48,459 Works

The socio-geography of mining and hydro in Lao PDR: Analysis Combining GIS Information with Socioeconomic Data

Ian Thomas, Nina Fenton, Magnus Lindelow & Andreas Heinimann

Einflussfaktoren auf Soziale und Gesellschaftliche Lernprozesse im Wissenssystem Biolandbau

Flurina Schneider, Dominik Rutz & Stephan Rist
Eine Haupterkenntnis von Forschung über biologische Landwirtschaft im Kontext der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit ist, dass nachhaltigere Bewirtschaftung nicht nur von besseren Anbaumethoden, sondern viel mehr davon abhängt, wie diese Methoden verbessert und an spezifische ökologische und sozio-ökonomische Kontexte in einem kontinuierlichen Koproduktionsprozess von Wissen angepasst werden. Diese Untersuchung hat die Ergründung von Faktoren zum ziel, die die Wissenskoproduktion im Bioreisanbau ermöglichen oder hemmen. Anhand einer Multilevelanalyse wird darauf fokussiert, wie der sozio-ökonomische, kulturelle und ökologische Kontext konstituiert...

The research-action interface in sustainable land management in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: Challenges and recommendations

Jyldyz Shigaeva, Chad Dear & Bettina Wolfgramm
International agencies and programmes introduced sustainable land management (SLM) to Central Asia after the former Soviet Republics became independent in 1991. An aim of early SLM initiatives was to address challenges linked to the transformation of the agricultural sector from a centrally planned economy to a decentralized market economy. This article analyses the knowledge–action interface in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan as it relates to SLM. The analysis focuses on the influence of underlying land management concepts...

A novel technique, dynamic intraligamentary stabilization creates optimal conditions for primary ACL healing: A preliminary biomechanical study

Harald Bonel, Gudrun Herrmann, Hendrik Kohlhof, Stefan Eggli, Dimitrios S. Evangelopoulos, Sufian S. Ahmad & Sandro Kohl
BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a common lesion. Current treatment emphasizes arthroscopic ACL reconstruction via a graft, although this approach is associated with potential drawbacks. A new method of dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) was subjected to biomechanical analysis to determine whether it provides the necessary knee stability for optimal ACL healing. METHODS Six human knees from cadavers were harvested. The patellar tendon, joint capsule and all muscular attachments to the tibia and femur...

Allocentric visual cues influence mental transformation of bodies

Nora Preuss, Fred W. Mast & L. R. Harris
Identifying a human body stimulus involves mentally rotating an embodied spatial representation of one's body (motoric embodiment) and projecting it onto the stimulus (spatial embodiment). Interactions between these two processes (spatial and motoric embodiment) may thus reveal cues about the underlying reference frames. The allocentric visual reference frame, and hence the perceived orientation of the body relative to gravity, was modulated using the York Tumbling Room, a fully furnished cubic room with strong directional cues...

Neighbourhood Diversity and Social Trust: An Empirical Analysis of Interethnic Contact and Group-specific Effects

Birte Gundelach & Markus Freitag
To date, neighbourhood studies on ethnic diversity and social trust have revealed inconclusive findings. In this paper, three innovations are proposed in order to systemise the knowledge about neighbourhood ethnic diversity and the development of social trust. First, it is proposed to use a valid trust measure that is sensitive to the local neighbourhood context. Second, the paper argues for a conception of organically evolved neighbourhoods, rather than using local administrative units as readily available...

Draft Genome Sequence of the Virulent Clostridium chauvoei Reference Strain JF4335

Sandra P. Calderon-Copete, Joachim Frey & Laurent Falquet
Clostridium chauvoei is the etiological agent of blackleg, a disease of cattle and sheep with high mortality rates, causing severe economic losses in livestock production. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of the virulent C. chauvoei strain JF4335 (2.8 Mbp and 28% G+C content) and the annotation of the genome.

Nonviral Gene Delivery of Growth and Differentiation Factor 5 to Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Injected into a 3D Bovine Intervertebral Disc Organ Culture System

Thomas Geiser, Benjamin Gantenbein-Ritter, Lorin M. Benneker, Christian H. Bucher & Amiq Ur Rahman Gazdhar
Intervertebral disc (IVD) cell therapy with unconditioned 2D expanded mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is a promising concept yet challenging to realize. Differentiation of MSCs by nonviral gene delivery of growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) by electroporation mediated gene transfer could be an excellent source for cell transplantation. Human MSCs were harvested from bone marrow aspirate and GDF5 gene transfer was achieved by in vitro electroporation. Transfected cells were cultured as monolayers and as 3D...

Distinct microRNA Expression Profile in Prostate Cancer Patients with Early Clinical Failure and the Impact of let-7 as Prognostic Marker in High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Martin Spahn, Zoran Culig, Hubertus Riedmiller, Philipp Stroebel, Steven Joniau, Claus Jürgen Scholz, Maria Schubert, Susanne Kneitz & Burkhard Kneitz
Background The identification of additional prognostic markers to improve risk stratification and to avoid overtreatment is one of the most urgent clinical needs in prostate cancer (PCa). MicroRNAs, being important regulators of gene expression, are promising biomarkers in various cancer entities, though the impact as prognostic predictors in PCa is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify specific miRNAs as potential prognostic markers in high-risk PCa and to validate their clinical impact....

