46 Works

Magie en wetenschap in de spektakelcultuur van de negentiende eeuw: Henri Robin in de Lage Landen

Kurt Vanhoutte & Nele Wynants
Magic and Science in the Nineteenth-century Culture of Spectacle: Henri Robin in the Low Countries The theatre of modernity served to illuminate scientific insight and discovery in a spectacular way. Astronomy, physics, and experiments with electricity were at the heart of a popular genre that became known as ‘physiques amusantes’ (amusing physics). These shows occupied a middle ground between entertainment and science, between showing and doing. They were often staged by magicians, who presented themselves...

TV on the Radio/ Radio on Television

Alexander Badenoch & Berber Hagedoorn
Radio is only to a limited extent a ‘blind medium’. Visual and material aspects have long played a role in the way the medium has acquired meaning. While print has become a common source for radio history, audiovisual material – such as is preserved on the EUscreen portal with extensive metadata and potential for context – offers potential not just for understanding the evolution of television, but rather the entire mass-media ensemble. This article explores...

Big Data Histories: An Introduction

Karin Van Es & Eef Masson
Editorial for TMG 2018-2.

Did Grace Kelly Shed a Tear?

John Ellis
Early television reveals the radical nature of the new medium as well as many of its affordances thatwere later rejected. The coverage of the Monegasque Royal Wedding of Prince Rainier of Monaco and GraceKelly exposes the differences between cinema newsreels and live TV, and how, even at a public event, TVcould invade the personal space of its subjects. Like a detective, the author reconstructs how this historicalevent was covered by film and TV, and how...

Making Sense of the Data-driven: SETUP’s Algorithmic History Museum and Its Relevance for Contemporary Reflection

Maranke Wieringa
Review of The Algorithmic History Museum, an installation created by SETUP. It was on display at the Dutch Design Week 2017 (21– 29 October 2017, Eindhoven, the Netherlands).

Images of Occupation in Dutch Film

Chris Vos
Review of: Wendy Burke. Images of Occupation in Dutch Film. Memory, Myth and the Cultural Legacy of War. Amsterdam University Press, 2017, 262 pp.

Approaches to Spatial Analysis in a Local Cinema History Research

Terézia Porubčanská
In a growing interest in spatial visualisation of historical data emphasized within the field of the new cinema history, identifying the methodologies, their benefits as well as obstacles, is crucial for the development of optimal approaches to the research of the past of the local film culture. The main goal of this paper is to introduce several possibilities of treatment of historical data in a geospatial context. On the case study on the local cinema...

Data-Based Art, Algorithmic Poetry: Geert Mul in Conversation with Eef Masson

Geert Mul & Eef Masson
The award-winning media artist Geert Mul (the Netherlands, 1965) has been making computer based artworks for over twenty-five years. A large portion of his oeuvre, and his more recent work in particular, relies heavily on existing images, often sourced online. With the help of image analysis software, Mul reworks the pictures into new combinations, attracted by the unexpected results that algorithmic operations produce, and the revelatory potential they hold. The artist refers to this work...

What Is Not in the Archive

Jasmijn Van Gorp & Rosita Kiewik
This article discusses the pedagogy and outcome of a new assignment we introduced in the course ‘Television History Online’ at Utrecht University. We assigned the students the task to build a canon of a genre of Dutch television and create a video poster on the EUscreen portal consisting of clips that represent part of their canon. In our pedagogy, we argue that it is important to draw students’ attention to what is missing in the...

Bringing the Multiplex to Antwerp: A Battle of Two Giants

Kathleen Lotze
This article investigates the introduction of the first multiplex in Antwerp, Belgium. Within Europe, Belgium has traditionally been a leader in multiplex developments. Despite Antwerp’s powerful position in terms of national film exhibition and distribution, the city’s first multiplex arrived relatively late. By investigating the struggles of two major exhibitors in the late 1980s and early 1990s, this case of Antwerp connects to findings for other countries (particularly the UK and the US) concerning the...

‘On the Road Again’

Andreas Fickers, Andy O’Dwyer & Alexandre Germain
This video documents the authors' journey back to the origins of transnational television in Europe. Inspired by the idea of experimental media archaeology (EMA), the trip to original locations of the transnational media event known as ‘Paris-week’ in 1952 illustrates a new approach to media historiography, which aims to sensitize television historians for the material remains, topography and physical spaces of early television transmissions. Readers /viewers are invited to watch the different episodes of the...

Trust in Techno-images: Early Media Collections as Precursors of Big Data

Frank Kessler & Mirko Tobias Schäfer
This article proposes a consideration of today’s discourses on ‘big data’ from a media archaeological point of view, confronting such discourses with those surrounding projects for large- scale image archives in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Collections of photographs, stereographs and films were thought of as trustworthy and unbiased documents, that allowed for the production of new forms of knowledge. The expectations as to the impact of such new media that circulated at the...

Writing Cinema Histories with Digital Databases: The Case of Cinema Context

Julia Noordegraaf, Kathleen Lotze & Jaap Boter
The increasing availability of films and cinema-related heritage in digital form, as well as the creation and use of structured datasets related to the contexts of film production, distribution and consumption, have invited the use of new, computational approaches for studying cinema and its history. In this article, we review the online database Cinema Context (www.cinemacontext.nl) and its impact on the study of historical film cultures. Cinema Context is a relational database and research instrument...

