6,725 Works

Isle of Islay - Nature Observatory

Zhen Zhang
This graduation project is a social critique against the overrule of rationality over humanity, a frustrated plea for more emotional capacity (for love and nature) within (or beyond) a rational world. To overcome the conditions and paradox described above, I have developed various fictive concepts or utopias. The project here is one of such concepts, and perhaps also a radical and pessimistic one. The protagonist takes his frustration with an escapist attitude, leaves his city...

Lighthouse: Dwelling on a Remote Island. A Bachelor Diploma Project within a Narrative Framework

Mark Proosten & Katrin Recker
Within this article, a curious storyteller will guide our way to remotely situated islands and their marvellous stories and stubborn inhabitants, invented by students. In the summer of 2016, the bachelor diploma students of the department of Wohnbau at the RWTH-Aachen University were asked to develop a dwelling for a lighthouse keeper, a house with a beacon. Within this article, we aim to give an insight into the project’s boundaries, by describing the project brief...

Many Voices. Intertextualities as an Underlying Cultural Theory of ‘Escola do Porto’

Bruno Gil
Several pedagogical experiences in architecture bring literary inputs to teaching, through a multidisciplinary curriculum with courses explicitly focusing on these relationships. Other pedagogical scenarios, even if admitting the relevance of literature references into design, have blended these semantic and structural translations implicitly in their teaching processes. The main goal of this article is to acknowledge the many voices of an implicit transfer between literature and architecture within a learning scenario at the Escola Superior de...

Thermal, Energy and Daylight Analysis of Different Types of Double Skin Facades in Various Climates

Ajla Aksamija
This article explores thermal, energy and daylighting performance of double skin facades (DSFs) in different climate types, specifically focusing on three typologies: box window, corridor and multi-story DSFs. These systems were investigated and analyzed to determine how different DSFs perform in comparison to each other, as well as a typical curtain wall (single skin glazed facade used as a baseline), in a multitude of climate applications. The utilized research methods included two-dimensional heat transfer analysis...

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 3 (2018): Diffusion and Risks of House Prices in the Netherlands

Alfred Larm Teye 126 Pages ISBN 978-94-63660-14-3

3D Data for Urban Issues

Jantien Stoter & Balázs Dukai
Different urban issues urgently request up-to-date, valid, accurate, suitable, error-free 3D data of the living environment. A dynamic, virtual copy of cities, landscape, and buildings enables to continuously monitor what is happening in reality and evaluate different scenarios through simulation. These simulations help address issues like flooding, noise pollution, air pollution, and urban heat islands. Methods are developed to reconstruct, validate, and disseminate virtual 3D models. The resulting methods are implemented in open-source software, such...

Double Face 2.0: A lightweight translucent adaptable Trombe wall

Martin Tenpierik, Michela Turrin, Yvonne Wattez, Tudor Cosmatu & Stavroula Tsafou
SPOOL, Vol 5 No 2: Expo #1

The Effects of Cold Warping on Glass Stiffness

Austin Bensend
Significant progress has been made during the past two decades to advance the use of cold warped glazing (glass that has been elastically twisted out of plane) to achieve architectural vision. As with most new technologies, a full understanding of the mechanics of elastic cold warping has lagged its adoption and increasing specification for use in new construction. As a contractor whose aim is to turn vision into reality, Enclos has been invested in research...

A Novel, Demountable Structural Glass System Out of Dry-Assembly, Interlocking Cast Glass Components

Faidra Oikonomopoulou, Telesilla Bristogianni, Lida Barou, Erwin Jacobs, Giulia Frigo, Frederic Veer & Rob Nijsse
Cast glass components are a promising solution for engineering pure glass structures of high transparency and load-carrying capacity due to their large cross-sectional area and monolithic nature. Currently, the few realized structures employing cast glass components rely either on a steel substructure or on an adhesive of high bonding strength and typically less than 2 mm thickness, to ensure the stiffness and stability of the construction. Whereas the first solution compromises the overall level of...

