624 Works

Inner speech and overt speech (Stark et al., 2017)

Brielle C. Stark, Sharon Geva & Elizabeth A. Warburton
Preserved inner speech alongside relatively poor overt speech has been documented in some persons with aphasia (PWA), but the relationship of overt speech with inner speech is still largely unclear, as few studies have directly investigated these factors. The present study investigates the relationship of preserved inner speech in aphasia with selected measures of language and cognition.
Supplemental Material S1. Participant biographic demographics.
Supplemental Material S2. Percentage correct from inner speech and overt speech examination for all...

Tinnitus management retrospective (Edmonds et al., 2017)

Catherine M. Edmonds, Cheri Ribbe, Emily J. Thielman & James A. Henry
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether progressive tinnitus management Level 3 skills education workshops conducted at the Bay Pines and Boston Veterans Affairs hospitals result in consistent use of the presented tinnitus management strategies by patients 1–5 years after completing the workshops.Method: In fiscal year (FY) 2015, the tinnitus workshop follow-up form was mailed to all veterans who completed the Level 3 workshops between FY 2010 and FY 2014. Data...

Interventions for communication in moderate–severe dementia (Swan et al., 2018)

Katina Swan, Marie Hopper, Rachel Wenke, Claire Jackson, Tracy Till & Erin Conway
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence for direct and indirect interventions for communication in people with moderate–severe dementia.Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysed guidelines, across 8 electronic databases. Studies were included if they included direct or indirect interventions, which could be administered by a speech-language pathologist to people with moderate–severe dementia (defined as having Mini-Mental State...

Naming and story gist in aphasia (Richardson et al., 2018)

Jessica D. Richardson, Sarah Grace Dalton, Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Audrey Holland & Brian MacWhinney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between picture naming performance and the ability to communicate the gist, or essential elements, of a story. We also sought to determine if this relationship varied according to Western Aphasia Battery–Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007) aphasia subtype.Method: Demographic information, test scores, and transcripts of 258 individuals with aphasia completing 3 narrative tasks were retrieved from the AphasiaBank database. Narratives were subjected to a main concept...

Auditory–visual perception of Down syndrome speech (Hennequin et al., 2018)

Alexandre Hennequin, Amélie Rochet-Capellan, Silvain Gerber & Marion Dohen
Purpose: This work evaluates whether seeing the speaker’s face could improve the speech intelligibility of adults with Down syndrome (DS). This is not straightforward because DS induces a number of anatomical and motor anomalies affecting the orofacial zone.Method: A speech-in-noise perception test was used to evaluate the intelligibility of 16 consonants (Cs) produced in a vowel–consonant–vowel context (Vo = /a/) by 4 speakers with DS and 4 control speakers. Forty-eight naïve participants were asked to...

Sentence production in semantic dementia (Koukoulioti et al., 2018)

Vasiliki Koukoulioti, Stavroula Stavrakaki, Eleni Konstantinopoulou & Panagiotis Ioannidis
Purpose: Language production in semantic dementia(SD) is characterized by a lexical–semantic deficitand largely preserved argument structure and inflectionproduction. This study investigates (a) the effectof argument structure on verb retrieval and (b) theinterrelation between inflection marking and verb retrievalin SD.Method: Seven individuals with SD and 7 healthy controlsperformed 2 sentence elicitation tasks. In Experiment 1,participants described the action taking place in a video.In Experiment 2, they watched the same videos precededby a phrase prompting the production...

Treatment intensity in acquired apraxia of speech (Wambaugh et al., 2018)

Julie L. Wambaugh, Sandra Wright, Emily Boss, Shannon C. Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, William Hula & Patrick J. Doyle
Purpose: This investigation was designed to examine the effects of treatment intensity (i.e., dose frequency) on the outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT) for acquired apraxia of speech.Method: Five men with chronic apraxia of speech and aphasia received both intense SPT (3 hr per day/3 days per week) and nonintense/traditional SPT (SPT-T; 1 hr per day/3 days per week) in the context of single-case experimental designs. Each treatment was applied separately to a designated set...

Phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (Dalton et al., 2018)

Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton, Christine Shultz, Maya L. Henry, & Jessica D. Richardson
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the linguistic environment of phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (semantic, logopenic, and nonfluent) and to describe the profiles of paraphasia production for each of these variants.Method: Discourse samples of 26 individuals diagnosed with primary progressive aphasia were investigated for phonological paraphasias using the criteria established for the Philadelphia Naming Test (Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 2013). Phonological paraphasias were coded for paraphasia type,...

