238 Works

I’m Sorry I Don’t Have a Story

Adrian Miles
I don’t know what this is, which is a strange place from which to begin. This is unsettling, for as an academic I am trained and acculturated to displaying a certainty of manner — a certainty that many of my students and conference colleagues would attest I have down pat. It begins from Bristol. It begins from Alisa Lebow’s presentation at the 2016 i–Docs conference about her interactive documentary Filming Revolution. It begins from what...

Critically Acclaimed and Cancelled

Michael L. Wayne
This article uses The Bridge (FX, 2013–2014), an adaptation of the Danish-Swedish series Broen/Bron (SVT1/DR1, 2011-), to explore the ways in which the brand identities of channels shape the adaptation process for scripted television formats. By situating The Bridge in the broader context of FX’s effort to maintain a coherent brand identity, the author argues that producers were not attempting to repurpose Broen/Bron’s narrative for the American audience. Rather, the network wanted to provide its...

TV Goes Social

Luca Barra & Massimo Scaglioni
In recent years, the Italian television scenario has become fully convergent, and social TV is an activity – and a hip buzzword – indicating both a rich set of possibilities for the audience to engage with TV shows, and an important asset developed by the television industry to provide such engagement, with promotional and economic goals. Mainly adopting the perspective of the production cultures of Italian broadcasters, the essay will explore the “Italian way to...

TV Commercials' Second Life

Krystyna Biernawska
The objective of this article is to look at the cultural indicators of television in the Netherlands from the perspective of feature that is essential to commercial TV - audiovisual advertisements. TV advertisements have been continuously gaining recognition as vital part of shared, cultural memory amongst audiences. It is therefore worth looking into the current practices of archiving and reuse of these ephemeral texts, including the digital environment. Once any commercial is removed from its...

Chronology and Ideology

Bosmat Garami
This paper examines two major Israeli historic-documentary television series, PILLAR OF FIRE (POF), product of the 1970's, and REVIVAL (RL), product of the 1990's.The series deal with the Zionist enterprise and its realization. The research applies Gerard Genette's central narratological typology to the series' temporal structures, through the categories of Order, Duration and Frequency. Findings show that while POF's classic, linear, , historicist structure serves its celebration of the Zionist narrative, RL employs a unique,...

`This is what you want, this is what you get´

Mick Newnham
There are limited training options for audiovisual archivists, with most formal courses centred in Europe or the United States of America, but high costs can prevent people working in audiovisual archives from accessing these opportunities. However, there are significant collections of audiovisual heritage spread across the globe, not the least in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region, that are at risk of loss due to a number of factors, including sta competencies. In 1996 audiovisual...

Editorial

Andy O'Dwyer & Tim O'Sulivan
We know little about the ‘behind the scenes’ of television. While the booming field of production studies has been shining a light on the work processes and the personnel in production spaces, there is still a lot to be learnt about the ‘hidden’ professions of television. This issue of VIEW provides a rich but fairly eclectic series of contributions based on the theme.

Editorial

Juan Francisco Gutiérrez Lozano, Andrea Esser & John Ellis
Editorial to the issue on "TV Formats and Format Research: Theory, methodology, history and new developments." During the last 15 years format research has grown into a notable, distinct field of academic investigation alongside the dramatic expansion of the trade in TV formats. This special issue of VIEW builds on existing format scholarship to deepen our understanding of the history and the continuing growth of the TV format business from a European perspective

Writing beyond the letter

Marc Küsters

The Marvelous Clouds: Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media

Rik Smit
Book review of John Durham Peters. The Marvelous Clouds: Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media The University of Chicago Press, 2015, 410 pp. ISBN 9780226421353.

The Lessons of Counterpoint: Wolfgang Ernst’s Media Archaeology and Television Archive Research

Ken Griffin
The writings of the German scholar Wolfgang Ernst have become increasingly influential within media archaeology in recent years. His work adopts a strongly techno-centric approach and identifies archives as important study centres. Paradoxically, practical archival evidence is sometimes lacking within Ernst’s output. This paper uses evidence from a recent television archive project to examine aspects of Ernst’s approach. This exercise sought to uncover source material relating to a Northern Irish current affairs series, Counterpoint (1978-96),...

Mediatheorie van het e-book

Arjan Mulder

Plundering' the Archive and the Recurring Joys of Television

Lisa Kerrigan
The seemingly unlimited digital landscape and the current proliferation of the use of archive footage on British television invite the notion that the appreciation of archive material as a historical object is a rather contemporary popular development. It seems unusual then, to find a series devoted to archive television in the mid 1960s. Largely showing excerpts from 1950s programmes, Plunder recalled what presenter Michell Raper called 'the vanished joys of television'. This article will detail...