Glowing Glass

Shawn Ives, Stefan Reich & Christian Pfütze
Defined by the building law in each publicly accessible building (e.g. schools, administration etc.) emergency exit routes have to be marked usually by means of active or passive lightening systems. The use of passive lightening systems require comprehensive components with an independent, battery-powered energy-supply that produces light even in the case of an energy black-out (e.g. disaster situations). The use of powerlines plus the frequently service of battery-powered systems is complicated and expansive. Alternatively after-glowing,...

Re3 Glass: A new generation of Recycable, Reducible and Reusable cast glass components for structural and architectural applications

Telesilla Bristogianni, Faidra Oikonomopoulou, Lida Barou, Fred Veer, Rob Nijsse, Erwin Jacobs & Giulia Frigo
A spectacular glass brick system - developed to make the historic storefront of the Crystal Houses (Chanel store) in Amsterdam transparent - illustrates the great potential of cast glass blocks in structures. But it also reveals the need to make such constructions more sustainable. This project shows a novel, strong, circular and aesthetically pleasing building material from discarded glass, providing a solution for the problem of glass waste. Initially, different interlocking mechanisms and types of...

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Bending Strength of Glass

G. Castori & E. Speranzini
Annealed glass has a high compression resistance but it is fragile and its tensile strength is low due to the random distribution of surface flaws and impurities, which induce cracks without prior warning and each crack is regarded as a failure. This phenomenon is dependent on surface micro-defects in the glass due to inclusions within the glass or to scratches caused by normal use and by the shaping process. Classical four point bending tests are...

Material Properties of a Structural Silicone for Linear Adhesive Glass-Metal Connections

B. Van Lancker, W. De Corte & J. Belis
During recent years, adhesives are more frequently used for glass applications in buildings, and according knowledge on adhesive glass-metal connections increased exponentially. However, further research regarding the performance of such connections remains indispensable to further optimise existing concepts or to develop and implement new technologies. To analyse the mechanical behaviour of adhesive glass-metal connections, computer simulations based on the finite element method can be performed. To do so, material properties of all components have to...

A new Design Concept for Point Fixed Glazing

M. Seel & G. Siebert
The determination of load carrying capacity and serviceability of point fixed glazing is a challenging task. A lot of parameters have an influence on the resulting values, especially on stress values around the bore hole. Generally, only specialized engineers are able to perform this analysis. Reasons for this are the multitude of parameters, the lack of analytical solutions and incompletely analyzed load carrying mechanisms on the one hand, and on the other hand, the lack...

Failure Criteria for SentryGlas® Ionomer and TSSA Silicon: A Theoretical Introduction to a Novel Generalized Triaxial Model (GTM)

M. Santarsiero & C. Louter
SentryGlas® (SG) (a transparent ionomer from Kuraray) and Transparent Structural Silicon Adhesive (TSSA) (a transparent silicon from Dow Corning) are two of the adhesive materials used in laminated adhesive connections for structural glass applications. Although they have been used in several projects worldwide, failure criteria for these materials are currently not available in literature. This work gives an introduction to the theoretical development of a novel failure a criterion for TSSA and SG under varying...

A New Reactive Thermoplastic Spacer with Excellent Durable Energy Efficiency for Structural Glazing Façades

C. Scherer, E. Semar, W. Wittwer, J. Wolthaus & T. Scherer
For the use in structural glazing (SSG) applications a new generation of warm edge system has been developed. This new technology is a spacer system based on polyisobutylene, especially designed for silicone sealed units, which replaces the conventional edge seal components: metal or plastic spacer, desiccant and primary sealant. In contrast to these components, this hot applied spacer system is an integrated polymer matrix incorporating the desiccant, which meets the high requirements regarding long term...

Influence of Temperature on Laminated Glass Performances Assembled with Various Interlayers

M. Novotny & B. Poot
The increasing demand for use of laminated glass in building facades is the driving force for new interlayers testing and their implementation. Architects’ and engineers’ requests require searching for new solutions and processes of lamination. Intelligent facades, electrochromic windows, integrated photovoltaics, integrated lighting, enhanced solar control, acoustic pollution reduction, wires incorporation, use of special sealants and glues are some of the design drivers of new laminated structures. Laminated safety glass is composed of two or...

