392 Works

Resilience of Public Spaces: A Case Study of the Colonies in Ottoman Palestine, 1878-1918

Marina Epstein-Pliouchtch & Talia Abramovich
"Moshavot" were a new form of colonies established by immigrants, mainly from Eastern Europe, to Ottoman Palestine from the late 19th century to the early 20th. The paper will explore the initial four decades of these colonies, from the founding of the first one in 1878, to the beginning of the British Mandate in Palestine, in 1918. During these forty years, the colonies were exposed to processes of radical change and modernization: the industrial revolution,...

Landscape-induced Metropolization: revealing the forgotten geography of Paris’ north-eastern suburbs

Corine Jaquand
The word “Resilience” was first used in material sciences to qualify a kind of elasticity. It migrated to psychology and later to environmental studies, with the same meaning of recovery from a traumatic situation. This linguistic transposition may be explained by the metaphor, recurring since Antiquity, which links urban form with the human body and mind. In the field of urbanism, landscaping is commonly considered as the main tool to link chaotic urban fabrics together...

The Transformation of the Santo Antonio District, in Recife, Brazil, (1938-1949)

Fernando Diniz Moreira
The city of Recife became a privileged field of experimentation for the new ideas of Urbanism, having many plans made between 1927 and 1943 and attracting the interest of the most important urban planners throughout the country. Initiated by the presence of the French urban planner Alfred Agache, the debate saw a series of proposals, studies, suggestions published in the local and national journals and newspapers. Santo Antonio was the administrative and commercial center of...

Beyond Soviet Model: Institutional Change and Planning Evolution in Maoist Era’s China

Hao Xu & Baihao Li
Pre-reform Chinese urban planning is often described as “Soviet Planning Mode”, thus overlook the impact of Mao. The planning history in Chinese context shall perceive it in the vein of its historical development, this article explores planning practice in Maoist Era’s China exclude “Soviet Planning Mode”. In order to trace the Planning Evolution due to institutional Changes, research selects three typical planning events which are Capital Beijing Planning at the initial stage of new China,...

International Planning History Society Proceedings, Vol 17 No 5 (2016): HISTORY URBANISM RESILIENCE: Historical Perspectives

Proceedings of the 17th International Planning History Society Conference Delft, Netherlands, EU July 17-21, 2016 Conference theme is History, Urbanism, Resilience. Conference convener: Carola Hein. The 2016 proceeding consists of 7 volumes and 1 Book of Abstracts. The 7 volumes follow the organisation of the conference in 7 themes, each one consisting of 2 tracks and each track consisting of 8 panels of 4-5 presentations. The presentations are divided in abstracts and peer-reviewed full papers,...

International Planning History Society Proceedings, Vol 17 No 6 (2016): HISTORY URBANISM RESILIENCE: Scales and Systems

Proceedings of the 17th International Planning History Society Conference Delft, Netherlands, EU July 17-21, 2016 Conference theme is History, Urbanism, Resilience. Conference convener: Carola Hein. The 2016 proceeding consists of 7 volumes and 1 Book of Abstracts. The 7 volumes follow the organisation of the conference in 7 themes, each one consisting of 2 tracks and each track consisting of 8 panels of 4-5 presentations. The presentations are divided in abstracts and peer-reviewed full papers,...

International Planning History Society Proceedings, Vol 17 No 7 (2016): HISTORY URBANISM RESILIENCE: Planning Theories, Pedagogies and Practices

Proceedings of the 17th International Planning History Society Conference Delft, Netherlands, EU July 17-21, 2016 Conference theme is History, Urbanism, Resilience. Conference convener: Carola Hein. The 2016 proceeding consists of 7 volumes and 1 Book of Abstracts. The 7 volumes follow the organisation of the conference in 7 themes, each one consisting of 2 tracks and each track consisting of 8 panels of 4-5 presentations. The presentations are divided in abstracts and peer-reviewed full papers,...

Integrating Virtual Reality, Motion Simulation and a 4D GIS

Juergen Rossmann, Arno Buecken, Martin Hoppen & Marc Priggemeyer
Geodesign requires the visualization of concepts and ideas within a context of geo-information of the respective place in a way that is understandable to people with different backgrounds – planners, geographers, architects, but also the users or inhabitants of the place. All of the roles involved have different requirements and need different information to fulfil their tasks within the geodesign process. In this contribution, we present the structure of a software system combining a GIS,...

