18,283 Works

Surface indicators are correlated with soil multifunctionality in global drylands

David Eldridge, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, José Luis Quero, Victoria Ochoa, Beatriz Gonzalo, Pablo García-Palacios, Cristina Escolar, Miguel Garcia-Gomez, Laura Beinticinco, Matthew Bowker, Donaldo Bran, Ignacio Castro, Alex Cea, Mchich Derak, Carlos Ivan Espinosa, Adriana Fronertino, Juan Gaitán, Gabriel Gatica, Susana Gómez-González, Wahida Ghiloufi, Julio Gutierrez, Elizabeth Gusmán-M., Rosa Hernandez, Frederic Hughes, Walter Muiño … & Fernando Maestre
1. Multiple ecosystem functions need to be considered simultaneously to manage and protect the many ecosystem services that are essential to people and their environments. Despite this, cost effective, tangible, relatively simple, and globally-relevant methodologies to monitor in situ soil multifunctionality, i.e. the provision of multiple ecosystem functions by soils, have not been tested at the global scale. 2. We combined correlation analysis and structural equation modelling to explore whether we could find easily measured,...

Data from: The planet's stressed river basins: too much pressure or too little adaptive capacity?

Olli Varis, Maija Taka & Matti Kummu
Freshwater is one of the most critical elements for sustainable development of ecosystems and societies. River basins, concomitant with administrative zones, form a common unit for freshwater management. So far, no comprehensive, global analysis exists that would link the ecological challenges of the planet's river basins to the capacity of the societies to cope with them. We address this gap by performing a geospatial resilience analysis for a global set of 541 river basins. We...

Data from: Pollination by wild bees yields larger strawberries than pollination by honey bees

Gail MacInnis & Jessica R.K. Forrest
1. A diverse array of wild bee species may provide more effective pollination than the widely employed European honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). High species richness within crop pollinator assemblages has been linked to enhanced fruit and seed yields, but species richness is often confounded with abundance in studies of pollinator communities. 2. We investigated the effects of bee diversity and species identity on pollen deposition and crop yield in the strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa)...

Knee function through finite element analysis and the role of Miocene hominoids in our understanding of the origin of antipronograde behaviours: the Pierolapithecus catalaunicus patella as a case study

Marta Pina, Daniel DeMiguel, Francesc Puigvert, Jordi Marcé‐Nogué & Salvador Moyà‐Solà
Although extensive research has been carried out in recent years on human bipedalism origin and evolution, a full understanding of this question is far to be achieved. In this regard, the role of Miocene hominoids emerges as key to better comprehend the locomotor types observed in living apes and humans. Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, an extinct stem great ape from the middle Miocene (c. 12.0 Ma) of the Vallès-Penedès Basin (NE Iberian Peninsula), is the first undoubted...

Data from: Comparative crystallography suggests maniraptoran theropod affinities for latest Cretaceous European ‘geckoid’ eggshell

Seung Choi, Edina Prondvai, Miguel Moreno‐Azanza, Zoltán Csiki‐Sava & Yuong‐Nam Lee
Thin fossil eggshells from Upper Cretaceous deposits of Europe, characterized by nodular ornamentation similar to modern gekkotan eggshells, have mostly been interpreted as gekkotan (=‘geckoid’) in origin. However, in some cases, like the oogenus Pseudogeckoolithus, their theropod affinity was also suggested. The true affinity of these fossil ‘geckoid’ eggshells remained controversial due to the absence of analytical methods effective in identifying genuine gecko eggshells in the fossil record. In this study, we apply electron backscatter...

Strandings of marine mammals, sea turtles and seabirds along the central-south coast of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2015 to 2018.

Rodrigo Del Rio Do Valle, Carolina Pacheco Bertozzi, Alencar Cabral & André Silva Barreto
To assess the potential impacts on seabirds, turtles and marine mammals from oil and gas production from the oceanic Pre-Salt province at Brazil’s Santos Basin, the Brazilian environmental agency (IBAMA) required PETROBRAS, the main oil company in the basin, to implement the “Programa de Monitoramento de Praias da Bacia de Santos” (Santos Basin Beach Monitoring Program - PMP-BS). Since 2015 PMP-BS has been operating along the states of Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and Rio...

