1,479 Works

Large roots dominate the contribution of trees to slope stability

Filippo Giadrossich, Denis Cohen, Massimiliano Schwarz, Antonio Ganga, Roberto Marrosu, Mario Pirastru & Gian Franco Capra
Tree roots provide surface erosion protection and improve slope stability through highly complex interactions with the soil due to the nature of root systems. Root reinforcement estimation is usually performed by in situ pullout tests, in which roots are pulled out of the soil to reliably estimate the root strength of compact soils. However, this test is not suitable for the scenario where a soil progressively fails in a series of slump blocks – for...

Do mergers and acquisitions among small and medium-sized enterprises affect the performance of acquiring firms?

Spyros Arvanitis & Tobias Stucki
This article investigates the post-merger performance effects resulting from mergers and acquisitions (M&As), drawing on a representative sample taken from all Swiss M&As occurring between 2006 and 2008, the majority of which took place between small and medium-sized firms (SMEs). Using this data, the study was able to investigate the impact of M&As on differing measures of economic performance, and also on innovation for the post-merger period of 2008–2010. The study found positive statistically significant...

Feasibility and effects applying stochastic resonance whole-body vibration on untrained elderly: A randomized crossover pilot study

Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Roger Hilfiker, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A. De Bie & Eling D. De Bruin
Background Aging is associated with loss of balance and activity in daily life. It impacts postural control and increases the risk of falls. The current study was conducted to determine the feasibility and long-term impact of stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) on static and dynamic balance and reaction time among elderly individuals. Methods A randomized crossover pilot study with blinding of the participants. Twenty elderly were divided into group A (SR-WBV 5 Hz, Noise 4/SR-WBV...

Sport in den Gegenwartskünsten

Corina Caduff, Sabine Gebhardt, Florian Fink & Steffen Schmidt

Vorfussentlastung durch Schuheinlagen : Effekte unterschiedlicher Konstruktionsprinzipien.

Heiner Baur, N. Merz, A. Muster, G. Fluckiger & A. Hirschmuller
Hintergrund Schuheinlagen- und Schuhmodifikationen werden zur Reduktion des plantaren Spitzendruckes eingesetzt. Die Effekte verschiedener Schuheinlagen und -konstruktionen zur Vorfußentlastung sind bisher unzureichend untersucht. Fragestellung Ziel war die Überprüfung des Einflusses von Einlagen- (retrokapitale Pelotte, Vorfußweichbettung, Kontrolle) und Schuhkonstruktionen (flexibel, steif) auf den Spitzendruck im Vorfuß. Material und Methoden In die Studie wurden 15 gesunde Probanden eingeschlossen. Die plantare Druckverteilung wurde mit einem In-Schuh-System während des Gehens (3,5 km∙h−1) auf einem Laufband gemessen und der durchschnittliche...

Heute auf dem Sofa: Johannes Kirchhof : Sabine Hahn im Gespräch mit Pflegeexperten

Sabine Hahn & Johannes Kirchhof

Enjeux sociopolitiques pour le nouveau Parlement

Michelle Beyeler
Le marché du travail et la société changent et nécessitent un nouveau paramétrage sociopolitique. Les élections de cet automne sont donc l’occasion de choisir la voie sur laquelle nous souhaitons nous engager.

Musculoskeletal full-body models including a detailed thoracolumbar spine for children and adolescents aged 6–18 years

Stefan Schmid, Katelyn A. Burkhart, Brett T. Allaire, Daniel Grindle & Dennis E. Anderson
Currently available musculoskeletal inverse-dynamics thoracolumbar spine models are entirely based on data from adults and might therefore not be applicable for simulations in children and adolescents. In addition, these models lack lower extremities, which are required for comprehensive evaluations of functional activities or therapeutic exercises. We therefore created OpenSim-based musculoskeletal full-body models including a detailed thoracolumbar spine for children and adolescents aged 6–18 years and validated by comparing model predictions to in vivo data. After...

