16 Works

Implicit Arguments in English and Rutooro

Bebwa Isingoma
The present study is a contrastive analysis of the syntactic behavior of verbs that are ontologically specified for objects but these objects may be left out without rendering sentences ungrammatical. The study unveils asymmetries between English and Rutooro (a Bantu language spoken in Uganda) in the (non-)omissibility of postverbal arguments, stemming from lexico-semantic and morphological factors as well as syntactic and discoursal factors. In light of the asymmetries arising from syntactic and discoursal factors, the...

Schrift als Komponente der Bildschirmfläche am Beispiel der deutschen Nachrichtensendungen

Anna Kapuścińska
The article focusses the written components of the screen surface in television news programs. The semiotic perspective represented in this article legitimises the viewpoint that they are not (ordinary) language signs. The main concern of this article is the status of the written text (as a semiotic medium) in the construction patterns of the news programs. It is argued that the written texts appear in the news programs increasingly as graphical elements, so that their...

“You Must Adhere Strictly to the Time and Days of Intake”: Medical Advice and Negotiations of Medical Authority in Nigerian HIV Consultations

Eniola Boluwaduro
Using the methodology of conversation analysis, this paper examines the practice of offering medical advice and its implication for negotiations of medical authority in Nigerian HIV consultations. Analyses of ninety treatment recommendation sequences from seventy audio-recorded interactions between doctors and HIV-positive patients reveal that doctors issue instructions as a form of medical advice on patients’ adherence to medical recommendations. During the advisory interactions, patients are held accountable for maintaining medical wellness, although the doctors’ reasons...

On the Connection between Countries’ Onomasiological and Ecological Behavior

Joachim Grzega
Five onomasiological features in EU countries are statistically compared to environmental performances of these countries (in selected years) by way of Welch’s t-tests and Cohen’s d. The analyses show, for years with statistically significant results, that national energy use is smaller when the environment is onomasiologically “middle/central” than when it is onomasiologically “around”, the national ecological footprint of one year is smaller when human beings are onomasiologically “beings” rather than morphologically opaque, the national percentage...

Der Weg zum ús normal des Katalanischen und Valencianischen.

Ina Kühne
The article examines the linguistic situation in the Autonomous Communities of Catalonia and Valencia since the beginning of the Spanish Transition (Transición) to democracy after Francisco Franco’s death. It illustrates the measures regarding language policy and language planning taken by the respective governments to reestablish the llengua pròpia (‘own lan-guage’) and to achieve its ús normal (‘normal use’). Those measures were made possible by the Spanish democratic constitution of 1978. Finally, the efficiency of the...

Internet-Memes als multimodale Sprechakte in öffentlichen Diskursen anhand von Beispielen aus Antwortthreads von @realDonaldTrump

Andreas Osterroth
Internet memes are highly relevant for digital communications but there is not much re-search about their pragmatic uses. Besides being texts, memes are also multimodal speech acts. They are very similar to the speech acts Searle described, but there are some differ-ences. The communicative function of memes is in accord with Keller’s principle for social success, which is aimed for by all speakers. It is shown that people on Twitter use memes as speech acts...

Antisymmetry and word order in double object constructions in Zarma

Waheed Ayisa Jayeola
Double Object Construction in Zarma sometimes allows alternations in the order of its internal arguments and the order in some cases may also be fixed. This tendency does not make predictions about a canonical order for the occurrence of Theme and Recipient objects within the VP simple. The same condition applies to monotransitive structures which vary between a complement-head and a head-complement order. It is the aim of this paper to present and analyse the...

Paisaje lingüístico en Benín: un recurso didáctico y motivador para el aula de lenguas extranjeras

Laurent-Fidèle Sossouvi & Mei-Chih Lin
Multilingualism and multiculturalism have been and are constitutive aspects of African soci-eties. This pioneer study analyzes the linguistic landscapes of Cotonou and Abomey-Calavi (Benin), two contiguous cities; in order to verify the status and the vitality of the languages used and spoken in the country as well as seeing if it is possible to exploit didactically this written modality. For this purpose, a quantitative analysis of written language productions in public space was carried out....

