3,006 Works

Proceedings of the First Internatinal Symposium of Robust Design 2014

Thomas J. Howard & Tobias Eifler

Working environment committees – stretched between strategy and participation

Vibeke Kristine SCHELLER, Agnete MELDGAARD HANSEN & Klaus T. NIELSEN
In Denmark, the Working Environment Act was revised in 2010. The intention was that increased flexibility in the structure and operations of the legally required safety and working environment committees would enable a more systematic approach and lead to integration of working environment issues in strategic decisions in companies. In this paper we discuss the development by presenting four case studies from a larger case sample drawn from two research projects. We discuss whether this...

Collaboration between HR and line management – Enhancing learning in complex work

Anna-Leena KURKI, Marika SCHAUPP, Sara LINDSTRÖM & Eerikki MÄKI
In the safety critical nuclear industry, the tension between the predictability of processes that ensures safety and flexible practices in managing unexpected situations poses a challenge for developing organizational capabilities. The regulatory, standardized side of nuclear production is well managed in the industry through professional training. The challenge is, however, to support learning that allows routine practices to evolve and develop into new ones when needed, forming new capabilities for the organization. In this paper,...

Distribution of work tasks and associations to pain, fatigue and physical exertion among construction workers

Jeppe Z N Ajslev, Roger Persson & Lars L Andersen
In this paper, results from a mixed-methods study on Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the construction industry will be presented and discussed. The study explores the associations between the distribution of work tasks within work gangs and the workers’ perceived fatigue, physical exertion and pain. The analysis is based on questionnaire responses from 519 construction workers and discussed with interviews from 8 construction work gangs. The analysis shows no associations between the studied variables. The qualitative...

Anticipated challenges for cross-organisational distributed collaboration in reactive telemedicine

Kine REEGAARD, Espen NYSTAD, Alexandra FERNANDES & Grete RINDAHL
On the Norwegian Continental Shelf, several operators have invested in technologies that are enabling and enhancing real-time collaboration between personnel onshore and offshore in order to achieve more effective decision-making. This is thought to improve operational performance, including delivery of offshore healthcare. Frequently in offshore healthcare, distributed collaboration takes place between medical personnel belonging to different organisations. Despite advances in and use of collaboration technologies, there is still potential for improvements in the cross-organisational collaboration....

Case study on an accelerated approach to a new world of work transformation

Michael BARTZ, Martina HARTNER-TIEFENTHALER, Alessandro WÄRZNER & Sabine T. KÖSZEGI
The example of a medium size company shows that an organisational transformation towards a more virtual workstyle can possibly be accelerated by means of a reverse change approach. The affected organisation does not show signs of destabilisation, and the achieved economic advantages are substantial.

Furniture micro enterprises in a small city in Brazil: work conditions and health

Aparecida Mari IGUTI, Isabela Gomes ÁLVARES & Inês MONTEIRO
This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the main occupational risk situations and the health complaints in ten micro furniture enterprises. Interviews and field observations were made. Among the 50 employees interviewed, the main complaints reported were carrying weight (20%); being standing all day (18%); exposure to noise (12%); administrative issues (12%); wood dust (4%); time pressure to finish the job (4%). They were exposed to adverse working conditions, different situations and occupational risk agents. These...

Macroergonomics in the wild: research challenges in community settings

Richard J. HOLDEN, Amanda M. McDOUGALD SCOTT, Pascale CARAYON, Peter L.T. HOONAKKER & Ann S. HUNDT

Contribution to relational coordination and social capital through consultancy on communication in the context of the organisati

Heidi GRAFF & Hanne V. MOLTKE

Three Swedish hospitals’ lean strategies and their contribution to organizational development

Andrea ERIKSSON, Lotta DELLVE, Anna WILLIAMSSON & Richard J. HOLDEN

Work environment, Lean and agriculture

Karin ANDERSSON & Jörgen EKLUND
Lean has become the predominant management concept in industry, but its effect on the work environment is debated. Lean has now reached farms and garden nurseries. This paper aims to identify consequences for the physical and psychosocial work environment when Lean was applied in micro-businesses in the agricultural sector. Observations, a questionnaire and interviews were used as methods. It was concluded that the psychosocial work environment became more structured and less stressful. The physical work...

HF/E in shaky places

Dave MOORE & Felipe MEYER-COHEN
This paper considers the actual and potential contribution of Human Factors / Ergonomics in regions impacted by extreme natural events. The data is from nine interviews with HF/E practitioners and related professionals in New Zealand and Chile, places that have recently experienced trauma from earthquakes, tsunami, inundation and related problems. The findings include suggestions of areas in which we should be more active in order to better prepare, respond and recover. Of concern to participants,...

A survey of methods for product design and development with regards to ergoecological principles

Martha Helena SARAVIA-PINILLA, Gabriel GARCÍA-ACOSTA & Carolina DAZA-BELTRÁN
This paper presents the first part of the analisys of a literature review conducted to build an inventory of methods/models for design, development and innovation of products that are focused on both –the human factor (user) and the environmental factor (sustainability). Four databases were selected and reviewed using criteria of robustness, coverage and relevant thematic. About 1900 items were found by applying 56 search equations. Over 850 articles were classified to identify those combining simultaneously...

