238 Works

Digitizing collections of musical instruments in Africa

Saskia Willeart
In 2013–2014 the Musical Instruments Museum (mim) in Brussels worked with Musée de la Musique (MMO) in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and the Musée Panafricain de la Musique (MPM) in Brazzaville, the Republic of the Congo to build digital inventories of their musical instrument collections. The purpose of this digitization campaign has been to provide a more complete view of musical world heritage by incorporating not only African instruments but also the African terminology that describes...

Editorial

Dana Mustata
Doing European television history is as much a theoretical and methodological challenge as it is a practical one. This novice field of study requires first and foremost answers to a few fundamental questions: How do we define European television? What tools do we employ to engage in television research that goes beyond or against national borders of television in Europe? How do we integrate Europe in a field of research that has been predominantly Western?

Wide-Screen Television and Home Movies

Tom James Longley Steward
In this article, Tom Steward uses past interrelations of television and cinema spectatorship, exhibition, production and aesthetics to historicize phenomenological digital-era discourses on, ontological definitions of, and cultural arguments about television and cinema convergence. He argues that television and cinema assisted in defining each other as late 20th Century media and cultural forms, have a multi-directional industrial and artistic flow, and are often interdependent in reception and distribution. Television and cinema convergence demonstrates the need...

Public Service Television in a Multi-Platform Environment

Oranit Klein-Shagrir & Heidi Keinonen
Cultural and economic transformations have encouraged television companies to turn their attention to multi-platform practices so as to increase their compatibility with the changing media environment. While digital media provide public service broadcasting (PSB) institutions with new opportunities for meeting their public commitments and maintaining their relevance in national media systems, PSB is also faced with additional challenges. One of these is the tension between public service values on the one hand and digital technologies...

Democratic Television in the Netherlands: Two Curious Cases of Alternative Media as Counter-technologies

Tom Slootweg & Susan Aasman
For this article, the authors retrieved two curious cases of nonconformist TV from the archives of The Netherlands Institute of Sound and Vision. Being made in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the two cases represent an alternative history of broadcast television in the Netherlands. Whereas Neon (1979-1980) aimed to establish a punk-inspired DIY video culture, Ed van der Elsken (1980, 1981) strived for an expressive amateur film culture. The authors propose to regarded these...

Intervision

Yulia Yurtaeva
The research on the “Intervision”, used as an empiric case study about the inter-cultural communication between its participants, consists of examining primary sources spread over several archives throughout Europe to collect structural and administrative data, making interviews with contemporary witnesses and evaluating statistics – with mainly the task to widen the perspective on a subject, that was formerly nation-focused or being described with a Western view only. As the preliminary steps of a basic study...

Télé-clubs And European Television History Beyond The Screen

Ira Wagman
This essay looks into the intellectual life of tele-clubs, the collective television watching experiment prominent in France in the 1950s, and its role in television studies. The article explores different directions by analyzing tele-clubs as a moment in television history itself and based on that, searching for a new method of studying television history.

‘The Schneiderverse’

Helena Louise Dare-Edwards
This article will analyse the textual features of two recent and successful American-based Nickelodeon shows, both of which incorporate digital and social technologies into their sitcom-style format. Aimed at a tween-girl1 audience, these ‘convergence comedies’2 complicate traditional notions of media spectatorship and the distinctions between media producers and consumers as audiences are invited to participate in the processes of production. While media convergence is built into the visual style of both shows, the shows themselves...

Reading Between the Lines

Andreas Fickers & Andy O'Dwyer
In 1950 and 1952, the British Broadcast Corporation (BBC) and Radio Télévision Française (RTF) realized the first transnational television transmissions ever. The so called “Calais Experiment” (1950) and the “Paris Week” (1952) were celebrated as historic landmarks in European television and celebrated as a new “entente cordiale” between the two countries. This article aims at highlighting some of the tensions that surrounded the realization of these first experiments in transnational television by embedding the historic...

Folklore Music on Romanian TV

Alexandra Urdea
Music genres rooted in folklore have often been interpreted as ideological manoeuvres to forge a sense of national identity (Gordy, Mihailescu, Baker, Cash). This article explores formalized folklore performances of muzică populară as forms ‘media rituals’ (Couldry), and focuses on the role that television has played in establishing the genre as we know it today. It analyses the link between muzică populară as rooted in mass participation activities during communism, and ‘media rituals’ as framed...

