2,467 Works

Sequenzierung von Braunviehtieren: GWAS und genomische Zuchtwertschätzung basierend auf Sequenzdaten

Mirjam Frischknecht, Christine Flury, Heidi Signer-Hasler, Christian Stricker, Dorian Garrick, Anna Bieber, Franz R. Seefried, Beat Bapst & Birgit Gredler

Considérations croisées dans les études évaluant les muscles du plancher pelvien au moyen d’un EMG : examen de portée

Irene König, Noémie Flury & Lorenz Radlinger
Introduction L’électromyographie de surface utilisant des sondes intra-vaginales est d’usage largement répandu pour évaluer l’activité des muscles du plancher pelvien chez la femme. Bien qu’elle soit considérée comme une méthode fiable, sa validité a été remise en question du fait de la présence d’un phénomène dénommé diaphonie. La diaphonie est définie comme le fait d’enregistrer une activité électromyographique de surface provenant de muscles voisins plutôt que celle provenant des muscles considérés. Le but de cette...

Biochemical Conversion Processes of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals – A Review

Simone Brethauer Studer & Michael Hans-Peter Studer
Lignocellulosic biomass – such as wood, agricultural residues or dedicated energy crops – is a promising renewable feedstock for production of fuels and chemicals that is available at large scale at low cost without direct competition for food usage. Its biochemical conversion in a sugar platform biorefinery includes three main unit operations that are illustrated in this review: the physico-chemical pretreatment of the biomass, the enzymatic hydrolysis of the carbohydrates to a fermentable sugar stream...

Effectiveness of Transitional Interventions in Improving Patient Outcomes and Service Use After Discharge From Psychiatric Inpatient Care: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Anna Hegedüs, Bernd Kozel, Dirk Richter & Johann Behrens
Background: The transition from psychiatric hospital to community is often hindered by challenges that influence community adjustment and continuity of care. Transitional interventions with bridging components are provided prior to discharge and continue beyond inpatient care. They provide continuity of care and may be effective in preventing readmission. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of transitional interventions with predischarge and postdischarge components in reducing readmissions and improving health-related or social outcomes of patients discharged from...

Einfluss von Heu aus artenreichen Bergwiesen mit erhöhten Gehalten an Polyphenolen auf die Stickstoffverwertung von Milchkühen

Simon Ineichen, A. D. Künzler, S. Marquardt, M. Kreuzer & Beat Reidy

Von der Fuge in Rot bis zur Zwitschermaschine

Thomas Gartmann
Buchvorschau

Young nurses and experiences of aggression: a qualitative content alanysis

Karin Peter & Sabine Hahn
Keywords: Aggression, qualitative research, burden, nurses, general hospital Introduction: Nursing staff all over the world is affected by patient and visitor aggression during daily works (Jackson, Clare & Mannix, 2002). The effects from aggression can be physically and psychologically damaging (Rippon, 2000). Most studies on patient and visitor violence have been conducted in either mental health or emergency care settings (Estryn-Behar, van der Heijden, Camerino, Fry, Le Nezet, Conway et al.,2008). However, in the general...

Reframing the relevance of research to practice

Stephen Fox & Stefan Grösser

Stochastic Resonance Whole-Body Vibration Improves Postural Control in Health-Care Professionals: A Worksite Randomised Controlled Trial.

Achim Elfering, Christian Burger, Volker Schade & Lorenz Radlinger
AIM To investigate the acute effects of stochastic resonance whole body vibration (SR-WBV), including muscle relaxation and cardiovascular activation. METHODS Sixty-four healthy students participated. The participants were randomly assigned to sham SR-WBV training at a low intensity (1.5 Hz) or a verum SR-WBV training at a higher intensity (5 Hz). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and self-reported muscle relaxation were assessed before and immediately after SR-WBV. RESULTS Two factorial...

Aggression in der Langzeitpflege : Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Daten.

Dirk Richter
Aggressionshandlungen kommen in allen Sektoren des Gesundheits- sowie des Sozialwesens vor, die Langzeitpflege macht hier keine Ausnahme.1 Historisch interessant ist jedoch, dass das Themenfeld Aggression/Gewalt aus wissenschaftlicher Perspektive sich über lange Jahre hinweg nahezu ausschliesslich mit Handlungen gegen Bewohnende bzw. ältere Menschen befasst hat. Erst in jüngerer Zeit ist eine Forschungsliteratur entstanden, welche sich – analog zu Entwicklungen in der Psychiatrie sowie in somatischen Einrichtungen – mit der gesamten Komplexität des Feldes befasst und Aggressionshandlungen...

Verifizierbare Internet-Wahlen an Schweizer Hochschulen mit UniVote

Eric Dubuis, Stephan Fischli, Rolf Haenni, Severin Hauser, Reto Koenig, Philipp Locher, J. Ritter & Philémon Von Von Bergen

Experimental and numerical analysis of moisture transport in walnut and cherry wood in radial and tangential material directions.

