831 Works

L'italiano in contatto con il dialetto e altre lingue. Nuovi mezzi di comunicazione e nuove diglossie

Bruno Moretti & Adrian Stähli
This paper is concerned with variational aspects of SMS (i.e. text message) communication as a communicative mode that not only has become very popular over the last few years but is also supposed to have certain (and continuing) impacts on some of the constitutive parameters of communication as a whole (e.g. by re-evaluating the dichotomy between typically/traditional oral and written language conceptions). Based on collected material from the sms4science corpus this contribution elucidates some general...


Dffdf Fdfd

La structure profonde et la modélisation des règles de construction de lexèmes: l'exemple de cinq suffixes agentifs du français

Samuel Tuesday Owoeye
The advent of the Chomskyan Lexicalist Hypothesis brought about radical theoretical orientations in the field of morphology. One of those orientations is Lexeme-Based Morphology. Primarily, morphologists under the auspices of Lexeme-Based Morphology formulate and describe rules that generate built lexemes. Having observed that most of the morphological rules hitherto formulated revolve most essentially around syntactic rules, we set out in this paper to explore few principles of D-structure of language in the formulation of a...

Polysynthetic Tendencies in Modern Greek

Chariton Charitonidis
The aim of this paper is to provide a more accurate typological classification of Modern Greek. The verb in MG shows many polysynthetic traits, such as noun and adverb incorporation into the verbal complex, a large inventory of bound morphemes, pronominal marking of objects, many potential slots before the verbal head, nonconfigurational syntax, etc. On the basis of these traits, MG has similarities with polysynthetic languages such as Abkhaz, Cayuga, Chukchi, Mohawk, Nahuatl, a.o. I...

Zur morphembezogenen Überformung der deutschen Orthographie

Nikolaus Ruge
Morphematic reorientation of German orthography takes place in conformity with a general law in the history of writing. Alphabetic writing systems, being necessarily phonographic, tend to develop towards the encoding of non-phonetic units. The emergence of morphematic elements in German is preceeded by the evolution of word-separation by regular spaces which had been adopted throughout Europe by the end of the 13th century. Based on a corpus containing 157 High German texts (late 15th to...

Korpuslinguistik, Hermeneutik und die soziale Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit

Wolfgang Teubert
In this article, I attempt to embed corpus linguistics in a framework of social constructionism and hermeneutics. Corpus linguistics, as I see it, has a unique approach to meaning. It aims to describe the meaning of a unit under consideration exclusively through usage and paraphrase. These units can be seen as objects of the discourse, and their meaning is what has been said about them within the discourse. While over the last forty years corpora...

The Development of Conceptual Fluency and Metaphorical Competence in L2 Learners

Mohammad Reza Talebi Nezhad & Mahmood Hashemian
Conceptual Fluency (CF) and Metaphorical Competence (MC) have piqued the interest of a number of L2 researchers. Leading the front are Danesi (1992; 1995; 2003) and Johnson and Rosano (1993) who contend that metaphorical language cannot afford to be ignored by L2 curricula anymore. Their push is to instill in L2 learners a more functional communicative competence over a traditional formal competence. This article reports on a study carried out to scrutinize the development of...

Die Mundart von Bosco Gurin

Charles V. J. Russ
Bosco Gurin, the highest village in the Swiss canton of Ticino, was settled before the first half of the thirteenth century from the Wallis. It is an independent community which has about 60-70 inhabitants. The Alemannic dialect spoken in the village, Gurinerdeutsch, has been investigated since the nineteenth century. The author has used these previous studies and collected more material in five in the village. This produced a monograph published in 2002. There are four...

Kontrastive Grammatik Berndeutsch / Standarddeutsch. Einige ausgewählte Aspekte

Denise Imstepf & Gabriela Burri
The analysis presented in the following is the result of a project-seminar on "Contrastive grammar in Bernese German and High German" with Prof. Dr. Elke Hentschel, in which the preliminary works for a comprehensive contrastive grammar were conducted. The two authors exemplarily have analysed some questions. In the course of this analysis the accusative and the genitive of nouns on the morphological level and the position of verbal elements on the syntactic level have been...

Nebensätze in freien schriftlichen Produktionen kroatischer DaF-Lernender

Leonard Pon & Melita Aleksa Varga
The present paper looks into grammar competence of Croatian learners of German as a foreign language. More precisely, it deals with syntactic knowledge that learners need to activate in order to understand and produce complex sentences containing various types of subordinate clauses. Croatian learners of German as a foreign language spend a considerable amount of time during their German classes dealing with syntax – both explicitly and implicitly. In order to understand as well as...

Deutsch-dänische Stereotypenwelten im SMiK-Projekt

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Annika Hofmann
In this paper, we will first present the current state of research regarding stereotypes and ideas of Germans and Danes about each other. This paper will then display research approaches of the SMiK-project. In the second half of the paper, the results of the questionnaire survey “Typically German – typically Danish” which reveal current German-Danish stereotypes will be presented. Last but not least, this paper includes a study of stereotypes that are used on German-Danish...

