62,725 Works

Effects of strain and species on the septo-temporal distribution of adult neurogenesis in rodents

Franziska Wiget, R.M. Van Dijk, Estelle R. Louet, Lutz Slomianka & Irmgard Amrein
The functional septo-temporal (dorso-ventral) differentiation of the hippocampus is accompanied by gradients of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) in laboratory rodents. An extensive septal AHN in laboratory mice suggests an emphasis on a relation of AHN to tasks that also depend on the septal hippocampus. Domestication experiments indicate that AHN dynamics along the longitudinal axis are subject to selective pressure, questioning if the septal emphasis of AHN in laboratory mice is a rule applying to rodents...

Search for top squark pair production in pp collisions at √s=13 TeV using single lepton events

, Albert M. Sirunyan, Felix Bachmair, L. Bäni, Pirmin Berger, Lorenzo Bianchini, Bruno Casal, Günther Dissertori, Michael Dittmar, Mauro Donegà, Christoph Grab, Constantin Heidegger, Dmitry Hits, Jan Hoss, Gregor Kasieczka, Thomas Klijnsma, Werner Lustermann, Boris Mangano, Matthieu Marionneau, Maren T. Meinhard, Daniel Meister, Francesco Micheli, Pasquale Musella, Francesca Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesco Pandolfi … &
A search for top squark pair production in pp collisions at √s=13 TeV is performed using events with a single isolated electron or muon, jets, and a large transverse momentum imbalance. The results are based on data collected in 2016 with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb−1. No significant excess of events is observed above the expectation from standard model processes. Exclusion limits are set in the...

Measurements of the pp → Wγγ and pp → Zγγ cross sections and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings at √s=8 TeV

, Albert M. Sirunyan, Felix Bachmair, L. Bäni, Lorenzo Bianchini, Bruno Casal, Günther Dissertori, Michael Dittmar, Mauro Donegà, Christoph Grab, Constantin Heidegger, Dmitry Hits, Jan Hoss, Gregor Kasieczka, Werner Lustermann, Boris Mangano, Matthieu Marionneau, Pablo Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, Mario Masciovecchio, Maren T. Meinhard, Daniel Meister, Francesco Micheli, Pasquale Musella, Francesca Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesco Pandolfi … &
Measurements are presented of Wγγ and Zγγ production in proton-proton collisions. Fiducial cross sections are reported based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.4 fb−1 collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. Signal is identified through the W → ℓν and Z → ℓℓ decay modes, where ℓ is a muon or an electron. The production of Wγγ and Zγγ, measured with significances of 2.6 and...

Effects of vernal equinox solar eclipse on temperature and wind direction in Switzerland

Werner Eugster, Carmen Emmel, Sebastian Wolf, Nina Buchmann, Joseph P. McFadden & Charles D. Whiteman
The vernal equinox total solar eclipse of 20 March 2015 produced a maximum occultation of 65.8–70.1 % over Switzerland during the morning hours (09:22 to 11:48 CET). Skies were generally clear over the Swiss Alps due to a persistent high-pressure band between the UK and Russia associated with a rather weak pressure gradient over the continent. To assess the effects of penumbral shading on near-surface meteorology across Switzerland, air temperature data measured at 10 min...

Nuclear-Electronic Coupled Photoionization Dynamics of H2

Laura Cattaneo, Johanna Vos, R. Bello, A. Palacios, S. Heuser, Luca Pedrelli, Lukas P. Gallman, Matteo Lucchini, C. Cirelli, F. Martín & Ursula Keller

Measurements of jet charge with dijet events in pp collisions at √s=8 TeV

, Albert M. Sirunyan, Felix Bachmair, L. Bäni, Lorenzo Bianchini, Bruno Casal, Günther Dissertori, Michael Dittmar, Mauro Donegà, Christoph Grab, Constantin Heidegger, Dmitry Hits, Jan Hoss, Gregor Kasieczka, Werner Lustermann, Boris Mangano, Matthieu Marionneau, Pablo Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, Mario Masciovecchio, Maren T. Meinhard, Daniel Meister, Francesco Micheli, Pasquale Musella, Francesca Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesco Pandolfi … &
Jet charge is an estimator of the electric charge of a quark, antiquark, or gluon initiating a jet. It is based on the momentum-weighted sum of the electric charges of the jet constituents. Measurements of three charge observables of the leading jet in transverse momentum p T are performed with dijet events. The analysis is carried out with ata collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in proton-proton collisions at √s=8 TeV corresponding...

