355,288 Works

ICS-209-PLUS - An all-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2014

Lise St. Denis, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Karen Short, Mollie Buckland & Jennifer Balch
AbstractThis paper describes a new dataset mined from the public archive (1999-2014) of the U.S. National Incident Management System/Incident Command System Incident Status Summary Form (a total of 124,411 reports for 25,083 incidents, including 24,608 wildfires). This system captures detailed information on incident management costs, personnel, hazard characteristics, values at risk, fatalities, and structural damage. Most (98.5%) of the reports are fire-related, followed in decreasing order by other, hurricane, hazardous materials, flood, tornado, search and...

ICS-209-PLUS - An all-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2014

Lise St. Denis, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Karen Short, Mollie Buckland & Jennifer Balch
AbstractThis paper describes a new dataset mined from the public archive (1999-2014) of the U.S. National Incident Management System/Incident Command System Incident Status Summary Form (a total of 124,411 reports for 25,083 incidents, including 24,608 wildfires). This system captures detailed information on incident management costs, personnel, hazard characteristics, values at risk, fatalities, and structural damage. Most (98.5%) of the reports are fire-related, followed in decreasing order by other, hurricane, hazardous materials, flood, tornado, search and...

ICS-209-PLUS - An all-hazards dataset mined from the US National Incident Management System 1999-2014

Lise St. Denis, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Karen Short, Mollie Buckland & Jennifer Balch
AbstractThis paper describes a new dataset mined from the public archive (1999-2014) of the U.S. National Incident Management System/Incident Command System Incident Status Summary Form (a total of 124,411 reports for 25,083 incidents, including 24,608 wildfires). This system captures detailed information on incident management costs, personnel, hazard characteristics, values at risk, fatalities, and structural damage. Most (98.5%) of the reports are fire-related, followed in decreasing order by other, hurricane, hazardous materials, flood, tornado, search and...

Motives behind Facebook usage: a study of 11587 users worldwide

Marta Kowal
Marta Kowal1*, Piotr Sorokowski1, Agnieszka Sorokowska1, Małgorzata Dobrowolska2, Katarzyna Pisanski1, Anna Oleszkiewicz1, 51, Toivo Aavik3, Grace Akello5, Charlotte Alm6, Naumana Amjad7, Afifa Anjum7, Kelly Asao8, Chiemezie S. Atama9, Derya Atamtürk Duyar10, Richard Ayebare11, Mons Bendixen12, Aicha Bensafia15, Boris Bizumic14, Mahmoud Boussena15, David M. Buss8, Marina Butovskaya16, Seda Can17, Katarzyna Cantarero18, Antonin Carrier19, Hakan Cetinkaya17, Daniel Conroy-Beam20, Marco A. Correa Varella21, Rosa M. Cueto22, Marcin Czub1, Daria Dronova16, Seda Dural17, Izzet Duyar10, Berna Ertugrul10, Agustín Espinosa22,...

Motives behind Facebook usage: a study of 11587 users worldwide

Marta Kowal
Marta Kowal1*, Piotr Sorokowski1, Agnieszka Sorokowska1, Małgorzata Dobrowolska2, Katarzyna Pisanski1, Anna Oleszkiewicz1, 51, Toivo Aavik3, Grace Akello5, Charlotte Alm6, Naumana Amjad7, Afifa Anjum7, Kelly Asao8, Chiemezie S. Atama9, Derya Atamtürk Duyar10, Richard Ayebare11, Mons Bendixen12, Aicha Bensafia15, Boris Bizumic14, Mahmoud Boussena15, David M. Buss8, Marina Butovskaya16, Seda Can17, Katarzyna Cantarero18, Antonin Carrier19, Hakan Cetinkaya17, Daniel Conroy-Beam20, Marco A. Correa Varella21, Rosa M. Cueto22, Marcin Czub1, Daria Dronova16, Seda Dural17, Izzet Duyar10, Berna Ertugrul10, Agustín Espinosa22,...

