831 Works

Prominence, Accent and Information Structure

Roland Hinterhölzl
The paper discusses the tenets of the complex interaction between syntax, prosody and information structure in German. A prominence-based approach to the interface is proposed in an account that crucially extends the object of syntax from the sentence level to the discourse level. The latter move allows to reconcile formal approaches and functional approaches to grammar and solves an old problem posed by the parallel impact of information structural categories on the phonological and semantic...

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Stadt, Land, Berg. Vom Zusammenspiel von Dialektwahrnehmung und Topographie

Philipp Stöckle & Christian Schwarz
In traditional dialectology, prominent geographical conditions are particularly made responsible for linguistic divergence between neighboring dialect areas (e. g. rivers, mountain ranges, etc.). Also modern national borders, territories of the Middle Ages or even older borders between tribal areas are made responsible as factors which consider linguistic areas as “mirror pictures of history” (Bach 1950: 31, translation: CS). Geographical as well as political borders seem to function as points of orientation that speakers use for...

Sprachräume: Konfigurationen, Interaktionen, Perzeptionen

Evelyn Ziegler, Markus Hundt & Christoph Purschke

Übergänge zur Schriftlichkeit. Zu wechselnden Profilen dialektaler Literalität am Beispiel des Niederdeutschen

Robert Langhanke
Different types of Low German literacy create varieties in addition to spoken Low German. Their function differs according to the change of language use. By setting the focus on dialectal literature it becomes clear, which concepts of Low German literature became influential since the 19th century. In the recent situation, new perspectives for Low German and its literature can be found in the field of planned language acquisition for example at school. Therefore written forms...

Relativsätze in den Dialekten des Deutschen: Vergleich und Typologie

Jürg Fleischer
This paper establishes a cross-dialectal typology of relative clauses in various German dialects and Yiddish according to their form and function. A great variety of different types of relativizers and relative clauses can be observed, including various pronouns, particles, and zero relatives. Combinations of these types occur, one of the most typical involving a resumptive element in a clause introduced by a particle. The Accessibility Hierarchy, a concept developed in typology, is used with great...

Kollokationen – ein vernachlässigtes Gebiet der DaF-Didaktik?

Joanna Targońska
Collocations, a highly specific group of set phrases, play an important role in the process of foreign language learning and acquisition. While their importance is unquestioned, they constitute a frequent source of errors, because the learners do not focus their attention on a collocation's form. What's more, they frequently assume that specific fixed sequences of words may be freely transferred from one language to another. In this paper we argue that collocations are in fact...

Peculiar Patterns of Juxtapositional Assimilations in Educated Nigerian Spoken English Variety

Taiwo Soneye & Ubong E. Josiah
Research into the specific phonological features that distinguish Educated Nigerian Spoken English (ENSE) within the purview of the New Englishes is still scarce. In particular, there is hardly any systematic, corpus-driven study on the juxtapositional assimilatory processes in Nigerian English to date, hence this current study. Its main objective is to examine the variety of English spoken by university students categorized as "Educated Nigerian English" (see Eka 1985, 2000; Odumuh 1987; Udofot 2004) and to...

A Rank Order of Accurate Use at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Evidence from French and Spanish L2 Acquisition

Nicola Work
In an attempt to investigate the vulnerability of the syntax-pragmatics interface and to shed light on the acquisition of subjects and objects in two different languages, namely the [+null subject] language Spanish and the [-null subject] language French, this article presents evi-dence from a crossectional and crosslinguistic university classroom study. The experiment in-vestigated various linguistic structures whose use is determined by information structure: pre-verbal subjects, null subjects, postverbal subjects and in situ objects with preverbal...

The Language Choices and Script Debates among the Uyghur in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi & Bahargül Hamut
The overwhelming majority of the more than 10 million Uyghur – Turkic Muslims who inhabit Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China – speaks the Uyghur language. Currently, Uyghur is written with the help of a modified Arabic script, just as it was in Xinjiang before the 1920s. Yet the majority of the twentieth century abounded in linguistic experiments and frequent switches between Cyrillic-, Latin- and Arabic-based alphabets. This paper focuses on changes made to...