Search for associated production of dark matter with a Higgs boson decaying to bb ¯ or γγ at √s=13 TeV

, Albert M. Sirunyan, Felix Bachmair, L. Bäni, Lorenzo Bianchini, Bruno Casal, Günther Dissertori, Michael Dittmar, Mauro Donegà, Christoph Grab, Constantin Heidegger, Dmitry Hits, Jan Hoss, Gregor Kasieczka, Werner Lustermann, Boris Mangano, Matthieu Marionneau, Pablo Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, Mario Masciovecchio, Maren T. Meinhard, Daniel Meister, Francesco Micheli, Pasquale Musella, Francesca Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesco Pandolfi … &
A search for dark matter is performed looking for events with large missing transverse momentum and a Higgs boson decaying either to a pair of bottom quarks or to a pair of photons. The data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected in 2015 with the CMS detector at the LHC, correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb−1. Results are interpreted in the context of a Z′-two-Higgs-doublet model, where the...

Policy analysis of perennial energy crop cultivation at the farm level: Short rotation coppice (SRC) in Germany

Alisa Spiegel, Wolfgang Britz, Utkur Djanibekov & Robert Finger
Biomass and Bioenergy, 110

AMS transport network vectorisation

Philipp Hunziker & Raphaël Fuhrer

Fog Prediction with Deep Neural Networks

Kevin Kipfer

Tectonically-triggered sediment and carbon export to the Hadal zone

Rui Bao, Michael Strasser, Ann P. McNichol, Negar Haghipour, Cameron McIntyre, Gerold Wefer & Timothy I. Eglinton
Sediments in deep ocean trenches may contain crucial information on past earthquake history and constitute important sites of carbon burial. Here we present 14C data on bulk organic carbon (OC) and its thermal decomposition fractions produced by ramped pyrolysis/oxidation for a core retrieved from the >7.5 km-deep Japan Trench. High-resolution 14C measurements, coupled with distinctive thermogram characteristics of OC, reveal hemipelagic sedimentation interrupted by episodic deposition of pre-aged OC in the trench. Low δ13C values...

Towards Subject-Specific Strength Training Design through Predictive Use of Musculoskeletal Models

Michael Plüss, Florian Schellenberg, Bill Taylor & Silvio Lorenzetti
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, 2018

Freiraumentwicklung in Agglomerationsgemeinden: Herausforderungen und Empfehlungen

Franco Bezzola, Simone Gäumann, Susanne Karn & Michael Schulze
ISBN:978-3-7281-3838-5

Evolution of the frequency-dependent polarization-angle phase-shift in the microwave radiation-induced magnetoresistance oscillations

Han-Chun Liu, Rasanga L. Samaraweera, Christian Reichl, Werner Wegscheider & Ramesh G. Mani
We report the evolution of the phase shift, θ 0, extracted from traces of the diagonal resistance, Rxx , vs. the linear polarization angle, θ, at oscillatory extrema of the microwave radiation induced magnetoresistance oscillations over the 36 ≤ f ≤ 40 GHz band in GaAs/AlGaAs system. A reference phase shift for the linear polarization angle in the vicinity of the specimen is obtained with the help of a sensitive carbon resistor. We fit an...

The ancestral flower of angiosperms and its early diversification

Hervé Sauquet, Maria Von Balthazar, Susana Magallón, James A. Doyle, Peter K. Endress, Emily J. Bailes, Erica B. De Morais, Kester Bull-Hereñu, Laetitia Carrive, Marion Chartier, Guillaume Chomicki, Mario Coiro, Raphaël Cornette, Juliana H.L. El Ottra, Cyril Epicoco, Charles S.P. Foster, Florian Jabbour, Agathe Haevermans, Thomas Haevermans, Rebeca Hernández, Stefan A. Little, Stefan Löfstrand, Javier A. Luna, Sophie Nadot, Susanne Pamperl … & Jürg Schönenberger
Recent advances in molecular phylogenetics and a series of important palaeobotanical discoveries have revolutionized our understanding of angiosperm diversification. Yet, the origin and early evolution of their most characteristic feature, the flower, remains poorly understood. In particular, the structure of the ancestral flower of all living angiosperms is still uncertain. Here we report model-based reconstructions for ancestral flowers at the deepest nodes in the phylogeny of angiosperms, using the largest data set of floral traits...

