107 Works

Natural language processing tools for computer assisted language learning

Anne Vandeventer Faltin
This paper illustrates the usefulness of natural language processing (NLP) tools for computer assisted language learning (CALL) through the presentation of three NLP tools integrated within a CALL software for French. These tools are (i) a sentence structure viewer; (ii) an error diagnosis system; and (iii) a conjugation tool. The sentence structure viewer helps language learners grasp the structure of a sentence, by providing lexical and grammatical information. This information is derived from a deep...

The Linguistics of Keyboard-to-screen Communication: A New Terminological Framework

Andreas H. Jucker & Christa Dürscheid
New forms of communication that have recently developed in the context of Web 2.0 make it necessary to reconsider some of the analytical tools of linguistic analysis. In the context of keyboard-to-screen communication (KSC), as we shall call it, a range of old dichotomies have become blurred or cease to be useful altogether, e. g. "asynchronous" versus "synchronous", "written" versus "spoken", "monologic" versus "dialogic", and in particular "text" versus "utterance". We propose alternative terminologies ("communicative...

\"Sprachpraxis\" and Mass Customization

Conor Geiselbrechtinger
The language component of a degree in English in Germany, or "Sprachpraxis" as it is known in some universities, has in recent years faced a number challenges. Not only are German universities adapting to the B.A./M.A. system but also the very nature of teaching English globally, primarily teaching English as a Lingua Franca (E.L.F.), has had profound effects. This paper aims to explore the most salient questions that have arisen with regard to issues such...

Code-switching as appraisal resource in talking about third parties

Nicole Baumgarten & Inke Du Bois
This article explores the function of code-switching in talking about absent third parties. The basis for the investigation is a corpus of sociolinguistic individual and group interviews with German immigrants in the US and American immigrants in Germany. In these interviews, the interviewees are asked to recount their migration experiences and their lives before and after migration. For each individual speaker, the interviewer and – in the group interviews – the other participants in the...

„Was ist es mit diesem grammatisch ungeheuerlichen ‚ihns‘?“

Andreas Klein & Damaris Nübling

Medienhessisch.

Lars Vorberger
The Hessian language area is characterized by the opposition of an object-linguistic heterogeneity and a perceived homogeneity. The perception and conceptualization of “Hessian” is highly connected to the medial distribution of “Hessian”. This Mediahessian hasn’t been investigated profoundly. Thus, this paper – based on an outline of the Hessian language area and the media usage of regional language – analyzes: (a) the knowledge about Mediahessian based on a survey, (b) the concept of “Hessian”, which...

Überzeugungs- und Überredungsmittel in mündlichen Aufforderungsakten im deutsch-italienischen Sprachvergleich

Ilaria Venuti & Roland Hinterhölzl
The purpose of this study is to draw a comparison between the realization of requestive speech acts in Italian and in German, and to investigate the different strategies of persuasion in the two speech communities, with a particular attention to the relationship between efficiency and politeness. The empirical part of the study consists in the comparison of 320 requests formulated by Italian and German speakers. Linguistic data were elicited by means of a discourse completion...

„Gesagt. Getan.“

Paul Danler
An orator tries to turn his/her personal point of view into a generally accepted one using a variety of rhetorical means; one of which is argumentation. However, since the relationship between rhetoric and argumentation is somewhat controversial, I will first of all try to identify the role of argumentation within rhetoric. After that, I will briefly discuss the nature of a wide range of argumentation schemes. Arguments have been classified in different ways. One very...

Popularisierung im Dienst der Persuasion.

Gabriella Carobbio
The article outlines some strategies of persuasion when popularizing legal contents. The study concerns a video (Erklärfilm) published on the website of the Bayerisches Staatsministerium der Justiz, which explains to migrants the main legal principles upon which the German federal state is grounded. Legal issues such as the constitutional freedom of religion or belief and the state monopoly on the use of force are clarified in order to give migrants basic knowledge of the German...

S Doris in däm wisse Fätze.

Gerda Baumgartner
In various Swiss German dialects, the feminine gender is not the sole possibility when referring to women. Under certain circumstances, the article of female first names can also be neuter, e. g. s Doris. The gender assignment of names is determined by linguistic variables such as morphology or semantics, but also by social factors like age and social relationship. Neuter names have been shown to indicate social relations and encode certain concepts of gender roles...

ArchiMob: Ein multidialektales Korpus schweizerdeutscher Spontansprache

Yves Scherrer, Tanja Samardžić & Elvira Glaser
Although Swiss dialects of German are widely used in everyday communication, automatic processing of Swiss German is still a considerable challenge due to the fact that it is mostly a spoken variety and that it is subject to considerable regional variation. This paper presents the ArchiMob corpus, a freely available general-purpose corpus of transcribed spoken Swiss German based on oral history interviews. The corpus is a result of a long design process, intensive manual work...

Geschriebener Dialekt in Südtiroler Facebook-Texten

Alexander Glück & Aivars Glatznieks
This case study deals with the reflexes of unaccentuated, word-final Standard German -er in multisyllabic words, attested in German Facebook texts written by South Tyrolean Facebook users with German as (one of) their first language(s). After preliminary considerations for the analysis of written language and a presentation of the corpus, linguistic data will be related to metadata on texts and users, taking spatial, social and situational criteria into account, in this way assigning particular variants...

