62,725 Works

Situazione fitosanitaria dei boschi

Laneve E Il Paesaggio Instituto Federale Di Ricerca Per La Foresta
Situazione fitosanitaria dei boschi

Longitudinal Healthcare Analytics for Disease Management: Empirical Demonstration for Low Back Pain

Michael Müller-Peltzer, Stefan Feuerriegel, Werner Vach, Anne Molgaard Nielsen, Alice Kongsted & Dirk Neumann
Clinician guidelines recommend health management to tailor the form of care to the expected course of diseases. Hence, in order to decide upon a suitable treatment plan, health professionals benefit from decision support, i.e., predictions about how a disease is to evolve. In clinical practice, such a prediction model requires interpretability. Interpretability, however, is often precluded by complex dynamic models that would be capable of capturing the intrapersonal variability of disease trajectories. Therefore, we develop...

Breakdown of the Wiedemann–Franz law in a unitary Fermi gas

Dominik Husmann, Martin Lebrat, Samuel Häusler, Jean-Philippe Brantut, Laura Corman & Tilman Esslinger
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (34)

Room-Temperature Strong Coupling of CdSe Nanoplatelets and Plasmonic Hole Arrays

Jan M. Winkler, Freddy T. Rabouw, Aurelio Rossinelli, Sriharsha V. Jayanti, Kevin M. McPeak, David K. Kim, Boris Le Feber, Ferry Prins & David J. Norris
Nano Letters, 19 (1)

Applying Modern Econometric Methods to Swiss Unemployment and Consumption

Martin Straub

Environmental consequences of refurbishment vs. demolition and reconstruction: a comparative life cycle assessment of an Italian case study

Francesco Pittau, C. Amato, S. Cuffari, Giuliana Iannaccone & Laura E. Malighetti
In the building sector, the new standards for energy efficiency are reducing the energy consumption and the carbon emissions for building operation to nearly zero. As a result, the greenhouse gases emissions and related environmental impacts from materials production, and especially insulation, are becoming dominant. In the next future, most of building stock is expected to be refurbished and a great amount of construction materials will be consequently required. A relevant share of waste is...

Gäbe es ohne Ostern keine Computer?

Herbert Bruderer
Hans Maier (Universität München) vermutet in einem zweiseitigen Aufsatz, dass es ohne Ostern bzw. ohne Osterrechnung möglicherweise keine Computer gäbe. Es wird untersucht, ob diese Annahme zutrifft.

Chemical evolution of metamorphic fluids in the Central Alps, Switzerland: Insight from LA-ICPMS analysis of fluid inclusions

Klara Rauchenstein-Martinek, Thomas Wagner, Markus Wälle, Christoph A. Heinrich & Thilo Arlt
Geofluids, 16 (5)

Cyclopentenone Prostaglandins and Structurally Related Oxidized Lipid Species Instigate and Share Distinct Pro- and Anti-inflammatory Pathways

Jonathan Muri, Qian Feng, Helene Wolleb, Abdijapar Shamshiev, Christian Ebner, Luigi Tortola, Petr Broz, Erick M. Carreira & Manfred Kopf
Oxidized lipids play a critical role in a variety of diseases with two faces: pro- and anti-inflammatory. The molecular mechanisms of this Janus-faced activity remain largely unknown. Here, we have identified that cyclopentenone-containing prostaglandins such as 15d-PGJ2 and structurally related oxidized phospholipid species possess a dual and opposing bioactivity in inflammation, depending on their concentration. Exposure of dendritic cells (DCs)/macrophages to low concentrations of such lipids before Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation instigates an anti-inflammatory response...

Microscopic control and mesoscopic transport in quantum gases

Martin Lebrat

Improving Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation: Proportional Recovery, Neural Coupling and Performance Feedback

Robinson Kundert
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to enable and improve recovery of lost function of patients suffering from a stroke. The recovery after stroke is split up into three phases. The rst phase, the acute phase, lasts for hours and days after a stroke. Patients are usually hospitalized with the goal to stabilize the condition of the patients. After the acute phase patients enter the sub-acute phase. In this phase patients recover much of the...

Calving event size measurements and statistics of Eqip Sermia, Greenland, from terrestrial radar interferometry

Andrea Walter, Martin P. Lüthi & Andreas Vieli
Calving is a crucial process for the recently observed dynamic mass loss changes of the Greenland ice sheet. Despite its importance for global sea level change, major limitations in understanding the process of calving remain. This study presents high-resolution calving event data and statistics recorded with a terrestrial radar interferometer at the front of Eqip Sermia, a marine-terminating outlet glacier in Greenland. The derived digital elevation models with a spatial resolution of several metres recorded...