Motives behind Facebook usage: a study of 11587 users worldwide

Marta Kowal
Marta Kowal1*, Piotr Sorokowski1, Agnieszka Sorokowska1, Małgorzata Dobrowolska2, Katarzyna Pisanski1, Anna Oleszkiewicz1, 51, Toivo Aavik3, Grace Akello5, Charlotte Alm6, Naumana Amjad7, Afifa Anjum7, Kelly Asao8, Chiemezie S. Atama9, Derya Atamtürk Duyar10, Richard Ayebare11, Mons Bendixen12, Aicha Bensafia15, Boris Bizumic14, Mahmoud Boussena15, David M. Buss8, Marina Butovskaya16, Seda Can17, Katarzyna Cantarero18, Antonin Carrier19, Hakan Cetinkaya17, Daniel Conroy-Beam20, Marco A. Correa Varella21, Rosa M. Cueto22, Marcin Czub1, Daria Dronova16, Seda Dural17, Izzet Duyar10, Berna Ertugrul10, Agustín Espinosa22,...

Raw data of ASKCOS synthesizability tests

Wenhao Gao
The raw data of synthetic pathway analysis of molecules from generative models. The data is stored in json format. More detailed description can be found in https://github.com/wenhao-gao/askcos_synthesizability.

Raw data of ASKCOS synthesizability tests

Wenhao Gao
The raw data of synthetic pathway analysis of molecules from generative models. The data is stored in json format. More detailed description can be found in https://github.com/wenhao-gao/askcos_synthesizability.

Humidity, density and inlet aspiration efficiency correction improve accuracy of a low-cost sensor during field calibration at a suburban site in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plain (NW-IGP)

Harshita Pawar & Baerbel Sinha
Low-cost particulate matter (PM) sensors are now widely used by concerned citizens to monitor PM exposure despite poor validation under field conditions. Here, we report the field calibration of a modified version of the Laser Egg (LE), against Class III US EPA Federal Equivalent Method PM10 and PM2.5 β-attenuation analyzers. The calibration was performed at a site in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plain from April 27, 2016 to July 25, 2016. At ambient PM mass loadings...

Humidity, density and inlet aspiration efficiency correction improve accuracy of a low-cost sensor during field calibration at a suburban site in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plain (NW-IGP)

Harshita Pawar & Baerbel Sinha
Low-cost particulate matter (PM) sensors are now widely used by concerned citizens to monitor PM exposure despite poor validation under field conditions. Here, we report the field calibration of a modified version of the Laser Egg (LE), against Class III US EPA Federal Equivalent Method PM10 and PM2.5 β-attenuation analyzers. The calibration was performed at a site in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plain from April 27, 2016 to July 25, 2016. At ambient PM mass loadings...

An updated phylogenetic classification of Corynespora cassiicola isolates and a practical approach to their identification based on the nucleotide polymorphisms at the ga4 and caa5 loci

Alexander Banguela-Castillo, Pedro L. Ramos-González, Mabel Peña-Marey, Claudia V. Godoy & Ricardo Harakava
Corynespora cassiicola (Burk. & M.A. Curtis) C.T. Wei. is an anamorphic fungus that affects more than 530 plant species, including economically important crops. Several lineages of this pathogen have been recognized, but the classification of isolates into clades is time-consuming and still sometimes leads to unclear results. In this work, eight major phylogenetic clades (PhL1–PhL8) including 245 isolates of C. cassiicola from 44 plant species were established based on a Bayesian inference analysis of four...

Phylogeny and taxonomy of Ceriporia and other related taxa and description of three new species

Che-Chih Chen, Chi-Yu Chen, Young Woon Lim & Sheng-Hua Wu
Species of Ceriporia (Irpicaceae, Basidiomycota) are saprotrophs or endophytes in forest ecosystems. To evaluate the taxonomy and generic relationships of Ceriporia and other related taxa, we used morphology and multigene phylogenetic analyses based on sequence data from nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) region, nuc 28S rDNA (28S), and RNA polymerase II largest subunit (rpb1). Our results show that Ceriporia sensu lato is polyphyletic and distributed across multiple clades in the Irpicaceae, Phanerochaetaceae, and...

An updated phylogenetic classification of Corynespora cassiicola isolates and a practical approach to their identification based on the nucleotide polymorphisms at the ga4 and caa5 loci

Alexander Banguela-Castillo, Pedro L. Ramos-González, Mabel Peña-Marey, Claudia V. Godoy & Ricardo Harakava
Corynespora cassiicola (Burk. & M.A. Curtis) C.T. Wei. is an anamorphic fungus that affects more than 530 plant species, including economically important crops. Several lineages of this pathogen have been recognized, but the classification of isolates into clades is time-consuming and still sometimes leads to unclear results. In this work, eight major phylogenetic clades (PhL1–PhL8) including 245 isolates of C. cassiicola from 44 plant species were established based on a Bayesian inference analysis of four...

