688 Works

Anchoring the design process

Elise Van Dooren
This thesis proposes a framework to address the design process in design education. Building upon the assumption that teachers, being professional designers, do not discuss the design process in the architectural design studio and do not have a vocabulary to do so, five generic elements or anchor points are defined which represent the basic design skills. The validity of the framework and the assumption is tested respectively in interviews with a variety of designers and...

Strasbourg’s inclusive policies for migrants and the IBA urban developmental paradigm

Tristan Siebert
The issue of limiting motorized traffic can sometimes generate unexpected problems. For example, the city centre of Strasbourg is crossed by a major motorway, which is constantly congested and polluted. This source of irritation is now at the heart of debates on urban planning. The public authorities wish to transform the route into a boulevard as well as to develop surrounding areas. Currently, the numerous vacant spaces around the transport infrastructure are used by various...

celebration building

Konstantin Lidin
There is a type of buildings closely related to celebrations. First of all, it includes theatre buildings. Alexander Anisimov’s article considers the evolution of the structure and the decoration of theatre buildings in the modern and contemporary times. Revolutions in the theatrical art resonate with wonderful breakthroughs in the architectural thought. New streams are boosted at the intersection of the European architectural thought and Chinese innovative trends. Petr Kapustin’s essay is devoted to the symbolism...

GS&E journal > Artificial Intelligence for Structural Glass Engineering Applications - Overview, Case Studies and Future Potentials

Michael Anton Kraus & Michael Drass
'Big data' and the use of 'Artificial Intelligence' (AI) is currently advancing due to the increasing and even cheaper data collection and processing capabilities. Social and economical change is predicted by numerous company leaders, politicians and researchers. Machine and Deep Learning (ML/DL) are sub-types of AI, which are gaining high interest within the community of data scientists and engineers worldwide. Obviously, this global trend does not stop at structural glass engineering, so that, the first...

GS&E journal > Semantic Segmentation with Deep Learning: Detection of Cracks at the Cut Edge of Glass

Michael Drass, Hagen Berthold, Michael Anton Kraus & Steffen Müller-Braun
In this paper, artificial intelligence (AI) will be applied for the first time in the context of glass processing. The goal is to use an algorithm based on artificial intelligence to detect the fractured edge of a cut glass in order to generate a so-called mask image by AI. In the context of AI, this is a classical problem of semantic segmentation, in which objects (here the cut-edge of the cut glass) are automatically surrounded...

GS&E journal > A Novel Concept for a Reinforced Glass Beam Carrying Long Term Loads

Jens H. Nielsen, Bjarni G. Jónsson & Chiara Bedon
This paper presents a novel concept for improving the long-term load-bearing performance of reinforced glass beams (hybrid beams). The concept of reinforcing glass beams using steel or other (ductile) materials have been investigated over the last couple of decades utilising the fracture pattern of annealed glass to ensure a ductile behaviour. However, it is well known that the long-term strength of annealed glass is rather low due to so-called static fatigue leading to a relatively...

GS&E journal > Repositioning Messeturm – Maximum Transparency

Steffen Feirabend, Florian Straz, Roland Bechmann, Stefan Kloker & Peter Eckardt
The Messeturm (“Trade Fair Tower”) in Frankfurt/Main is currently adjusted to the requirements of a modern office building. The lobby area has been enlarged by a highly transparent façade consisting of oversized insulating glass (IG) units. The IG units are curved and have a size of up to 17 m x 2.8 m. To obtain a perfectly curved façade, the IG units were fabricated with laminated cold-bended glass panes. Horizontally the IG units are supported...

GS&E journal > Study on the optical quality and strength of glass edges after the grinding and polishing process

Paulina Bukieda, Katharina Lohr, Jens Meiberg & Bernhard Weller
Glass edges result from cutting glass sheets and a further optional finishing. The mechanical interference into the brittle material glass causes flaws and cracks at the edge surface. Those defects have an influence on the strength of the whole glazing. Within the scope of a research project at the Institute of Building Construction from the Technische Universität Dresden, the grinding and polishing process is examined in terms of characteristic visible effects on the glass edge...

