831 Works

Natural language processing tools for computer assisted language learning

Anne Vandeventer Faltin
This paper illustrates the usefulness of natural language processing (NLP) tools for computer assisted language learning (CALL) through the presentation of three NLP tools integrated within a CALL software for French. These tools are (i) a sentence structure viewer; (ii) an error diagnosis system; and (iii) a conjugation tool. The sentence structure viewer helps language learners grasp the structure of a sentence, by providing lexical and grammatical information. This information is derived from a deep...

Semantische Besonderheiten phraseologischer Ausdrücke – korpusbasierte Analyse

Christiane Hümmer
In the linguistic literature, phraseological units have been described as a subgroup of lexical units characterised by a set of morphosyntactic and semantic properties such as idiomaticity, expressiveness, motivation and fixedness. These properties are generally seen as gradual, i. e. their validity for individual phraseological units is a matter of degree, none of them being obligatory. With the increasing importance of corpus linguistics in recent years, there has been a growing interest in grounding all...

Formen und Funktionen von Interrogationen. Fragen in grammatischen Beschreibungen, empirischen Befunden und Lehrwerken für Deutsch als Fremdsprache

Martina Rost-Roth
Analysis of how questions are treated in grammar books shows that the main focus is on word order phenomena. At the same time, statements are often made about functions or the rela-tionship between form and function; these are not always consistent with more systematic approaches or with empirical findings. Empirical analyses of spoken language reveal a very complex picture; comparison of the question realizations of native speakers and non-native speakers shows that the questions produced...

Aktuelle Forschungsfragen der deutschsprachigen Phraseodidaktik

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir
Phraseology in foreign language learning and teaching has been an object of linguistic and didactic research for almost 40 years. This article begins with an overview over phraseodidactic research in German. Then it discusses aspects of phraseology in teaching German as a foreign language, i.a. the influence of Kühn's three step model on phraseology in foreign language teaching and methods to define the phraseological units that are to be learned (phraseological minimum). Finally, it addresses...

Anregungen zur Darstellung von Routineformeln in einsprachigen Lernerwörterbüchern für DaF

Silke Lipinski
Routine formulas (RFs) carry many functions in a language system. Thus, not only knowing them but also mastering their use is of major importance for the L2-learner. For this reason, it is important to also describe RFs adequately in learners' dictionaries. However, as previous research shows, there is a major discrepancy between lexicographical requirements and reality. Some demands for the way in which RFs should be presented can be derived from the list of criteria...

Sesotho Address Forms

Dele Femi Akindele
Address forms constitute an integral part of Basotho sociolinguistic etiquette. They are regarded as a kind of emotional capital that may be invested in putting others at ease. They are indicators of deference, politeness and markers of social distance. (Fasold 1990, Akindele 1990, 1991, 1993) This paper examines the address forms used by the Basotho people. It analyzes and discusses the various types and the factors determining their use. The discussion of address forms in...

A Study on Noun Suffixes: Accounting for the Vernacularisation of English in Late Medieval Medical Texts

Begoña Crespo
This paper seeks to contribute to the study of the vernacularisation process in late Middle English by measuring up to what an extent concrete and abstract noun suffixes (in line with Dalton-Puffer 1996) attach to either Germanic or Romance bases in the medical texts extracted from the MEMT (Middle English Medical Texts) corpus. The findings obtained have been further described according to text type or genre and to target audience/readership. The description of these suffixes...

Frz. quoi als Diskursmarker

Klaus Hölker
This contribution deals with the different uses of French quoi as a discourse marker. These uses are described in such a way that it will become clear why in certain circumstances the use of quoi, as pointed out in the recent literature (cf. Beeching 2006), counts as polite. It will, however, also become clear why, in other circumstances, its use is considered downright impolite. The second aspect of quoi that is discussed in this article...