Die Erforschung der Luxemburger Wortbildung als Aufgabe. Eine Projektvorstellung

Britta Weimann & Heinz Sieburg
Research on Luxembourgish word formation – both from a historical and a synchronic perspective – is still at its very beginning. Its most challenging aspect is the complex multilingual situation in Luxembourg which arose due to the country’s intricate history. The research project “WBLUX” takes this unique situation into account; It has been designed as a multi-stage corpus-based tandem project as a cooperation between German and Luxembourgish studies. This paper commences by introducing the project...

Affiliation Bd. 77, Nr. 3 (2016)

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Some characteristics of deverbal nominals in Slavic and Romance languages

Ivica Peša Matracki & Vinko Kovačić
In this paper we will investigate the nature of deverbal nominals across languages. Deverbal nouns are typically classified according to their word-formation model: affixation and conver-sion. Our study will compare the word formation of deverbal nominals in Slavic (Croatian, Slovenian and Polish) and Romance languages (Italian, French and Spanish) in order to show (i) that affixation corresponds to a specific mode of morphological operations and (ii) that the differences and similarities between deverbal nominals of...

Éditorial

Maud Dubois & Alain Kamber

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Politolinguistik und/oder Sprachkritik? Das Unbehagen in und an der Deskriptivität

Thomas Niehr
In this article it is argued that a link between the analysis of political language use and language criticism exists. Nevertheless, there is disagreement as to how far the linguistic analysis of political language use should be critical or descriptive. The author of this article argues that the different approaches of lay linguistic criticism and critical discourse analysis are not convincing from a linguistic point of view. On the other hand, it is not disputed...

Links ist dumm – Zur Konstruktion rechter Meinungsführerschaft in Online-Diskussionen

Maria Stopfner
Sharing the notion of identity as a dynamic construct within social interaction (cf. Kresic 2006; Mead 1968; Tajfel 1978), the paper traces the strategic manoeuvers by which far and extreme right users try to obtain opinion leadership in online debates. Based on the concept of "communities of practice" (cf. Wenger 2010, 2000, 1998; Wenger/McDermott/Snyder 2002; Lave/Wenger 1991), the qualitative as well as quantitative analysis of 1047 user comments combines conversation analytic approaches to identity construction...

Selbstgerechtigkeit – Selbstermächtigte Status-Degradierungszeremonien von Online-Petitionen bis zum Lynchen 2.0

Wolf-Andreas Liebert
An increasing lack of commitment and brutalization was observed due to the erosion of traditional communities in late modernism (cf. Duerr 1993; Sennet 1998). In Social Media, this is shown as an aggressive style (flaming) or as "hate speech" (cf. Butler 2013), increasingly in organized forms of ensembles of actors of aggression directed specifically against individuals. This libel and these hate acts underlie a complex practice which can be described with Harold Garfinkel's concept as...

Spezifische Probleme beim Übersetzen von Phraseologismen am Beispiel des Kinderromans Emil und die Detektive von Erich Kästner

Jarosław Ślawski
Specific problems of collocations translation illustrated on examples from children's novel Emil and the Detectives by Erich Kästner. The paper presents specific problems of translating collocations based on examples from children's novel Emil and the Detectives and its four Polish translated versions. These problems are due to the presence of collocations plentitude in everyday language and typical Kästner's modifications. Kästner's modifications within collocations include metaphorical comparisons and the typical accumulation of collocations within a few...

Homophonie et maîtrise du français écrit : apport de l’apprentissage sur corpus

Henry Tyne & Maï Leray
Mastery of spelling in L1 French is notoriously complex, in particular due to morphographic difficulties and grammatical homophony. This study investigates the use of data-driven learning in French primary schools for the homophonous set /sE/ (c’est, s’est, ces, ses, sais/t). The results show that whereas initially there is no difference in comparison to traditional teaching (i.e. following pre-test, fewer errors are made in general at the time of learning by both experimental and control groups),...

L’extraction et la modélisation de patrons lexico-syntaxiques pour leur enseignement en FLE : un exemple à partir du verbe montrer

Sylvain Hatier & Rui Yan
This study focuses on scientific writing and aims at improving verbal patterns teaching for L2 learners. Using a French corpus of scientific articles in humanities and social sciences (Scientext), we have collected and modelized lexicosyntactic patterns for the verb montrer and two of its synonyms. We aim at extracting specific structures for those three semantically close verbs, assuming that their semantic proximity will also be revealed in similar syntactic properties. We thus create a set...

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