6,659 Works

Studies on the relation to plan-making of conception of Hiroshima Peace City construction plan after the winning of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park competition by Kenzo Tange

Norioki Ishemaru
The price winning proposal by Architect Kenzo Tange (and his associate group) for the Peace Memorial Park competition in Hiroshima in 1949 is well known and extensively documented. Less research exists on the planning of the Peace Memorial Park Design and the Hiroshima City Reconstruction Plan focused on the concept of the Peace City. This paper examines the process of the preparation of the Peace City Construction Plan in Hiroshima between 1949 and 1952. It...

Institutional changes and the Shifting Power Network

Hao Jiang & Li Hou
In this paper, the authors introduce the issue of institution as a factor of considerable significance. Based on field investigation and historical geography analysis, inquiring port plans, policy documents, laws and regulations as the basic historical data, the authors try to review the process of developing Wusong Port in the twentieth century and analyse the dynamic mechanism of its evolution from the perspective of institutional changes. The first section of this paper provides an overview...

Succession of the image of the city in the movement for urban design by local proprietors in Ginza from pre-war to post-war

Takahiro Miyashita
This paper revealed the development of the movement for urban design by local proprietors in Ginza, Tokyo from 1930’s to 1960’s. Ginza Street is known as one of the first modern style streets in Japan. This street has developed greatly by modern buildings and advanced urban design methods in modern times and after although it has also suffered serious damage twice by Great Kanto Earthquake (1923) and bombing in 1945. Therefore, buildings and urban space...

Yukaku (red-light district) and city planning in Japanese colonial cities in Taiwan, 1895-1945

Masaya Sammonji
In 1895, Taiwan (Formosa) was ceded to Japan by the Qing dynasty. In the earliest period of the Japanese rule, a crowd of Japanese prostitutes immigrated to Taiwan, which opened an era when sex industry of both Japanese and locals appeared broadly in the cities. Then, aiming to solve sanitary and security issues, Japanese colonial government started to set “kashizashiki designated area (also called yukaku area simply)” in each city in 1896, and allowed prostitutes...

History matters in making Lahore sustainable

Muhammad Imran, Abid Mehmood & Abdur Rehman Cheema
Lahore, the second-largest city of Pakistan, is facing sharp population growth and economic development coupled with increased motorisation and a deteriorating urban environment. This is due to a long history of investment into roads and low-density suburban housing development in Lahore which increases motorisation. This paper provides a historical overview of urban planning in Lahore by shedding light on the Mughal and the British period of development followed by the post-independence planning paradigm in the...

Contingency and opportunity

Jonathan A. Farris
The port city and British colony of Hong Kong had from its inception been characterized by a capitalist ethic and by dense settlement on land hemmed in between hills and sea. Preserving public land for general recreation was rarely prioritized as a primary government goal. Yet in Hong Kong’s first century (the 1840s to the 1940s) several public parks came into being and were resilient, while others were compromised. The history of these parks reveals...

The spatial transformation of the Netherlands 1988-2015

Ries Van Der Wouden
The release of the Fourth Policy Document on Spatial Planning in 1988 was the start of a new and highly dynamic age of spatial development in The Netherlands. The policy document itself embodied a major reorientation of the national spatial policy strategy. Development of the economy and infrastructure became the new goals of spatial policy, and thereby replaced the focus upon the public housing sector of the years before. The national airport Schiphol and the...

Urban formation and cultural transformation in Mughal India

Rukhsana Iftikhar
India was comprised of many villages before the arrival of Muslim. Those Muslim invaders, who conquered India and established their rule, essentially belonged to the urban ruling classes. In early Turkish Empire (1206 – 1266), ruling classes have developed numerous urban centres across India. In Muslim period, Iqta system provided opportunities to Turko – Afghan communities to have luxurious life style which provoked skill workers, artisan and architect to migrate from villages to urban centres....

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No 31 (2018): Integrated Urban River Corridors

Claudiu Forgaci 382 pages ISBN 978-94-6366-109-6

The Modern Planning History of East Asia: a brief guide from the Japanese perspectives

Shun-Ichi Watanabe
Three years from now in 2019, we will celebrate the 100th year of Japan’s City Planning Act (“Old Act,” 1919). The Old Act was the Japanese positive response to western modern planning, which was developed in western Europe and north America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was gradually spreading all over the world. Japan was the first nation in East Asia which systematically responded to this spreading process (Watanabe 1993) and,...

Bulletin KNOB, Bulletin KNOB 118 (2019) 1

Gabri van Tussenbroek: Cornelis Ryckwaert (ca. 1635-†1693), bouwmeester in Brandenburg. Export van Nederlandse architectuur in de zeventiende eeuw? Natasja Hogen: Een gezond en comfortabel binnenklimaat als negentiende-eeuwse ontwerpopgave Jaap Evert Abrahamse en Rik Feiken: Driftig veen en onderaards bos. Nicolaas Witsen, het landschap van Amstelland en de grondbeginselen van de moderne geologie Publicaties: Terry R. Slater, Sandra M.G. Pinto (eds.), Building Regulations and Urban Form, 1200-1900 (recensie Monika Chao-Duivis), Ronald Stenvert, Gabri van Tussenbroek (red.),...