Inhaltsverzeichnis/Table of contents

Elke Hentschel

Ideologies in Nigerian Stand-up Comedy

Ibukun Finali & Temitope Michael Ajayi
The bond between language and ideology has caught the attention of discourse analysts. Investigating this bond, discourse analysts have further demonstrated that everyday interactions are embedded in and with different ideologies. Likewise, the performance of humour is motivated by the interlocutors’ ideological inclinations. On the strength of these propositions, this study attempts a critical analysis of the ideologies in selected Nigerian stand-up comedy routines (NSC), with particular reference to Fairclough and Wodak’s notions of ideology...

Implicit Arguments in English and Rutooro

Bebwa Isingoma
The present study is a contrastive analysis of the syntactic behavior of verbs that are ontologically specified for objects but these objects may be left out without rendering sentences ungrammatical. The study unveils asymmetries between English and Rutooro (a Bantu language spoken in Uganda) in the (non-)omissibility of postverbal arguments, stemming from lexico-semantic and morphological factors as well as syntactic and discoursal factors. In light of the asymmetries arising from syntactic and discoursal factors, the...

Schrift als Komponente der Bildschirmfläche am Beispiel der deutschen Nachrichtensendungen

Anna Kapuścińska
The article focusses the written components of the screen surface in television news programs. The semiotic perspective represented in this article legitimises the viewpoint that they are not (ordinary) language signs. The main concern of this article is the status of the written text (as a semiotic medium) in the construction patterns of the news programs. It is argued that the written texts appear in the news programs increasingly as graphical elements, so that their...

“You Must Adhere Strictly to the Time and Days of Intake”: Medical Advice and Negotiations of Medical Authority in Nigerian HIV Consultations

Eniola Boluwaduro
Using the methodology of conversation analysis, this paper examines the practice of offering medical advice and its implication for negotiations of medical authority in Nigerian HIV consultations. Analyses of ninety treatment recommendation sequences from seventy audio-recorded interactions between doctors and HIV-positive patients reveal that doctors issue instructions as a form of medical advice on patients’ adherence to medical recommendations. During the advisory interactions, patients are held accountable for maintaining medical wellness, although the doctors’ reasons...

On the Connection between Countries’ Onomasiological and Ecological Behavior

Joachim Grzega
Five onomasiological features in EU countries are statistically compared to environmental performances of these countries (in selected years) by way of Welch’s t-tests and Cohen’s d. The analyses show, for years with statistically significant results, that national energy use is smaller when the environment is onomasiologically “middle/central” than when it is onomasiologically “around”, the national ecological footprint of one year is smaller when human beings are onomasiologically “beings” rather than morphologically opaque, the national percentage...

Der Weg zum ús normal des Katalanischen und Valencianischen.

Ina Kühne
The article examines the linguistic situation in the Autonomous Communities of Catalonia and Valencia since the beginning of the Spanish Transition (Transición) to democracy after Francisco Franco’s death. It illustrates the measures regarding language policy and language planning taken by the respective governments to reestablish the llengua pròpia (‘own lan-guage’) and to achieve its ús normal (‘normal use’). Those measures were made possible by the Spanish democratic constitution of 1978. Finally, the efficiency of the...

Internet-Memes als multimodale Sprechakte in öffentlichen Diskursen anhand von Beispielen aus Antwortthreads von @realDonaldTrump

Andreas Osterroth
Internet memes are highly relevant for digital communications but there is not much re-search about their pragmatic uses. Besides being texts, memes are also multimodal speech acts. They are very similar to the speech acts Searle described, but there are some differ-ences. The communicative function of memes is in accord with Keller’s principle for social success, which is aimed for by all speakers. It is shown that people on Twitter use memes as speech acts...

Antisymmetry and word order in double object constructions in Zarma

Waheed Ayisa Jayeola
Double Object Construction in Zarma sometimes allows alternations in the order of its internal arguments and the order in some cases may also be fixed. This tendency does not make predictions about a canonical order for the occurrence of Theme and Recipient objects within the VP simple. The same condition applies to monotransitive structures which vary between a complement-head and a head-complement order. It is the aim of this paper to present and analyse the...

Fischzüge der Liebe: Liebeskommunikation in deutschen und chinesischen SMS-Sequenzen

Wolfgang Imo
One of the biggest problems with love talk is that the lovers want to make sure of their true and sincere love but that at the same time the assertion of truth and sincerity may also be interpreted as mere routine and the utterance of clichés. On the basis of a qualitative analysis of German and Chinese love communication by SMS it will be shown from a cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspective how interactants cope with...

All men become brothers – The use of kinship terms for non-related persons as a sign of respect or disrespect

Elke Hentschel
In many different languages, kinship terms can be used in order to address or refer to non-kin. These terms can be very polite, and in many languages this is the only meaning and function they have. However, in some languages terms with the same meaning can be very impolite. This article shows how these differences can be explained by the nature of the underlying cultural concepts. In addition, it explores the question why kinship terms...

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