Rhizome: a growing horizontal stem of affordable housing in Menen, Addis Ababa

Arianna Fornasiero & Paolo Turconi
Rhizome faces the poor living conditions of Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa. The project offers a robust alternative solution to top-down developments promoted by the governments in the Global Urban South. Instead of high-rise buildings, based on Western models, planned by the local government, a system of human-scale community-driven low-rise buildings is developed. The design can either be built in concrete, the most used material in the capital, or with local materials. Through interviewing the current...

Un-war Space in Sarajevo, 1992-1996

Armina Pilav
The research shows experiences of the war in Sarajevo from the citizens’ point of view, learned from architectural drawings, videos, photos, and other media projects from the war, different from sensational media representations. The results display how citizens in Sarajevo have been responding to the military violence during the siege between 1992-1996, relying on all available architectural and other materials. The newly developed x-media analysis includes the study of analogue and digital media documents on...

Building and Testing Lenticular Truss Bridge with Glass-Bundle Diagonals and Cast Glass Connections

Ate Snijder, Rob Nijsse & Christian Louter
On the campus of Delft University the Glass and Transparency Research Group is preparing to build a pedestrian bridge as a low arch consisting of dry-stacked glass blocks. As temporary support for the arch, a lens-shaped truss has been constructed and placed on location. This truss has been fitted with as many glass components as was structurally feasible. The diagonals in the truss are glass bundle struts and the nodes of the truss are cast...

Stability of Dry-Stacked Glass Masonry Arch Bridges

Chris Noteboom, Mike Aurik & Ate Snijder
The plan of the glass group of the TU Delft to realize a 14m span dry-stacked glass arched masonry bridge led to investigation of stability of glass arches in more general. Analytical and numerical analysis are done to compare results. Analytical analyses are based on methods developed for traditional stone arches. A graph is plotted in which the relationship between rise-to-span ratio and thickness-to-span ratio is derived and presented such that the relevant instability mechanism(s)...

Fully Glazed Façade Conception for a Villa with special and Big Size Glass Panels

Raul Corrales Marcos
The aim of this paper is to explain how the design intent of a bespoke glazed façade develops from the point of view of the façade consultant BIFF SA. The explanation of this concept development is not only interesting because of the different phases of the process, but also because of the unusual specifications and demands established by the architects and the Client, and for the project evolution trough several technical solutions up to final...

Thermo-mechanical Investigation of Novel GFRP-glass Sandwich Facade Components

Chiara Bedon, Carlos Pascual Agullo, Alessandra Luna-Navarro, Mauro Overend & Fabio Favoino
Modern building envelopes are typically high-technological systems that need to meet strict requirements regarding architectural intent, structural capacity, energy-efficiency and durability. The study presented in this paper is based on recent research performed at the Glass & Façade Technology Research Group (University of Cambridge) that investigates high-performance engineered unitised systems as an alternative to traditional curtain-walls for building facades. The proposed unitised systems has a sandwich design made of two outer glass face sheets separated...

Combining Solar Control Technologies for Optimal Performance

Wim Stevels & Matthias Haller
Modern façade glass elements need to meet high standards of solar performance, as well as thermal insulation, while maintaining transparency requirements. These requirements are key to provide comfort for the building users and minimize energy requirements for heating and/or cooling. In today’s urban environment, likely additional requirements for reflectivity, glare and acoustic performance are in place. Advanced glass coatings have come a long way in meeting many of the requirements, and have developed to the...

Structural Strength of Laminated Glass

Yurii Rodichev, Frederic Veer, Vladimir Strizhalo, Elena Soroka & Alexander Shabetia
The subject area "structural strength of materials" is defined generally as а complex of strength characteristics of materials and structural elements, obtained under special mechanical tests. It is shown that these tests should take into account not only the physical and mechanical properties of the material, but technology, blank processing, sphere of application, the influence of shape and sizes of elements as well as of their specific loading and operating conditions. Methods for evaluating the...

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