Building Regulations and Urban Form, 1200-1900

Monika Chao-Duivis
Review of a book edited by Terry R. Slater and M.G. Pinto

Drifting peat and subterranean forest

Jaap Evert Abrahamse & Rik Feiken
Nicolaas Witsen (1641-1717) was not just a prominent administrator and diplomat, but also something of a polymath. He delved into geography, cartography, navigation and shipbuilding, as well as ethnography, philology, history, botany, zoology and astronomy. Apart from scientific curiosity, his choice of subjects was influenced by the interests of Amsterdam, of which he was lord mayor on several occasions: thus he took an interest in the expansion of trade, ship building technology and hydraulic engineering...

project baikal, No 59 (2019): curtain XX

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No 4 (2019): Planning with self‑organised initiatives

168 pages ISBN 978-94-6366-168-3

project baikal, No 60 (2019): in good health

Research approach

Verena Balz
The main methodology used to answer the above-listed research questions was that of an exploratory case-study research (Figure 2.1). In this methodology the formation of hypotheses and empirical analysis inform each other during iterative steps: an initial proposition was formulated and tested through case-study analysis; results led to an adaptation of the proposition, which was tested in the next casestudy round. It is important to note that exploratory case-study research does not fully verify a...

Using satellite imagery analysis to redesign provincial parks for a better cooling effect on cities

Leyre Echevarria Icaza, Andy Van Den Dobbelsteen & Frank Van Der Hoeven
The purpose of this research is to analyse the thermal behaviour of South Holland provincial parks during heat waves, in order to provide design adaptation guidelines to increase their cooling capacity over the hotspots present in their urban surroundings. This research analyses the thermal behaviour of different land use patches (forests, cropland, grassland, water surfaces, built areas and greenhouse areas) present in the six South Holland provincial parks during heat waves. It studies their average...

Managing Social Condominiums

Luz María Vergara D´Alençon
Low-income homeowners face financial and social constraints that are serious challenges to providing adequate maintenance. The fact of owning a property should lead to material progress, security and income opportunities to cope with poverty, however these benefits depend on the capacity of homeowners to keep the property in good condition, and also on the opportunities and support generated by the context and the institutions involved. If these conditions are not guaranteed, low income households are...

Synergetic Urban Landscape Planning in Rotterdam

Nico Tillie
In this PhD research, the major environmental challenges of our time, such as climate change, sustainable energy transition and scarcity of resources, are approached from a spatial, landscape-architectural perspective. The goal is to accelerate the transition to liveable, low carbon cities. The focus of the research is at the local scale and attempts to turn challenges into opportunities for a better quality of life and living environment. Since 1857, when Frederick Law Olmsted combined the...

Energietransitie: omarm de complexiteit

Eefje Stutvoet
This book presents the outcome of research on conditions for development and large scale application of energy neutral renovation concepts, which can contribute to the transition towards an energy neutral post-war social housing stock. Two projects are studied of the innovation and transition program ‘Energy Leap’ (Energiesprong); ‘Slim & Snel’ and ‘De Stroomversnelling’. The aim of both projects was to stimulate the development and large scale application of energy efficient renovation concepts for the post-was...


Joris Smits
This final chapter closes this dissertation and provides recommendations for future research.

Shaping Forces

Joris Smits, Peter Eigenraam, Rafail Gkaidatzis, Dirk Rinze Visser, Kailin Wong & Stephan Wassermann-Fry
This paper investigates the symbiotic relationship between the architectural appearance of a bridge and the structural design. The research is done by reviewing and comparing the design methodology employed by the first author in the conceptualization of two of his bridges; an early work from 1997 and a recent work from 2017. The review of the early work describes a design methodology that could be described as intuitive design, whereas the later work is the...

Spatial Quality as a decisive criterion in flood risk strategies

Anne Loes Nillesen
The role of the designer in flood risk management strategy development is currently often restricted to the important but limited task of optimally embedding technical interventions, which are themselves derivatives of system level flood risk strategies that are developed at an earlier stage, in their local surroundings. During this thesis research, an integrated approach is developed in which spatial quality can already be included in the regional flood risk management strategy development and thus can...


Jerzy F. Latka
This study has demonstrated how paper and its derivatives can be used as a building material and main structural material in design and architecture. The usage of paper in architecture is limited by many factors, including its vulnerability to moisture, humidity and water, creep and the limited variety of products created by the paper industry. However, paper and paper products can be successfully used in several types of architecture and design. The advantages of using...

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