Forms of address as Cross-Cultural Code-Switching: The case of German and Danish in Higher Education

Bjarne Ørsnes
Both German and Danish have distinct pronouns for addressing communication partners formally and informally (referred to as V for Sie/De and T for du/du). However, their use differs considerably in Germany and Denmark, e. g. in higher education. In Germany, the lecturer and the students use V, in Denmark they use T. Based on the observation that Danish students are very reluctant (and sometimes even opposed) to use V in the classroom in Denmark, this...

What is language for sociolinguists? The variationist, ethnographic, and conversation-analytic ontologies of language

Ariel Vázquez Carranza
The present investigation explores the language definitions (i. e. the language ontologies) that have emerged in the field of sociolinguistics. In general, it examines three types of sociolin-guistic studies: Labovian sociolinguistics (Labov 1972), the Ethnography of Communication (Gumperz/Hymes 1964) and Conversation Analysis (Sacks 1992). Firstly, it offers an account on the ontology of language developed by Chomskyian linguistics (1986) which is used as a starting point to contrast the three sociolinguistics’ language ontologies. Then, the...

Affiliation Bd. 85, Nr. 6 (2017)

Topographische vs. virtuelle Räume des Okzitanischen: « Faut-il abolir les frontières ? »

Adrian Görke & Ramona Jakobs
The present study aims to investigate the area of conflict between the decline and the expansion of communication options in regional and minority languages, which has increasingly been brought into the focus of attention by the new digital media. This topic will be discussed based on the example of Occitan in the southern third of contemporary France where the langue d’oc continuously forfeits its territory.Besides the real topographic decline, the internet offers the Occitan a...


Heide-Ingrid Flagner & Sabine Krause

„Der Neurologe hätte die Nervenleitgeschwindigkeit messen müssen.“ – Das kommunikative Aushandeln des Expertenstatus in deutschsprachigen Diskussionsforen der Medizin.

Nadine Rentel
In online communication, the social identity of the persons involved is negotiated throughout communication processes with other members of a discourse community. In discussion fora in the domain of medicine, the focus lays on the discussion of the expert status of the users. This contribution aims at describing linguistic strategies that are used in order to create a positive self-image as medical expert in a community of practice. The study is based on a corpus...

„Blasse Mädchen“ im Spiegel – Zur Berichterstattung über Politikerinnen im Wahlkampfjahr 2013 am Beispiel von Medientexten über Katja Kipping

Anke Heier
This paper examines how the news magazine Der Spiegel and the online platform Spiegel Online (SPON) portrayed the politician Katja Kipping from the German party Die LINKE during the election campaign in 2013. Kipping is since 2012 chairman of the party Die LINKE and contributes to the increasing number of women in politics in recent years. The debate on sexism in everyday life and politics and the discussion related to the appointment of Ursula von...

Sprachbewusstheit – Sprachreflexion – Sprachkritik – Sprachpraxis – Sprachspiel: Didaktische Perspektiven auf die Auseinandersetzung von Kindern mit tradierten sprachlichen Formen

Helga Andresen
Children enjoy playing with language, even when they are as young as four years of age. Their playful practice can be seen as dealing with linguistic rules and conventions critically. Therefore didactic language criticism should be aware of children’s motivation for language play and their experiences in this field. The article describes several forms of language play – spontaneous speech play, jokes and riddles – and relates them to language acquisition, language awareness and acquisition...

Lexemes, practs, and those who have yet to decide

Mohammad Ali Salmani Nodoushan
Mey’s (2001) action-theoretic societal pragmatics known as pragmatic act theory nurtures the idea that the explanatory movement in pragmatic theories should go from the outside in (i. e. from actual situational contexts into prior contexts encoded in the utterances used). Kecskes’s (2010, 2013) socio-cognitive approach challenges Mey’s position, and argues that the explan-atory movement should go in both directions: from the outside in and from the inside out. To challenge Mey’s view and to nurture...


“So now I’m panic attack free!”: Response stories in a peer-to-peer online advice forum on pregnancy and parenting

Loukia Lindholm
This paper examines the functions of stories in an online peer-to-peer advice forum on pregnancy and parenting, particularly drawing attention to how parents as advice-givers use stories in health-related discussions. The analysis shows that stories are multi-functional, serving to establish rapport with advice-seekers, give and support advice, express and substantiate agreement or disagreement. The results add to the current scholarship by showing that response stories can be used to give etiological (causal) assessments of others’...

“If you start again, don’t worry. You haven’t failed”. Relapse talk and motivation in online smoking cessation

Marie-Thérèse Rudolf Von Rohr
In this article, I explore how relapse following initial smoking cessation is discursively construed and how participants position each other to enhance motivation in two different settings: smoking cessation forums and websites from the UK. In my qualitative discourse analysis, I focus on identity construction and relational work to pinpoint how users are re-motivated when they have not managed to reach their goal of becoming smoke-free. Results show an imbalance regarding how extensively relapse is...



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