Authorship, Autobiography and the Archive

Paul Kerr
In 2004, documentary theorist Michael Renov described ‘the recent turn to filmic autobiography’ as ‘the defining trend of “post-verite” documentary practice...’ In 2008 Renov went further still, suggesting that ‘the very idea of autobiography challenges/reinvents the VERY IDEA of documentary.’ Archive based autobiographical filmmaking, meanwhile, is even more problematic for documentary theory. Indeed, a number of recent documentaries, because of their status somewhere in the spectrum between biography and autobiography, have prompted the construction of...

Een urgent probleem: conserveren van analoge video en de praktijk van het GAVA

René Duursma & Harry Romijn
Welke strategie heeft het GAVA om het Gronings analoge video-erfgoed beschikbaar te houden voor de toekomst?

Measuring Transnationalism

Edward Larkey, Ibrahim Er & Landry Digeon
This article elucidates a typology for cross-culturally comparing different versions of television formats. Digital tools are used to derive quantitative data based on temporal parameters of episode or genre of the narrative structure, content, and sequencing. Type one, which we also call “transposed narratives,” retains the narrative structure and sequencing while extending and expanding the narrative structure to readjust to longer broadcast times. Type two, which we call ‘transmutated narratives,’ re-distributes and re-organizes the narrative...

Philology in the preservation of audio documents

Federica Bressan
Sound recordings have proven to be irreplaceable primary sources for disciplines like linguistics, musicology, ethnomusicology and sociology. Their fragile physical nature has activated a number of counter-actions aimed at prolonging the life expectancy of their content. Methodological issues have been raised in the past three decades, considering the relationship between the physical object and its (digitized) intangible content, which is not only complex but develops over time. This article re ects on the role of...

Writing Cinema Histories with Digital Databases: The Case of Cinema Context

Julia Noordegraaf, Kathleen Lotze & Jaap Boter
The increasing availability of films and cinema-related heritage in digital form, as well as the creation and use of structured datasets related to the contexts of film production, distribution and consumption, have invited the use of new, computational approaches for studying cinema and its history. In this article, we review the online database Cinema Context (www.cinemacontext.nl) and its impact on the study of historical film cultures. Cinema Context is a relational database and research instrument...

Rational Wizards: Audience Interpreters in French Television

Jérôme Bourdon & Cécile Méadel
This paper will tell the story of the smallgroup of people who, in France, have been in charge of the measurement and theappreciation of the audience of television, and had to invent audience research,to organize it and to communicate its results to "clients" whodepended on it much earlier than usually assumed: television managers andprofessionals, public authorities, and, last but not least, advertisers. The paper will explore both change andcontinuity. First, change: the professional origin and...

European Television History Online

Sonja De Leeuw
Increasingly television heritage is being digitized and made accessible to non- industry user, enabling ‘the archival turn’: the study of online archives so as to revisit the dominant discourses in television historiography. This article discusses both conceptual and practical perspectives on online television heritage within a broader European frame- work. It starts from the notion of connectivity, pointing to the development of the archive as a network of connections and continues to address the dynamics...

De typografische vormgeving van informatie over medicijnen: een diagnose in historisch perspectief

Karel Van Der Waarden

Television Format As a Site of Cultural Negotiation

Heidi Keinonen
Despite the growing number of publications on television formats, specific theorisations regarding formats and format adaptation, in particular, are still rare. In this article, I introduce a synthesizing approach for studying format appropriation. Drawing on format study, media industry research and structuration theory, I suggest that television formats should be understood and studied as a process of cultural negotiation in which global influences and local elements amalgamate on various levels of television culture (i.e., production,...

Cinema Beyond the City. Small-Town & Rural Film Culture in Europe

Anton Schuurman
Review of: Judith Thissen & Clemens Zimmermann, ed. Cinema Beyond the City. Small-Town & Rural Film Culture in Europe. Palgrave, 2016, 256 pp.

The Problem of Personality on the Soviet Screen, 1950s-1960s

Simon Huxtable
Over the course of the 1950s and 1960s, Soviet television acquired a growing popularity amongst the public. In a period when its technical and artistic quality remained low, the welcoming presence of TV personalities like Valentina Leont’eva and Iurii Fokin was one key reason for TV’s popularity. In this article, which combines an analysis of selected TV shows with archival documents and press articles, professionals’ discussions over the desirable qualities that personalities needed to possess...

From PSB to Privatisation

Theodora Maniou
In Cyprus the historical evolution of television follows the country's turbulent political history, while clearly depicts the political system's vulnerabilities. This article presents a historical overview of the historical evolution of television in Cyprus, in accordance to the specific historical artefacts that generated a series of disadvantages still reflecting upon private broadcasting. The aim of the article is to present the interrelation between private broadcasting and politics and its current aftermath in Cyprus. Through a...

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