317,708 Works

Mean reaction times associated with recognition of derived relations and foils

Michael W Schlund, Michael F Cataldo & Rudolf Hoehn-Saric
Response accuracy for each subject to each derived relation and Foils exceeded 90%. Reaction times were significantly faster to Transitive, Equivalence and Symmetrical relations relative to Foils (< .001) and significantly faster to Transitive and Equivalence relations relative to Symmetrical relations (< .05).Copyright information:Taken from "Neural correlates of derived relational responding on tests of stimulus equivalence"http://www.behavioralandbrainfunctions.com/content/4/1/6Behavioral and Brain Functions : BBF 2008;4():6-6.Published online 1 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276226.

Transmission electron microscopy of Panc-1 cells treated with 67 μM/L gold nanoparticles

Christopher J Gannon, , Resham Bhattacharya, & Steven A Curley
Panel 1: 2 minutes of external radiofrequency (RF) field treatment. Note loss of nuclear stability and prominent vacuolization. Panel 2: No RF treatment. Nuclear integrity and normal appearing organelles.Copyright information:Taken from "Intracellular gold nanoparticles enhance non-invasive radiofrequency thermal destruction of human gastrointestinal cancer cells"http://www.jnanobiotechnology.com/content/6/1/2Journal of Nanobiotechnology 2008;6():2-2.Published online 30 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276230.

Propidium Iodide-Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorting (PI-FACS) representative graphs

Christopher J Gannon, , Resham Bhattacharya, & Steven A Curley
Each sample from one minute radiofrequency (RF) treatment with and without gold nanoparticles (GNPs) at 67 μM/L. Panel A: Hep 3B human hepatocellular cancer cells control with DMEM; Panel B: Hep 3B GNPs; Panel C: Panc-1 human pancreatic cancer cells control with DMEM; Panel D: Panc-1 GNPs.Copyright information:Taken from "Intracellular gold nanoparticles enhance non-invasive radiofrequency thermal destruction of human gastrointestinal cancer cells"http://www.jnanobiotechnology.com/content/6/1/2Journal of Nanobiotechnology 2008;6():2-2.Published online 30 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276230.

Identification of a novel resistance (E40F) and compensatory (K43E) substitution in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase-0

Marleen CDG Huigen, Petronella M Van Ham, Loek De Graaf, Ron M Kagan, Charles AB Boucher & Monique Nijhuis
four days and after 2, 4 and 6 passages the relative presence of both viruses in the culture was determined by sequencing. Shown are two representative experiments. The variability in each independent experiment is indicated by ± standard error of the mean (SEM). A: M41L+T215Y versus M41L+T215Y+E40F B: Pat A (E40F, M41L, K43E, M184V, L210W, T215Y and K219T) versus Pat A-WT40 (M41L, K43E, M184V, L210W, T215Y and K219T).Copyright information:Taken from "Identification of a novel resistance...

Identification of a novel resistance (E40F) and compensatory (K43E) substitution in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase-1

Marleen CDG Huigen, Petronella M Van Ham, Loek De Graaf, Ron M Kagan, Charles AB Boucher & Monique Nijhuis
four days and after 2, 4 and 6 passages the relative presence of both viruses in the culture was determined by sequencing. Shown are two representative experiments. The variability in each independent experiment is indicated by ± standard error of the mean (SEM). A: Pat A (E40F, M41L, K43E, M184V, L210W, T215Y and K219T) versus Pat A-WT43 (E40F, M41L, M184V, L210W, T215Y and K219T). B: wild type versus wild type+K43E. C: M41L+T215Y versus M41L+T215Y+K43E. D:...

Cisplatin-induced monoubiquitylation of FANCD2 is not affected by phenylbutyrate in UM-SCC-1, -6 and -25 cell lines

& Mats Ljungman
Cells were treated with 2 mM phenylbutyrate (PB) for 48 hours before adding 5 μM cisplatin and incubated for an additional 24 hours. *represents the slower migrating monoubiquitylated form of FANCD2.Copyright information:Taken from "Phenylbutyrate interferes with the Fanconi anemia and BRCA pathway and sensitizes head and neck cancer cells to cisplatin"http://www.molecular-cancer.com/content/7/1/24Molecular Cancer 2008;7():24-24.Published online 6 Mar 2008PMCID:PMC2276233.

