152 Works

cops_nsod_ubt: wind data from sodar-RASS run by University of Bayreuth during COPS 2007

Rafael Eigenmann & Thomas Foken
Project: Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study - Weather forecast models have not been successful in improving the Quantitative Precipitation Forecast during the last 16 years. One reason for this stagnation is the lack of comprehensive, high-quality data sets usable for model validation as well as for data assimilation, thus leading to improved initial fields in numerical models. Theoretical analyses have identified the requirements measured data have to meet in order to close the gaps in...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The sstClim experiment, served by ESGF

Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

cops_nebt_ubt_flux: Eddy-covariance turbulence data from COPS energy balance and turbulence network stations run by University of Bayreuth during COPS 2007

Rafael Eigenmann & Thomas Foken
Project: Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study - Weather forecast models have not been successful in improving the Quantitative Precipitation Forecast during the last 16 years. One reason for this stagnation is the lack of comprehensive, high-quality data sets usable for model validation as well as for data assimilation, thus leading to improved initial fields in numerical models. Theoretical analyses have identified the requirements measured data have to meet in order to close the gaps in...

BASIS 2001 - Baltic Air Sea Ice Study 2001: meteorological measurements of 2 autonomous buoys and radiosoundings at the research vessel Aranda

Burghard Brümmer, Gerd Müller, Timo Vihma & Christian Wetzel
Project: Field Data of the Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg - The Physical Meteorology Division of the Meteorological Institute is regularly conducting or taking part in field experiments with strong focus on high latitudes. Measurements are performed by aircraft, radiosondes or buoys and at land, ship and ice stations. Published data sets incorporate aircraft measurements of turbulent fluxes and standard meteorological parameters of high temporal and spatial resolution. These measurements are supported by frequent radiosonde...

LOFZY 2005 - Field Experiment on Cyclones over the Norwegian Sea: meteorological measurements of the research aircraft Falcon, 23 autonomous water buoys and radiosoundings at the research vessel Celtic Explorer

Burghard Brümmer, Gerd Müller, David Schröder & Christian Wetzel
Project: Field Data of the Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg - The Physical Meteorology Division of the Meteorological Institute is regularly conducting or taking part in field experiments with strong focus on high latitudes. Measurements are performed by aircraft, radiosondes or buoys and at land, ship and ice stations. Published data sets incorporate aircraft measurements of turbulent fluxes and standard meteorological parameters of high temporal and spatial resolution. These measurements are supported by frequent radiosonde...

KONTROL 1984 - First Experiment on Convection and Turbulence over the North Sea: radiosoundings at the research vessel Valdivia

Heinrich Hoeber, Gottfried Kruspe, Burghard Brümmer & Christian Wetzel
Project: Field Data of the Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg - The Physical Meteorology Division of the Meteorological Institute is regularly conducting or taking part in field experiments with strong focus on high latitudes. Measurements are performed by aircraft, radiosondes or buoys and at land, ship and ice stations. Published data sets incorporate aircraft measurements of turbulent fluxes and standard meteorological parameters of high temporal and spatial resolution. These measurements are supported by frequent radiosonde...

ARKTIS 1991 - Cellular Convection over the Norwegian Sea: radiosoundings at the research vessel Valdivia and station Bear Island

Gottfried Kruspe, Burghard Brümmer, Gerd Müller & Christian Wetzel
Project: Field Data of the Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg - The Physical Meteorology Division of the Meteorological Institute is regularly conducting or taking part in field experiments with strong focus on high latitudes. Measurements are performed by aircraft, radiosondes or buoys and at land, ship and ice stations. Published data sets incorporate aircraft measurements of turbulent fluxes and standard meteorological parameters of high temporal and spatial resolution. These measurements are supported by frequent radiosonde...