Medikamentenknappheit. Eine komplexe Wertschöpfungskette

Stefan Grösser & Patrick Maag
Immer öfter sorgt das Thema Medikamentenknappheit in der Schweiz für Schlagzeilen. Um den komplexen Ursachen auf den Grund zu gehen, erstellen Forschende der Berner Fachhochschule eine detaillierte und auf Entscheidungsregeln basierte Wertschöpfungskette.

Caloric dose-responsive genes in blood cells differentiate the metabolic status of obese men

Doreen Gille, Nadine Zangger, Charlotte Soneson, Ueli Bütikofer, Mauro Delorenzi, Flurina Schwander, Katrin Annika Kopf, Magali Chollet, Barbara Walther, Kurt Laederach & Guy Vergères
We have investigated the postprandial transcriptional response of blood cells to increasing caloric doses of a meal challenge to test whether the dynamic response of the human organism to the ingestion of food is dependent on metabolic health. The randomized crossover study included seven normal weight and seven obese men consuming three doses (500/1000/1500 kcal) of a high-fat meal. The blood cell transcriptome was measured before and 2, 4, and 6 h after meal ingestion...

Evolution of farm and manure management and their influence on ammonia emissions from agriculture in Switzerland between 1990 and 2010

Thomas Kupper, Cyrill Bonjour & Harald Menzi
The evolution of farm and manure management and their influence on ammonia (NH3) emissions from agriculture in Switzerland between 1990 and 2010 was modeled. In 2010, total agricultural NH3 emissions were 48,290 t N. Livestock contributed 90% (43,480 t N), with the remaining 10% (4760 t N) coming from arable and fodder crops. The emission stages of grazing, housing/exercise yard, manure storage and application produced 3%, 34%, 17% and 46%, respectively, of livestock emissions. Cattle,...

Paediatric end-of-life care in the home care setting (PELICAN HOME) - a mixed methods study protocol

Katri Eskola, Eva Bergsträsser, Karin Zimmermann & Eva Cignacco Müller
Aims (a) To explore parental experiences and needs during their child's end‐of‐life care at home; (b) to explore patient's characteristics and current provision of paediatric end‐of‐life care in the home care setting in Switzerland; and (c) to determine influencing system factors impacting end‐of‐life care at home. Background Parental experiences/needs and paediatric end‐of‐life care services in the home care setting are influenced by national healthcare policy, determinants of the family and the individual patient. In Switzerland,...

Perspectives on Smart Cities Strategies: Sketching a Framework and Testing First Uses

Stephan Haller, Alessia Neuroni, Marianne Fraefel & Ken Sakamura
Many cities today claim to be or to become a "smart city". The approaches and public policy foci taken by cities differ depending on the particular context of each city, e.g., size, technology strategy, political system, current challenges and history. This paper is proposing a Smart City Strategy Framework in the form of a morphological box, describing elements relevant for a smart city strategy and their possible manifestations. The framework is based on a literature...

A new Swiss inventory of ammonia emissions from agriculture based on a survey on farm and manure management and farm-specific model calculations

Beat Reidy, Beat Rhim & Harald Menzi
Existing emission inventory approaches mainly rely on expert judgement for information on farm and manure management. To detect the relatively small changes of total annual ammonia (NH3) emissions required under the Gothenburg Protocol, expert judgement is considered insufficient. We present, therefore, here a new Swiss NH3 emission inventory based on a detailed representative stratified survey on farm and manure management conducted on 1950 farms. The survey data was used to calculate NH3 emissions with the...

Diffusion of open data and crowdsourcing among heritage institutions: results of a pilot survey in Switzerland.

Beat Estermann
In a pilot survey we examined the diffusion of open data and crowdsourcing practices among heritage institutions in Switzerland. The results suggest that so far, only very few institutions have adopted an open data / open content policy. There are however signs that many institutions may adopt this innovation in a near future: A majority of institutions considers open data as important and believes that the opportunities prevail over the risks. The main obstacles that...