Some Problems in Graph Theory and Probability

Frank Mousset

Erratum to: search for dark matter in proton-proton collisions at 8 TeV with missing transverse momentum and vector boson tagged jets (vol 12, 083, 2016)

, Vardan Khachatryan, Felix Bachmair, Lukas Bäni, Lorenzo Bianchini, Bruno Casal, Günther Dissertori, Michael Dittmar, Mauro Donegà, Philipp Eller, Christoph Grab, Constantin Heidegger, Dmitry Hits, Jan Hoss, Gregor Kasieczka, Pierre Lecomte, Werner Lustermann, Boris Mangano, Matthieu Marionneau, Pablo Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, Mario Masciovecchio, Maren T. Meinhard, Daniel Meister, Francesco Micheli, Pasquale Musella … &
Journal of High Energy Physics, 2017 (8)

Short Proline-Rich Peptides as Molecular Receptors

Carlotta Foletti

Combined scanning probe electronic and thermal characterization of an indium arsenide nanowire

Tino Wagner, Fabian Menges, Heike Riel, Bernd Gotsmann & Andreas Stemmer
As electronic devices are downsized, physical processes at the interface to electrodes may dominate and limit device performance. A crucial step towards device optimization is being able to separate such contact effects from intrinsic device properties. Likewise, an increased local temperature due to Joule heating at contacts and the formation of hot spots may put limits on device integration. Therefore, being able to observe profiles of both electronic and thermal device properties at the nanoscale...

Maintaining intellectual diversity in data science

Richard Mann & Olivia Woolley-Meza
Data science is a young and rapidly expanding field, but one which has already experienced several waves of temporarily-ubiquitous methodological fashions. In this paper we argue that a diversity of ideas and methodologies is crucial for the long term success of the data science community. Towards the goal of a healthy, diverse ecosystem of different statistical models and approaches, we review how ideas spread in the scientific community and the role of incentives in influencing...

Characterizing half-a-degree difference: a review of methods for identifying regional climate responses to global warming targets

Rachel James, Richard Washington, Carl-Friedrich Schleussner, Joeri Rogelj & Declan Conway
The Paris Agreement long-term global temperature goal refers to two global warming levels: well below 2°C and 1.5°C above preindustrial. Regional climate signals at specific global warming levels, and especially the differences between 1.5°C and 2°C, are not well constrained, however. In particular, methodological challenges related to the assessment of such differences have received limited attention. This article reviews alternative approaches for identifying regional climate signals associated with global temperature limits, and evaluates the extent...

Explaining the form of assessments: Why do we get the assessments we do?

Edward Parson, Shardul Agrawala, Anthony Patt, Robert Keohane, Ronald Mitchell, Liliana Botcheva, William Clark, Elizabeth DeSombre, James McCarthy & Eileen Shea
Global Environmental Assessment Project. 1997. A Critical Evaluation of Global Environmental Assessments: The Climate Experience. Calverton, MD: CARE.

Stochastic Kinematic Process Model with an Implemented Wear Model for High Feed Dry Grinding

Michal Kuffa, Fredy Kuster & Konrad Wegener
This paper considers heavy duty grinding with resin bonded corundum grinding wheels and without lubrication and cooling. A vertical turning machine redesigned to a grinding machine test bench with a power controlled grinding spindle is used in all of the experiments, allowing high tangential table feed rates up to 480 m/min. This special test-rig emulates the railway grinding usually done by a railway grinding train. The main test-rig components are presented and the resulting kinematics...

2-Deoxy-D-glucose Restore Glucocorticoid Sensitivity in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia via Modification of N-Linked Glycosylation in an Oxygen Tension-Independent Manner

Zaira Leni, Paulina Ćwiek, Valeriya Dimitrova, Andrea S. Dulcey, Nicola Zamboni, Cedric Simillion, Geetha Rossi, Kurt Leibundgut & Alexandre Arcaro
In childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, treatment failure is associated with resistance to glucocorticoid agents. Resistance to this class of drugs represents one of the strongest indicators of poor clinical outcome. We show that leukemic cells, which are resistant to the glucocorticoid drug methylprednisolone, display a higher demand of glucose associated with a deregulation of metabolic pathways, in comparison to sensitive cells. Interestingly, a combinatorial treatment of glucocorticoid and the glucose analog 2-deoxy-D-glucose displayed a synergistic...

Destinations, diversity and the choice to walk in Singapore and Switzerland

Michael A.B. Van Eggermond & Alexander Erath
The relationship between the built environment and travel behavior is well-documented. However, inferring general conclusions from different studies remains a challenge. Zegras points out to several of these challenges: scales of analysis differ, built environment measures vary, the travel behavior data used varies, control variables employed differ and the ultimate outcomes measured are different. This study contributes to previous work by evaluating the usage of a global points of interest database to calculate destination diversity...

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