518 Works

Wind-up system for a Lever Operated Pivoting Float-Buoy

A. A. Frederiksen, A. G. Andersen, K. J. Juul, M. L. Bernitt, P. R. Nielsen & R. Katkjær
INTRODUCTION The project that this abstract revolves around is being prepared in connection with the course Project Work (41801) and focuses on the construction of a wind-up system for a Lever Operated Pivoting Float-buoy (LOPF) in cooperation with Resen Waves. The purpose of the buoy is to transform energy from waves in the ocean to electrical energy. The system is put in place to allow for the buoy to move with the waves in the...

Evalueringsrapport i projekt ”Fra begreb til bundlinje - hvordan øger vi den relationelle koordinering?”

Kasper Edwards

Relational Coordination in Danish General Practice

Sanne Lykke Lundstrøm

Proceedings of the First Internatinal Symposium of Robust Design 2014

Thomas J. Howard & Tobias Eifler

ISoRD14 Introduction: Robust Design Research at DTU

Thomas J. Howard

Sensitivity Analysis of Tolerances which Restrict Multiple Similar Features

Philipp Ziegler & Sandro Wartzack
In tolerancing, the product functions and quality should be ensured in the presence of geometric variations of the product components. For this purpose, tolerances restrict these geometric variations. Usually, the products functions are transferred to so-called functional key characteristics (FKC), which mostly are geometric quantities of the product. The requirements on the products functions are transferred to requirements of the FKCs. Afterwards, geometric analyses of the FKC variations are performed based on tolerance simulations. These...

Human factors specialists to the rescue for (other) systems designers – case study in railway

Kirsten B.J. SCHREIBERS, Richard VAN DER WEIDE & Colete WEEDA
It is a challenge for human factors professionals to be seen as a colleague system designer of man-machine systems. Mostly, they are consulted for detailed user interface design. However, in this design phase fundamental questions about task allocation necessary for an optimal man-machine interface are cut short. This case describes the development of a warning system for train drivers to illustrate the role of the human factors specialist. The original question for the warning system...

Conceptualizing the patient work system, Part B: macroergonomic challenges

Richard J. HOLDEN & Rupa S. VALDEZ

Total Workplace Innovation

Geert Van HOOTEGEM

Does physical activity at work impact physical activity behavior in leisure time?

Marie BIRK JØRGENSEN, Caroline STORDAL CHRISTIANSEN, Sandra RASMUSSEN & Andreas HOLTERMANN

Water and sewage treatment workers differences in psychosocial and ergonomics assessment

Denis A. COELHO, Carla S. D. TAVARES & Miguel L. LOURENÇO
Sewage treatment, water treatment and maintenance workers from a utility company, totaling 32 male subjects, participated in a cross-sectional psychosocial and ergonomics assessment. The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries field work ergonomic checklist and the short version Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (CoPsoQ) were used. The analysis tested the hypothesis that sewage treatment workers, subjected to foul odors, show higher severity of psychosocial factors than water treatment workers. Odds ratios for the sewage treatment condition...

Visualizing improvements of care processes- supporting engagement and perceived systems performance in improvement work

Anna WILLIAMSSON, Lotta DELLVE & Anette KARLTUN

Organisational challenges associated with design and implementation of technology in re-design projects in the nuclear domain

Anna-Lisa OSVALDER & Håkan ALM
A complex socio-technical system needs to optimize on safety when designing the human-machine systems. The purpose of this study was to learn about organisational challenges in redesign projects in the nuclear domain. Interview results showed that stakeholders had focus on either technology driven or human factors driven design. A conclusion was that all project members need knowledge and understanding of human factors aspects; these need to be highlighted both in planning and during the whole...

New ways of working and quality of working life: a macroergonomic approach

Christian KORUNKA & Cornelia GERDENITSCH
“New ways of working” (NWW) environment is a denotation for modern workplaces that are characterized by an increased use of media technologies, and temporal and spatial flexibilities. In three empirical studies, the role of job resources (autonomy and social interaction) in NWW environments was investigated. Study 1 examined general NWW environments using qualitative data, whereas studies 2 and 3 focused on specific NWW environments (flexible office concepts, Coworking Spaces). The results indicate that autonomy and...