Phenylbutyrate acts on multiple targets to sensitize head and neck cancer cells to cisplatin

& Mats Ljungman
Top panel: BRCA1-defective UM-SSC-17B cells [6] were mock treated for 5 days (control), treated with 2 mM phenylbutyrate for 5 days (phenylbutyrate), treted with 2 μM cisplatin for 3 days (cisplatin) or treated with 2 mM phenylbutyrate for 5 days and 2 μM cisplatin for the last 3 days (PB+cis). At the completion of the treatment, both floating and attached cells were collected and analyzed by flow cytometry. Middle panel: same as above but using...

Small interfering RNA targeting CDC25B inhibits liver tumor growth in vitro and in vivo-2

, , Jing He & Samuel K So
the proliferation assay described under 'Materials and Methods'. The data were obtained from three independent experiments, with triplicates in each experiment. B) Invasion and migration of siRNA2-CDC25B transfected and control cells were assessed 48 hours post-transfection, using BD Biocoat Matrigel and control chambers respectively. Invaded or migrated cells were stained and counted (per high power field, HPF). Columns, mean of three independent experiments; bars, SD; *< 0.01 for siRNA2-CDC25B siRNA-N transfected cells.Copyright information:Taken from "Small...

Small interfering RNA targeting CDC25B inhibits liver tumor growth in vitro and in vivo-5

, , Jing He & Samuel K So
Mpared to adjacent non-tumor liver in 24 pairs of tissue specimens (< 0.001). The amount of CDC25B was normalized with 18s rRNA to control for RNA amount variation. B) Representative immunostaining of CDC25B in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue and adjacent non-tumor liver tissue. Photos were taken at ×20 magnification.Copyright information:Taken from "Small interfering RNA targeting CDC25B inhibits liver tumor growth in vitro and in vivo"http://www.molecular-cancer.com/content/7/1/19Molecular Cancer 2008;7():19-19.Published online 12 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276234.

Cell cycle and cell death are not necessary for appressorium formation and plant infection in the fungal plant pathogen -4

Iris Nesher, Sima Barhoom & Amir Sharon
Min); (c) germ tube formation (90–120 min); (d,e) germ tube elongation and second nuclear division (150–180 min); (f) appressorium formation and third nuclear division (4–6 h, arrow points to the septum between the germ tube and appressorium); (g, h) formation of the second germ tube and appressorium (7–9 h). Pictures represent sequence events and are projections of optical sections. The scale bar is 5 μm.Copyright information:Taken from "Cell cycle and cell death are not necessary...

The emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs when the qualities of individuals differ-3

Sean A Rands, Guy Cowlishaw, Richard A Pettifor, & Rufus A Johnstone
Hen foraging together – the optimal policy reflects this by ensuring that players are always engaged in alternative behaviours: ) optimal policy, where darkest squares represent 'forage 100% of the time, lightest squares represent 'rest 100% of the time', and intermediate levels of shading represent a continuum between these two. Parameters are as given in table 3, except that = 3, = 0.00002, = 0.00001, = 0.00003; ) stable population distribution resulting from policy.Copyright information:Taken...

Influence of mandatory generic substitution on pharmaceutical sales patterns: a national study over five years-1

Karolina A Andersson, Max G Petzold, Peter Allebeck & Anders Carlsten
Er 1000 inhabitants and day (DDD/1000 inhabitants and day). The two vertical reference lines indicate the implementation period for generic substitution (1 October 2002–30 September 2003). An * after the substance name indicates a substitutable substance.Copyright information:Taken from "Influence of mandatory generic substitution on pharmaceutical sales patterns: a national study over five years"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/50BMC Health Services Research 2008;8():50-50.Published online 29 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276486.