The Great Époque of the Consumption of Imported Broadcasts

Patryk Wasiak
This article shows how Polish audiences “domesticated” West European television content available with satellite dishes and semi legal cable TVs during the turnover of the 1980s and 1990s. Based on analysis of viewers’ memoirs and content of magazines dedicated to satellite television, this article discusses how Poles considered channels available with Astra satellite as an attractive entertainment juxtaposed with dull national broadcaster TVP. As this article shows, they primarily “domesticated” German late night erotic shows...

‘The growing practice of calling in continental film groups’

Alison Jane Payne
While the development of commercial television advertising in Britain is often framed in the context of the American model, this paper will argue that London advertising agencies looked across the Channel to French and Dutch production companies and personnel, particularly in the first five years of commercial television, from 1955-1960. Using case studies, this paper will illustrate the involvement of these Continental companies and personnel on the production of advertising films for British commercial television,...

The Database ‘Revolution’: The Technological and Cultural Origins of the Big-data-based Mindset in American Management, 1970s–1980s

Niels Kerssens
In this article, I counter persistent claims of big data revolutionising managerial decision making, by tracing the technological and cultural origins of data-based management in the United States back to the 1970s and 1980s using historical source materials from the trade magazine Datamation. I argue that innovations in database technology within this period – database management systems and the relational database model – shaped and reinforced a data-based mindset. This mindset, I demonstrate, is manifested...

Anne Helmond on Researching the History of the Web

Anne Helmond
Interview with Anne Helmond (University of Amsterdam) by Eef Masson and Karin van Es.

Alison Powell on Data Walking

Alison Powell
Interview with Alison Powell (London School of Economics) by Eef Masson and Karin van Es.

Unmasking Biometrics’ Biases: Facing Gender, Race, Class and Ability in Biometric Data Collection

Rosa Wevers
The article investigates the role of identity and the body in biometric technologies, contesting the conception that biometrics are neutral. It discusses biometrics’ exclusionary effects with regards to gender, race, class and ability, among others, by unveiling its historical links to nineteenth-century pseudoscientific practices. It does so through an analysis of Zach Blas’ Facial Weaponization Suite, an artistic critique of this dominant conception that draws attention to biometrics’ contested history and its current implications for...

Understanding the Cinemagoing Experience in Cultural Life: The Role of Oral History and the Formation of ‘Memories of Pleasure’

Daniela Treveri Gennari
The new cinema history approach asserts the importance of investigating the historical reception of films. In the past two decades, empirical research on film audiences has significantly developed methodologies and questions related to film and memory. Some of these studies concentrate on a period of time in which cinema was an essential leisure activity for millions, before the arrival of television, multiplexes, videos and home cinema. Combining ethnographic audience study with cultural and cinema history...

New Cinema History in the Low Countries and Beyond: An Introduction

Thunnis Van Oort & Clara Pafort-Overduin
Editorial for TMG Journal 2018-1.

New Cinema History in de Lage Landen en verder: een inleiding

Clara Pafort-Overduin & Thunnis Van Oort
Edotorial for TMG Journal 2018-1.

Spektakelcultuur in de Lage Landen: naar een geïntegreerde en interdisciplinaire benadering

Leen Engelen, Lies Van De Vijver & Roel Vande Winkel
Editorial for TMG Journal 2017-2.

Het taboe van de Nederlandse filmcultuur. Neutraal in een verzuild land

Karel Dibbets
De Nederlandse filmcultuur is altijd een buitenbeentje geweest in Europa. Je hoeft daarvoor niet eens te wijzen op het geringe aantal films van Nederlandse makelij dat jaarlijks in de bioscoop verschijnt. Een betere maatstaf is het bioscoopbezoek: Nederlanders gaan aanmerkelijk minder naar de film dan andere Europeanen. Overal in de wereld draaien dezelfde films, alleen in Nederland komt er minder publiek op af. Er staan hier naar verhouding ook minder bioscopen dan elders in Europa....

Digitale greep op media in het historische moderniseringsdebat

Huub Wijfjes
Review of: Jesper Verhoef. Opzien tegen modernisering. Denkbeelden over Amerika en Nederlandse identiteit in het publieke debat over media 1919-1989. Eburon, 2017, 260 pp.

De nieuwe mens. De culturele revolutie in Nederland rond 1900

Thunnis Van Oort
Review of: Auke van der Woud. De nieuwe mens. De culturele revolutie in Nederland rond 1900, Prometheus – Bert Bakker, 2015, 352 pp.

Gezien na 107 jaar: Tuschinski’s eerste Thalia

André Van Der Velden
Article about the discovery of an old photo picturing Abraham Tuschinski's first cinema: Thalia.

Typografie in media historisch perspectief. Een introductie.

Jack Post & Ewan Lentjes

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