Trends in Onomastic Research in Brazil

Márcia Sipavicius Seide & Marcelo Saparas
This article brings together recent onomastic investigations developed in Brazil between 2011 and 2018. In the field of toponomastics there is some degree of uniformity resulting from both the use of the same research paradigm and the development of projects dedicated to the production of toponymic atlases in several regions of the country. In the field of an-throponomastics, however, there is dispersion and fragmentation of anthroponymic studies due to non-affiliation with the field by some...

Proverbs and Figurative Expressions as Markers of Feminist Ideology in Selected Femi Osofisan Plays

Akinmameji Oluwayemisi Olusola
Literature abounds on the way gender issues are foregrounded in both literary and non-literary texts. Many of these studies, especially from the linguistic perspective, fail to pay attention to how proverbs and figurative expressions are used to expose feminist ideology in discourse. This study, therefore, considers the way these cultural elements are used to ex-press the feminist beliefs of Femi Osofisan in some of his drama texts to lend credence to the argument that every...

Presupposition, assertion and the encoding of evidentiality in political discourse

Viviana Masia
The way linguistic messages are “packaged” in political discourse often reflects evidentially-based criteria and, notably, the intention of the politician to make his epistemic commitment more or less manifest in relation to the type of content proffered to the receiver. The present paper analyzes the evidential function of presupposition and assertion (apud Masia 2017) in a corpus of English, French and Italian political speeches, with the aim of highlighting how these units of information structure...

“I hardly ever practice the real Standard German.” Self-reported language use and language proficiency in South Tyrol (Italy)

Mara Maya Victoria Leonardi
This paper deals with qualitative data on language use and self-assessments on language proficiency in multilingual speakers in South Tyrol (Italy). The first aim is to investigate empirically whether there has been a change in young people’s language use within certain domains (family, friends, and school). The second aim describes whether, after years of segregation between the language groups, a change in pupil’s language proficiency could be observed. Moreover, we also examine which extra-linguistic factors...

Korpuslinguistische Perspektiven auf die sprachhistorische Entwicklung der nominalisierten Infinitive im Deutschen

Martina Werner
Nominalized infinitives (NIs, such as (das) Lachen ‘(the) laughing’, (das) Um-die-Ecke-Wohnen lit. ʻ(the) around-the-corner-living’) are the morphologically most elaborated deverbal nominalization patterns without restrictions in present-day German. However, this was not the case in earlier stages of German. The article reconstructs the steps behind the increase in productivity of the NI since Old High German with the support of historical corpora from Old High, Middle High, Early New High, and present-day German. It will be...

Tracing a standard language in Austria using methodological microvariations of Verbal and Matched Guise Technique

Wolfgang Koppensteiner & Alexandra Lenz
Based on the key hypothesis, that there are heterogeneous conceptualizations of “standardness” within the German speaking countries, this paper both methodologically and empirically tangles main aspects on “standard in Austria” from the perspective of perceptual variationist linguistics. Two series of comprehensive listener judgment tests based on 536 informants, considering different sociolinguistic parameters and assumptions on model speakers, indicate shiftings away from competing (country-specific) conceptualizations towards heterogeneous dimensions of “standard in Austria” with complex evaluative patterns.

Hollywoodfilmtitel im Deutschen und im Thailändischen

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap & Pasinee Seenlabut
This paper is a contrastive analysis which explores how the English Hollywood film titles are translated into German and Thai. The purpose of the study is to answer the following questions: 1) What is the difference between the length of the film titles in the original English version and in their German and Thai translation; 2) Which translation methods can be found in the translation of the Hollywood film titles into German and Thai?; 3)...

Informationen zu den Beitragenden/Information about the authors

Elke Hentschel

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Text