Collation of Armenian manuscripts: A lone historian's approach

Tara Lee Andrews

Testing for Measurement Equivalence in Surveys: Dimensions of Social Trust across Cultural Contexts

Markus Freitag & Paul Cornelius Bauer
Our study evaluates the dimensionality and equivalence of social trust across cultural contexts, using new data from Switzerland and the World Values Survey 2005–2008. Whereas some scholars assert that trust should be regarded as a coherent concept, others claim that trust is better conceived of as a multidimensional concept. In contrast to the conventional dichotomy of the forms of social trust, we identify three distinct forms of trust, namely, particularized, generalized, and identity-based trust. Moreover,...

Eye-head coordination abnormalities in schizophrenia

Othmar Würmle, Simon Schwab, Nadja Razavi, Andreas Altorfer & René Martin Müri
Eye-movement abnormalities in schizophrenia are a well-established phenomenon that has been observed in many studies. In such studies, visual targets are usually presented in the center of the visual field, and the subject's head remains fixed. However, in every-day life, targets may also appear in the periphery. This study is among the first to investigate eye and head movements in schizophrenia by presenting targets in the periphery of the visual field.

IFPA Meeting 2013 Workshop Report I: Diabetes in pregnancy, maternal dyslipidemia in pregnancy, oxygen in placental development, stem cells and pregnancy pathology

I.L.M.H. Aye, P. O'Tierney-Ginn, G.E. Lash, T. Powell, M.H. Abumaree, S. Lager, C. Albrecht, S. Alahari, D. Giuffrida, M. Westwood, L. Ermini, H.W. Yung, A.M. Nuzzo, G. Desoye, Y. Li, L. Leach, C. Salomon, S. Bainbridge, M. Moretto-Zita, Q.-T. Huang, S. Chauvin, A. Serov, V.L. Clifton, A. Rolfo, B. Kalionis … & C.H. Graham

Hydrological mass changes inferred from high-low satellite-to-satellite tracking data

Adrian Jäggi, Mohammad Tourian, Matthias Weigelt, Lars Prange, Nico Sneeuw & Tonie Van Dam

Genome-wide analysis in German shepherd dogs reveals association of a locus on CFA 27 with atopic dermatitis

Göran Andersson, Gerli Pielberg, Kerstin Bergvall, Tosso Leeb, Marcel Frankowiack, Åke Hedhammar, Fabiana H G Farias, Katarina Tengvall, Marcin Kierczak, Mia Olsson, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Örjan Carlborg & Lennart Hammarström
Humans and dogs are both affected by the allergic skin disease atopic dermatitis (AD), caused by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The German shepherd dog (GSD) is a high-risk breed for canine AD (CAD). In this study, we used a Swedish cohort of GSDs as a model for human AD. Serum IgA levels are known to be lower in GSDs compared to other breeds. We detected significantly lower IgA levels in the CAD...

Status of the Zimmerwald SLR station

Adrian Jäggi, Johannes Utzinger, Marcel Prohaska, Peter Schlatter, Pierre Lauber, Krzysztof Jakub Sosnica, Peter Ruzek, Thomas Schildknecht & Martin Ploner

Strategic reduction of help before dispersal in a cooperative breeder

Markus Zöttl, Manuel Freiburghaus, Michael Taborsky & Lucille Chapuis

Investigations on an egyptian coffin and mummified head from Burgdorf Museum, Switzerland - A case of a historical puzzle

Sandra Lösch, Christian Jackowski, Alexandra Küffer & Domenic Rüttimann
In the Burgdorf Museum of Ethnology, a mummy rests in a coffin. According to the inventory book, it was purchased from the Cairo Egyptian museum in 1926. The coffin was now examined by Egyptologists and the mummy was radiocarbon dated and examined by Anthropologists. The aim of the study was to compare the results and to check whether mummy and coffin actually belong together. The skull was examined morphological-anthropologically and by CT as a “blank...

Validity of Charlson Comorbidity Index in patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome. Insights from the nationwide AMIS Plus registry 2002-2012

Paul Erne, Hans Rickli, Burkhardt Seifert, Milo A Puhan, Franz R Eberli, Philip Urban, Dragana Radovanovic, Stephan Windecker & Osmund Bertel
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the impact of individual comorbid conditions as well as the weight assignment, predictive properties and discriminating power of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) on outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS A prospective multicentre observational study (AMIS Plus Registry) from 69 Swiss hospitals with 29 620 ACS patients enrolled from 2002 to 2012. The main outcome measures were in-hospital and 1-year follow-up mortality. RESULTS Of the patients,...

Environmental protection and nature as distinct attitudinal objects: An application of the Campbell Paradigm

Adrian Brügger, Terry Hartig, Caroline Duvier & Florian G. Kaiser

Higgs-boson production at small transverse momentum

Thomas Becher, Matthias Neubert & Daniel Wilhelm
Using methods from effective field theory, we have recently developed a novel, systematic framework for the calculation of the cross sections for electroweak gauge-boson production at small and very small transverse momentum q T , in which large logarithms of the scale ratio m V /q T are resummed to all orders. This formalism is applied to the production of Higgs bosons in gluon fusion at the LHC. The production cross section receives logarithmically enhanced...

Combined LARES-LAGEOS solutions

Christian Baumann, Rolf Dach, Krzysztof Jakub Sosnica, Adrian Jäggi & Daniela Thaller

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