831 Works

Schrift als Komponente der Bildschirmfläche am Beispiel der deutschen Nachrichtensendungen

Anna Kapuścińska
The article focusses the written components of the screen surface in television news programs. The semiotic perspective represented in this article legitimises the viewpoint that they are not (ordinary) language signs. The main concern of this article is the status of the written text (as a semiotic medium) in the construction patterns of the news programs. It is argued that the written texts appear in the news programs increasingly as graphical elements, so that their...

“You Must Adhere Strictly to the Time and Days of Intake”: Medical Advice and Negotiations of Medical Authority in Nigerian HIV Consultations

Eniola Boluwaduro
Using the methodology of conversation analysis, this paper examines the practice of offering medical advice and its implication for negotiations of medical authority in Nigerian HIV consultations. Analyses of ninety treatment recommendation sequences from seventy audio-recorded interactions between doctors and HIV-positive patients reveal that doctors issue instructions as a form of medical advice on patients’ adherence to medical recommendations. During the advisory interactions, patients are held accountable for maintaining medical wellness, although the doctors’ reasons...

On the Connection between Countries’ Onomasiological and Ecological Behavior

Joachim Grzega
Five onomasiological features in EU countries are statistically compared to environmental performances of these countries (in selected years) by way of Welch’s t-tests and Cohen’s d. The analyses show, for years with statistically significant results, that national energy use is smaller when the environment is onomasiologically “middle/central” than when it is onomasiologically “around”, the national ecological footprint of one year is smaller when human beings are onomasiologically “beings” rather than morphologically opaque, the national percentage...

Implicit Arguments in English and Rutooro

Bebwa Isingoma
The present study is a contrastive analysis of the syntactic behavior of verbs that are ontologically specified for objects but these objects may be left out without rendering sentences ungrammatical. The study unveils asymmetries between English and Rutooro (a Bantu language spoken in Uganda) in the (non-)omissibility of postverbal arguments, stemming from lexico-semantic and morphological factors as well as syntactic and discoursal factors. In light of the asymmetries arising from syntactic and discoursal factors, the...

Der Weg zum ús normal des Katalanischen und Valencianischen.

Ina Kühne
The article examines the linguistic situation in the Autonomous Communities of Catalonia and Valencia since the beginning of the Spanish Transition (Transición) to democracy after Francisco Franco’s death. It illustrates the measures regarding language policy and language planning taken by the respective governments to reestablish the llengua pròpia (‘own lan-guage’) and to achieve its ús normal (‘normal use’). Those measures were made possible by the Spanish democratic constitution of 1978. Finally, the efficiency of the...

Internet-Memes als multimodale Sprechakte in öffentlichen Diskursen anhand von Beispielen aus Antwortthreads von @realDonaldTrump

Andreas Osterroth
Internet memes are highly relevant for digital communications but there is not much re-search about their pragmatic uses. Besides being texts, memes are also multimodal speech acts. They are very similar to the speech acts Searle described, but there are some differ-ences. The communicative function of memes is in accord with Keller’s principle for social success, which is aimed for by all speakers. It is shown that people on Twitter use memes as speech acts...

Antisymmetry and word order in double object constructions in Zarma

Waheed Ayisa Jayeola
Double Object Construction in Zarma sometimes allows alternations in the order of its internal arguments and the order in some cases may also be fixed. This tendency does not make predictions about a canonical order for the occurrence of Theme and Recipient objects within the VP simple. The same condition applies to monotransitive structures which vary between a complement-head and a head-complement order. It is the aim of this paper to present and analyse the...

Typing yourself healthy: Introduction to the special issue on language and health online

Franziska Thurnherr & Miriam A. Locher
This chapter functions as an introduction to the special issue on Language and Health Online, which features 10 original research papers. It reviews the results of the papers and the joint emerging themes: the impact of technical and social affordances of computer-mediated interaction; discovering an emic perspective of health issues, uncovering health ideologies, and the theme of patient empowerment; the construction of identities, the construction of shared experiences, and the use of narratives. The diverse...

Romanisierung als Schritt zur „Modernisierung” des Mazedonischen

Constantin-Ioan Mladin
This investigation aims to outline the contribution that Romanic languages had to the finalization of the configuration of the modern Macedonian language, both in terms of common language and of technical terms. More specifically, the paper aims: 1) to identify Romanic idioms that have influenced to some extent the Macedonian language, either indirectly (through another language such as French, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese) or directly (through Romanian – Dacoromanian and Aromanian, or through Meglenoromanian); 2)...

Zur idiomatischen Komponente auffälliger kausativer Konstruktionen im Deutschen

Martine Dalmas & Laurent Gautier
This paper aims to analyze German caused-motion constructions such as jn aus dem Bett klingeln from both a phraseological and constructional perspective. Section 1 shows how the traditional definition of phraseologisms is nowadays challenged by new developments in construction grammar, especially within Goldberg’s framework. Section 2 focuses on the various possibilities existing in German to express causativity and proposes a continuum from mere morphological signs to the constructions under consideration here. Section 3 exemplifies the...

Kausalkonstruktionen mit Adjektiv im freien und fixierten Gebrauch

Sabine De Knop & Fabio Mollica
The study describes the semantic and conceptual variation of causal constructions with an adjective as they are realized in German, French and Italian. In the framework of Goldberg’s (cf. 1995 and 2006) Construction Grammar, it discusses some defining properties of the analyzed constructions, like the formal and semantic (non-)predictability and their possible phraseological status based on metonymy or metaphor. Several constructions can be identified which convey different meanings, i. e. causality and/or excessiveness. The instantiations...

