238 Works

Extending the Aerial: Uncovering Histories of Teletext and Telesoftware in Britain

Alison Gazzard
Beyond their roles of broadcasting programmed content into the homes of people around the country, Britain’s British Broadcasting Corporation and Independent Television stations delivered additional content via the home television set. This article will explore the British histories of Teletext and telesoftware in a wider context of microprocessing developments during the late 1970s and early 1980s through a media archaeological framework of their terminology and traits. Situating these developments in the industrial and political climates...

Novel Televisual Environments: Immersive Spectatorship and the Future of Stereoscopic 3DTV

Ilkin Mehrabov
This article focuses on one of the most ground-breaking technological attempts in creating novel immersive media environments for heightened televisual user experiences: 3DTV, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission 6th Framework Information Society Technologies Programme. Based on the theoretical framework outlined by the works of Jonathan Crary and Brian Winston, and on empirical data obtained from author’s fieldwork and laboratory visit notes, as well as discussions with practitioners, the article explores the...

Canal + Spain and Live Football Broadcasts

Vicente Rodríguez Ortega & Rubén Romero Santos
In 1988 the Law for Private Television Broadcasting was approved by Spanish parliament. Three licenses were initially awarded. Soon thereafter, in 1990, three channels started broadcasting: Antena 3, Berlusconi-related Tele 5 and, against all odds, a pay channel, Canal + Spain. This article focuses on sports programming in the beginning of Canal + Spain. First, it offers an account of the Spanish television landscape in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Then, it scrutinizes the...

Someone’s treasure: a legacy for all?

Samuel Franco Arce
The Casa K’ojom in La Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala, houses a unique collection of physical objects and audiovisual materials devoted to Mayan cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible. What began as a private collection has evolved into a museum where thousands of visitors have learned about Mayan culture and music. This paper highlights the development and care of the collections from the perspective of the Casa K’ojom’s founder and current director, Samuel Franco Arce. It reviews...

Mediatheorie van het e-book

Arjan Mulder

Poland’s Return To Europe

Sylwia Szostak
The changing political sphere in 1989 and the subsequent 2004 European Union accession had a profound impact on Poland’s economic, political and social spheres. Both events are considered to have marked Poland’s ‘return to Europe’ and strengthened the relations with its Western neighbours. This article examines the changing patterns of television fiction programming flow in Poland in the post-Soviet era, exploring the impact of those two events on Poland’s audiovisual sector. This article therefore assesses...

Building Platforms For Historians

Lilian Landes
Each discipline and subject traditionally has specific needs regarding digital work and research environments. Still, essential thematic complexes which are especially important in terms of the conception and establishment of scholarly platforms providing content in Open Access, can be named: Based on specific examples from the field of history in Germany, the article considers four categories: content selection policy, digitalisation, content genres and contextualisation. With the development of user requirements over the last 10 years,...

Spain Was Not Living a Celebration

Juan Francisco Gutiérrez Lozano
Franco’s Dictatorship (1939-1975) used Spanish Television (TVE) as a key element in the political propaganda of its apparent ‘openness’ during the 1960s. The propaganda co-existed with political interest in showing the technological development of the media and the international co-operation established with other European broadcasters, mainly in the EBU. In a country ruled by strong political censorship, the Eurovision Song Contest was used as a political tool to show the most amiable image of the...

Een onwrikbaar geloof in zijn gelijk. Sal Tas (1905–1976) Journalist van de wereld

Pien Van Der Hoeven
Book review of Tity de Vries. Een onwrikbaar geloof in zijn gelijk. Sal Tas (1905–1976) Journalist van de wereld. Aspekt, 2015, 465 pp. ISBN 9789461536792.

Teletekst, een vergeten medium

Huub Wijfjes
Book review of Hallvard Moe and Hilde Van den Bulck, ed. Teletext in Europe. From the Analog to the Digital Era Nordicom, 2016, 259 pp. ISBN 9789187957208.

Hybride beheer van een hybride medium: over de rol van het LIMA in het behoud van videokunst in een gesprek met Gaby Wijers

Susan Aasman & Tom Slootweg
Artikel over de rol van het LIMA in het behoud van videokunst in een gesprek met Gaby Wijers.

Journalistiek oriëntalisme

Vincent Kuitenbrouwer
In the interwar period, the leading Dutch journalist C.K. Elout conducted two research trips to the Dutch East Indies for the newspaper Algemeen Handelsblad. This article studies Elout’s letters from his travels in the context of the growing journalistic interest in the Netherlands in colonial matters in the 1920s. The reason for this interest was the increase in information transferred between the Netherlands and South-east Asia as a result of new technologies and rising tensions...

Digital Humanities and Media History

Huub Wijfjes
Digital humanities is an important challenge for more traditional humanities disciplines to take on, but advanced digital methods for analysis are not often used to answer concrete research questions in these disciplines. This article makes use of extensive digital collections of historical newspapers to discuss the promising, yet challenging relationship between digital humanities and historical research. The search for long-term patterns in digital historical research appropriately positions itself within previous approaches to historical research, but...