Strandings of marine mammals, sea turtles and seabirds along the central-north São Paulo coast, Brazil, from 2015 to 2018.

Andrea Maranho, Rosane F. Farah, Melissa Marcon, Alencar Cabral & André Silva Barreto
To assess the potential impacts on seabirds, turtles and marine mammals from oil and gas production from the oceanic Pre-Salt province at Brazil’s Santos Basin, the Brazilian environmental agency (IBAMA) required PETROBRAS, the main oil company in the basin, to implement the “Programa de Monitoramento de Praias da Bacia de Santos” (Santos Basin Beach Monitoring Program - PMP-BS). Since 2015 PMP-BS has been operating along the states of Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and Rio...

Strandings of marine mammals, sea turtles and seabirds along the southern São Paulo coast, Brazil, from 2015 to 2018.

Daniela Ferro De Godoy, Caio Noritake Louzada, Lisa Vasconcelos De Oliveira, Henrique Chupil, Emygidio Leite De Araujo Monteiro-Filho, Alencar Cabral & André Silva Barreto
To assess the potential impacts on seabirds, turtles and marine mammals from oil and gas production from the oceanic Pre-Salt province at Brazil’s Santos Basin, the Brazilian environmental agency (IBAMA) required PETROBRAS, the main oil company in the basin, to implement the “Programa de Monitoramento de Praias da Bacia de Santos” (Santos Basin Beach Monitoring Program - PMP-BS). Since 2015 PMP-BS has been operating along the states of Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and Rio...

Strandings of marine mammals, sea turtles and seabirds along the Paraná coast, Brazil, from 2015 to 2018.

Camila Domit, Liana Rosa, Fernanda Possatto, Felipe Torres, Marcillo Altoe, Alencar Cabral & André Silva Barreto
To assess the potential impacts on seabirds, turtles and marine mammals from oil and gas production from the oceanic Pre-Salt province at Brazil’s Santos Basin, the Brazilian environmental agency (IBAMA) required PETROBRAS, the main oil company in the basin, to implement the “Programa de Monitoramento de Praias da Bacia de Santos” (Santos Basin Beach Monitoring Program - PMP-BS). Since 2015 PMP-BS has been operating along the states of Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and Rio...

Chemical evidence of preserved collagen in a 54-million-year-old fish vertebrae

Suryendu Dutta, Sumit Kumar, Hukam Singh, Mahasin Khan, Amalan Barai, Anuradha Tewari, Rajendra Rana, Subir Bera, Shamik Sen & Ashoke Sahni
Collagens are the most abundant protein in the animal kingdom. Collagens form the structural framework of connective tissues such as bones, tendons and skin and play important biomechanical role in supporting tissue functions. The preservation of collagen in deep time is a topic of intense debate. Here we provide indisputable evidence of the presence of collagen in Early Eocene fish vertebrae using online pyrolysis-comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and immunofluorescence studies. The presence...

Data from: Interest in nonsocial novel stimuli as a function of age in rhesus monkeys

Eliza Bliss-Moreau & Mark Baxter
Human cognitive and affective life changes with healthy aging; cognitive capacity declines while emotional life becomes more positive and social relationships are prioritized. This may reflect an awareness of limited lifetime unique to humans, leading to a greater interest in maintaining social relationships at the expense of the nonsocial world in the face of limited cognitive and physical resources. Alternately, fundamental biological processes common to other primate species may direct preferential interest in social stimuli...

Data from: Temporal partitioning of activity: rising and falling top-predator abundance triggers community-wide shifts in diel activity

Calum Cunningham, Vincent Scoleri, Christopher Johnson, Leon Barmuta & Menna Jones
Top predators cause avoidance behaviours in competitors and prey, which can lead to niche partitioning and facilitate coexistence. We investigate changes in partitioning of the temporal niche in a mammalian community in response to both the rapid decline in abundance of a top predator and its rapid increase, produced by two concurrent natural experiments: 1) the severe decline of the Tasmanian devil due to a transmissible cancer, and 2) the introduction of Tasmanian devils to...

