2,467 Works

Mit Low-End Innovationen die medizinische Versorgung verbessern – Potenziale und Herausforderungen

Ariane Segelitz-Karsten, Sebastian Gurtner & Ronny Reinhardt
Unsere Gesellschaft im 21. Jahrhundert steht vor zahlreichen globalen Herausforderungen. Besonders das Gesundheitswesen sieht sich trotz Verbesserungen von Untersuchungs- und Behandlungsmethoden großen Aufgaben gegenüber. Ein drängendes Problem stellt die Bereitstellung von medizinischer Versorgung dar. Mehrere Milliarden Menschen, v. a. in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern, verfügen über keinen oder nur unzureichenden Zugang zu medizinischer Grundversorgung. Ein Weg, um diese Herausforderungen zu bezwingen, stellen Low-End Innovationen dar. Hierbei handelt es sich um neue Produkte oder Dienstleistungen, die deutlich...

Processing of metals with ps-laser pulses in the range between 10ps and 100ps

Marc Schmid, Beat Neuenschwander, Valerio Romano, Guido Hennig, Beat Jaeggi & Urs Hunziker

Learning orientations and learning dynamics: Understanding heterogeneous approaches and comparative success in nascent entrepreneurship

Benson Honig
Entrepreneurship is a learning process, yet the paths that entrepreneurs take to achieve success and the resources they assemble differ widely. To better understand when and for whom specific learning styles and new venture organizing activities are beneficial, this study develops a theoretical framework based on entrepreneurs' learning orientations. We compare the founding trajectories of concrete experience and abstract conceptualization learner/entrepreneurs, as defined in experiential learning theory (ELT). The study tests the predictions with multinomial...

Time and Business Sustainability: Socially Responsible Investing in Swiss Banks and Insurance Companies

Business sustainability aims to combine market logic with social welfare logic. In literature, it is commonly assumed that sustainability and the social welfare logic associated with it are characterized by a long-term orientation. However, this assumption is problematic because this principle may not apply in certain contexts. This qualitative study challenges this assumption and focuses on the mechanisms by which time affects the adoption of sustainability practices in the context of socially responsible investing (SRI)...

Revisiting Principles and Challenges in Natural Language Programming

André Freitas, Douglas Oliveira, Adamantios Koumpis & Siegfried Handschuh
Automation has faced the risk of reducing its pace due to the shortage of information technology professionals. Although part of the programming demand can be addressed by simple compositions of high-level functions and data flows, non-technical professionals are still unable to build their own software given the intrinsic complexity of coding. Among other types of end-user development, natural language programming has emerged as a strong candidate to fill this gap by developing methods and tools...

High-throughput and high-precision laser micromachining with ps-pulses in synchronized mode with a fast polygon line scanner

Beat Jaeggi, Beat Neuenschwander, Markus Zimmermann, L. Penning, R. DeLoor, K. Weingarten & A. Oehler
To be competitive in laser micro machining, high throughput is an important aspect. One possibility to increase productivity is scaling up the ablation process i.e. linearly increasing the laser repetition rate together with the average power and the scan speed. In the MHz-regime high scan speeds are required which cannot be provided by commercially available galvo scanners. In this work we will report on the results by using a polygon line scanner having a maximum...

Prevalence of non-functional overreaching and the overtraining syndrome in Swiss elite athletes

Daniel Lienhard, Craig. A. Williams, Philipp Röthlin & Gareth Morgan
Objectives: Fatigue and unaccountable underperformance are common for athletes, but there is a lack of empirical data regarding the prevalence of non-functional overreaching (NFOR) and the overtraining syndrome (OTS). Using the overtraining definition of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), the present study aimed to explore the prevalence, symptoms and associated factors of NFOR/OTS across Swiss elite athletes in various sports. Method: 139 Swiss elite athletes (63 males and 76 females, Mage = 23.6,...

On the size of ∃ -generalized concept lattices

Rostand S. Kuitché & Romuald E.A. Temgoua
Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) offers several tools for qualitative data analysis. One possibility is to group objects that share common attributes together and get a concept lattice that describes the data. Quite often the size of this concept lattice is very large. Many authors have investigated methods to reduce the size of this lattice. In Kwuida et al. (2014) the authors consider putting together some attributes to reduce the size of the attribute sets. But...