Sharing is caring: a discussion for combining risk information

Matthew STOGSDILL, Pernilla ULFVENGREN, Daniele BARANZINI, Siobhán CORRIGAN & Nick MCDONALD
As the aviation system continues to grow, the need to develop models that allow for an understanding of the complex interactions that occur within the industry. This paper will present some preliminary finding of the PROactive Safety PERformance for Operations (PROSPERO), an FP7 project, regarding the development of the conceptual and practical implication of such a model. Additionally, work concerning the development of a new understanding of risk, which will be necessary to fully understand...

Simulations in operational integration projects: from space to organizational conception

Cláudia CORDEIRO, Iara CASTRO, Nora MAIA & Francisco DUARTE
In the oil industry, many collaborative environments are being created known as Integrated Operations project. This article shows that the simulation for design layout of a collaborative environment highlights issues concerning the future organization of work. The participatory dynamics and the use of the proposed layouts for the new space were the main features of the simulation process. More than a review of the furniture and the physical layout of the rooms, simulation’s meetings turned...

Self-reported pain and trunk posture during pruning activity among vineyard workers at the Château Larose-Trintaudon

Romain BALAGUIER, Pascal MADELEINE, Petra HLAVACKOVA, Kévin ROSE-DULCINA, Bruno DIOT & Nicolas VUILLERME
This paper presents the first stage of our project aiming at preventing workrelated musculoskeletal disorders and improving work conditions for the Château Larose- Trintaudon (Saint-Laurent Médoc, France) vineyard workers: an ergonomic assessment of vine pruning activity was conducted. Self-reported musculoskeletal pain increased throughout the working day in the lower back region. Furthermore, video analysis during real working conditions revealed that pruning activity exposed vineyard workers to a high risk of developing WMSD. The vineyard workers...

A successful private company in industrial developing country. Managers' perspective

Houshang SHAHNAVAZ, E-C LÖNNROTH & F GHASEMZADEH

Distal upper extremity disorders due to extensive usage of hand held mobile devices

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN, Jerrish A JOSE & Joshua Samuel RAJKUMAR
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and clinical features of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in mobile device users. A report analysis which included 59 subjects between the ages of 5 to 56 years, who were diagnosed to have a MSD affecting the upper extremities was done. All the patients underwent rehabilitation using a sequenced protocol. All the subjects reported pain in the thumb and forearm with associated burning, numbness...

Work style risk and its correlation with other ergonomic risk factors in musculoskeletal disorders - a retrospective report anal

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN & Jerrish A JOSE
The aim of this study was to identify Work style related and other ergonomic risk factors that may be associated with the onset or exacerbation of Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSD) among Information Technology (IT) professionals and to look for the correlation between the two. It is a retrospective report analysis of 5331 professionals working for various IT companies in India. Ergonomic workplace analysis reports of those employees were analysed retrospectively. Report consisted of Demographic...

An assessment of lecturers ability in transferring the necessary skills in classroom: The College of Technological Studies, Kuwa

Salah Al-Ali

Water and sewage treatment workers differences in psychosocial and ergonomics assessment

Denis A. COELHO, Carla S. D. TAVARES & Miguel L. LOURENÇO
Sewage treatment, water treatment and maintenance workers from a utility company, totaling 32 male subjects, participated in a cross-sectional psychosocial and ergonomics assessment. The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries field work ergonomic checklist and the short version Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (CoPsoQ) were used. The analysis tested the hypothesis that sewage treatment workers, subjected to foul odors, show higher severity of psychosocial factors than water treatment workers. Odds ratios for the sewage treatment condition...

Visualizing improvements of care processes- supporting engagement and perceived systems performance in improvement work

Anna WILLIAMSSON, Lotta DELLVE & Anette KARLTUN

Organisational challenges associated with design and implementation of technology in re-design projects in the nuclear domain

Anna-Lisa OSVALDER & Håkan ALM
A complex socio-technical system needs to optimize on safety when designing the human-machine systems. The purpose of this study was to learn about organisational challenges in redesign projects in the nuclear domain. Interview results showed that stakeholders had focus on either technology driven or human factors driven design. A conclusion was that all project members need knowledge and understanding of human factors aspects; these need to be highlighted both in planning and during the whole...

New ways of working and quality of working life: a macroergonomic approach

Christian KORUNKA & Cornelia GERDENITSCH
“New ways of working” (NWW) environment is a denotation for modern workplaces that are characterized by an increased use of media technologies, and temporal and spatial flexibilities. In three empirical studies, the role of job resources (autonomy and social interaction) in NWW environments was investigated. Study 1 examined general NWW environments using qualitative data, whereas studies 2 and 3 focused on specific NWW environments (flexible office concepts, Coworking Spaces). The results indicate that autonomy and...

On the IEA strategy: mapping HFE performance knowledge

Linda ROSE & Christina JONSSON
In order to support the implementation of the IEA strategy of Human Factors/Ergonomics (HFE) the objective of this pilot-project is to map the current awareness, knowledge and strategies regarding how HFE can be used in optimizing system performance and how and to what extent such strategies are applied in organisations today. The methodology used is that each board member of the Nordic Ergonomics Society´s national boards has a talk with a key stakeholder, using a...

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