6,659 Works

Life inside the Cloister

Gabri Van Tussenbroek
Review of a book authored by Thomas Coomans.

Energy Performance and comfort in residential buildings

Anastasios Ioannou & Laure Itard
Energy performance simulation is a generally used method for assessing the energy consumption of buildings. Simulation tools, though, have shortcomings due to false assumptions made during the design phase of buildings, limited information on the building’s envelope and installations and misunderstandings over the role of the occupant’s behavior. This paper presents the results of a Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis on the factors (relating to both the building and occupant behavior) that affect the annual heating...

Stedebouwkundig(e) ontwerpen in woorden

MaartenJan Hoekstra
The realisation of an urban design involves many players, such as designers, critics, politicians, journalists, public relations specialists and residents. In order to consult with each other they make use of drawings, but also frequently of words, to be able to interpret the drawn objects in the plans. But are these urbanistic notions used by everyone in the same way? And have there been noticeable changes in their usage or meaning over time? This urbanistic...

Energy performance progress of the Dutch non-profit housing stock: a longitudinal assessment

Faidra Filippidou
Worldwide, buildings consume a large part of the total energy delivered. In the context of all the end-use sectors, buildings represent the largest sector with 39% of the total final energy consumption, followed by transport in the EU (European Union ). A considerable percentage of this energy consumption is attributed to the residential sector. The building sector plays a major role in order to meet the energy saving targets set in the EU and in...

Form Follows Force: A theoretical framework for Structural Morphology, and Form-Finding research on shell structures

Qingpeng Li
The springing up of freeform architecture and structures introduces many challenges to structural engineers. The main challenge is to generate structural forms with high structural efficiency subject to the architectural space constraints during the conceptual structural design process. Structural Morphology is the study of the relation between form and force, which can be considered the guiding theory for this challenge. The relation between form and force is important for all types of structures during the...

HyperCell: A Bio-inspired Design Framework for Real-time Interactive Architectures

Jia-Rey Chang
This pioneering research focuses on Biomimetic Interactive Architecture using “Computation”, “Embodiment”, and “Biology” to generate an intimate embodied convergence to propose a novel rule-based design framework for creating organic architectures composed of swarm-based intelligent components. Furthermore, the research boldly claims that Interactive Architecture should emerge as the next truly Organic Architecture. As the world and society are dynamically changing, especially in this digital era, the research dares to challenge the Utilitas, Firmitas, and Venustas of...

Integrating urban heat assessment in urban plans

Leyre Echevarria Icaza, Andy Van Den Dobbelsteen & Frank Van Der Hoeven
The world is increasingly concerned with sustainability issues. Climate change is not the least of these concerns. The complexity of these issues is such that data and information management form an important means of making the right decisions. Nowadays, however, the sheer quantity of data is overwhelming; large quantities of data demand means of representation that are comprehensible and effective. The above dilemma poses questions as to how one incorporates unknown climatologic parameters, such as...

Regionalist principles to reduce the urban heat island effect

Leyre Echevarria Icaza & Frank Van Der Hoeven
Scientists, climatologists, and urban planners have started to recognize the importance of nature at two very different scales: the global (metabolic) and the local (liveability) scales. The regional scale is the one at which these macro and micro approaches overlap. Future predictions foresee an increase of more than 2450 million urban inhabitants by 2050, thus new balanced urban visions need to be developed in order to guarantee the sustainability of urban areas. The Urban Heat...

Huizen in Nederland. De negentiende en twintigste eeuw. Architectuurhistorische verkenningen aan de hand van het bezit van de Vereniging Hendrick de Keyser

Erik Mattie
Review of a book published by Vereniging Hendrick de Keyser.

Post-war transnational planning practices

Ellmira Jafari
While the communication of architectural/planning knowledge between core and periphery countries was intensified during the Cold War, it brought about new challenges regarding the relationship between imported ideas and the architectural culture of the host countries. The first master plan of Tehran, prepared by Victor Gruen and Abdolaziz Farmanfarmaian in the late-1960s, is an example of such cross-cultural dialogue, in particular with reference to the design of housing. This paper aims to examine how the...

Porous boundaries in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas

Fabiana Generoso De Izaga, Sergio Moraes Rego Fagerlande & Rachel Coutinho Marques Da Silva
Favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, would be going through a third era of development, as a result of changes and accumulation of investments made in urban improvements. From alternative places of residence for the poor, where organized crime settled in the late twentieth century, today the slums of the South Side are places that are home to a new urban dynamics, with the rise of real estate prices, informal economy growth and increase of...

Western Modernity interwoven with Chinese traditions:

Hang Lin
As one of the first Chinese cities opened to Western trade in mid 19th century, Shanghai soon became the preferred place of residence for foreign merchants and entrepreneurs in East Asia. Shanghai’s economy thrived and the people made this development possible came from various provinces of China, from the principal nations of Europe, the United States, Japan, and other Asian countries already colonised by the West. The relative importance of these communities varied from one...

A Study on Urban Regeneration Policy Change in Korea

Hyunjin An, Aeijung Song, Hyeon-Yong Park & Meeyoung Kim
After the physical redevelopment and reconstruction in the late 1970s, the paradigm on urban regeneration in Korea shifted from maintenance to restoration and sustainability. This study highlighted that those changes occurred rapidly and not gradually over a short period of time. This study researched diachronic changes on urban regeneration policies after the 1970s in Korea using an analysing model that compensated for the theoretical limits of Hogwood and Peters. The limitations of former policies and...

