78 Works

Schwa-Elision und die Wortprosodie des Luxemburgischen

François Conrad
In the young Germanic language Luxembourgish schwa can be dropped in the context before (and sometimes after) a sonorant and following a stressed syllable, e. g. Elteren > Elt_ren ‘parents’. The present paper describes schwa deletion from three perspectives: (1) the influ-ence of speech rate (allegro vs. lento speech), (2) the influence of the segments adjacent to schwa and (3) the prosodic structure of words. The results of an empirical investigation with 15 native speakers...

The linguistic sign: Metonymy and virtuality

Adam Glaz
Grounded in a rich philosophical and semiotic tradition, the most influential models of the linguistic sign have been Saussure’s intimate connection between the signifier and the signi-fied and Ogden and Richards’ semiotic triangle. Within the triangle, claim the cognitive lin-guists Radden and Kövecses, the sign functions in a metonymic fashion. The triangular semi-otic model is expanded here to a trapezium and calibrated with, on the one hand, Peirce’s conception of virtuality, and on the other...

Dimensionen der Wahrnehmung von Varianz

Joachim Gessinger
The SiN-project data corpus delivers an empirical foundation for the study of different dimensions in the perception of variation as “divergence from common usage” (H. Paul). In addition to the “objective” linguistic data (Produktionsdaten) obtained through biographical interviews, informal chats with relations and friends (Tischgespräche) as well as tasks to explore the variational repertoire of the informants, the corpus also displays results of the elicitation of linguistic knowledge and language attitudes obtained through specific testing...

Linguistic landscapes in der Innerschweiz: Dialekt, Toponyme und heraldische Zeichen als Ausdruck von Raumzugehörigkeit

Marina Petkova
This article explores the linguistic landscapes of four towns in Central Switzerland. The analysis focuses on linguistic features such as words written in dialect or toponyms and on some features from other semiotic codes like heraldic signs or arrangements in shop windows which include language, pictures, flags etc. The main interest lies in the way the mental concepts of “space” and “place” are displayed in the linguistic landscape. Which geographical categories are relevant? Which features...

Zur Bewertung von Niederdeutsch und lokalem Substandard in Hamburg

Lara Neumann & Ingrid Schröder
Based on the results of a quantitative study it is to be shown how Low German and forms of the Substandard of Hamburg are estimated within the population. The study was conducted within the context of the project Einstellungen gegenüber regionalen Sprachformen in der Großstadt: Niederdeutsch in Hamburg (NiH) (Attitudes towards regional languages in the city: Low German in Hamburg). The article takes a closer look at the connection between evaluation and social parameters such...

Gewalt der Sprache: Lexikalische Abwertung als (Ab)Bild einer Sprachgemeinschaft

Marija Brala-Vukanović & Aneta Stojić
The focus of this paper is on pejoratives, i. e. on lexical units of the negative evaluative type. Departing from the assumption that the study of negative evaluation offers an insight into hu-man nature, we shall here analyse the process of negative evaluation (the process of pejoriza-tion), as well as the result of that process (pejoratives themselves). The analysis is conducted on currently available research – both traditional and cognitive linguistic – as well as...

Übersetzung pejorativer Personenbezeichnungen

Anita Pavić Pintarić
This paper investigates the translation of pejoratives referring to persons. The corpus is comprised of literary dialogues in the collection of short stories about the First World War by Miroslav Krleža. The dialogues describe the relationship between officers and soldiers. Soldiers are not well prepared for the war and are the trigger of officers’ anger. Therefore, the dialogues are rich with emotionally loaded outbursts resulting in swearwords. Swearwords relate to the intellect and skills of...

Darstellung des Begriffs Toleranz im Deutschen und im Polnischen aus Frame-semantischer Perspektive

Karina Dudzik
The principal aim of this article is to create a cognitive holistic definition of ‘tolerance’ in Polish and in German based on the approach of the Frame Semantics according to Alexander Ziem (2008). The theory relies on the concept “frame”, understood as a cognitive structure facilitating the understanding of linguistic meaning. The semantic frame consists of “slots” and instances of slots, namely “default values” and “fillers”. The empirical material includes two types of data: selected...

Crowdsourcing the linguistic landscape of a multilingual country. Introducing Lingscape in Luxembourg

Christoph Purschke
This paper introduces the citizen science mobile application Lingscape. This free research tool for Android and iOS smartphones uses a crowdsourcing approach for research on linguistic landscapes. The paper discusses the use of mobile applications and crowdsourcing in linguistics, methodological requirements and problems of an app-based approach to the study of linguistic landscapes, and the key features of the app Lingscape. It considers the Luxembourgish cultural super-diversity as well as existing studies about the Luxembourgish...

Romanisierung als Schritt zur „Modernisierung” des Mazedonischen

Constantin-Ioan Mladin
This investigation aims to outline the contribution that Romanic languages had to the finalization of the configuration of the modern Macedonian language, both in terms of common language and of technical terms. More specifically, the paper aims: 1) to identify Romanic idioms that have influenced to some extent the Macedonian language, either indirectly (through another language such as French, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese) or directly (through Romanian – Dacoromanian and Aromanian, or through Meglenoromanian); 2)...

