2,467 Works

Auswirkungen der intrapartalen Oxytocin-Gabe auf Mutter und Kind Oxytocin

Céline Schick, Vera Jäggi & Vera Boss
Oxytocin wird im Gehirn produziert. Seine Wirkung entfaltet das ringförmige Hormon an vielen Stellen im Körper. Wird es zur Wehenverstärkung gegeben, hat das deshalb auch Auswirkungen an anderen Stellen – sowohl für die Gebärende als auch für ihr Kind. Für ihre Bachelorthesis haben zwei Studentinnen eine Literaturübersicht zu den Folgen der intrapartalen Oxytocin-Gabe erstellt.

Medicine is a social science: COVID-19 and the tragedy of residential care facilities in high-income countries

Tanja Krones, Gabriele Meyer & Settimio Monteverde
In the context of the pandemic spread of COVID-19, the majority of high-income countries have witnessed an extraordinary high death toll of people living in residential care facilities. Social epidemiology makes an important contribution to better understand this phenomenon, attributable to the biological impact of the pathogen on vulnerable high-risk populations and to the place of care as a decisive social determinant of health. The tragedy of COVID-19 related deaths in nursing homes is primarily...

Identifying the Public Interest in COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps in Switzerland Based on Online Search Behavior

Christoph Glauser, Loris Schmid & Mascha Kurpicz-Briki
One major discussion point during the COVID-19 crisis is the use of digital contact tracing applications to reduce the spreading of the Corona virus among the population. Whereas this is important for public health from a pandemic point of view, this raised many discussions about privacy and other data mining concerns in the population. In this study we monitored the search behavior of the Swiss online population from mid of May until mid of June...

Integrating Pharmacogenetic Decision Support into a Clinical Information System

Kevin Michael Tippenhauer, Marwin Philips, Carlo R Largiadèr, Murat Sariyar & Thomas Bürkle
Pharmacogenetic testing can prevent adverse drug events but has rarely found its way into clinical routine. One reason is the lack of tools for smooth and automatable integration of pharmacogenetic knowledge into existing processes. Especially, electronic medical records (EMR) represent a suitable environment for such tools. We developed a modular service-oriented prototype of a pharmacogenetic decision support system within an EMR system of the Bern University Hospital. Here, we present the component architecture of our...

Entwicklung lässt sich nicht bremsen

Roger Stirnimann

Soil pressure and pulling behavior of standard and half-track tractor chassis concepts

Thomas Fedde, Michael Peeters & Roger Stirnimann
The investigation deals with the specific behavior of tire and new half-track based tractor chassis concepts under pull-condition, where horizontal and vertical forces occur between tractor and implement. These forces lead to a change of the front- and rear axle loads, compared to non-pull condition. The pulling forces lead to a pitch effects of the tractor and can also result in a pitch effect of the track system, depending on the design of the track...

Using Taxonomies on Objects and Attributes to Discover Generalized Patterns

Rokia Missaoui & Jean Vaillancourt
In this paper, we show how the existence of taxonomies on objects and/or attributes can be used in formal concept analysis to help discover generalized patterns in the form of concepts. To that end, we analyze three generalization cases and different scenarios of a simultaneous generalization on both objects and attributes. We also contrast the number of generalized patterns against the number of simple patterns.

Rut Depth Evaluation of a Triple-Bogie System for Forwarders — Field Trials with TLS Data Support

Cédric Derron, Felix Heubaum & Martin Ziesak
In 2019, the machine manufacturer HSM presented a forwarder prototype for timber hauling in cut-to-length processes fitted with a new 10-wheel triple-bogie (TB) setup approach aimed at promoting sustainable forest management by reducing the ecological impact of forest operations, especially under soft-soil working conditions. The purpose of our study was to assess the resulting soil-protection effect emerging from additional wheel-contact surface area. For this, the rut development under known cumulative weight, related to the soil...

What they do in the shadows: examining the far-right networks on Telegram

Aleksandra Urman
The present paper contributes to the research on the activities of far-right actors on social media by examining the interconnections between far-right actors and groups on Telegram platform using network analysis. The far-right network observed on Telegram is highly decentralized, similarly to the far-right networks found on other social media platforms. The network is divided mostly along the ideological and national lines, with the communities related to 4chan imageboard and Donald Trump’s supporters being the...

Das Werk ist der Ritus

Lennart Dohms

On a Class of Random Walks with Reinforced Memory

Erich Baur
This paper deals with different models of random walks with a reinforced memory of preferential attachment type. We consider extensions of the Elephant Random Walk introduced by Schütz and Trimper (Phys Rev E 70:044510(R), 2004) with stronger reinforcement mechanisms, where, roughly speaking, a step from the past is remembered proportional to some weight and then repeated with probability p. With probability 1 − p, the random walk performs a step independent of the past. The...

