156 Works

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 20 (2021): Immediate Systems in Architecture

120 Pages ISBN 978-94-6366-469-1

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 18 (2021): Smart Campus Tools

456 Pages ISBN 978-94-6366-454-7

Smart Campus Tools

Bart Valks
In recent years, the density on the Dutch university campus has increased substantially due to a continued growth of student populations. Campus managers face the challenge of accommodating the university’s students and employees mainly in the existing buildings, which are used ineffectively and inefficiently. In order to improve the space use on campus, campus managers need better information about space use. Therefore, this PhD dissertation proposes the use of Smart campus tools: a service or...

Mapping Landscape Spaces

Mei Liu
Landscape design focuses on the construction and articulation of outdoor space and results in landscape architectonic compositions. In order to communicate about three-dimensional forms and functions, vocabulary, representations, and tools (in terms of spatial-visual characteristics) are of fundamental importance for landscape architects to describe, interpret, and manipulate landscape spaces. While combining design vocabulary and landscape indicators, qualitative and quantitative mapping approaches, visual representation and interpretation methods, this research aims to provide a framework for describing,...

In the Midst of the Revolution

Lutz Robbers
Abstract The purpose of this essay is to explore the political agency of the rond-point, an element of infrastructural design which, since the 1980s, has become a ubiquitous feature of urban planning across the French territoire. Doesn’t the fact that the gilets jaunesseem to choose the peripheral roundabouts as their preferred sites of political contestation – while ignoring the square in the town centre – attest to a proverbial political unconscious? What makes the centres...

Spatial Planning for Urban Resilience in the Face of the Flood Risk

Meng Meng
The research was inspired by the increasing impact of extreme weather events and changing climate patterns on flood-prone regions and cities, and the consequent human and economic costs. Despite global efforts for flood resilience and climate adaptation involving climate analysts, economists, social scientists, politicians, hydrological engineers, spatial planners, and policymakers, it is only partially clear how best to construct resilience measures and implement concrete initiatives. The complexity of institutions is a key factor that is...

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 03 (2021): Spatial Planning and Design for Resilience

368 Pages ISBN 978-94-6366-391-5

How to Speak?

Alberto Pérez-Gómez, Lorin Niculae, Jorge Mej A Hern Ndez & Klaske Havik
Elaborating on a host of historical and theoretical references, in this conversation Alberto Pérez-Gómez suggests a course of action for the development of the architectural discipline; opposing the banality of scientism and rationalism, and recognizing instead the need for a degree of obscurity and ambiguity as essential to the full exercise of our humanity in relation to what we build and inhabit. Metaphors, myths, stories and poems, he notes, are not only useful instruments to...

Unknowing through Writing-(and)-Drawing

Viktorija Bogdanova
In this article, unknowing is the human condition when a person experiences an intense dissolving into the environment. Analytical modes of thinking and rational and deductive modes of getting to conclusions and have their own meaning and importance. However, emotional and intuitive awareness and the imaginative empathy, have their own way of revealing meaning embedded in a specific place. In this article, I will reflect on three examples that illustrate how writing and drawing may...

Environments (out) of Control

Lorinc Vass, Roy Cloutier, Nicole Sylvia &
This article examines the contradictory circuits of (neo)cybernetics in contemporary architectural and urbanistic discourse by reframing them within the ‘environmentalitarian’ epoch. Cybernetics is today simultaneously exalted as a liberatory mechanism for designing emergence, complexity and open-endedness, and constitutive of an indiscernible mode of decentralised, environmentally modulated control. The history of cyberneticisation has received renewed attention as the key catalyst for environmentalisation, and as the predominant control paradigm underlying late-capitalist Environmentality. Given the profound spatial implications...

Cooked Air

Elizabeth Galvez
Since 1996, ASHRAE Standard 62.2 has provided guidelines for residential ventilation. As ventilation becomes increasingly scientised, quantifiable, and reliant on hyper-specific equipment, technical literacy on ventilation has narrowed. The relationship between architecture, inhabitants and air management has become increasingly reliant on ventilation standards, in turn increasing reliance on technical specialists, and creating a gap in ventilation knowledge. Through an examination of ASHRAE Standard 62.2, this essay asks why is it that, as ventilation processes become...

The Dialogical, The Ecological and Beyond

Jon Goodbun & Ben Sweeting
In this article Jon Goodbun and Ben Sweeting engage in a conversation about design and its complex relation to communication. They look at the role of dialogue, the dialogical (signifying signs), and the limitations of the dialogical as one considers contemporary processes of cybernetisation and how “asignifying signs” are produced and exchanged within complex systems of all kinds. Prompted by the opening question referring to cybernetics as a general study of information processes, focusing on...

Systems and Relations All the Way Down, All the Way Across

Tim Gough
This article proposes a hyper-relational theory of the world, conjoining cybernetics, information theory, general systems theory, the philosophy of Deleuze and Guattari and quantum physics in order to show that systems and relations go all the way down, all the way across. I give an exposition of Shannon’s information theory, and draw connections with quantum mechanics. The work of Bertalanffy is discussed and its relationship to philosophy and quantum mechanics outlined. I then critique the...

