56,649 Works

Max Frisch-Archiv Jahresbericht

Max Frisch-Archiv Jahresbericht

Situazione fitosanitaria dei boschi

Laneve E Il Paesaggio Instituto Federale Di Ricerca Per La Foresta
Situazione fitosanitaria dei boschi

Longitudinal Healthcare Analytics for Disease Management: Empirical Demonstration for Low Back Pain

Michael Müller-Peltzer, Stefan Feuerriegel, Werner Vach, Anne Molgaard Nielsen, Alice Kongsted & Dirk Neumann
Clinician guidelines recommend health management to tailor the form of care to the expected course of diseases. Hence, in order to decide upon a suitable treatment plan, health professionals benefit from decision support, i.e., predictions about how a disease is to evolve. In clinical practice, such a prediction model requires interpretability. Interpretability, however, is often precluded by complex dynamic models that would be capable of capturing the intrapersonal variability of disease trajectories. Therefore, we develop...

Breakdown of the Wiedemann–Franz law in a unitary Fermi gas

Dominik Husmann, Martin Lebrat, Samuel Häusler, Jean-Philippe Brantut, Laura Corman & Tilman Esslinger
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (34)

Room-Temperature Strong Coupling of CdSe Nanoplatelets and Plasmonic Hole Arrays

Jan M. Winkler, Freddy T. Rabouw, Aurelio Rossinelli, Sriharsha V. Jayanti, Kevin M. McPeak, David K. Kim, Boris Le Feber, Ferry Prins & David J. Norris
Nano Letters, 19 (1)

From thoughtless awareness to effortful cognition: alpha - theta cross-frequency dynamics in experienced meditators during meditation, rest and arithmetic

Julio Rodriguez-Larios, Pascal Faber, Peter Achermann, Shisei Tei & Kaat Alaerts
Neural activity is known to oscillate within discrete frequency bands and the synchronization between these rhythms is hypothesized to underlie information integration in the brain. Since strict synchronization is only possible for harmonic frequencies, a recent theory proposes that the interaction between different brain rhythms is facilitated by transient harmonic frequency arrangements. In this line, it has been recently shown that the transient occurrence of 2:1 harmonic cross-frequency relationships between alpha and theta rhythms (i.e....

Renewable energy investment risk: An investigation of changes over time and the underlying drivers

Florian Egli
Building an energy system compatible with the Paris Agreement requires large-scale investment in renewable energy technologies (RET). Designing effective energy policies, therefore, requires an understanding of the dynamics of RET investment risk. This study draws on RET project data and 40 interviews with investors in Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. We identify the five most relevant RET investment risk types (curtailment, policy, price, resource and technology), show their relative importance over time and use...

Applying Modern Econometric Methods to Swiss Unemployment and Consumption

Martin Straub

On-Line Analysis of Exhaled Breath

Tobias Bruderer, Thomas Gaisl, Martin T. Gaugg, Nora Nowak, Bettina Streckenbach, Simona Olivia Müller, Alexander Moeller, Malcolm Kohler & Renato Zenobi
Chemical Reviews, 119 (19)

Environmental consequences of refurbishment vs. demolition and reconstruction: a comparative life cycle assessment of an Italian case study

Francesco Pittau, C. Amato, S. Cuffari, Giuliana Iannaccone & Laura E. Malighetti
In the building sector, the new standards for energy efficiency are reducing the energy consumption and the carbon emissions for building operation to nearly zero. As a result, the greenhouse gases emissions and related environmental impacts from materials production, and especially insulation, are becoming dominant. In the next future, most of building stock is expected to be refurbished and a great amount of construction materials will be consequently required. A relevant share of waste is...

Gäbe es ohne Ostern keine Computer?

Herbert Bruderer
Hans Maier (Universität München) vermutet in einem zweiseitigen Aufsatz, dass es ohne Ostern bzw. ohne Osterrechnung möglicherweise keine Computer gäbe. Es wird untersucht, ob diese Annahme zutrifft.

Chemical evolution of metamorphic fluids in the Central Alps, Switzerland: Insight from LA-ICPMS analysis of fluid inclusions

Klara Rauchenstein-Martinek, Thomas Wagner, Markus Wälle, Christoph A. Heinrich & Thilo Arlt
Geofluids, 16 (5)

Cyclopentenone Prostaglandins and Structurally Related Oxidized Lipid Species Instigate and Share Distinct Pro- and Anti-inflammatory Pathways

Jonathan Muri, Qian Feng, Helene Wolleb, Abdijapar Shamshiev, Christian Ebner, Luigi Tortola, Petr Broz, Erick M. Carreira & Manfred Kopf
Oxidized lipids play a critical role in a variety of diseases with two faces: pro- and anti-inflammatory. The molecular mechanisms of this Janus-faced activity remain largely unknown. Here, we have identified that cyclopentenone-containing prostaglandins such as 15d-PGJ2 and structurally related oxidized phospholipid species possess a dual and opposing bioactivity in inflammation, depending on their concentration. Exposure of dendritic cells (DCs)/macrophages to low concentrations of such lipids before Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation instigates an anti-inflammatory response...