From Metaplanning to PSS 2.0

Michele Campagna
This paper explores the perspective of geodesign as a process. As such, it is argued methods and tools are needed to manage the process complexity, including the definition of the involved parties, of their roles and responsibilities, as well as all the steps to be undertaken to unfold the process, together with their underlying methods and enabling technologies and tools. A metaplanning operational approach based on Business Process Management is proposed to deal with the...

Spatial tools for diagnosing the degree of safety and liveability, and to regenerate urban areas in the Netherlands

Akkelies Van Nes, Manuel López, Laura De Bonth, Dirk Verhagen & Simone Waaijer
This contribution describes the tool Social Safe Urban Design (SSUD), seen together with socio-spatial and linguistic challenges when applying space syntax in the regenerating of problem urban areas. The Space Syntax jargon is technical and needs to be translated into a language understandable and acceptable to stakeholders who are responsible for the implementation of improvement strategies acceptable for the users of a neighbourhood. Moreover, the degree of public-private interface between buildings and streets needs to...

A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, No. 2 (2016): Networks and Fault Lines

Gerard van Bortel 338 pages ISBN 978-9461866042

Integrated project delivery methods for energy renovation of social housing

Tadeo Baldiri Salcedo Rahola
Optimised project delivery methods forsocial housing energy renovationsEuropean Social Housing Organisations (SHOs) are currently facing challenging times. The ageing of their housing stock and the economic crisis, which has affected both their finances and the finances of their tenants, are testing their capacity to stick to their aim of providing decent and affordable housing. Housing renovation projects offer the possibility of upgrading the health and comfort levels of their old housing stock to current standards...

Integrated project delivery methods for energy renovation of social housing

Tadeo Baldiri Salcedo Rahola
Optimised project delivery methods forsocial housing energy renovationsEuropean Social Housing Organisations (SHOs) are currently facing challenging times. The ageing of their housing stock and the economic crisis, which has affected both their finances and the finances of their tenants, are testing their capacity to stick to their aim of providing decent and affordable housing. Housing renovation projects offer the possibility of upgrading the health and comfort levels of their old housing stock to current standards...

Urban Form and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Findings, Strategies, and Design Decision Support Technologies

Michael West Mehaffy
The research reported in this dissertation contains three complementary and overlapping parts:One, “findings”: It assesses the factors of urban morphology that contribute to increased rates of greenhouse gas emissions per capita, and the ways they interact. It finds a significant but underrepresented set of factors, distinct from but relating the factors at the individual building scale and the scale of regional transportation systems.Two, “strategies”: It assesses the methodologies by which such findings might be put...

Urban Modality

Jorge Gil
This thesis proposes a framework for evaluating the mobility potential and performance of urban areas in the city region, as an instrument to support urban development that contributes positively to regional sustainable mobility objectives. The research takes a quantitative approach, modelling and measuring the characteristics of a city-region and of its individual urban areas, in terms of travel patterns and socioeconomic characteristics of the resident population, and in terms of built environment characteristics. It then...

FOOTPRINT, Issue # 18 | Spring / Summer 2016 | Constellation of Awakening: Benjamin and Architecture

In Das Passagen-Werk Benjamin cites a letter from Marx to Ruge, ‘the reform of consciousness consists solely in [...] the awakening of the world from its dream about itself.’ This idea of awakening recurs in Benjamin’s methodological considerations and his many metaphors during the final thirteen years of his life. Benjamin set himself the pedagogical task of awakening ‘the image-making medium within us, raising it to a stereoscopic and dimensional seeing into the depths of...

Benjamin’s Dialectical Image and the Textuality of the Built Landscape

Ross Lipton
In The Arcades Project, Walter Benjamin describes the architectural expression of nineteenth century Paris as a dialectical manifestation of backwards-looking historicism and the dawn of modern industrial production (in the form of cast iron and mass produced plate glass). Yet in the same text, Benjamin refers to the dialectical image as occurring within the medium of written language. In this paper, I will first discuss the textuality of the dialectical image as it emerges from...