cmip5 output1 NCC NorESM1-M rcp45, served by ESGF

Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Jens Debernard, Helge Drange, Christoph Heinze, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Øyvind Seland & Jerry Tjiputra
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

cmip5 output1 NCC NorESM1-M sstClim4xCO2, served by ESGF

Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Jens Debernard, Helge Drange, Christoph Heinze, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Øyvind Seland & Jerry Tjiputra
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-P model: The sstClim experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Nils Fischer, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-MR model: The historical experiment, served by ESGF

Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The esmrcp85 experiment, served by ESGF

Christian Reick, Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

Regional Climate Modelling forcing Data from CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-MR model: The decadal1980 experiment experiment

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Pohlmann, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: RCM forcing data from MPI-ESM (ECHAM6/JSBACH/MPIOM/HAMOCC) CMIP5 experiments - This project provides variables from MPI-ESM (ECHAM6/JSBACH/MPIOM/HAMOCC) experiments performed at DKRZ in the context of the CMIP5 activities. The CMIP5 experiments are described at http://cmip-pcmdi.llnl.gov/cmip5/experiment_design.html . Essential variables for regional climate modelling are available. They are stored in native GRIB-format (e.g. spectral). The CMIP5 experiments have been performed with various model versions of MPI-ESM. The low-resolution version MPI-ESM-LR has been run with T63L47 (192 x...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-MR model: The decadal1980 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Pohlmann, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

Forcing data for Regional Climate Models based on the MPI-ESM-LR model of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M): The CMIP5 historical experiment

Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: RCM forcing data from MPI-ESM (ECHAM6/JSBACH/MPIOM/HAMOCC) CMIP5 experiments - This project provides variables from MPI-ESM (ECHAM6/JSBACH/MPIOM/HAMOCC) experiments performed at DKRZ in the context of the CMIP5 activities. The CMIP5 experiments are described at http://cmip-pcmdi.llnl.gov/cmip5/experiment_design.html . Essential variables for regional climate modelling are available. They are stored in native GRIB-format (e.g. spectral). The CMIP5 experiments have been performed with various model versions of MPI-ESM. The low-resolution version MPI-ESM-LR has been run with T63L47 (192 x...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The aquaControl experiment, served by ESGF

Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur, Joachim Segschneider … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The noVolc1960 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur, Joachim Segschneider … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The decadal1960 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The decadal2005 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The decadal2010 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-MR model: The decadal2010 experiment, served by ESGF

Johann Jungclaus, Marco Giorgetta, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Pohlmann, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

cmip5 output1 NCC NorESM1-M abrupt4xCO2, served by ESGF

Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Jens Debernard, Helge Drange, Christoph Heinze, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Øyvind Seland & Jerry Tjiputra
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

cmip5 output1 NCC NorESM1-M rcp26, served by ESGF

Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, Jens Debernard, Helge Drange, Christoph Heinze, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Øyvind Seland & Jerry Tjiputra
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

CMIP5 simulations of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) based on the MPI-ESM-LR model: The piControl experiment, served by ESGF

Marco Giorgetta, Johann Jungclaus, Christian Reick, Stephanie Legutke, Victor Brovkin, Traute Crueger, Monika Esch, Kerstin Fieg, Ksenia Glushak, Veronika Gayler, Helmuth Haak, Heinz-Dieter Hollweg, Stefan Kinne, Luis Kornblueh, Daniela Matei, Thorsten Mauritsen, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Wolfgang Müller, Dirk Notz, Thomas Raddatz, Sebastian Rast, Erich Roeckner, Marc Salzmann, Hauke Schmidt, Reiner Schnur … & Bjorn Stevens
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

cmip5 output1 NCC NorESM1-ME rcp26, served by ESGF

Jerry Tjiputra, Caroline Roelandt, Mats Bentsen, David Lawrence, Torbjørn Lorentzen, Jörg Schwinger, Øyvind Seland & Christoph Heinze
Project: IPCC Assessment Report 5 and Coupled Model Intercomparison Project data sets - These data belong to two projects: 1) to the Assessment Report No 5 of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5) and 2) to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project No 5 (CMIP5). CMIP5 is executed by the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Most of the data is replicated between the...

Registration Year

  • 2012
    152

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    152