Fusarium xyrophilum, sp. nov., a member of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex recovered from pseudoflowers on yellow-eyed grass (Xyris spp.) from Guyana

Imane Laraba, Hye-Seon Kim, Robert H. Proctor, Mark Busman, Kerry O’Donnell, Frederick C. Felker, M. Catherine Aime, Rachel A. Koch & Kenneth J. Wurdack
We report on the discovery and characterization of a novel Fusarium species that produced yellow-orange pseudoflowers on Xyris spp. (yellow-eyed grass; Xyridaceae) growing in the savannas of the Pakaraima Mountains of western Guyana. The petaloid fungal structures produced on infected plants mimic host flowers in gross morphology. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of full-length RPB1 (RNA polymerase largest subunit), RPB2 (RNA polymerase second largest subunit), and TEF1 (elongation factor 1-α) DNA sequences mined from genome sequences resolved...

Fusarium xyrophilum, sp. nov., a member of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex recovered from pseudoflowers on yellow-eyed grass (Xyris spp.) from Guyana

Imane Laraba, Hye-Seon Kim, Robert H. Proctor, Mark Busman, Kerry O’Donnell, Frederick C. Felker, M. Catherine Aime, Rachel A. Koch & Kenneth J. Wurdack
We report on the discovery and characterization of a novel Fusarium species that produced yellow-orange pseudoflowers on Xyris spp. (yellow-eyed grass; Xyridaceae) growing in the savannas of the Pakaraima Mountains of western Guyana. The petaloid fungal structures produced on infected plants mimic host flowers in gross morphology. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of full-length RPB1 (RNA polymerase largest subunit), RPB2 (RNA polymerase second largest subunit), and TEF1 (elongation factor 1-α) DNA sequences mined from genome sequences resolved...

Genera of Inocybaceae: New skin for the old ceremony

P. Brandon Matheny, Alicia M. Hobbs & Fernando Esteve-Raventós
A six-gene phylogeny of the Inocybaceae is presented to address classification of major clades within the family. Seven genera are recognized that establish a global overview of phylogenetic relationships in the Inocybaceae. Two genera—Nothocybe and Pseudosperma—are described as new. Two subgenera of Inocybe—subg. Inosperma and subg. Mallocybe—are elevated to generic rank. These four new genera, together with the previously described Auritella, Tubariomyces, and now Inocybe sensu stricto, constitute the Inocybaceae, an ectomycorrhizal lineage of Agaricales...

Genera of Inocybaceae: New skin for the old ceremony

P. Brandon Matheny, Alicia M. Hobbs & Fernando Esteve-Raventós
A six-gene phylogeny of the Inocybaceae is presented to address classification of major clades within the family. Seven genera are recognized that establish a global overview of phylogenetic relationships in the Inocybaceae. Two genera—Nothocybe and Pseudosperma—are described as new. Two subgenera of Inocybe—subg. Inosperma and subg. Mallocybe—are elevated to generic rank. These four new genera, together with the previously described Auritella, Tubariomyces, and now Inocybe sensu stricto, constitute the Inocybaceae, an ectomycorrhizal lineage of Agaricales...

Magnaporthiopsis cynodontis, a novel turfgrass pathogen with widespread distribution in the United States

Phillip L. Vines, Federico G. Hoffmann, Florencia Meyer, Thomas W. Allen, Jing Luo, Ning Zhang & Maria Tomaso-Peterson
The genus Magnaporthiopsis of Magnaporthaceae (Magnaporthales, Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) contains species that are predominantly necrotrophic pathogens, often producing simple hyphopodia and dark, ectotrophic runner hyphae on plant roots and stems during colonization. Fungal isolates from turfgrass roots with dark and ectotrophic runner hyphae were examined and identified based on morphological, biological, and phylogenetic analyses. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods were implemented to obtain phylogenetic trees for partial sequences of the 18S nuc rDNA, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuc rDNA...

Septoglomus mexicanum, a new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from semiarid regions in Mexico

Eduardo Chimal-Sánchez, Carolina Senés-Guerrero, Lucía Varela, Noé Manuel Montaño, Rosalva García-Sánchez, Adriana Pacheco, Susana A. Montaño-Arias & Sara Lucía Camargo-Ricalde
Septoglomus mexicanum is here described as a new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF; Glomeromycota) based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses. It was isolated from rhizospheric soil of two endemic Mexican legumes: Prosopis laevigata and Mimosa luisana, which grow in semiarid regions of central Mexico. Septoglomus mexicanum is characterized by forming globose spores of (154.5–)202.8(–228.9) µm diam and a spore wall consisting of four layers (SWL1–SWL4): outer wall layer (SWL1) hyaline, evanescent, (1.7–)3.2(–4.3) µm thick;...

