action: collaborative international control of high-energy physics pre-prints

Patricia A. Kreitz
The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Library has for many years provided SPIRES-HEP, a 300,000 record bibliographic database of high energy physics unpublished and published literature, to the world particle physics community via the Internet as well as through clone sites in Europe and Japan. This database has evolved into a collaborative effort by a number of high energy physics institutions world-wide. The 1991 introduction of the e-print archives at Los Alamos National Laboratory coupled with...

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