Influence of mandatory generic substitution on pharmaceutical sales patterns: a national study over five years-2

Karolina A Andersson, Max G Petzold, Peter Allebeck & Anders Carlsten
Ertical reference lines indicate the implementation period for generic substitution (1 October 2002–30 September 2003).Copyright information:Taken from "Influence of mandatory generic substitution on pharmaceutical sales patterns: a national study over five years"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/50BMC Health Services Research 2008;8():50-50.Published online 29 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276486.

Simultaneous fitting of real-time PCR data with efficiency of amplification modeled as Gaussian function of target fluorescence-4

Anke Batsch, Andrea Noetel, Christian Fork, Anita Urban, Daliborka Lazic, Tina Lucas, Julia Pietsch, Andreas Lazar, Edgar Schömig & Dirk Gründemann
Rbitrarily chosen; numbering refers to the Excel raw data file [see Additional file ]) was analyzed. After subtraction of linear background, EA was calculated as F/Fratio and plotted against fluorescence (F) as shown. To avoid confusion, points with F< 0.1 are not displayed; most of these, because of large errors in EA, lie outside the y axis range. The line graphs were drawn with the Gauss peak function (upper row) or the logistic peak function...

Quantitative Single-letter Sequencing: a method for simultaneously monitoring numerous known allelic variants in single DNA samples-2

Baptiste Monsion, Hervé Duborjal &
analysis of mixes N°9 to 14. For each VIT marker, a linear regression function was deduced (colored lines). The near perfect scores for the Rcorrelation coefficient in each case illustrate the high degree of accuracy of QSS.Copyright information:Taken from "Quantitative Single-letter Sequencing: a method for simultaneously monitoring numerous known allelic variants in single DNA samples"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/9/85BMC Genomics 2008;9():85-85.Published online 21 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276495.

Analgesic effect of percutaneously absorbed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: an experimental study in a rat acute inflammation model-3

Miho Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Shirasaka, &
Ated groups. In the loxoprofen-Na group, pain threshold significantly increased compared with the control group (*< 0.05).Copyright information:Taken from "Analgesic effect of percutaneously absorbed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: an experimental study in a rat acute inflammation model"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2474/9/15BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008;9():15-15.Published online 31 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276498.

Values of calculated using original DPA (y-axis) and calculated using Fast DPA (x-axis) are plotted for four PDB entries (values of the Pearson correlation between the two are listed here parenthetically): a) 1AEC (0

, Judith D Cohn & Michael E Wall
981); b) 1FKI (0.982); c) 1JEF (0.981); d) 1STP (0.980).Copyright information:Taken from "Fast dynamics perturbation analysis for prediction of protein functional sites"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6807/8/5BMC Structural Biology 2008;8():5-5.Published online 30 Jan 2008PMCID:PMC2276503.

Fine needle aspiration biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal mass lesions-4

Husain A Saleh, Lewis Clayman & Haitham Masri
Copyright information:Taken from "Fine needle aspiration biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal mass lesions"http://www.cytojournal.com/content/5/1/4CytoJournal 2008;5():4-4.Published online 28 Mar 2008PMCID:PMC2329665.

Dose-dependent effects of inhibitors for MAPK and PI3K on EGF-stimulated spermatogonial proliferation

Keisuke Abé, Ko Eto &
Testicular fragments containing spermatogonial stage treated without (0) or with various doses of a MAPK-specific inhibitor (PD98059) (A) or PI3K-specific inhibitors (Wortmannin (B) and LY294002 (C)), were cultured for 1 week in the absence (Control) or presence of either FSH (200 ng/μl) or EGF (4000 ng/μl), followed by BrdU incorporation assay. *, P < 0.05; **, P < 0.01.Copyright information:Taken from "Epidermal growth factor mediates spermatogonial proliferation in newt testis"http://www.rbej.com/content/6/1/7Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E...

Correlation of (A) CD4 T cell counts with CD9 expression and (B) CD8 T cell counts with CD52 expression during HAART

Jing Qin Wu, Wayne B Dyer, Jeremy Chrisp, Larissa Belov, Bin Wang &
Cell counts are expressed as cell numbers per μl blood, expression represents dot intensities (i.e., cell binding density) quantified using DotScan data analysis software on an 8-bit pixel grey scale from 0–255. Data was combined from all time points selected for microarray assay.Copyright information:Taken from "Longitudinal microarray analysis of cell surface antigens on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HIV+ individuals on highly active antiretroviral therapy"http://www.retrovirology.com/content/5/1/24Retrovirology 2008;5():24-24.Published online 4 Mar 2008PMCID:PMC2276515.

