49 Works

Prosody in Interaction

Pia Bergmann
Interactional approaches to prosody have seen an enormous growth in the last decades. One crucial assumption common to these approaches is that prosodic devices may serve as resources for structuring and organizing an interaction. Methodologically, interactionally informed research of prosody rests upon ethnomethodological conversation analysis and contextualization theory. In this paper, a case study of the Cologne German rising-falling intonation contour serves to illuminate the prevalent methods in the field. The results are discussed with...

On the rise of domain adverbials in Italian: the history of the -mente parlando construction

Klaus Grübl
This paper investigates the history of -mente parlando, a construction that can be used in modern Italian either as a style disjunct (e. g. rigorosamente parlando ‘strictly speaking’) or as a domain adverbial (e. g. economicamente parlando ‘economically speaking’). This functional difference will be accounted for synchronically as a case of constructional polysemy, with different semantic types of adjectives (mainly relational vs non-relational) occurring in the -mente slot leading to a different reading of the...

Affiliation Bd. 92, Nr. 5 (2018)

Funktionswörter als Indikatoren für diskursspezifische Argumentationsstrukturen im printmedialen Diskurs über den fünften Sachstandsbericht des Weltklimarates

Nadine Kammermann
This study aims to explore how Swiss print media convey climate change to laypeople. Due to the subjects' complexity and scope, its mediation can result in difficulties. A corpus of articles on the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) provides an insight into discursive argumentation structures. Corpus-driven collected function word clusters enable to identify argumentative schemes in the media discourse. The qualitative analysis of these argumentative clusters reveals the significance of several actors, particularly administrative...

Kausalkonstruktionen mit Adjektiv im freien und fixierten Gebrauch

Sabine De Knop & Fabio Mollica
The study describes the semantic and conceptual variation of causal constructions with an adjective as they are realized in German, French and Italian. In the framework of Goldberg’s (cf. 1995 and 2006) Construction Grammar, it discusses some defining properties of the analyzed constructions, like the formal and semantic (non-)predictability and their possible phraseological status based on metonymy or metaphor. Several constructions can be identified which convey different meanings, i. e. causality and/or excessiveness. The instantiations...

Zur idiomatischen Komponente auffälliger kausativer Konstruktionen im Deutschen

Martine Dalmas & Laurent Gautier
This paper aims to analyze German caused-motion constructions such as jn aus dem Bett klingeln from both a phraseological and constructional perspective. Section 1 shows how the traditional definition of phraseologisms is nowadays challenged by new developments in construction grammar, especially within Goldberg’s framework. Section 2 focuses on the various possibilities existing in German to express causativity and proposes a continuum from mere morphological signs to the constructions under consideration here. Section 3 exemplifies the...

Construction Grammar meets Phraseology: eine Standortbestimmung

Alexander Ziem

Das deutsche Kopulaverb sein und seine thailändischen Entsprechungen

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap
Although German and Thai are typologically different from each other, both languages do have copulative constructions. The verb sein is the most important copular verb in German. Thai does have literary equivalents for this German verb but they involve different verbs. However, only pen and khɯ: are usually considered as Thai copular verbs. This study aims to compare the German verb sein in copulative constructions with pen and khɯ:. The contrastive analysis is based on...

Forms of address and language ideologies: The case of a southwestern Nigerian university

Foluke O. Unuabonah
This paper examines the forms and functions of address terms employed among staff members and the language ideologies that inform the use of these address forms in a southwestern Nigerian university. The study is guided by Anchimbe’s (2011a) categorisation of address forms, and theories on language ideologies. The data are collected through participant-observation, oral and written interviews, and these are analysed qualitatively. The analysis reveals that forms of address used in the university include academic...

Visuelle Narration. Zum journalistischen Storytelling aus der Sicht der Medienlinguistik

Magdalena Makowska
From among many narrative forms used in the media, storytelling starts to occupy a more and more important place. Its essence constitutes the telling of a story which must be well understandable as well as easy to remember and retell. Storytelling is one of the best methods of awakening interest and focusing the recipient' attention. Owing to the adequate manner of tell-ing a story as well as its appropriate structuring particular needs are evoked in...

Affiliations Bd 93, 6/2018

Near-native, nativelike or native? Some terminological and conceptual remarks on L2 ultimate attainment research

Kamil Zubrzycki
The main objective of this paper is to draw attention to the problem of the inconsistent and potentially confusing use of the terms near-native, nativelike and native with reference to study participants and their level of L2 ultimate attainment in age-related research, as well as to highlight certain conceptual discrepancies pertaining to this issue. A basic analysis of some of the best-known publications in the relevant literature has demonstrated that the terms near-native and nativelike...

Inhaltsverzeichnis/Table of contents

The illocution-prosody relationship and the Information Pattern in spontaneous speech according to the Language into Act Theory (L-AcT)

Emanuela Cresti
This paper introduces the question of the definition of reference units for speech, correlating with the necessary condition that they must be an adequate and useful means for analyzing large spoken corpora. According to Language into Act Theory (L-AcT), the utterance is the proper reference unit and the counterpart of the speech act (Austin 1962), being demarcated by prosody within the flow of speech. The pragmatic foundations of the utterance and its information structure will...