GS&E journal > Double ring bending tests on heat pretreated soda–lime silicate glass

Gregor Schwind, Fabian Von Blücher, Michael Drass & Jens Schneider
The strength of glass plays an important role in the dimensioning of glass components in the building industry. Here, not only parameters such as support conditions, loading rate, relative humidity etc. play an important role, but the damage by means of scratches also determines the fracture strength of glass. A heat treatment after damaging may have an influence on the resulting glass strength. The correlation between heat treatment temperature, and in particular elevated temperatures up...

GS&E journal > Dimensioning of silicone adhesive joints: Eurocode-compliant, mesh-independent approach using the FEM

Michael Drass & Michael Kraus
This paper deals with the application of the semi-probabilistic design concept (level I, DIN EN 1990) to structural silicone adhesives in order to calibrate partial material safety factors for a stretch-based limit state equation. Based on the current legal situation for the application of structural sealants in façades, a new Eurocode-compliant design concept is introduced and compared to existing design codes (ETAG 002). This is followed by some background information on semi-probabilistic reliability modeling and...

GS&E journal: Investigations on the execution and evaluation of the Pummel test for polyvinyl butyral based interlayers

Miriam Schuster, Jens Schneider & Tuong An Nguyen
Laminated safety glass (LSG) is increasingly used as structural element in buildings. Of central importance for safety are the adhesion and the residual load-bearing capacity in the post fractured state. In literature a large number of tests to assess adhesion is mentioned. These include, e.g. peel tests, through-cracked-tensile/-bending tests, VW-pull tests and compressive shear tests. However, especially in industry, the Pummel test is widespread for determining the quality of adhesion in LSG with polyvinyl butyral...

Anthology of Mark Meerovich's Рrojects

Elena Grigoryeva
Alongside with his teaching and research activity, Mark Meerovich practiced design. At first he designed interiors of flats, houses and small public buildings. Maybe such practice was caused by the necessity to earn extra money: his research activity was not enough to maintain his family. However, Mark brought inspiration into everything he did. It also concerned interiors: they were recognized by the most sophisticated esthetes. This experience was also reflected in his articles – a...

Een nieuw platteland bouwen

Hannes De Zutter
In the summer of 2013, the Vlaams Agentschap Onroerend Erfgoed (Flemish Immovable Heritage Agency) investigated a modest little school building in the vicinity of Ghent (Belgium). The old building proved to be a reconstruction of the model school in the Modern Village, a Belgian government pavilion of great social significance at the 1913 World’s Fair in Ghent. The model school is the only surviving building from the Modern Village. Since this discovery, further investigations by...

project baikal, No. 64 (2020): regional schools

Kasteelruïne Valkenburg. Van overgroeide steenhoop tot geconsolideerde ruïne

Tammo C. Bauer
In the introduction the unique character of Valkenburg castle is pointed out in comparison with other castles and ruins in the Netherlands. As it is an elevated castle (rare for the Netherlands) it does not fit in with the typo-chronological outline of H.L. Janssen. Because of the complicated building history of Valkenburg castle with its numerous building periods, it takes up a special place in Dutch building and architectural history. A consolidation campaign in progress...

Ten geleide: het onderzoek van kastelen

Hans Janssen
[No abstract available]

Het vestigingspatroon van lakenhandelaren, drapiers en wevers in textielstad Leiden 1498-1748

Roos Van Oosten
Leiden was ooit de belangrijkste textielstad van Europa. In ‘de nieuwe draperie’ (vanaf 1580) werd een scala aan verschillende lakense stoffen geproduceerd. Op het hoogtepunt telde de stad hiervoor zeven hallen. Handelaren, drapiers en wevers werkten veelal vanuit huis en verschenen op gezette tijden al dan niet met een halffabricaat of eindproduct in de hal om dit op kwaliteitsstandaarden te laten controleren. Zo gingen de lakenwevers naar de Lakenhal en de saaiwevers naar de Saaihal....