Processing of metals and dielectric materials with ps-laserpulses: results, strategies, limitations and needs

Beat Neuenschwander, Guido Bucher, Christian Nussbaum, Benjamin Joss, Martin Muralt, Urs Hunziker & Peter Schütz

Mapping the geogenic radon potential for Germany by machine learning

Hanna Meyer, Madlene Nussbaum & Peter Bossew
The radioactive gas radon (Rn) is considered as an indoor air pollutant due to its detrimental effects on humanhealth. In fact, exposure to Rn belongs to the most important causes for lung cancer after tobacco smoking. Thedominant source of indoor Rn is the ground beneath the house. The geogenic Rn potential (GRP) - a functionof soil gas Rn concentration and soil gas permeability - quantifies what“earth delivers in terms of Rn”and rep-resents a hazard indicator...

Derivatization Technique to Increase the Spectral Selectivity of Two-Dimensional (2D) Fourier Transform Infrared Focal Plane Array (FT-IR FPA) Imaging: Analysis of Binder Composition in Aged Oil and Tempera Paint.

Stefan Zumbühl, Nadim Scherrer & Urs Eggenberger
The interpretation of standard Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) on oil-based paint samples often suffers from interfering bands of the different compounds, namely, binder, oxidative aging products, carboxylates formed during aging, and several pigments and fillers. The distinction of the aging products such as ketone and carboxylic acid functional groups pose the next problem, as these interfere with the triglyceride esters of the oil. A sample preparation and derivatization technique using gaseous sulfur tetrafluoride (SF4),...

Stufenlosgetriebe bei Traktoren - Die Varianten sind vielfältig

Roger Stirnimann

Fehler und kritische Zwischenfälle im zivilrechtlichen Kindesschutz: Wie Organisationen aus Einzelfällen lernen können!

Christoph Gehrlach, Andrea Hauri & Markus Iff

Superheroes in the Hospital?

Minou Afzali
Since the beginning of the pandemic social media, poster campaigns by international advertising agencies and, last but not least, art have featured images of health workers as superheroes. These pictures are intended to pay tribute to the so-called ‘everyday heroes’ for their ‘fight’ against the invisible ‘enemy’ Covid-19. The pictorial heroisation of the health professions is questioned in the interview with the nursing expert Prof. Dr. Sabine Hahn.

Sicher Auto fahren im Alter: Die Männer können von den Frauen lernen

Bernhard Müller
Kampagnen für sicheres Autofahren im Alter können bei den Einstellungen oder beim Verhalten der Autofahrerinnen und Autofahrer ansetzen. Eine Studie zeigt: Frauen und Männer müssen dabei unterschiedlich angesprochen werden, denn ihre Altersbilder unterscheiden sich deutlich.

Wie gut sind die Arbeitsbedingungen in der Schweiz?

Tobias Fritschi & Thomas Oesch
Die Digitalisierung beunruhigt die Arbeitnehmenden. Sie können zudem ihre Arbeitszeiten immer weniger beeinflussen. Und in den Grenzregionen werden die Arbeitsbedingungen auffallend schlechter beurteilt. Dies sind einige der bemerkenswerten Befunde des Barometers Gute Arbeit von BFH und Travail.Suisse. Die Qualität der Arbeitsbedingungen ist dennoch zufriedenstellend.

Mesure digitale de la poussière dans les écuries pour chevaux : effet de la litière et du management

C. Labie, Franziska Kägi, P. Küng & Cornelia Herholz

Wirkung einer möglichen Erbschaftssteuer. Rechenbeispiele mit Berner Steuerdaten

Oliver Hümbelin & Rudolf Farys

Teilhabe bis ins hohe Alter

Jonathan Bennett
Ältere Menschen sind eine heterogene Gruppe, deren Vielfalt in Zukunft noch zunehmen wird. Eines haben jedoch viele gemeinsam: die Fähigkeit und Bereitschaft, sich aktiv am gesellschaftlichen Leben zu beteiligen. Eine umfassende Alterspolitik sollte deshalb die Teilhabe älterer Menschen bis ins hohe Alter fördern.

Kommunale Alterspolitik aus gerontologischer Perspektive

Jonathan Bennett

Rotor Polarity Detection and Tracking for Slotless Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

Marko Tanaskovic, Chen Zhao, Federico Percacci, Patrik Gnos, Sébastien Mariéthoz & Damian Frick

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