Revision of leccinoid fungi, with emphasis on North American taxa, based on molecular and morphological data

Michael Kuo & Beatriz Ortiz-Santana
The leccinoid fungi are boletes and related sequestrate mushrooms (Boletaceae, Basidiomycota) that have traditionally been placed in Leccinum, Boletus, Leccinellum, and a handful of other less familiar genera. These mushrooms generally feature scabers or scaber-like dots on the surface of the stipe, and they are often fairly tall and slender when compared with other boletes. They are ectomycorrhizal fungi and appear to be fairly strictly associated with specific trees or groups of related trees. In...

Magnaporthiopsis cynodontis, a novel turfgrass pathogen with widespread distribution in the United States

Phillip L. Vines, Federico G. Hoffmann, Florencia Meyer, Thomas W. Allen, Jing Luo, Ning Zhang & Maria Tomaso-Peterson
The genus Magnaporthiopsis of Magnaporthaceae (Magnaporthales, Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) contains species that are predominantly necrotrophic pathogens, often producing simple hyphopodia and dark, ectotrophic runner hyphae on plant roots and stems during colonization. Fungal isolates from turfgrass roots with dark and ectotrophic runner hyphae were examined and identified based on morphological, biological, and phylogenetic analyses. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods were implemented to obtain phylogenetic trees for partial sequences of the 18S nuc rDNA, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuc rDNA...

Revision of leccinoid fungi, with emphasis on North American taxa, based on molecular and morphological data

Michael Kuo & Beatriz Ortiz-Santana
The leccinoid fungi are boletes and related sequestrate mushrooms (Boletaceae, Basidiomycota) that have traditionally been placed in Leccinum, Boletus, Leccinellum, and a handful of other less familiar genera. These mushrooms generally feature scabers or scaber-like dots on the surface of the stipe, and they are often fairly tall and slender when compared with other boletes. They are ectomycorrhizal fungi and appear to be fairly strictly associated with specific trees or groups of related trees. In...

Septoglomus mexicanum, a new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from semiarid regions in Mexico

Eduardo Chimal-Sánchez, Carolina Senés-Guerrero, Lucía Varela, Noé Manuel Montaño, Rosalva García-Sánchez, Adriana Pacheco, Susana A. Montaño-Arias & Sara Lucía Camargo-Ricalde
Septoglomus mexicanum is here described as a new species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF; Glomeromycota) based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses. It was isolated from rhizospheric soil of two endemic Mexican legumes: Prosopis laevigata and Mimosa luisana, which grow in semiarid regions of central Mexico. Septoglomus mexicanum is characterized by forming globose spores of (154.5–)202.8(–228.9) µm diam and a spore wall consisting of four layers (SWL1–SWL4): outer wall layer (SWL1) hyaline, evanescent, (1.7–)3.2(–4.3) µm thick;...

Phylogeny and taxonomy of Ceriporia and other related taxa and description of three new species

Che-Chih Chen, Chi-Yu Chen, Young Woon Lim & Sheng-Hua Wu
Species of Ceriporia (Irpicaceae, Basidiomycota) are saprotrophs or endophytes in forest ecosystems. To evaluate the taxonomy and generic relationships of Ceriporia and other related taxa, we used morphology and multigene phylogenetic analyses based on sequence data from nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) region, nuc 28S rDNA (28S), and RNA polymerase II largest subunit (rpb1). Our results show that Ceriporia sensu lato is polyphyletic and distributed across multiple clades in the Irpicaceae, Phanerochaetaceae, and...

Driving simulator experiments to study drowsiness: A systematic review

Sónia Soares, Sara Ferreira & António Couto
Objective: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in the USA estimated that the effects of drowsiness while driving led to approximately 72,000 crashes, 44,000 injuries, and 800 deaths in 2013. Keeping this in mind, the risk and injuries of drowsy driving remain a major safety issue that clearly needs to be studied. Our purpose was to conduct a systematic review of international literature including studies on driving behavior associated to drowsy and fatigued drivers. The...

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