‘En aan onze keukenmeid mogen wij zelfs geen haar krenken’. Lusten of lasten voor monumenteneigenaren

Geert Medema
When Dutch legislation on monuments and historic buildings was developed, the discussion was mainly determined by the question whether the importance of preservation of monuments and historic buildings was in proportion to the infringement of an individual owner’s exercise of his property rights such protection would imply. This discussion is still relevant. The legislator’s choice to focus on the owner in the recent modernisation of preservation of monuments and historic buildings is also part of...

Tessenow’s interior perspectives and why we continue building models

Jurjen Zeinstra
The ‘Learning by Models’ exhibition held in the Faculty of Architecture of TU Delft in the spring of 2018 comprised a number of models representing various works by the architect Heinrich Tessenow (1876-1950). The models were made in three architecture schools, namely the Maastricht Academy of Architecture , the Accademia di architettura in Mendrisio and the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment in Delft, and the clear differences between these models showed the various...

The station of the future

Manuela Triggianese & Roberto Cavallo
In contemporary mobile society, stations are becoming much more than just a place to get on and off trains or other modes of transport. Stations are places to work, do business, meet, shop and relax. They not only link different modes of transport at several levels (local, regional, national and international) but are also ‘urban’ connectors within the city and its surrounding region, as well as catalysts of urban transformation. A development or redevelopment project...

Editorial

Henk Engel, Esther Gramsbergen, Henk Hoeks, Reinout Rutte, Otto Diesfeldt & Iskandar Pane
We open this edition of OverHolland with the very sad news that one of the journal’s editors, Henk Hoeks, died on 29 January 2017. Born on 14 March 1947, Henk was one of the founders of the publishing house SUN (Socialistische Uitgeverij Nijmegen, ‘Nijmegen Socialist Publishers’), where he worked as an editor from 1970 to 2008. From the outset, as he himself said, SUN rested on two main pillars: philosophy and history, to which architecture...

Engineering the campus

Jaap Evert Abrahamse
This article examines the urban-planning design and elaboration of the Delft and Eindhoven University of Technology complexes. What were the underlying ideas, views and designs for the two complexes, how and to what extent were they put into practice, and how have the complexes developed over time? How did, and does, the surrounding urban landscape influence the form of the campus, and how is the campus linked to the city? This comparative analysis focuses on...

Integrating the campus and the city

Esther Gramsbergen
In October 1970 the Dutch journal Plan published a thematic issue on university education and the construction of universities in the Netherlands. The editorial, entitled ‘Ideology or pragmatism’, outlined the dilemmas facing politicians and designers. Major investment was needed to cope with the growing numbers of students, but there was no clear picture of how education and research should develop. Could the existing universities continue to grow, or should new ones be founded? Should existing...

TEAM B: ”Pathificity”

Alina Muratova, Andrea Linxiang Ma, Hamad Shokr, David Chelala, Shahzad Ahmed Malik & Polina Razvozzhaeva
The redevelopment concept is described in terms of a human-oriented approach. The complex development is supposed to be in seven directions: social infrastructure, trading street, green area; cultural heritage, educational center, business area and vehicular and pedestrian links. Three stages of project realization are described.

TEAM A: ”Plan for eco-Zhilkino”

Mariia Zolotukhina, Julius Wuerbach, Veronika Kozhevnikova, Chuhui Wu, Irene Apra & Valeriia Gabai
The concept was worked out for the redevelopment of ineffectively used territory of Zhilkino settlement to include it in the urban fabric of Irkutsk. The concept integrates ecological and economical aspects for building a rubbish recycling plant on the basis of circular economy. The concept embraces the basic fields: landscape; economy; socio-cultural aspect and transport.

Registration Year

  • 2020
    688

Resource Types

  • Text
    688

Affiliations

  • Delft University of Technology
    2