Advice‐seeking and advice‐utilization for hiring decisions: An investigation of a partially outsourced recruitment process for rank‐and‐file managers

Christian Hopp & Alexander Speil
We study a large-scale, partially outsourced recruitment process. A specialized con-sultancy assesses applicants' soft-skills on behalf of a client firm, who retains agencyover the hiring decision. We conceptualize this collaboration as an advice-seeking,advice-utilization process and analyze the effectiveness of hiring recommendationsprovided in influencing the client's hiring decisions. Two external HR specialists notonly differ in their soft skill ratings, but also differ in their aggregation of these ratingsinto their hiring recommendations. The consultants' recommendations are particu-larly...

What Crisis? Management Researchers’ Experiences with and Views of Scholarly Misconduct

Gary A. Hoover
This research presents the results of a survey regarding scientific misconduct and questionable research practices elicited from a sample of 1215 management researchers. We find that misconduct (research that was either fabricated or falsified) is not encountered often by reviewers nor editors. Yet, there is a strong prevalence of misrepresentations (method inadequacy, omission or withholding of contradic‑tory results, dropping of unsupported hypotheses). When it comes to potential meth‑odological improvements, those that are skeptical about the...

Digitalisation of the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised and Evaluation with a Machine Learning Algorithm.

Martin Eduard Birchmeier, Tobias Studer, Andreas Lutterotti, Iris-Katharina Penner & Serge Bignens
The disease multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by various neurological symptoms. This paper deals with a novel tool to assess cognitive dysfunction. The Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) is a recognized method to measure optical recognition deficits and their progression. Typically, the test is carried out on paper. We present a way to make this process more efficient, without losing quality by having the patients using a tablet App and having the drawings rated with...

Wie gesundheitskompetent ist die Schweizer Bevölkerung?

Kathrin Sommerhalder & Thomas Abel

Analysis of lignin degradation on wood surfaces to create a UV-protecting cellulose rich layer.

Thomas Volkmer, Marion Noël, M. Arnold & J. Strautmann
Wood is sensitive to photochemical degradation. The development of a wood surface protected against sun radiation remains a major challenge. Specimens from different species have been exposed to the outdoor environment and analysed at different depths and time steps by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. After 2 months of weathering, the peak representing the C=C aromatic bond disappeared on the surface. The radiation penetration depth in the latewood of softwoods is less than that in earlywood....

Negotiating the Potato: The Challenge of Dealing with Multiple Diversities in Elder Care.

Karin Van Holten & Eva Soom Ammann

Optimizing the specific removal rate with the burst mode und varying conditions

Beat Jäggi, Stefan Marco Remund, Yiming Zhang, Thorsten Kramer & Beat Neuenschwander

Real-Time Ethernet - Industry Prospective

Max Felser
After more than ten years of experience with applications of fieldbus in automation technology, the industry starts to develop and adopt Real-Time Ethernet (RTE) solutions. There already exists now more than ten proposed solutions. IEC standards are trying to give a guideline and selection criteria based on recognized indicators for the user. Index Terms— Field buses, Real-Time Ethernet, industrial networks, standardization

Swiss Energy Strategy 2050: Research on Photovoltaic Electricity Production

Eva Schüpbach, Urs Muntwyler, Thomas Schott, Monika Jost, Christian Renken & Manuel Lanz

Detection of Modern Communication Signals Using Frequency Domain Morphological Filtering

M. Witschi, J. Schild, B. Nyffenegger, C. Stoller, M. Berger, Rolf Vetter, G. Stirnimann, P. Schwab & F. Dellsperger

National trends in total cholesterol obscure heterogeneous changes in HDL and non-HDL cholesterol and total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio : a pooled analysis of 458 population-based studies in Asian and Western countries

Cristina Taddei, Rod Jackson, Bin Zhou, Honor Bixby, Goodarz Danaei, Mariachiara Di Cesare, Kari Kuulasmaa, Kaveh Hajifathalian, James Bentham, James E Bennett, Wichai Aekplakorn, Renata Cifkova, Jean Dallongeville, Dirk DeBacquer, Simona Giampaoli, Vilmundur Gudnason, Young-Ho Khang, Tiina Laatikainen, JimI Mann, Pedro Marques-Vidal, GeorgeA Mensah, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Janina Petkeviciene, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo … & Wenhua Zhao
Background Although high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and non-HDL cholesterol have opposite associations with coronary heart disease, multi-country reports of lipid trends only use total cholesterol (TC). Our aim was to compare trends in total, HDL and non-HDL cholesterol and the total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio in Asian and Western countries. Methods We pooled 458 population-based studies with 82.1 million participants in 23 Asian and Western countries. We estimated changes in mean total, HDL and non-HDL cholesterol and mean...

Warum in Basel, Zug und Neuenburg die Lohnschere aufging

Oliver Hümbelin
Der Artikel analysiert die Ungleichheitswntwicklung in den Kantonen – und diskutieren die Folgen des Steuerwettbewerbs und der Personen­freizügigke

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