Modeling bio-engineering traits of Jatropha curcas L.

Filippo Giadrossich, Denis Cohen, Massimiliano Schwarz, Giovanna Seddaiu, Nicla Contran, Marcello Lubino, Ofelia Andrea Valdés-Rodríguez & Marcello Niedda
The wide distribution of Jatropha curcas L. in tropical areas provides the opportunity to use this plant for improving slope stability and controlling erosion. To determine the effectiveness of Jatropha curcas L. as a bio-engineering plant we measured stem diameter and height of 1, 3, 5, 6, 18, and 36 month-old plants, and root distribution at 6, 18, and 36 months by full excavation of the root system. We also measured in the laboratory the...

The 2002 Relaunch of the Swiss Design Awards: Key Changes and their Influence on Designers’ Careers and Networks

Jonas Berthod
In 2002, the Swiss Design Awards were relaunched in a new format, in a bid to reinvigorate the competition and to adapt the promotion of design to the evolving needs of the profession. One of the key themes of the new format was the vision of the Swiss Federal Office of Culture that it could be a node in the network of Swiss design. After tracing the evolution of the Office’s approach to sponsorship in...

Development and initial validation of the Parental PELICAN Questionnaire (PaPEQu) - an instrument to assess parental experiences and needs during their child's end-of-life care

Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco Müller, Katri Eskola, Sandra Engberg, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Nicolas Von Der Weid & Eva Bergsträsser
AIM: To develop and test the Parental PELICAN Questionnaire, an instrument to retrospectively assess parental experiences and needs during their child's end-of-life care. BACKGROUND: To offer appropriate care for dying children, healthcare professionals need to understand the illness experience from the family perspective. A questionnaire specific to the end-of-life experiences and needs of parents losing a child is needed to evaluate the perceived quality of paediatric end-of-life care. DESIGN: This is an instrument development study...

Pelvic floor muscle activity during jumps in continent and incontinent women : an exploratory study

Helene Moser, Monika Leitner, Patric Eichelberger, Annette Kuhn, Jean-Pierre Baeyens & Lorenz Radlinger

Dynamics of Long-Life Assets: From Technology Adaptation to Upgrading the Business Model

Stefan Grösser, Arcadio Reyes-Lecuona & Göran Granholm

Coordinating Interdependent E-Government Solutions Illustrated on the Electronic Change of Address in Switzerland

Thomas Selzam, Alessia Neuroni & Reinhard Riedl
In this case study we illustrate the high complexity of a rather simple inter-agency e-government service: change of address in Switzerland. This enables us to identify typical sources and dimensions of complexity for inter-agency services in countries with decentralised competencies among government agencies. From the resulting picture we draw conclusions on how to deal with complexity - And how to avoid further dramatic increases of e-government complexity. In particular, we discuss the role of coordination...

Einfluss von Sprunggelenksorthesen auf die Prävalenz von Supinationstraumen im Volleyball in der Schweizer Nationalliga A

J. Jaggi, S. Kneubühler & Slavko Rogan
Hintergrund: Supinationstraumen prägen das Bild im Volleyballsport. Denn das Verletzungsrisiko ist im Spiel 2,1-mal höher als im Training. Aufgrund dieser Tatsache wird in den Schweizer Volleyballligen immer mehr der präventive Einsatz von Sprunggelenksorthesen beobachtet. Studien zeigen, dass ein präventiver Effekt von Sprunggelenksorthesen auf die Prävalenz von Supinationstraumen vorhanden ist. Da in der Schweiz eine entsprechende Erhebung zum präventiven Einsatz von Sprunggelenksorthesen und dessen Auswirkung auf die Prävalenz fehlt, möchte diese Arbeit Daten sammeln um 1....

Die Literatur und das Problem der zweiten Schöpfung

Corina Caduff

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Text