Cinema Beyond the City. Small-Town & Rural Film Culture in Europe

Anton Schuurman
Review of: Judith Thissen & Clemens Zimmermann, ed. Cinema Beyond the City. Small-Town & Rural Film Culture in Europe. Palgrave, 2016, 256 pp.

Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals

Peter B. Kaufman
The White Paper "Towards a New Audiovisual Think Tank for Audiovisual Archivists and Cultural Heritage Professionals" aims to facilitate stakeholders active in the preservation of audiovisual heritage to identify their strategic priorities over the coming decade. The paper also puts forward ten recommendations for collective action to address these priorities. From the paper: "Archiving, properly defined, is the establishment and then stewardship of the human record, and the remembering that it facilitates may be the...

Tussen wetenschap en spektakel. Hypnose op de Belgische theaterscène, 1875–1900

Kaat Wils
Between Science and Spectacle: Hypnosison the Belgian Theatre Scene, 1875–1900 This article focuses on the performances of itinerant magnetiser/hypnotist Donato and on the public debate he generated on his travels throughout Europe. Around this time, magnetism was increasingly being presented in a new form – hypnotism – which walked the line between scientific experiment and public spectacle, navigating the realms of alternative medicine and of recognised medical therapies. This article explores Donato’s use of the...

Because His Bike Stood There

Frank Kessler
The article discusses the use and post-production treatment of footage shot by Dutch filmmaker Louis van Gasteren in his documentary Because My Bike Stood There (1966). The images depict a young man being beaten up by the police during a clash between the forces of order and people waiting to enter a photo exhibition on, ironically, police violence that had occurred about ten days earlier in Amsterdam. Van Gasteren combines the footage with an interview...

Mirko Tobias Schäfer on Entrepreneurial Research

Mirko Tobias Schäfer
Interview with Mirko Tobias Schäfer (Utrecht University) with Eef Masson and Karin van Es.

Identifying Cinema Cultures and Audience Preferences: A Comparative Analysis of Audience Choice and Popularity in Three Medium-Sized Northern European Cities in the Mid-1930s

Clara Pafort-Overduin, John Sedgwick & Lies Van De Vijver
For this study we have adopted a comparative approach to better understand the regularities and differences of cinema markets and cultures. Our subject is the film preferences and choices of audiences in the cities of Ghent (Belgium), Utrecht (Netherlands) and Bolton (United Kingdom) in 1934 and 1935. Saturday, January 5th, 1935 serves as a pivotal date and the starting point for analysis of the film programming data of these three cities. Our findings show that...

‘Great Stuff!’

Eggo Müller
In 2014, British Pathé launched its YouTube channel with more than 85,000 items of audiovisualheritage from the 20th century. This article analyses the curational strategies of this channel as developed bythe German multi-channel network Mediakraft in consideration of YouTube’s algorithms and supposed userexpectations. This article argues that, in the context of YouTube’s commercial ecosystem, Mediakraft’scuration emphasizes celebrities, spectacular historical events, and curiosities to attract users online.

William Uricchio on the Colonization of the Data-Imaginary in the Public Service Sector

William Uricchio
Interview with William Uricchio (MIT) by Eef Masson and Karin van Es.

A Culture of Competition: Sport’s Historical Contribution to Datafication

Markus Stauff
This article considers the contribution of sports to the emergence of a contemporary big data culture. Why and how did media sports become so entangled with big data? How do media sports impact on the popularisation of big data as a cultural practice and as a cultural imaginary? In the first part of the article, I demonstrate how, as early as the nineteenth century, the standardisation and serialisation of sport competitions went hand in hand...

Technologies of Spectacle and ‘The Birth of the Modern World’. A Proposal for an Interconnected Historiographic Approach to Spectacular Cultures.

Kati Röttger
The article unfolds a proposal to approach a history of spectacle. With a specific focus on technologies of spectacle it tends to trace the interconnectedness of technics, art and science events across disciplinary and geographical borders at the cusp of modernity around 1800 in Europe. Technics, arts and science went hand in hand to produce a new spectacular knowledge culture resulting from the relation of both analogy and causality between industrial transformation and the social...

Origins: A History of Race-ethnic Categorisation in the Dutch Governmental Data Ontology (1899–2018)

Gerwin Van Schie
In this article, categorisation based on origins is investigated in the Dutch census reports produced between 1899 and 2018. Through this analysis, I will argue that the conceptual pair of autochthon and allochthon (until 2017 used to describe ‘native’ and ‘non-native’ Dutch people) is not a social construct, but rather a sociotechnical construct. Through this analysis, it becomes clear that where the category of the ‘foreigner’ at the beginning of the twentieth century was mainly...

‘Failed Interviews’

Dana Mustata
This article zooms into the practice and historiographical implications of doing television history with women. Drawing primarily upon interviews with women having worked at Romanian television during communism, the article develops a conceptual understanding of ‘feminine voices’ as primary sources into television history. It situates these gendered historical sources within historiographical practices of accessing neglected, marginalized or silenced areas in television history, in other words, the ‘blind spots’ in the medium’s history.

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