Apoptosis resistance in HIV-1 persistently-infected cells is independent of active viral replication and involves modulation of the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway-0

Pablo N Fernández Larrosa, Diego O Croci, Diego A Riva, Mariel Bibini, Renata Luzzi, Mónica Saracco, Susana E Mersich, Gabriel A Rabinovich & Liliana Martínez Peralta
Ining was performed. The percentages of annexin-V, PIor PIcells are shown. ) (a) Analysis by APO-BrdU labeling by flow cytometry. The corresponding histograms and the percentages of APO-BrdUcells are shown; (b) Analysis of apoptosis with Hoechst 33324 by fluorescence microscopy. Micrographs (100×) of predominant Hoechst stained nuclei are depicted. ) H9 and H9/HTLVIIIcells were treated with 0.1 μM STS or complete medium as control, and cells were harvested 24, 48 and 72 h post-treatment. Cell...

Apoptosis resistance in HIV-1 persistently-infected cells is independent of active viral replication and involves modulation of the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway-1

Pablo N Fernández Larrosa, Diego O Croci, Diego A Riva, Mariel Bibini, Renata Luzzi, Mónica Saracco, Susana E Mersich, Gabriel A Rabinovich & Liliana Martínez Peralta
Nexin-V, PIor PIcells are shown. ) U937 and U1 cells were incubated in the presence or absence of 100 ng/ml PMA for 24 h, and then exposed to 10 μM HOor 0.1 μM STS. The percentages of annexin-V, PIor PIcells are shown.Copyright information:Taken from "Apoptosis resistance in HIV-1 persistently-infected cells is independent of active viral replication and involves modulation of the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway"http://www.retrovirology.com/content/5/1/19Retrovirology 2008;5():19-19.Published online 8 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276517.

Apoptosis resistance in HIV-1 persistently-infected cells is independent of active viral replication and involves modulation of the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway-2

Pablo N Fernández Larrosa, Diego O Croci, Diego A Riva, Mariel Bibini, Renata Luzzi, Mónica Saracco, Susana E Mersich, Gabriel A Rabinovich & Liliana Martínez Peralta
stained with annexin-V/PI. The percentages of annexin-V, PIor PIcells are shown. ) Fas/CD95 and CD4 cell surface expression was analyzed by flow cytometry on H9, H9/HTLVIII, Jurkat and J1.1 cells.Copyright information:Taken from "Apoptosis resistance in HIV-1 persistently-infected cells is independent of active viral replication and involves modulation of the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway"http://www.retrovirology.com/content/5/1/19Retrovirology 2008;5():19-19.Published online 8 Feb 2008PMCID:PMC2276517.

Bacteria of the complex are cyanogenic under biofilm and colonial growth conditions-1

Ben Ryall, , James EA Zlosnik, Saiko Hoshino & Huw D Williams
Oncentration of trapped cyanide normalised to the CFU count for the plate. Values are the averages of 3 independent replicates with SE error bars.Copyright information:Taken from "Bacteria of the complex are cyanogenic under biofilm and colonial growth conditions"http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/8/108BMC Microbiology 2008;8():108-108.Published online 27 Jun 2008PMCID:PMC2504479.

Selective activation of microglia in spinal cord but not higher cortical regions following nerve injury in adult mouse-0

, , Susan S Kim, , & Min Zhuo
The time. Significant higher scores of allodynia were observed on the nerve injured side than the intact side. (C) Circled area indicates the location receiving von Frey filament touch. * < 0.05 (n = 4).Copyright information:Taken from "Selective activation of microglia in spinal cord but not higher cortical regions following nerve injury in adult mouse"http://www.molecularpain.com/content/4/1/15Molecular Pain 2008;4():15-15.Published online 18 Apr 2008PMCID:PMC2374773.

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