Typing yourself healthy: Introduction to the special issue on language and health online

Franziska Thurnherr & Miriam A. Locher
This chapter functions as an introduction to the special issue on Language and Health Online, which features 10 original research papers. It reviews the results of the papers and the joint emerging themes: the impact of technical and social affordances of computer-mediated interaction; discovering an emic perspective of health issues, uncovering health ideologies, and the theme of patient empowerment; the construction of identities, the construction of shared experiences, and the use of narratives. The diverse...


Corpus-based analysis of the collocational profiles of the terms denoting the mentally challenged

Liana Markelova
The present study aims to trace the evolution of public attitude towards the mentally challenged by means of the corpus-based analysis. The raw data comes from the two of the BYU corpora: Global Web-Based English (GloWbE) and Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). The former is comprised of 1.8 million web pages from 20 English-speaking countries (Davies/Fuchs 2015: 1) and provides an opportunity to research at a cross-cultural level, whereas the latter, containing 400 million...

Affiliation Bd. 81, Nr. 2 (2017)

Hub of medical expertise or medicalised conveyor-belt? Sharing meanings online on the hospital birth setting

Antoinette Fage-Butler
In 2014, the official risk advice in the UK regarding birth setting was altered given scientific evidence that for low-risk groups, home births are safer than hospital births. As hospital births were previously the de facto recommendation, and pregnant women in the UK now need to consider their birth setting options carefully, many go online, seeking advice about birth setting options from their peers. In this paper, I investigate how the hospital birth setting is...

Некоторые особенности двувидовых глаголов и их восприятие билингвами и монолингвами

Anna Pavlova
The Russian language contains a number of bi-aspectual verbs, which may be used as both imperfective and perfective. A comparison of several dictionaries shows that lexicographers hold very different opinions as to whether a given verb is bi-aspectual or not. A comparison of verbs labeled as bi-aspectual in a dictionary against real usage of some bi-aspectual verbs in texts indicates that the dictionaries are not always reliable and that the lexicographic mark-ing of bi-aspectual verbs...

Zur Ikonizität deutscher Zwillingsformeln

Agnieszka Gaweł
In this paper we present a corpus analysis of the influence of sequential iconicity on the linear order of German irreversible binomials. The analysis provides evidence for the thesis that semantic and pragmatic factors determining the linear order of binomials can be interpreted as examples of sequential iconicity which subsumes several cases of iconic coding: the linear order of linguistic units reflecting the structure of the extralinguistic reality, the cognitive pro-cesses and the sociocultural coding.

A Diachronic Approach to Web-Based Genres: The Case of the Personal Weblog

Peter Schildhauer
This study pursues two related aims: (1) It develops a diachronic approach to web-based genres and explores its potentials and limitations. (2) As a case in point, it uses the genre personal weblog, providing a diachronic description of both recurrent and changing features of the genre. It applies a mixed-methods approach that draws on historical sources and the DIABLOC, a diachronic blog corpus, which spans 15 years from 1997 to 2012 and includes also examples...

Affiliation Bd. 80, Nr. 1 (2017)

OntoDiccionario, un diccionario ontoterminológico multilingüe (español-inglés-alemán): aspectos de su construcción y resultados

María Rosario Bautista-Zambrana
This paper starts from the assumption that the conceptual structure underlying terms in a spe-cialized domain constitutes an essential aspect in terminology and in the elaboration of termi-nological resources, in a way that the precise representation of that conceptual structure can be of great use for specialized translators. Based on this premise we have constructed a multi-lingual (Spanish-English-German) terminological dictionary based on ontologies, which are a type of formal and explicit representation of the conceptual...

Sprache und Gewalt

Aneta Stojić

Lokale Strategien der (sprachlichen) Realisierung von globalen Feindbildern

Nikolina Palašić
The goal of this paper is to try to show how language can be used to construct hostile images and how on the basis of these images verbal and physical violence may arise. A recent situation in Croatia, which from present-day perspective can without reservation be described as an anti-gay campaign (2013), will serve as an example of hate speech. We use the statements and images that were used at that time in the media...

Rapport Management toward Expressing Sympathy in Persian

Sayyed Amir Sheikhan
The present study sets out to examine the realisation of the speech act of expressing sympathy in Persian, which, notwithstanding its significant communicative role, has not received the attention it deserves. More precisely, drawing on data collected through open role-plays and retrospective interviews, and using rapport management theory (Spencer-Oatey 2005), this study is an attempt to scrutinise Persian speakers’ sympathy expressions in a situation exhibit-ing solidarity between the interlocutors. Results show that by employing 12...

Affiliation Bd. 83, Nr. 4 (2017)

das ist ein: (--) äh ja ANschluss ja. Das ja als Turnhalte- und Anschlusssignal im gesprochenen Deutsch.

Dario Marić
Spoken production is subjected to speed and needs in the conversations that can locally be changed, which makes it dynamic and flexible. Often the thematic framework of the next ut-terance is determined while the appropriate complex linguistic construction for it is not yet available. Delays and pauses before continuing in the utterances are traces of searching words and an indication that we often decide on the linguistic structure in terms of complex and schematic constructions...

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