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 12 (2021): Hybrid Intelligence in Architectural Robotic Materialization (HI-ARM)

266 Pages ISBN 978-94-6366-430-1

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 09 (2021): Land in Limbo

ISBN 978-94-6366-413-4 288 pages

From the Port City of Beirut to Beirut Central District

Roula El Khoury & Paola Ardizzola
The repeated destructions and reconstructions of Beirut have been widely acknowledged and conveyed from one generation to the next through different narratives, anecdotes, literature, and popular cultural productions. This paper describes the historical transformations of the city of Beirut from an old harbour city to a generic central district through a selection of dominant narratives, as well as alternative counternarratives and anecdotes. The paper argues that the post-civil war reconstruction project is submissive to the...

Solar Geometry in Performance of the Built Environment

Miktha Farid Alkadri
As part of the passive design strategy, the development of computational solar envelopes plays a major role to construct a cooperative environmental performance exchange between new buildings and their local contexts. However, the state-of-the-art computational solar envelopes pose a great challenge in understanding site characteristics from a given context. Existing methods predominantly construct 3D context models based on basic architectural geometric shapes, which are often isolated from the surrounding properties of local contexts (i.e., vegetation,...

Disclosing Interstices

Sitong Luo
Leftover spaces are neglected and obsolete spaces within the city. As they are temporarily unoccupied by defined urban functions, leftover spaces provide unique “interstitial conditions” that open for wild species as well as different informal social activities, offering crucial complements to the formal and defined urban spaces. In this context, the design of leftover spaces poses a paradox between the practice of design that projects a set of definitions onto the site, and the indeterminacy...

Holistic Design Explorations of Building Envelopes Supported by Machine Learning

Federico Bertagna, Pierluigi D'Acunto, Patrick Ole Ohlbrock & Vahid Moosavi
The design of building envelopes requires a negotiation between qualitative and quantitative aspects belonging to different disciplines, such as architecture, structural design, and building physics. In contrast to hierarchical linear approaches in which various design aspects are considered and conceived sequentially, holistic frameworks allow such aspects to be taken into consideration simultaneously. However, these multi-disciplinary approaches often lead to the formulation of complex high-dimensional design spaces of solutions that are generally not easy to handle...

A Novel Approach to Shape Memory Alloys Applied to Passive Adaptive Shading Systems

Lorenzo Vercesi, Alberto Speroni, Andrea Giovanni Mainini & Tiziana Poli
A shading device for façade application was developed by combining twisting cylindrical shading elements with the smart use of shape-memory alloy (SMA) components. These allow a dynamic behaviour of a shading device, which does not require electrical motors or manual activation, nor sophisticated electronic controls. The technical development of the system involved research of cylindrical shading geometries, which can transition from straight to hourglass configuration, given a 180° rotation, with limited mechanical movement. This is...

Additive Manufacturing of Ceramic Components for Façade Construction

Paulo J.S. Cruz, Bruno Figueiredo, João Carvalho & Tatiana Campos
Additive Manufacturing (AM) opens new fields of research and development in the architectural design and construction industry, enabling a geometric freedom that can result in the design of components with specific requirements and multifunctional behaviours. This work explores the integration of digital design tools and AM extrusion processes on the production of ceramic architectural components for façade construction, reshaping and expanding the boundaries of what is possible to achieve with masonry construction in a wide...

Skin Metrics

Keith Boswell, Stéphane Hoffman, Stephen Selkowitz & Mic Patterson
Building façades are key to the building systems integration necessary to realise critical health, carbon, resilience, and sustainability goals in buildings and urban habitats. In addition, façade system design and delivery may be the most rapidly developing building technology, with novel materials, assemblies and techniques introduced in the marketplace frequently. However, these developments are occurring in the long-running absence of an appropriate framework for façade system performance evaluation. There has been no general convergence on...

Rising above surface

Rapa Surajaras & Catalina Rey
The present research aims to explore a method of landscape reading and analysis through traditional water systems. Throughout the collection of local knowledge about water management in two opposite parts of the world it is possible to learn how natural resources have been used in local communities for hundreds of years to generate resilient, circular and multi-functional water and land management. In order to create a base knowledge to provide lessons for today’s urban challenges,...

The Interesting Challenges of Designing for Humans in Space

Sandra Haeuplik-Meusburger & Brand Griffin
Extra-terrestrial living and working environments are characterized by significant challenges in logistics, environmental demands, engineering, social and psychological issues, to name a few. Everything is limited: physical volume, air, water, power, and medicine … everything, even people, and therefore all is treated as valuable resource. This situation is complicated by the end product being the result of balancing many competing interests. The relationship between humans, space, and technology is forced, as well as a dynamic...

From Cybernetics to an Architecture of Ecology

Tanja Herdt
This article discusses the impact of systems thinking and cybernetics on architectural design by examining the example of the Inter-Action Centre (1970–1977) of British architect Cedric Price. The centre reflects Price’s view of architecture as part of an extensive social and environmental system, or ecology, that influences the inhabitants’ mutual interactions and their relationship with their physical surroundings. Emphasising the link between material resources, technology and individual action, the project design implied a change both...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text
  • Journal Article
  • Book


  • Delft University of Technology
  • University of Bologna