Paris and Berlin: On City Streets and Loggias

Stéphane Symons
This review article probes a conceptual duality that can be recognized as central to two of Benjamin’s essays on cities: his essay ‘Paris, the Capital of the Nineteenth Century (Exposé of 1935),’ and his autobiographical text Berlin Childhood around 1900. On the one hand, Benjamin renders numerous analyses and descriptions of buildings and experiences that present themselves as absolute and internally unified, giving the impression of being autonomous and immutable. On the other hand, Benjamin...

The Architecture of a Lifetime: Structures of Remembrance and Invention in Walter Benjamin and Aldo Rossi

Jolien Paeleman
This article presents the result of research on the influence of Walter Benjamin’s thinking in the work of Italian architect Aldo Rossi (1931–1997). In present-day architectural criticism, Aldo Rossi’s oeuvre still constitutes a rich subject for discussion because of its resistance to easy pinpointing, even if Rossi himself explained his theories and methods of design on numerous occasions. In his writings, among these A Scientific Autobiography, Rossi quotes from a collection of Benjamin’s memoirs: Berlin...

Predicting energy consumption and savings in the housing stock: A performance gap analysis in the Netherlands

Dasa Majcen
Research methods The research used several large datasets, about dwellings theoretical energy performance, most of which were related to energy label certificates. All the datasets containing theoretical performance were merged with actual energy data. In addition to that, some were also enriched with socioeconomic and behaviour related data from Statistics Netherlands (CBS) or from surveys which were designed for the purpose of this research. Simple descriptive statistics were used to compare average theoretical and actual...

Evidence-Based Design in Nederlandse ziekenhuizen: Ruimtelijke kwaliteiten die van invloed zijn op het welbevinden en de gezondheid van patiënten

Marie Helene Herweijer-Van Gelder
SubjectEvidence-Based Design in hospitals.ProblemWhat role can Evidence-Based Design have in the design of better hospitals?PurposeTo determine spatial (or: concrete) qualities, scientifically proven to have a positive influence on the health and well being of patients and staff, in order to offer the architect a helping hand for designing better hospitals. These measures are drawn from research that has been done in the framework of Evidence-Based Design (EBD), which can be perceived as the scientific variant...

Unique Case of Squatter Prevention Projects in Turkey: the Tozkoparan Neighbourhood, Istanbul

Sebnem Soher & Ipek Akpinar
Istanbul is a metropolitan city, owing the foundations of its physical form to many harsh urban decisions made through the 1950's. Rapid urbanization and internal immigrations, caused an urgent need of housing resulted in an uncontrolled, unplanned growth of the city. The public authorities, constrained by an inertia, offered only limited solutions to shelter the urban poor. Instead, the public investments were assigned to the construction of new highways and housing for middle to upper...

Ebenezer Howard Idea in the planning of Krakow. A short history

Maciej Motak
Neither professional planner nor architect, Ebenezer Howard has remained an outstanding figure in the field of planning and, more generally, shaping the structure and image of contemporary cities. His Garden City notion has been used, or sometimes misused, in numerous projects, quotations, references and other forms of attention being paid. Howard’s 1898 publication became known to Polish readers, through reviews, as early as in 1899. In 1912 Howard paid a brief visit to Krakow. He...

Hanoi’s septic tanks – technology of a city in flow from the late 19th century till today

Sophie Schramm
Septic tanks and their simple and stable brick structures contrast the highly complex and dynamic social and material processes within and outside them. Bacteria digest wastewaters and permanently change their composition as they flow from the households through the tanks and the city. Humans shape these dynamics as they build houses, re-construct tanks and drainage systems and with their practices regarding the maintenance of the tanks or their neglect. Septic tanks were central to French...

The Historic Urban Landscape approach. Heritage and Urban Regeneration in the XXIst Century.

Enrico Fontanari
This paper examines the reasons and the process that has led to the elaboration and adoption of a new tool for the preservation and adaptive reuse of the contemporary historic city. Urban conservation has developed mostly in the second half of the XXth century, and is now an established discipline. Urban conservators have at their disposal a system of internationally accepted principles of conservation, which is reflected in important international legal instruments such as the...

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