Taming Data Caches for Predictable Execution on GPU-based SoCs

Björn Forsberg, Luca Benini & Andrea Marongiu
Proceedings of the 2019 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE)

Rapid and Selective NH3 Sensing by Porous CuBr

Andreas Güntner, Markus Wied, Nicolay J. Pineau & Sotiris E. Pratsinis
Fast and selective detection of NH3 at parts‐per‐billion (ppb) concentrations with inexpensive and low‐power sensors represents a long‐standing challenge. Here, a room temperature, solid‐state sensor is presented consisting of nanostructured porous (78%) CuBr films. These are prepared by flame‐aerosol deposition of CuO onto sensor substrates followed by dry reduction and bromination. Each step is monitored in situ through the film resistance affording excellent process control. Such porous CuBr films feature an order of magnitude higher...

Green Synthesis of Hierarchical Metal–Organic Framework/Wood Functional Composites with Superior Mechanical Properties

Kunkun Tu, Begoña Puértolas, Maria Adobes Vidal, Yaru Wang, Jianguo Sun, Jacqueline Traber, Ingo Burgert, Javier Pérez-Ramírez & Tobias Keplinger
The applicability of advanced composite materials with hierarchical structure that conjugate metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with macroporous materials is commonly limited by their inferior mechanical properties. Here, a universal green synthesis method for the in situ growth of MOF nanocrystals within wood substrates is introduced. Nucleation sites for different types of MOFs are readily created by a sodium hydroxide treatment, which is demonstrated to be broadly applicable to different wood species. The resulting MOF/wood composite exhibits...

Opportunities and challenges for structural engineering of digitally fabricated concrete

Costantino Menna, Jaime Mata Falcon, Freek P. Bos, Gieljan Vantyghem, Liberato Ferrara, Domenico Asprone, Theo Salet & Walter Kaufmann
Digital fabrication technologies utilizing concrete (DFC) have recently enabled form freedom for the production of a variety of concrete-made objects having mainly architectural and aesthetic functions. Structural elements or civil/building structures made by DFC demonstrate a high engineering potential, mainly for tailoring the final shape while optimising the structural/functional performance, material use, overall costs, and architectural effectiveness. However, the design of structurally efficient DFC constructions or components is often faced with a lack of a...

Executive Summary KOF Economic Forecast, Spring 2019

ETH Zurich KOF Swiss Economic Institute
This is a summary of the 2019 spring forecast for Switzerland, released by the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich on 27 March 2019, with a forecast horizon up to the end of 2020. It first focuses on recent economic developments abroad, which constitute the most important conditioning factors for the Swiss economy, and then presents the main forecast results for Switzerland.

Oxidative degradation of archaeological wood and the effect of alum, iron and calcium salts

Caitlin M.A. McQueen, Martin N. Mortensen, Francesco Caruso, Sara Mantellato & Susan Braovac
Oxygen consumption measurement was used to study potential oxidative degradation reactions occurring in wooden artefacts from the Viking age Oseberg collection in Norway. Model samples of fresh birch were impregnated with iron, calcium and alum salts to mimic concentrations of such compounds found in Oseberg artefacts and to assess their effect on oxygen consumption rates. The results showed that heated impregnation with alum salt (KAl(SO4)2·12H2O) significantly increased the rate of oxygen consumption, confirming a previously...

Executive Summary KOF Economic Forecast, Summer 2019

ETH Zurich KOF Swiss Economic Institute
This is a summary of the 2019 summer forecast for Switzerland, released by the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich on 13 June 2019, with a forecast horizon up to the end of 2020.

GMO regulations and their interpretation: how EFSA's guidance on risk assessments of GMOs is bound to fail

Angelika Hilbeck, Hartmut Meyer, Brian Wynne & Erik Millstone
We identify the origins, and key characteristics, of the current regulatory framework for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union (EU). We focus on the approach of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to assessing GMO risks to public and environmental health. An historical account informs our critical appraisal of the current practices of EFSA’s GMO panel, and helps to explain how and why it fails to satisfy the objectives of the EU’s GMO...

The Pictet-Spengler Reaction Updates Its Habits

Andrea Calcaterra, Laura Mangiardi, Giuliano Delle Monache, Deborah Quaglio, Silvia Balducci, Simone Berardozzi, Antonia Iazzetti, Roberta Franzini, Bruno Botta & Francesca Ghirga
The Pictet-Spengler reaction (P-S) is one of the most direct, efficient, and variable synthetic method for the construction of privileged pharmacophores such as tetrahydro-isoquinolines (THIQs), tetrahydro-β-carbolines (THBCs), and polyheterocyclic frameworks. In the lustro (five-year period) following its centenary birthday, the P-S reaction did not exit the stage but it came up again on limelight with new features. This review focuses on the interesting results achieved in this period (2011–2015), analyzing the versatility of this reaction....

On the Spread of Information Through Graphs

Abdolahad N. Zehmakan

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