Key Function Words in a Corpus of UK Election Manifestos

Michael Pearce
This article explores a corpus of all the UK election manifestos produced by the three main political parties in the period 1900–2010. It offers an alternative perspective on function words in corpus-assisted critical discourse analysis, placing them at the centre rather than the periphery. Using a combination of WordSmith Tools and Sketch Engine, I identify four key function words and show how a consideration of their phraseological behaviour can – perhaps surprisingly – reveal aspects...

Bilingual Lexicography: Some Issues with Modern English Urdu Lexicography – a User's Perspective

Muhammad Ilyas Saleem
The tradition of bilingual lexicography in the Indian subcontinent is more than two centuries old and goes back to as far as 1772 (Hadley). This article examines the development of bilingual lexicography in the Indian subcontinent with special reference to English-Hindustani or -Urdu dictionary development. It further explores some issues specific to this field and tries to suggest some solutions. First of all it describes the historical perspective of linguistic work in the subcontinent and...

Behandlung der Wortbildungselemente in deutsch-tschechischen Übersetzungswörterbüchern

Martin Šemelík
in the emerging Large German-Czech Academic Dictionary, an output of a project pursued at the Institute of Germanic Studies, Faculty of Philosophy & Arts, Charles University in Prague. It is shown how contrastive analysis can be supplemented by a corpus-based view using new corpus-linguistic tools.

Language Use and Communication Artifacts in GSM Adverts in Nigeria

Samuel Ayodele Dada
This is a sociolinguistic study of communication and language use in GSM adverts in Nigeria. The study was conducted to identify certain sociolinguistic strategies employed in GSM adverts in Nigeria. Our findings reveal that such strategies include: code choice, ethnography, semiotics and neologisms. The study has once again revealed that language choice especially in a multilingual community like Nigeria follows certain patterns and typology based on demographic, situational and attitudinal variants controlled by socio-cultural norms...

Ahrenholz, Bernt (ed.) (2010): Fachunterricht und Deutsch als Zweitsprache. Tübingen: Narr.

Klaus Peter

Ehefrau Vreni haucht ihm ins Ohr... Untersuchung zur geschlechtergerechten Sprache und zur Darstellung von Frauen in Deutschschweizer Tageszeitungen

Regula Bühlmann
It will be discussed in what way the language of Swiss newspapers written in German is gender-sensitive and what types of sexism can be found still. Six randomly chosen articles from six issues of each the 'Tagesanzeiger', the 'NZZ' and the 'Blick' are analyzed. On the one hand, the usage of non-sexist alternatives to the generic masculinum is examined in respect to personal references and, on the other hand, it is shown how men and...

Ideen zur Veranschaulichung von Aussagen mit Modalverben Sprachwissenschaftliche Annahmen - für den Unterricht aufbereitet

Michael Richter
The topic of the present paper is the relation between linguistics and language education. Put as a question one could ask: 'what benefit can linguistics have for language teaching?'. It will be claimed that as a precondition, language teachers should have more than just marginal insight into theories of natural language. I will try to support this postulate using sentences with modal verbs: based on a certain linguistic theory, illustrations of sentences with modal verbs...

Korpora bedrohter Sprachen als eierlegende Wollmilchsau? Das Beispiel GENIE

Roland Marti, William Barry & Bistra Andreeva
The question of documentation is central to any work with corpora of threatened languages and has important consequences for the corpus structure. The 'Korpus für GEsprochenes NIEdersorbisch (engl.: Corpus for spoken Lower Sorbian)' (GENIE, www.coli.uni-saarland.de/genie/) is a case in point. GENIE focuses on spoken language. The corpus, made up of more than 60 hours of recordings, comprises a) recordings made by Sorbian Radio (1956–2006) with different forms of Lower Sorbian, b) dialect recordings from the...

\"Vordergründig war ich für die gar nicht frau\": Zur sprachlichen Repräsentation von Geschlecht

Anita Fetzer
This contribution argues for an investigation of gender in an interactive multicausal framework with multiple social identities. Depending on the participants' communicative goals, these social identities are highlighted or attributed to the background. Part I analyses the linguistic means the German language offers for the linguistic representation of gender and occupation and illustrates how these means are employed to reconstruct the corresponding identities. In German, speakers can represent their gender identity explicitly by (1) gender-specific...