Microscopic control and mesoscopic transport in quantum gases

Martin Lebrat

Investigation of pyrimidine nucleoside analogues as chemical probes to assess compound effects on the proliferation of Trypanosoma cruzi intracellular parasites

Melissa L. Sykes, David H. Hilko, Livia I. Kung, Sally-Ann Poulsen & Vicky M. Avery
Trypanosoma cruzi parasites utilise de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis to produce DNA and survive within mammalian host cells. This pathway can be hijacked to assess the replication of intracellular parasites with the exogenous addition of a DNA specific probe. To identify suitable probe compounds for this application, a collection of pyrimidine nucleoside analogues was assessed for incorporation into T. cruzi intracellular amastigote DNA using image-based technology and script-based analysis. Associated mammalian cell toxicity of these compounds...

Improving Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation: Proportional Recovery, Neural Coupling and Performance Feedback

Robinson Kundert
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to enable and improve recovery of lost function of patients suffering from a stroke. The recovery after stroke is split up into three phases. The rst phase, the acute phase, lasts for hours and days after a stroke. Patients are usually hospitalized with the goal to stabilize the condition of the patients. After the acute phase patients enter the sub-acute phase. In this phase patients recover much of the...

Calving event size measurements and statistics of Eqip Sermia, Greenland, from terrestrial radar interferometry

Andrea Walter, Martin P. Lüthi & Andreas Vieli
Calving is a crucial process for the recently observed dynamic mass loss changes of the Greenland ice sheet. Despite its importance for global sea level change, major limitations in understanding the process of calving remain. This study presents high-resolution calving event data and statistics recorded with a terrestrial radar interferometer at the front of Eqip Sermia, a marine-terminating outlet glacier in Greenland. The derived digital elevation models with a spatial resolution of several metres recorded...

Taming Data Caches for Predictable Execution on GPU-based SoCs

Björn Forsberg, Luca Benini & Andrea Marongiu
Proceedings of the 2019 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE)

Rapid and Selective NH3 Sensing by Porous CuBr

Andreas Güntner, Markus Wied, Nicolay J. Pineau & Sotiris E. Pratsinis
Fast and selective detection of NH3 at parts‐per‐billion (ppb) concentrations with inexpensive and low‐power sensors represents a long‐standing challenge. Here, a room temperature, solid‐state sensor is presented consisting of nanostructured porous (78%) CuBr films. These are prepared by flame‐aerosol deposition of CuO onto sensor substrates followed by dry reduction and bromination. Each step is monitored in situ through the film resistance affording excellent process control. Such porous CuBr films feature an order of magnitude higher...

Green Synthesis of Hierarchical Metal–Organic Framework/Wood Functional Composites with Superior Mechanical Properties

Kunkun Tu, Begoña Puértolas, Maria Adobes Vidal, Yaru Wang, Jianguo Sun, Jacqueline Traber, Ingo Burgert, Javier Pérez-Ramírez & Tobias Keplinger
The applicability of advanced composite materials with hierarchical structure that conjugate metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with macroporous materials is commonly limited by their inferior mechanical properties. Here, a universal green synthesis method for the in situ growth of MOF nanocrystals within wood substrates is introduced. Nucleation sites for different types of MOFs are readily created by a sodium hydroxide treatment, which is demonstrated to be broadly applicable to different wood species. The resulting MOF/wood composite exhibits...

Stress generation and non-intrusive measurement in virtual environments using eye tracking

Christian Hirt, Marcel Eckard & Andreas Kunz
In real life, it is well understood how stress can be induced and how it is measured. While Virtual Reality (VR) applications can resemble such stress inducers, it is still an open question if and how stress can be measured in a non-intrusive way during VR exposure. Usually, the quality of VR applications is estimated by user acceptance in the form of presence. Presence itself describes the individual’s acceptance of a virtual environment as real...

Opportunities and challenges for structural engineering of digitally fabricated concrete

Costantino Menna, Jaime Mata Falcon, Freek P. Bos, Gieljan Vantyghem, Liberato Ferrara, Domenico Asprone, Theo Salet & Walter Kaufmann
Digital fabrication technologies utilizing concrete (DFC) have recently enabled form freedom for the production of a variety of concrete-made objects having mainly architectural and aesthetic functions. Structural elements or civil/building structures made by DFC demonstrate a high engineering potential, mainly for tailoring the final shape while optimising the structural/functional performance, material use, overall costs, and architectural effectiveness. However, the design of structurally efficient DFC constructions or components is often faced with a lack of a...

Executive Summary KOF Economic Forecast, Spring 2019

ETH Zurich KOF Swiss Economic Institute
This is a summary of the 2019 spring forecast for Switzerland, released by the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich on 27 March 2019, with a forecast horizon up to the end of 2020. It first focuses on recent economic developments abroad, which constitute the most important conditioning factors for the Swiss economy, and then presents the main forecast results for Switzerland.

Oxidative degradation of archaeological wood and the effect of alum, iron and calcium salts

Caitlin M.A. McQueen, Martin N. Mortensen, Francesco Caruso, Sara Mantellato & Susan Braovac
Oxygen consumption measurement was used to study potential oxidative degradation reactions occurring in wooden artefacts from the Viking age Oseberg collection in Norway. Model samples of fresh birch were impregnated with iron, calcium and alum salts to mimic concentrations of such compounds found in Oseberg artefacts and to assess their effect on oxygen consumption rates. The results showed that heated impregnation with alum salt (KAl(SO4)2·12H2O) significantly increased the rate of oxygen consumption, confirming a previously...

Executive Summary KOF Economic Forecast, Summer 2019

ETH Zurich KOF Swiss Economic Institute
This is a summary of the 2019 summer forecast for Switzerland, released by the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich on 13 June 2019, with a forecast horizon up to the end of 2020.

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