Zum Bekanntheitsgrad erwerbsrelevanter Phraseme des Deutschen. Eine Untersuchung bei Germanistik-Studierenden an der Nationalen Kapodistrias-Universität Athen

Evangelos Makos & Marios Chrissou
It is a common place in the phraseodidactic research that collocational fluency is a significant factor of language fluency. Nevertheless, formulaic language is not focused systematically in the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and in learning materials for German as a foreign language. The lack of transparency and fragmentary treatment of set phrases have a negative impact over the development of collocational fluency.The present paper focuses on the extent that students of German...

Football in computer-mediated discourse: A move analysis of match previews

Mark Nartey
In the last couple of decades, linguistic enquiry into internet genres has become prevalent, resulting in the investigation of internet genres such as live-text commentary, weblogs, online news/news websites, and social network sites. In tandem with this research tradition, the current study investigated the football match preview in a bid to identify its schematic structure and the rhetorical strategies deployed by producers of this genre in achieving their communicative goal(s). Six match previews taken from...

Politeness research: Key trajectories and their applicability in intercultural communication

Silvie Válková
With the plethora of studies on politeness in general and linguistic politeness in particular, it is difficult for those who want to apply the theoretical findings to authentic language data, to find a roadmap to theoretical framework on which to base the data processing and achieve relevant results. The pre-requisite for such objectives is the familiarity with the existing politeness theories of which to choose with a particular aim in mind, but since there are...

Schriftliches Peer-Textfeedback unter Studierenden: Auseinandersetzungen mit dem Inhalt von fremdem Text. Ergebnisse der qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse von 6 retrospektiven Interviews

Anne Von Gunten
The paper at hand presents the results of a substudy from a 3-year research project carried out by the Bern University of Teacher Education, investigating how student teachers in their 1st semester deal with the content of other students’ texts when writing peer text feedback without guidance. In this study six future teachers were asked to substantiate their comments in retrospective verbalizations (see Linnemann 2017: 339) immediately after having written their text feedback. The transcriptions...

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Modal Auxiliaries as Stance-Taking Devices in Linguistics Research Articles: A Functional Contrastive Analysis

Amrollah Talati-Baghsiahi, Nahid Yarahmadzehi & Fatemeh Moafian
The current paper is to report a study on modal auxiliaries as stance-taking devices applied in English linguistics research articles by native and Persian non-native writers. In doing so, 20 (10 in each group) research articles were selected. The corpora were detected for the occurrences of modal auxiliaries both mechanically and functionally. The obtained data was analyzed and the frequency and proportionate distribution of the individual modals with respect to each other were determined. The...

Phonological and semantic aspects of German intonation

Jörg Peters
This paper presents an outline of an autosegmental-metrical analysis of German intonation adopting Gussenhoven’s (1983, 2005) approach to Dutch intonation. A features-based interpretation of the phonological units is given, which is based on an analysis of tonal contrasts. This analysis suggests that tones of different tone classes bear semantic features that relate to the mutual belief space, information packaging, conversational structure, thematic structure, conceptual structure, and speaker attitudes.

Affiliation Bd. 89, Nr. 2 (2018)

A topic to rack our clever brains on: Premodification in Hungarian and English body-part idioms

Barbara Bakó
The aim of this paper is to examine the adjectival premodification tendencies in English and Hungarian V + NP idioms that involve body-part terms. Investigating the modified variations of twenty expressions in corpora, five major types of premodifiers have been found to occur with this particular class of verbal idioms: conjunction, expressive, external, intermediate, and internal. Conjunction adnominals modify only the literal referent of the body-part term; ex-pressives provide some additional emotional content, while external...

Vom Text zur Übung. Kollokationen in Lesetexten und ihre Widerspiegelung in Übungen (am Beispiel ausgewählter DaF-Lehrwerke)

Joanna Targońska
Collocations are an important part of lexis. Their use is often indispensable and they cannot be replaced by any other lexical means. Unfortunately, they pose a big problem for learners of a foreign language because they are not conspicuous and the learners are not aware of their conventionality and fixed character. It is then important to draw the learner’s attention to that part of lexis, for example by placing collocations in the vocabulary practice. This...

Sentence adverbials: Defining the research object and outlining the research results

Marta Lupica Spagnolo, Ana Albom, Anna-Maria De Cesare & Doriana Cimmino
The aim of this contribution – functioning as preface to the special issue of Linguistik online entitled Formal and functional perspectives on sentence adverbials in the Romance languagesand beyond – is to give a general overview of its research object and agenda. We start by providing a morpho-syntactic definition of the category of adverbials and then present a functional classification of these expressions, paying particular attention to the category of sentence adverbials. After having clarified...

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