Treatment Master List

Jaime F. Willbur, Paul D. Mitchell, Mamadou L. Fall, Adam M. Byrne, Scott A. Chapman, Crystal M. Floyd, Carl A. Bradley, Keith A. Ames, Martin I. Chilvers, Nathan M. Kleczewski, Dean K. Malvick, Brian D. Mueller, Daren S. Mueller, Mehdi Kabbage, Shawn P. Conley & Damon L. Smith

Seasonal and directional dispersal behavior in an ongoing dove invasion

David Slager
Range expansions require the dispersal of individual organisms, but dispersal behavior is notoriously difficult to study. Eurasian Collared-Doves have colonized both Europe and North America this century, with both initial invasions proceeding northwestward via "jump" dispersal. The European population has reached carrying capacity, but in the Americas, where exponential population growth continues, little is known about dispersal behavior. I queried citizen science field notes to investigate Eurasian Collared-Dove dispersal behavior in North America along the...

Interrelated ecological impacts of climate change on an apex predator

Kristin L. Laidre, Stephen Atkinson, Eric V. Regehr, Harry L. Stern, Erik W. Born, Øystein Wiig, Nicholas J. Lunn & Markus Dyck
Climate change has broad ecological implications for species that rely on sensitive habitats. For some top predators, loss of habitat is expected to lead to cascading behavioral, nutritional, and reproductive changes that ultimately accelerate population declines. In the case of the polar bear (Ursus maritimus), declining Arctic sea ice reduces access to prey and lengthens seasonal fasting periods. We used a novel combination of physical-capture, biopsy darting, and visual aerial observation data to project reproductive...

Data from: Plant uptake offsets silica release from a large Arctic tundra wildfire

Joanna C. Carey, Benjamin W. Abbott & Adrian V. Rocha
Rapid climate change at high latitudes is projected to increase wildfire extent in tundra ecosystems by up to five-fold by the end of the century. Tundra wildfire could alter terrestrial silica (SiO2) cycling by restructuring surface vegetation and by deepening the seasonally-thawed active layer. These changes could influence the availability of silica in terrestrial permafrost ecosystems and alter lateral exports to downstream marine waters, where silica is often a limiting nutrient. In this context, we...

Taxonomic revision of Australian Copelatus Erichson, 1832 (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae, Copelatinae)

Michael Balke, Hendrich Lars, Shaverdo Helena & Hajek Jiri
The genus Copelatus Erichson, 1832 in Australia is revised and nine species are recognised. One new species, Copelatus martinbaehri sp. n., is described from Cape York Peninsula (Iron Range NP and Mt Tozer) and Papua New Guinea (Central Province). Copelatus divisus Watts, 1978 syn. n., is considered a junior synonym of C. portior Guignot, 1956, described from New Guinea. Species delimitation is based on the morphological characters and Cox1 data. All species are (re)described, and...

Data from: Effects of early-season insect herbivory on subsequent pathogen infection and ant abundance on wild cotton (Gossypium hirsutum)

Luis Abdala-Roberts, Biiniza Pérez-Niño, Xoaquin Moreira, Victor Parra‐Tabla, Luca Grandi, Gaëtan Glauser, Betty Benrey & Ted C. J. Turlings
1. Plant induced defences play an important role in mediating interactions between insects and pathogens. Yet, the plant traits underlying these effects, the extended consequences for higher trophic levels (i.e. predators), and the implications for plant growth and reproduction have received little attention. 2. Here we asked whether simulated early insect leaf damage on wild cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) affected subsequent damage by insect leaf chewers and pathogenic fungi, as well as ant abundance. To address...

Data from: Unhatched eggs represent the invisible fraction in two wild bird populations

Nicola Hemmings & Simon Evans
Prenatal mortality is typically overlooked in population studies, which biases evolutionary inference by confounding selection and inheritance. Birds represent an opportunity to include this ‘invisible fraction’ if each egg contains a zygote but whether hatching failure is caused by fertilisation failure versus prenatal mortality is largely unknown. We quantified fertilisation failure rates in two bird species that are popular systems for studying evolutionary dynamics in the wild. over three years, finding that overwhelming majorities (99.9%)...