Daniel Konopka, Erik V. Bachtiar, Peter Niemz & Michael Kaliske
The diffusion properties of walnut (Juglans regia L.) and cherry (Prunus avium L.) wood prependicular to the grain are presented. The wet and dry cup tests were carried out in normal climate conditions. Simultaneously, inverse analyses by means of the finite element (FE) method were conducted based on the experimental sorption data. The results show that the numerically derived diffusion model can predict the mass changes during the experiments with sufficient accuracy with a maximum...

Technical Metrics Used to Evaluate Health Care Chatbots: Scoping Review

Alaa Abd-Alrazaq, Zeineb Safi, Mohannad Alajlani, Jim Warren, Mowafa Househ & Kerstin Denecke

Signal Analysis Using Local Polynomial Approximations

Reto Wildhaber, Elizabeth Ren, Frédéric Waldmann & Hans-Andrea Loeliger
Local polynomial approximations represent a versatile feature space for time-domain signal analysis. The parameters of such polynomial approximations can be computed by efficient recursions using autonomous linear state space models and often allow analytical solutions for quantities of interest. The approach is illustrated by practical examples including the estimation of the delay difference between two acoustic signals and template matching in electrocardiogram signals with local variations in amplitude and time scale.

Nitrogen use efficiency, reticulo-ruminal pH and behaviour of lactating cows grazing either in a full-time system or in a part-time system with indoor feeding of fresh herbage and concentrate

Franziska Akert, M. Kreuzer, P. Hofstetter & J. Berard
Increasing herd size and fragmented or non-uniform land challenge pasture-based milk pro-duction systems. Therefore, part-time grazing combined with indoor feeding of fresh herbage(‘cut-and-carry’) allows to maintain the advantages of fresh-herbage-based diets. However,consequences for environmental nitrogen losses, animal behaviour and ruminal metabolismare decisive for its implementation. Animal performance, nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), reti-culo-ruminal pH and feeding/locomotive behaviour were compared in six cows subjectedeither to full-time grazing (system F) or to part-time grazing system with indoor feeding...

Spinal Compressive Forces in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With and Without Carrying Loads: A Musculoskeletal Modeling Study

Stefan Schmid, Katelyn A. Burkhart, Brett T. Allaire, Daniel Grindle, Tito Bassani, Fabio Galbusera & Dennis E. Anderson
The pathomechanisms of curve progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remain poorly understood and biomechanical data are limited. A deeper insight into spinal loading could provide valuable information toward the improvement of current treatment strategies. This work therefore aimed at using subject-specific musculoskeletal full-body models of patients with AIS to predict segmental compressive forces around the curve apex and to investigate how these forces are affected by simulated load carrying. Models were created based on...

Aktueller Stand von Advanced Practice in den DACH Ländern

Undine Lehmann & Isabelle Graf
Erweiterte Rollen in der Ernährung und Diätetik können wegweisend sein, um die neuen Herausforderungen im Gesundheitssystem zu bewältigen. Wie aber ist der aktuelle Stand der Entwicklung dieser erweiterten Advanced Practice (AP) Rollen in den DACHLändern Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz? Das Interview mit Uta Köpcke, Andrea Hofbauer und Adrian Rufener geht dieser und weiteren Fragen auf den Grund.

Wechselwirkungen zwischen digitalen und analogen Repräsentationslogiken

Ulrike Felsing
In diesem Beitrag werden Wechselwirkungen zwischen analogen und digitalen Repräsentationsformen untersucht. Dabei werden zunächst die Unterschiede der medialen Bezugsrahmen ‚Druck’ und ‚Internet’ herausgearbeitet und anschließend in Beziehung zu Differenzen von gedruckten und digitalen Bildern gesetzt. Diese Differenzen werden in Hinsicht ihrer Einflussnahme auf unterschiedliche Formen des Handelns mit Bildern – wie Repräsentieren und Rezipieren – bezüglich analoger und digitaler Umgebungen analysiert. Das ‚Wie’ des ‚Zu-Sehen-Gebens’ und des Wahrnehmens der gleichen Bilder in Facebook und im...

Parameter interactions in two-block welding and the wood nail concept in wood dowel welding

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville, A. Pizzi, A. Thomas, J. M. Leban, J.-F. Bocquet, A. Despres & H. Mansouri
The interactions between parameters found to be determinant in wood dowel welding by high speed rotation have been evaluated. Of these, the interactions that proved to be the most significant, in descending order, were rotation rate/dowel moisture content, followed by rotation rate/ethylene glycol, and finally, at a lower level of significance, the interactions rotation rate/dowel temperature, wood grain direction/wood species and dowel temperature/wood species. Of the individual factors, once the most determinant factor already optimized...

Evaluation of the fracture toughness of wood welded connections: Measurement of the energy release rate by the method of experimental compliance

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville, Gilles Duchanois, Antonio Pizzi, Frédéric Pichelin, Milena Properzi & Jean-Michel Leban
The energy release rates of beech specimens bonded by linear friction welding were determined using double cantilever beam (DCB) tests. The analysis of the results was carried out with the experimental compliance method, which is based on the linear-elastic fracture mechanics. The compliance relation was approximated to a third-order polynomial equation for smoothing and followed by calculation of least squares. This analysis method had not been previously used for glued connections in mode I. It...

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