317,816 Works

Glial fibrillary astrocytic protein (GFAP) and βIII-tubulin expression in differentiated olfactory bulb-derived (OB-ns) and subventricular zone-derived (SVZ-ns) neurospheres

Perrine Barraud, , Maeve A Caldwell & Robin JM Franklin
(A-B) Photomicrographs showing GFAP-expression in control OB-ns (A) and OM-CM cultures (B). Proportions of GFAP-expressing cells in OB-ns and SVZ-ns cultures are shown in histogram graphs in C and D, respectively. (E-F) Photomicrographs showing βIII-tubulin expression in control (E) and OM-CM cultures (F). Proportions of βIII-tubulin-expressing cells in OB-ns and SVZ-ns cultures are shown in histogram graphs in G and H, respectively. Scale bar in A, B, E, F: 50 μm.Copyright information:Taken from "Secreted factors...

Addition of the microchromosome GGA25 to the chicken genome sequence assembly through radiation hybrid and genetic mapping-3

Marine Douaud, Katia Fève, Marie Gerus, Valérie Fillon, Suzanne Bardes, David Gourichon, Deborah A Dawson, Olivier Hanotte, Terry Burke, Florence Vignoles, Mireille Morisson, Michele Tixier-Boichard, Alain Vignal & Frédérique Pitel
Gion 144.1–159.5 Mb [37]. For each marker on the framework map, a line joins both positions (cR and Mb) together. Framework markers are in red. Left: conservation of synteny between HSA1 and chicken chromosomes. Pink: GGA25, blue: GGA08, orange: GGA01.Copyright information:Taken from "Addition of the microchromosome GGA25 to the chicken genome sequence assembly through radiation hybrid and genetic mapping"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/9/129BMC Genomics 2008;9():129-129.Published online 17 Mar 2008PMCID:PMC2275740.

Addition of the microchromosome GGA25 to the chicken genome sequence assembly through radiation hybrid and genetic mapping-6

Marine Douaud, Katia Fève, Marie Gerus, Valérie Fillon, Suzanne Bardes, David Gourichon, Deborah A Dawson, Olivier Hanotte, Terry Burke, Florence Vignoles, Mireille Morisson, Michele Tixier-Boichard, Alain Vignal & Frédérique Pitel
Ome assembly. In green: RH linkage group assignment of the supercontigs; LG: linkage group, ND: not done, NLG: new linkage group. A: position of all chicken supercontigs larger than 10 kb on HSA1 in the May 2004 Hg17 assembly. Supercontigs with a low % (G+C) were not selected for genotyping. B: position of the supercontigs genotyped in the RH panel on HSA1 in the March 2006 Hg18 assembly.Copyright information:Taken from "Addition of the microchromosome GGA25...

Association of ATRX with pericentric heterochromatin and the Y chromosome of neonatal mouse spermatogonia-0

Claudia Baumann, Anja Schmidtmann, Kathrin Muegge &
Ethylated autosomal centromeric domains (thin arrow) as determined by 5-methyl cytosine (5-mC) staining (red). Chromosomes in neonatal spermatogonia lack global DNA methylation at pericentric heterochromatin, while 5-mC (red) decorates entire chromatids in the majority of autosomes (thin arrow). Two chromosomes on each metaphase spread consistently exhibit lack of 5-mC staining (bold arrow and arrowhead). These patterns are reproducible after using two standard chromosome fixation protocols using either paraformaldehyde (PFA) or methanol/acetic acid (MeOH/AA) as shown...

Distribution of participants classified as doing no work-commuting-recreational-related physical activity by age group

Oanh TH Trinh, , Michael J Dibley, & Adrian E Bauman
Copyright information:Taken from "The prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among adults in Ho Chi Minh City"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/8/204BMC Public Health 2008;8():204-204.Published online 9 Jun 2008PMCID:PMC2435539.

Association of ATRX with pericentric heterochromatin and the Y chromosome of neonatal mouse spermatogonia-6

Claudia Baumann, Anja Schmidtmann, Kathrin Muegge &
Ethylated autosomal centromeric domains (thin arrow) as determined by 5-methyl cytosine (5-mC) staining (red). Chromosomes in neonatal spermatogonia lack global DNA methylation at pericentric heterochromatin, while 5-mC (red) decorates entire chromatids in the majority of autosomes (thin arrow). Two chromosomes on each metaphase spread consistently exhibit lack of 5-mC staining (bold arrow and arrowhead). These patterns are reproducible after using two standard chromosome fixation protocols using either paraformaldehyde (PFA) or methanol/acetic acid (MeOH/AA) as shown...

Scatterplot of dietary iron intake (y-axis) and mean raw score on Conners' DSM-IV total scale (x-axis)

Ashley L Colter, Caroline Cutler & Kelly Anne Meckling
Significant positive correlation r = .496, p = 0.015.Copyright information:Taken from "Fatty acid status and behavioural symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents: A case-control study"http://www.nutritionj.com/content/7/1/8Nutrition Journal 2008;7():8-8.Published online 14 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2275745.