Compiling European Immigration History

Andrea Meuzelaar
Today television's reliance on archival footage seems to be intensifying due to the increased accessibility of European broadcast archives and the increased amount of available digitized broadcast material. In this article, the author reflects on television's convention to compile stories from archival material by presenting a case-study of a recently broadcast Dutch television series Land of Promise (2014). This series narrates the history of European post-war immigration, and is constructed from archival material from various...

'Goodwill Ambassador'

Gerda Jansen Hendriks
The article looks back at the films commissioned and produced by the Dutch governments about their colony in teh East-Indies between 1912 and 1962. The main focus is on the newsreels and documentaries about the colonial war between the Netherlands and Indonesia from 1945 to 1949. The article reviews these films and the re-use of their footage in later television programs. The programs often look back at the colonial war in ways that go beyond...

Archive Footage in New Programmes

Steve George Bryant
Archivists have traditionally been concerned about what they have seen as incorrect usage of archival footage in new documentaries, but changing technologies and programme-making conventions have made this inevitable. This paper considers aspects of these changes, focussing particularly on the issue of how the introduction of widescren television affected and continues to affect the aspect ratios in which archival materials are presented, using examples from recent and contemporary television documentaries from Britain and the USA.

Authorship, Autobiography and the Archive

Paul Kerr
In 2004, documentary theorist Michael Renov described ‘the recent turn to filmic autobiography’ as ‘the defining trend of “post-verite” documentary practice...’ In 2008 Renov went further still, suggesting that ‘the very idea of autobiography challenges/reinvents the VERY IDEA of documentary.’ Archive based autobiographical filmmaking, meanwhile, is even more problematic for documentary theory. Indeed, a number of recent documentaries, because of their status somewhere in the spectrum between biography and autobiography, have prompted the construction of...

Protecting heritage during a crisis

Salphy Ohanis
Heritage creates people’s memory as well as their existence. The Knooz Syria archive represents the history of the press and printing in Syria from the mid-nineteenth century up to the 1970s. When its founders began collecting materials, they did not predict the crisis that wrecked Syria beginning in 2011. Forced to flee Damascus, they left behind tens of thousands of newspapers, books and documents representing more than 200 years of extended history. With the help...

Did Grace Kelly Shed a Tear?

John Ellis
Early television reveals the radical nature of the new medium as well as many of its affordances thatwere later rejected. The coverage of the Monegasque Royal Wedding of Prince Rainier of Monaco and GraceKelly exposes the differences between cinema newsreels and live TV, and how, even at a public event, TVcould invade the personal space of its subjects. Like a detective, the author reconstructs how this historicalevent was covered by film and TV, and how...

Televisual Satire in the Age of Glocalization

Ivo Nieuwenhuis
This article analyses the highly popular Dutch satirical TV-show Zondag met Lubach (ZML) from the perspective of ‘glocalization.’ This places the show both within the global tradition of late-night satire, originating in the United States, and in the local Dutch tradition of satirical TV. A general overview of these traditions is followed by a close reading of one ZML segment, which is then compared to the American show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver. This...

Transforming 'Female' Programmes

Cecilia Penati
Contemporary Italian digital channels explicitly targeting women (such as Real Time, Lei, Fox Life, La5, and La7d) represent a privileged observatory for some general trends in the international circulation of content and incorporation of foreign formats into national television (TV). In fact, their schedules rely heavily on the genre of factual entertainment, which was first devised and used in international contexts, such as the UK and the US, and only in the second phase was...

Meet the Predators

Sabine Baumann & Ulrike Rohn
The TV industry has traditionally relied on advertising and subscription fees for revenue. Recently, brand extensions and co-branding strategies have been rediscovered as income sources. A prominent example of such a strategy is the TV format Dragons’ Den, which has been locally produced in many different countries. We use this intriguing case to explore the extensive and intricate co-branding relationships and brand extensions in the business-to-consumer and the business-to-business settings of TV companies. Our paper...

Critically Acclaimed and Cancelled

Michael L. Wayne
This article uses The Bridge (FX, 2013–2014), an adaptation of the Danish-Swedish series Broen/Bron (SVT1/DR1, 2011-), to explore the ways in which the brand identities of channels shape the adaptation process for scripted television formats. By situating The Bridge in the broader context of FX’s effort to maintain a coherent brand identity, the author argues that producers were not attempting to repurpose Broen/Bron’s narrative for the American audience. Rather, the network wanted to provide its...

Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals

Peter B. Kaufman
The White Paper "Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals" aims to facilitate stakeholders active in the preservation of audiovisual heritage to identify their strategic priorities over the coming decade. The paper also puts forward ten recommendations for collective action to address these priorities. From the paper: "Archiving, properly defined, is the establishment and then stewardship of the human record, and the remembering that it facilitates may be the...

Making The Most Of The Archive

Luca Barra & Massimo Scaglioni
In the last 20 years, Italian television has discovered the richness and profitability of its enormous archives. Many new programmes have been broadcast on public and commercial television, making extensive use of historical fragments taken from previously aired shows. This essay explores the rationale behind the commercial re-use of TV archives in four different programmes: the “variety show made of variety shows” Da Da Da, the militant pastiche Blob, the commercial programming remix Super Show,...

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