Gut microbiota in reintroduction of Giant Panda

Jingsi Tang, Chengdong Wang, Hemin Zhang, Jiangchao Zhao, Wei Guo, Sudhanshu Mishra, Fanli Kong, Bo Zeng, Ruihong Ning, Desheng Li, Jiandong Yang, Mingyao Yang, Mingwang Zhang, Qingyong Ni, Yan Li & Ying Li
Reintroduction is a key approach in the conservation of endangered species. In recent decades, many reintroduction projects have been conducted for conservation purposes, but the rate of success has been low. Given the important role of gut microbiota in health and diseases, we questioned whether gut microbiota would play a crucial role in giant panda's wild‐training process. The wild procedure is when captive‐born babies live with their mothers in a wilderness enclosure and learn wilderness...

Building façade-level correlates of bird-window collisions in a small urban area

Scott R. Loss, Corey S. Riding & Timothy J. O'Connell
Urbanization increasingly exposes birds to multiple sources of direct anthropogenic mortality. Collisions with buildings, and windows in particular, are a top bird mortality source, annually causing 365-988 million fatalities in the United States. Correlates of window collision rates have been studied at the scale of entire buildings and in relation to the surrounding landscape, and most studies have only assessed correlates for all birds combined without considering season- and species-specific risk factors. In Stillwater, Oklahoma,...

Data from: Biotic interactions help explain variation in elevational range limits of birds among Bornean mountains

Ryan C. Burner, Andy J Boyce, Alison Styring, Tom Martin, David Bernasconi & Frederick Sheldon
Aim Physiological tolerances and biotic interactions along habitat gradients are thought to influence species occurrence. Distributional differences caused by such forces are particularly noticeable on tropical mountains, where high species turnover along elevational gradients occurs over relatively short distances and elevational distributions of particular species can shift among mountains. Such shifts are interpreted as evidence of the importance of spatial variation in interspecific competition and habitat or climatic gradients. To assess the relative importance of...

Data from: A novel longitudinal framework aimed at improving the teaching of the neurologic examination

Katharina Bornkamm, Marius Steiert, Michel Rijntjes & Jochen Brich
Objective To develop an educational framework basis for improving the teaching of the neurologic examination (NE) by asking German neurologists to (1) identify the basic elements of the screening NE and (2) nominate the steps they would deem mandatory for medical students to master. Methods We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among neurologists working in a hospital or ambulatory setting in southwest Germany. To define the screening NE, neurologists were asked to list the NE components...

Data from: Gender diversity of editorial boards and gender differences in the peer review process at six journals of ecology and evolution.

Charles Fox, Meghan Duffy, Daphne Fairbairn & Jennifer Meyer
Despite substantial progress for women in science, women remain underrepresented in many aspects of the scholarly publication process. We examined how the gender diversity of editors and reviewers changed over time for six journals in ecology and evolution (2003-2015 for four journals, 2007-2015 or 2009-2015 for the other two), and how several aspects of the peer review process differed between female and male editors and reviewers. We found that, for five of the six journals,...

Data from: The ecology and evolution of seed predation by Darwin's finches on Tribulus cistoides on the Galápagos Islands

Sofía Carvajal-Endara, Andrew P. Hendry, Nancy C. Emery, Corey P. Neu, Diego Carmona, Kiyoko M. Gotanda, T. Jonathan Davies, Jaime A. Chaves & Marc T. J Johnson
Predator-prey interactions play a key role in the evolution of species traits through antagonistic coevolutionary arms-races. The evolution of beak morphology in the Darwin’s finches in response to competition for seed resources is a classic example of evolution by natural selection. The seeds of Tribulus cistoides are an important food source for the largest ground finch species (Geospiza fortis, G. magnirostris, and G. conirostris) in dry months, and the hard spiny morphology of the fruits...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    18,283

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18,283

Affiliations

  • University of Florida
    31
  • University of Zurich
    30
  • University of Cambridge
    27
  • Michigan State University
    26
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    24
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    23
  • University of Minnesota
    20
  • Oregon State University
    17
  • Lund University
    17
  • Harvard University
    17
  • University of California, Davis
    17
  • University of Oxford
    15
  • University of Georgia
    14
  • Cornell University
    14
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    13