On the IEA strategy: mapping HFE performance knowledge

Linda ROSE & Christina JONSSON
In order to support the implementation of the IEA strategy of Human Factors/Ergonomics (HFE) the objective of this pilot-project is to map the current awareness, knowledge and strategies regarding how HFE can be used in optimizing system performance and how and to what extent such strategies are applied in organisations today. The methodology used is that each board member of the Nordic Ergonomics Society´s national boards has a talk with a key stakeholder, using a...

The potential benefits of an exoskeleton in industry settings

Michiel DE LOOZE & Leonard O’SULLIVAN

Multifunctional cooperation with purpose to reduce ergonomic risks. A practical case

Lena NORD NILSSON & Lars SAMUELSSON

Use of CCTV in remote operations and remote support of oil and gas fields to improve safety and resilience

Stig O. JOHNSEN & Trine STENE
CCTV is increasingly used in the oil and gas industry to assist in remote operations and remote support. This is done to achieve safety and resilience. The CCTV system is a complex component, consisting of technology (screens, cameras, workplaces), humans (operators observing and analyzing information) and organizational factors (procedures, responsibilities, staffing). We have examined the use of CCTVs in three actual oil and gas installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, in order to identify the...

A simple tool to calculate the business costs of OHS problems

Per Tybjerg ALDRICH

Service quality as goal and outcome of ergonomics research: user and employee perspectives

Ole Henning SØRENSEN
Ergonomics research needs to design organizational level, occupational health interventions that contribute to improving organizational performance so as to become of practical relevance for management. This paper analyses a study evaluating the impact of such interventions on user satisfaction and service quality. The study conducted an employee survey with 754 preschool teachers in 98 Danish preschools and a user survey among 8116 parents. Significant correlations were found between well-being and service quality measures from both...

Working environment committees – stretched between strategy and participation

Vibeke Kristine SCHELLER, Agnete MELDGAARD HANSEN & Klaus T. NIELSEN
In Denmark, the Working Environment Act was revised in 2010. The intention was that increased flexibility in the structure and operations of the legally required safety and working environment committees would enable a more systematic approach and lead to integration of working environment issues in strategic decisions in companies. In this paper we discuss the development by presenting four case studies from a larger case sample drawn from two research projects. We discuss whether this...

Collaboration between HR and line management – Enhancing learning in complex work

Anna-Leena KURKI, Marika SCHAUPP, Sara LINDSTRÖM & Eerikki MÄKI
In the safety critical nuclear industry, the tension between the predictability of processes that ensures safety and flexible practices in managing unexpected situations poses a challenge for developing organizational capabilities. The regulatory, standardized side of nuclear production is well managed in the industry through professional training. The challenge is, however, to support learning that allows routine practices to evolve and develop into new ones when needed, forming new capabilities for the organization. In this paper,...

Distribution of work tasks and associations to pain, fatigue and physical exertion among construction workers

Jeppe Z N Ajslev, Roger Persson & Lars L Andersen
In this paper, results from a mixed-methods study on Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the construction industry will be presented and discussed. The study explores the associations between the distribution of work tasks within work gangs and the workers’ perceived fatigue, physical exertion and pain. The analysis is based on questionnaire responses from 519 construction workers and discussed with interviews from 8 construction work gangs. The analysis shows no associations between the studied variables. The qualitative...

Anticipated challenges for cross-organisational distributed collaboration in reactive telemedicine

Kine REEGAARD, Espen NYSTAD, Alexandra FERNANDES & Grete RINDAHL
On the Norwegian Continental Shelf, several operators have invested in technologies that are enabling and enhancing real-time collaboration between personnel onshore and offshore in order to achieve more effective decision-making. This is thought to improve operational performance, including delivery of offshore healthcare. Frequently in offshore healthcare, distributed collaboration takes place between medical personnel belonging to different organisations. Despite advances in and use of collaboration technologies, there is still potential for improvements in the cross-organisational collaboration....

Case study on an accelerated approach to a new world of work transformation

Michael BARTZ, Martina HARTNER-TIEFENTHALER, Alessandro WÄRZNER & Sabine T. KÖSZEGI
The example of a medium size company shows that an organisational transformation towards a more virtual workstyle can possibly be accelerated by means of a reverse change approach. The affected organisation does not show signs of destabilisation, and the achieved economic advantages are substantial.

Registration Year

  • 2014
    518

Resource Types

  • Text
    518