Duplicate gene evolution and expression in the wake of vertebrate allopolyploidization-0

Frédéric JJ Chain, Dora Ilieva & Ben J Evans
) Regression of Ka/Ks versus Ks in the early and later stages indicates that selection (relaxed purifying + positive) is not more common in the early stage of duplicate gene evolution (blue dots) than the later stage (red dots). The Y-intercept of these regression lines was set to zero and Ka/Ks ratios greater 2 (including undefined ratios) were given a value of 2. In (A) and (B), a dashed line indicates the neutral expectation. Fragments...

Duplicate gene evolution and expression in the wake of vertebrate allopolyploidization-2

Frédéric JJ Chain, Dora Ilieva & Ben J Evans
Ofiles (white bars) and between paralogous expression profiles (black bars). Ninety percent of the non-paralogous expression profiles have a Pearson correlation coefficient that is greater than -0.861 but less than 0.865. The Pearson correlation coefficients of 62% of the paralogous expression profiles are less than 0.865, and 0.3% of them are less than -0.861.Copyright information:Taken from "Duplicate gene evolution and expression in the wake of vertebrate allopolyploidization"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/8/43BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008;8():43-43.Published online 8 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2275784.

Mining metadata from unidentified ITS sequences in GenBank: A case study in ()-0

Mats Töpel, Martin Ryberg, , Erik Kristiansson, Stig Jacobsson & Ellen Larsson
Ive alignment group (Additional file ). These are based on ITS and partial LSU with jackknife support reported above the branches. When only accession numbers are given, the corresponding sequence represents an unidentified GenBank sequence; when both an accession number and a species name are given, the entry corresponds to an fully identified GenBank sequence; and when a voucher is given in parenthesis, the sequence corresponds to a sequence added in this study (Additional file...

Mining metadata from unidentified ITS sequences in GenBank

Mats Töpel, Martin Ryberg, , Erik Kristiansson, Stig Jacobsson & Ellen Larsson
represents climate according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification (modified from [28]); main climate A = equatorial, B = arid, C = warm temperate, D = snow, E = polar; precipitation W = desert, S = steppe, f = fully humid, s = summer dry w = winter dry, m = monsoonal; temperature h = hot arid, k = cold arid, a = hot summer, b = warm summer, c = cool summer, d = extremely...

Expression of integrins on human uveal (92–1, Mel202) and cutaneous melanoma (FM55P, IGR-39) cells

, Ewa Pocheć, & Anna Lityńska
Melanoma cells were examined by flow cytometry for the expression of αβ, αβ, αβ, and αβ integrins, and data were compared to cells incubated with normal mouse IgG. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugated rabbit anti-mouse IgG (Fab’) fragments were used for detection. Fluorescence signals of 10,000 cells were counted for each integrin subunit tested. Histograms of cells versus log fluorescence were generated. Panels show FACS profile for integrin-positive cell lines. Colored areas indicate the fluorescence profile of...

Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation-1

, Kerry A Deere, Graham J Slater, Colleen Begg, Keith Begg, Lon Grassman, Mauro Lucherini, Geraldine Veron & Robert K Wayne
and 24 MYA as the minimum age for the crown group, the GTR + I + G model of DNA substitution and the uncorrelated lognormal relaxed molecular clock model (rate of each branch is sampled independently from a lognormal distribution, with rates assumed to be uncorrelated among branches). Nodes are numbered as in Figure 1 and posterior estimates of mean and 95% HPD of divergence times are presented in Table 2. Bars represent 95% HPD...

Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation-2

, Kerry A Deere, Graham J Slater, Colleen Begg, Keith Begg, Lon Grassman, Mauro Lucherini, Geraldine Veron & Robert K Wayne
Ed). Proportional likelihood values and associated significance levels for ancestral area reconstructions are presented in Additional file . Taxa are colored according to their coding states (see legend). * = occurs in both Old and New World.Copyright information:Taken from "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/6/10BMC Biology 2008;6():10-10.Published online 14 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276185.

Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation-3

, Kerry A Deere, Graham J Slater, Colleen Begg, Keith Begg, Lon Grassman, Mauro Lucherini, Geraldine Veron & Robert K Wayne
H America (blue) or South America (green). Proportional likelihood values and associated significance levels for ancestral area reconstructions are presented in Additional file . Taxa are colored according to their coding states (see legend). * = occurs in Eurasia and North America; + = occurs in North America and South America; # = occurs in Africa and Eurasia.Copyright information:Taken from "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive...

An open-source framework for large-scale, flexible evaluation of biomedical text mining systems-2

William A Baumgartner, & Lawrence Hunter
Ncology, left; Bio1, right). There are 45 data points in each graph. Five evaluation metrics – , Strict: spans must match exactly; , Sloppy: spans must overlap; , LeftMatch: span starts must match; , RightMatch: span ends must match; , EitherMatch: span start or end must match – were used to evaluate each tagger. Different colors are used to distinguish between the taggers. F-measure contour lines are displayed in gray, with the corresponding value listed...