Misarticulations and word identification (Krueger et al., 2018)

Breanna I. Krueger, Holly L. Storkel & Utako Minai
Purpose: The purpose of the present studies was to determine how children’s identification and processing of misarticulated words was influenced by substitution commonness.Method: Sixty-one typically developing preschoolers across 3 experiments heard accurate productions of words (e.g., “leaf”), words containing common substitutions (e.g., “weaf”), and words containing uncommon substitutions (e.g., “yeaf”). On each trial, preschoolers chose between a real object picture (e.g., a leaf ) and a nonobject (e.g., an anomalous line drawing). Accuracy and processing...

Age differences in voice evaluation (Lortie et al., 2018)

Catherine L. Lortie, Isabelle Deschamps, Matthieu J. Guitton & Pascale Tremblay
Purpose: The factors that influence the evaluation of voice in adulthood, as well as the consequences of such evaluation on social interactions, are not well understood. Here, we examined the effect of listeners’ age and the effect of talker age, sex, and smoking status on the auditory-perceptual evaluation of voice, voice-related psychosocial attributions, and perceived speech tempo. We also examined the voice dimensions affecting the propensity to engage in social interactions.Method: Twenty-five younger (age 19–37...

Teacher ratings (Gregory & Oetting, 2018)

& Janna B. Oetting
Purpose: We compared teacher ratings as measured by the Teacher Rating of Oral Language and Literacy (TROLL; Dickinson, McCabe, & Sprague, 2001, 2003) and Children’s Communication Checklist–Second Edition (CCC-2; Bishop, 2006) to 2 established screeners, the Part II of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Language Variation–Screening Test (DELV-ST-II; Seymour, Roeper, & de Villiers, 2003) and Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills–Next (DIBELS; Good, Gruba, & Kaminski, 2009), and then examined whether teacher ratings alone or...

Interventions for communication in moderate–severe dementia (Swan et al., 2018)

Katina Swan, Marie Hopper, Rachel Wenke, Claire Jackson, Tracy Till & Erin Conway
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence for direct and indirect interventions for communication in people with moderate–severe dementia.Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysed guidelines, across 8 electronic databases. Studies were included if they included direct or indirect interventions, which could be administered by a speech-language pathologist to people with moderate–severe dementia (defined as having Mini-Mental State...

Naturalistic speech-generating device (Gevarter & Zamora, 2018)

Cindy Gevarter & Claudia Zamora
Purpose: This article presents a systematic review that aimed to synthesize single-subject–design studies that have examined naturalistic interventions for teaching the expressive use of speech-generating devices (SGDs) to children with complex communication needs. Specifically, this review describes what intervention strategies are most commonly applied in studies with positive effects and minimal methodological flaws and examines the populations and outcomes for which these strategies have been effective.Method: A systematic approach was used to qualitatively code variables...

Target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech (Oster & Werner, 2017)

& Lynne A. Werner
Purpose: Several investigators have compared infants’ detection of speech in speech and nonspeech maskers to evaluate developmental differences in masking. Such comparisons have produced contradictory results, possibly because each investigation used different stimuli. The current study examined target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech.Method: An observer-based procedure was used to compare infants’ and adults’ detection of the vowel /ʌ/ and the word “baby” in a 2-talker speech masker and matched speech-spectrum...

Sensitivity analysis of hearing loss among those with and without iron deficiency anemia as defined by lab values

Kathleen M. Schieffer, James R. Connor, James A. Pawelczyk & Deepa L. Sekhar
This table shows the conductive, sensorineural, and mixed hearing loss sensitivity analysis values among those with and without iron deficiency anemia. Participants are males and females ages 4 to 21 years. Analysis performed by two-tailed chi-squared test; p values are given.
Schieffer, K. M., Connor, J. R., Pawelczyk, J. A., & Sekhar, D. L. (2017). The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and sensorineural hearing loss in the pediatric and adolescent population. American Journal of Audiology,...

Multidimensional scaling plots of nonerror productions for all participants (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Jackson C. Lee, Talia Mittelman, Cara E. Stepp & Jason W. Bohland
Example multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots of nonerror productions for all participants. Each data point indicates one nonerror syllable production, color coded by syllable class. Distance between points is monotonically related to the L1-norm distance between high-dimensional kinematic feature vectors recorded and resampled for each syllable. Blue diamonds: /bi/, green circles: /bu/, orange stars: /da/, black triangles: /du/, purple arrows: /za/, red squares: /zi/. Lighter markers indicate trials produced under delay, while dark markers show trials...