Learning from Berlin

Michael Locher
In the specialist literature, the Berlin tenement (Berliner Mietskaserne) is considered as the epitome of speculative overuse of the residential block on the eve of the Modern period. This view misses the fact that at the turn of the 19th century, several urban districts in Berlin were built for an emerging middle class that are of outstanding urban quality. The entrepreneur Georg Haberland (Berlinische Boden- Gesellschaft) developed entire neighborhoods that contributed greatly to the history...

Superblocks, neighbourhood units and residential islands as fragments of the collage city

Carmen Diaz, Javier Monclus, Isbel Ezquerra & Sergio Garcia
In the intense debate that surrounds modernist housing estates in Europe there is a common argument: the contrast between the high quality of urban spaces in the compact traditional city and the low quality of new mass housing developments. In our opinion, the comparison should be made not with the traditional city but with the remaining peripheral landscape. The question is: do those ‘fragments’ of the modern ‘collage city’ that float between infrastructures and urban...

An investigation on China’s NGOs in urban heritage preservation

Qiuyin Xu, Tianjie Zhang & Yuwei Zhang
As for China’s urban heritage preservation, besides the top-down actors, some non-governmental organizations have emerged and started to play increasingly noticeable parts. The paper accordingly explores China's increasingly pluralistic situation in urban heritage preservation, and reveals the roles of these non-governmental players. The paper selects Tianjin Memory as a specific case, and elucidates its developments and transformations from 2006 to the present via documental research, in-depth interviews and internet big data analyses. Informed by internal...

The Other California

Neeraj Bhatia
The surface, container and conduit have become the primary infrastructural formats for logistics, operating and negotiating the scale of urbanism and landscape. ‘Surfaces’ are planes of mediation that typically function at a territorial scale as they are primarily implicated in a form of harvesting or collection. ‘Containers’ are architectural shells of enclosure often sited between the formats of surfaces and conduits – for storing, refining, or distributing a particular good. ‘Conduits’ are used to transfer...

Interpreting the contemporary Chinese planning from the “new towns” perspective

Domenica Bona
The new millennium has been a time for a great change in the Chinese planning history. Planning has become a professional practice able to manage the construction of thousands of new urban settlements and urbanization has driven deep transformations in the economic structure of China and in its society. This paper proposes a critical interpretation of the “new towns” by analysing two case studies, Pujiang and Kilamba. Pujiang is a new town near Shanghai designed...

Mapping and placemaking from the perspective of cultural field

Chao Chen & Yunying Ren
Recently, in the context of China's policy of vigorously developing the assertive culture confidence, the value of traditional culture has been re-recognized by the whole society. However, due to the unbalanced development of China's eastern and western regions, the value of cultural heritage is not valued in the western region. Hanzhong district in Shaanxi province, belonging to the intersection of the south and north, has its own unique natural and cultural environment. The three historic...

Framing a new discourse on the notion of habitat in transforming societies

Mohamad Sedighi & Rohan Varma
This paper reveals how the second Iran International Congers of Architects (IICA), held in Persepolis- Shiraz in 1974, and the first UN Habitat conference, held in Vancouver, Canada in 1976 played an instrumental role in shaping a discourse on the notion of regionalism in the design for human habitats, especially in developing countries. Building upon a brief analysis of the works of Nader Ardalan, Kamran Diba, Charles Correa, Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi and Raj Rewal, this...

Interaction between water and city

Lu Guo
Ji’ning is a famous historic city with a long history and deep cultural accumulation in Shandong Province, China, which was facing serious environmental problems and cultural crisis due to largescale industrial production and coal mining in recent decades. It is necessary to study the historical legacy of Ji'ning in a scientific way, to excavate its context and characteristics, and furthermore to learn from the legacy and explore the way of urban transformation and development. Firstly,...

The chinesenization of American zoning in the 1980s

Yun Shen
The most instrumental reform in Chinese urban planning system during the market reform in the 1980s is the introduction of so-called “regulatory detailed planning” (in Chinese pinyin, kong gui), an adaptive form of American zoning in Chinese cities. However, this episode of the reform hasn’t been closely examined from a historic and critical perspective so far. Based on archival research, mapping and interviews, this article traces the planning and development process of Shanghai Hongqiao New...

Cross-Cultural Engineering

Kazumasa Iwamoto & Carola Hein
This is particularly true for the Japanese case, where civil engineering has played a major role in the country’s modernization and westernization since the mid-19th century. The design and engineering of Japanese ports from the 1870s to 1890s is a case in point. This contribution explores the degree to which civil engineering engaged with port city design by studying investigative reports, design drawings and survey maps established by Dutch civil engineers in collaboration with Japanese...

Urban forms at intersection of Imperialism and Colonialism

Nadine Hindi
Towards the end of the 19th century and the WWI geopolitical aftermath, Beirut presents a case along the Eastern Mediterranean at the intersection of two major colonial powers, the Ottoman Imperialism and French Colonialism. Dissociated from the province of Damascus in 1888, Beirut was elevated to the rank of provincial capital of Wilâya, the geographical borders of which spanned the equivalent of four actual countries. Following this administrative upgrade Beirut benefited from the Tanzimat reforms...

A comparative study on the construction mechanism of urban public space in modern Shanghai and Yokohama

Wang Yan, Zhou Xianpin & Zhou Teng
In the 19th century, after experienced the " open port " and " port opening ", Shanghai and Yokohama opened to the world, became the important ports for Europe and the United States in East Asia. In the view of different historical geography, background and management, Shanghai and Yokohama show different development processes and characteristics. On the basis of briefing the modern urban and social background of Shanghai and Yokohama, this paper analyses the similarities...

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