Construction Grammar meets Phraseology: eine Standortbestimmung

Alexander Ziem

Forms of address and language ideologies: The case of a southwestern Nigerian university

Foluke O. Unuabonah
This paper examines the forms and functions of address terms employed among staff members and the language ideologies that inform the use of these address forms in a southwestern Nigerian university. The study is guided by Anchimbe’s (2011a) categorisation of address forms, and theories on language ideologies. The data are collected through participant-observation, oral and written interviews, and these are analysed qualitatively. The analysis reveals that forms of address used in the university include academic...

Das deutsche Kopulaverb sein und seine thailändischen Entsprechungen

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap
Although German and Thai are typologically different from each other, both languages do have copulative constructions. The verb sein is the most important copular verb in German. Thai does have literary equivalents for this German verb but they involve different verbs. However, only pen and khɯ: are usually considered as Thai copular verbs. This study aims to compare the German verb sein in copulative constructions with pen and khɯ:. The contrastive analysis is based on...

Prosody in Interaction

Pia Bergmann
Interactional approaches to prosody have seen an enormous growth in the last decades. One crucial assumption common to these approaches is that prosodic devices may serve as resources for structuring and organizing an interaction. Methodologically, interactionally informed research of prosody rests upon ethnomethodological conversation analysis and contextualization theory. In this paper, a case study of the Cologne German rising-falling intonation contour serves to illuminate the prevalent methods in the field. The results are discussed with...

Hub of medical expertise or medicalised conveyor-belt? Sharing meanings online on the hospital birth setting

Antoinette Fage-Butler
In 2014, the official risk advice in the UK regarding birth setting was altered given scientific evidence that for low-risk groups, home births are safer than hospital births. As hospital births were previously the de facto recommendation, and pregnant women in the UK now need to consider their birth setting options carefully, many go online, seeking advice about birth setting options from their peers. In this paper, I investigate how the hospital birth setting is...

Funktionswörter als Indikatoren für diskursspezifische Argumentationsstrukturen im printmedialen Diskurs über den fünften Sachstandsbericht des Weltklimarates

Nadine Kammermann
This study aims to explore how Swiss print media convey climate change to laypeople. Due to the subjects' complexity and scope, its mediation can result in difficulties. A corpus of articles on the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) provides an insight into discursive argumentation structures. Corpus-driven collected function word clusters enable to identify argumentative schemes in the media discourse. The qualitative analysis of these argumentative clusters reveals the significance of several actors, particularly administrative...

Visuelle Narration. Zum journalistischen Storytelling aus der Sicht der Medienlinguistik

Magdalena Makowska
From among many narrative forms used in the media, storytelling starts to occupy a more and more important place. Its essence constitutes the telling of a story which must be well understandable as well as easy to remember and retell. Storytelling is one of the best methods of awakening interest and focusing the recipient' attention. Owing to the adequate manner of tell-ing a story as well as its appropriate structuring particular needs are evoked in...

Affiliations Bd 93, 6/2018

Quelle collocation causative enseigner ? L’exemple des structures V causatif + N d’EMOTION

Monika Bak Sienkiewicz
This analysis is part of a group of studies on the combinatorial profile of nouns of emotion (Blumenthal 2002). Aligned with the syntactic pattern V + N in the cause and effect relationship (Nazarenko 2000), the aim of this study is to analyze the attraction between the causative verbs and the predicate nouns included in the nine emotions fields of the Emolex classification. The study of how these constructions function in the Emolex digital corpus...

À quelle langue accède l’apprenant ? Examen critique du traitement de l’oral dans les premières leçons de manuels de français langue étrangère pour débutants

Anick Giroud & Christian Surcouf
If one considers the recordings from textbooks of French as a foreign language, some typical spoken French phenomena appear not to reflect results provided by spoken French corpora. In order to have a better insight into this issue, we analyzed the recordings of the first three lessons of ten beginners’ textbooks (1982–2012). In this article, we examine /ə/ deletion (/ȝəvøləvwaʁ/ vs. /ȝvølvwaʁ/ ‘je veux le voir’), reduction from /ty/ to /t/ before vowel (/tyabitu/ vs...

Exploiter un travail de corpus sur la place de l’épithète pour élaborer une progression didactique en FLE

Marie-Armelle Camussi-Ni, Juliette Thuilier & Annick Coatéval
This paper sets out the convergence between two approaches – a theoretical one and an applied one – aiming to tackle the problem of attributive adjective position in French. We show how the results of a corpus study contribute to the understanding of the issues faced by traditional descriptions designed for learners of French as a foreign language. This reflection leads us to create a learning progression that aims to give learners the keys to...

Zur Verwendung nationaler Identitätskomponenten in der Unternehmenskommunikation – ein deutsch-dänischer Vergleich

Anne Grethe Julius Pedersen, Aase Voldgaard Larsen & Katrine Knudsen
How does globalization influence companies’ depiction of their national origin? In this study, we analyse and compare corporate websites of German and Danish companies related to the wind energy sector. Traditionally, Country of Origin (COO) has been used within certain industries with the purpose of achieving a competitive advantage. The wind energy sector is a relatively new sector with market potential worldwide. This situation has led us to investigate whether companies in this sector regard...

Zur Einführung

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Jörg Kilian

Wie kommen wir an die Bilder in unseren Köpfen? Zur Methodologie einer interkulturell anwendbaren Stereotypenerhebung

Rupprecht S. Baur & Stefan Ossenberg
SI.DE is an international research project at the University of Duisburg-Essen, which examines German, Russian, Turkish and Chinese auto- and heterostereotypes. Questioning for the study is made online and consists of two surveys; one survey based on stereotypes and a second based on the perception of each other’s foreign language. The questionnaire on stereotypes contains 140 attributes in total, while the respondents can select all of them without any limitation. The choice of these attributes...

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