La Crosse virus infectivity, pathogenesis, and immunogenicity in mice and monkeys-0

Richard S Bennett, Christina M Cress, Jerrold M Ward, , Brian R Murphy & Stephen S Whitehead
Ark gray, 33% light gray, 0% no data entry. Mean virus titer calculated only for virus positive tissues. Areas left blank indicate virus titer below detection limit of 0.7 log10 PFU/tissue.Copyright information:Taken from "La Crosse virus infectivity, pathogenesis, and immunogenicity in mice and monkeys"http://www.virologyj.com/content/5/1/25Virology Journal 2008;5():25-25.Published online 11 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276200.

Post-Messinian evolutionary relationships across the Sicilian channel: Mitochondrial and nuclear markers link a new green toad from Sicily to African relatives-2

Matthias Stöck, Alessandra Sicilia, Natalia M Belfiore, David Buckley, Sabrina Lo Brutto, Mario Lo Valvo & Marco Arculeo
are written above nodes, * indicates a value of 100% posterior probability. Each branch label in the d-loop tree contains the sample number and the major locality information. (Note that each label on the nuclear trees corresponds to the exactly horizontally opposite label of the d-loop tree. ("B." in the d-loop tree stands for ; all samples labeled "B." were sequenced by A. Sicilia; all "Bufo" samples were sequenced by M. Stöck).Copyright information:Taken from "Post-Messinian...

Predicted transcription factor binding sites as predictors of operons in and -0

Emma Laing, & Simon J Hubbard
Erted repeat with both words greater than 3 nucleotides (includes palindromic matches of length 4 and 5) and palindromic mismatches between word 1 and word 2 of 0, 1 or 2. Data labels are of the form Regulator_mismatch.Copyright information:Taken from "Predicted transcription factor binding sites as predictors of operons in and "http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/9/79BMC Genomics 2008;9():79-79.Published online 12 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276206.

Predicted transcription factor binding sites as predictors of operons in and -5

Emma Laing, & Simon J Hubbard
Erted repeat with both words greater than 3 nucleotides (includes palindromic matches of length 4 and 5) and palindromic mismatches between word 1 and word 2 of 0, 1 or 2. Data labels are of the form Regulator_mismatch.Copyright information:Taken from "Predicted transcription factor binding sites as predictors of operons in and "http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/9/79BMC Genomics 2008;9():79-79.Published online 12 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276206.

Relationship between mRNA secondary structure and sequence variability in Chloroplast genes: possible life history implications-5

, Hervé Seligmann &
M1 (average rate parameter = 0.1), 1B. M2 (average rate parameter = 0.2), 1C. M3 (average rate parameter = 0.3) and 1D. M4 (average rate parameter = 0.4), and the Y-axis represents the residual length-adjusted secondary structure stability (-ΔG) of these genes folded as RNAs. We averaged the folding stabilities over alternative structures that were within 50% optimality of the most stable structure; these average stabilities were further averaged across all seventeen species. Residuals were...

Born solvation coefficient (ΔΩ) versus the effective electrostatic radii (/R) for Sr, Ba, Ca and Mg for A: (SOH)(SO) MOH, B: (SOH)(SO) M, and C: SO MOH

Susan A Carroll, Sarah K Roberts, Louise J Criscenti & Peggy A O'Day
Values for ΔΩare derived from regression slopes in Figure 8.Copyright information:Taken from "Surface complexation model for strontium sorption to amorphous silica and goethite"http://www.geochemicaltransactions.com/content/9/1/2Geochemical Transactions 2008;9():2-2.Published online 18 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276210.

Normalized EXAFS spectra and corresponding radial structural functions for strontium sorbed to goethite and for Sr(aq) and SrCO(s) models (reproduced from Sahai et al

Susan A Carroll, Sarah K Roberts, Louise J Criscenti & Peggy A O'Day
, 2000). Solid lines are the data and dashed lines are fits to the data. At pH 8.5 multiple peaks in the radial structural functions reflect Sr-O, Sr-C, and Sr-Sr backscatters that match SrCO(s). At higher pH, there is only a single shell of oxygen backscatterers indicated by one peak in the radial structural functions.Copyright information:Taken from "Surface complexation model for strontium sorption to amorphous silica and goethite"http://www.geochemicaltransactions.com/content/9/1/2Geochemical Transactions 2008;9():2-2.Published online 18 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276210.

Comparison of Normal with Diabetic TPD – with sensation in Hand areas

, &
N → number of subjects.Copyright information:Taken from "Changes in Two Point Discrimination and the law of mobility in Diabetes Mellitus patients"http://www.jbppni.com/content/3/1/3Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury 2008;3():3-3.Published online 29 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276213.

At diagnosis, a patient with type 2 diabetes has half the β cells as a person without type 2 diabetes

Michael Valitutto
U.K. Prospective Diabetes Study Group. . 1995;44:1249–1258 [8].Copyright information:Taken from "Common crossroads in diabetes management"http://www.om-pc.com/content/2/1/4Osteopathic Medicine and Primary Care 2008;2():4-4.Published online 15 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276216.

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