Les femmes et le langage selon Charles Bally: \"des moments de décevante inadvertance\"?

Sylvie Durrer
Les problématiques rassemblées parfois sous la désignation de "Language and Gender" figurent également dans les publications du linguiste suisse Charles Bally. Cet axe de réflexion, qui n’a guère été remarqué dans son œuvre, mérite d’être mis en lumière, non pas pour faire de Bally un féministe avant l’heure, mais simplement, parce qu’il nous semble important de documenter l’histoire d’une problématique en plein essor. Cet article a donc pour objectif de montrer que la question du...

Korpuslinguistik - Corpus linguistics - Les linguistiques de corpus: Unterschiedliche Stile der Einführung in diese Disziplin? Lektüreerfahrungen eines der Einführung in die Korpuslinguistik bedürftigen weil blutigen Anfängers

Gottfried Kolde
In 2004, at the time of the seminar on German Corpus Linguistics held at Neuchatel, no introduction to this subdiscipline of German Linguistics was available. As a result, the author decided to describe, in his orally presented contribution to that seminar, his experiences in reading a French and an English book entitled Les linguistiques de corpus resp. Corpus Linguistics. In spite of the similarity of the titles, the differences in content and style were so...

The Linguistics of Keyboard-to-screen Communication: A New Terminological Framework

Andreas H. Jucker & Christa Dürscheid
New forms of communication that have recently developed in the context of Web 2.0 make it necessary to reconsider some of the analytical tools of linguistic analysis. In the context of keyboard-to-screen communication (KSC), as we shall call it, a range of old dichotomies have become blurred or cease to be useful altogether, e. g. "asynchronous" versus "synchronous", "written" versus "spoken", "monologic" versus "dialogic", and in particular "text" versus "utterance". We propose alternative terminologies ("communicative...

Wortgeografischer Wandel im Schweizerdeutschen. Sommersprossen, Küchenzwiebel und Schmetterling 70 Jahre nach dem SDS

Britta Juska-Bacher
This paper intends to show the importance of having linguistic instruments, principally semantic ones, for determining the meaning of words with the greatest precision and, consequently, managing to meticulously establish the different meanings of a dictionary's entry words. As an example, a new definition of the Spanish verb mezclar ('to mix') will b Since the beginning of the publication of the linguistic atlas of German-speaking Switzerland (Sprachatlas der deutschen Schweiz, SDS) in the early 1960s...

\"Sprachpraxis\" and Mass Customization

Conor Geiselbrechtinger
The language component of a degree in English in Germany, or "Sprachpraxis" as it is known in some universities, has in recent years faced a number challenges. Not only are German universities adapting to the B.A./M.A. system but also the very nature of teaching English globally, primarily teaching English as a Lingua Franca (E.L.F.), has had profound effects. This paper aims to explore the most salient questions that have arisen with regard to issues such...

Sprachliche Gleichbehandlung von Frau und Mann: Eine korpusgestützte Untersuchung über den Sprachwandel in der Schweiz

Daniel Elmiger
The use of designations used for men and women has been discussed in German (as well as in other languages) very controversally since the seventies. Language use has been challenged by feminist linguists and some propositions have been supported by various regulatory interventions. In German, the most critical issue – the avoidance of generically used masculine forms – has been documented quite thoroughly as regards the individual phenomena (creation and use of personal nouns, alternative...

The 'War' of Appropriate Pricing of Petroleum Products: The Discourse of Nigeria's Reform Agenda

Kehinde A. Ayoola & Oladipo Salami
This study focuses on the newspaper coverage of the debate on the pricing of petroleum products (petroleum, diesel, kerosene, etc.) in Nigeria. It seeks to examine, specifically, the discursive constructions of economic development with particular concern for the reform agenda in the country's petroleum sector. In doing this, the paper tries to analyze and characterize the debate on the increase in the prices of petroleum products in the country between 1999 and 2004; following on...

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