Final statistical analyses using lmer; accuracy and duration by condition; performance by group on cognitive–linguistic tasks (Steinberg Lowe & Buchwald, 2017)

Mara Steinberg Lowe & Adam Buchwald
Supplemental Material S1. Final lmer model for whole nonword accuracy.
Supplemental Material S2. Final lmer model for phoneme accuracy (logit transformed).
Supplemental Material S3. Final lmer model for nonword durations for nonwords with initial native clusters (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S4. Final lmer model for nonword durations for nonwords with initial nonative clusters (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S5. Final lmer model for cluster duration for nonnative nonwords beginning with /ʃ/ (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S6. Final lmer model for cluster...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of predictors of expressive-language outcomes among late talkers (Fisher, 2017)

Evelyn L. Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers?Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO. We conducted a separate, random-effects model meta-analysis for each individual predictor...

Sample script for explicit word learning teaching trial (Kelley, 2017)

Elizabeth Spencer Kelley
"The explicit word learning measure was designed to examine the word learning of preschool children after brief, explicit teaching of novel words as an indication of how children might respond in instructional settings. Key components of evidence-based explicit vocabulary instruction were incorporated into brief lessons for each word. A sample script of a teaching trial is provided here."
Kelley, E. S. (2017). Measuring explicit word learning of preschool children: A development study. American Journal of Speech-Language...

Video: Demonstration of the staRt app (McAllister Byun et al., 2017)

Tara McAllister Byun, Heather Campbell, Helen Carey, Wendy Liang, Tae Hong Park & Mario Svirsky
"Speech Therapist’s App for /r/ Treatment (staRt) is an iOS app currently in development at New York University (NYU) that aims to increase the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) using visual-acoustic biofeedback to augment treatment for residual rhotic errors."
This video (3 min, 47 s) shows the staRt app as well as a demonstration of a clinician using the app with a patient.

McAllister Byun, T., Campbell, H., Carey, H., Liang, W., Park, T. H., &...

Detailed information regarding participant grouping, probe and treatment stimuli, severity criteria, and accuracy of production of target sounds (Wambaugh et al., 2017)

Julie L. Wambaugh, Christina Nessler, Sandra Wright, Shannon C. Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, Kiera Berggren & Dallin J. Bailey
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of schedule of practice (i.e., blocked vs. random) on outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT) for speakers with chronic acquired apraxia of speech and aphasia.
A combination of group and single-case experimental designs was used. Twenty participants each received SPT administered with randomized stimuli presentation (SPT-R) and SPT applied with blocked stimuli presentation (SPT-B). Treatment effects were examined with respect to accuracy of articulation as...

Naturalistic speech-generating device (Gevarter & Zamora, 2018)

Cindy Gevarter & Claudia Zamora
Purpose: This article presents a systematic review that aimed to synthesize single-subject–design studies that have examined naturalistic interventions for teaching the expressive use of speech-generating devices (SGDs) to children with complex communication needs. Specifically, this review describes what intervention strategies are most commonly applied in studies with positive effects and minimal methodological flaws and examines the populations and outcomes for which these strategies have been effective.Method: A systematic approach was used to qualitatively code variables...

Investigating a nonspeech differentiation task (Small et al., 2018)

Hailey C. Small, Tara McAllister & Maria I. Grigos
Purpose: Clinically, a task of alternating tongue lateralization has been used to evaluate the ability to independently control the tongue and jaw, with jaw movement interpreted as a sign of poor tongue–jaw differentiation. However, there is a lack of normative data regarding jaw movement during this task and whether this changes over the course of development. This study quantified relative tongue and jaw movement during alternating tongue lateralization for typical speakers across age ranges and...

Investigating a nonspeech differentiation task (Small et al., 2018)

Hailey C. Small, Tara McAllister & Maria I. Grigos
Purpose: Clinically, a task of alternating tongue lateralization has been used to evaluate the ability to independently control the tongue and jaw, with jaw movement interpreted as a sign of poor tongue–jaw differentiation. However, there is a lack of normative data regarding jaw movement during this task and whether this changes over the course of development. This study quantified relative tongue and jaw movement during alternating tongue lateralization for typical speakers across age ranges and...

Naturalistic speech-generating device (Gevarter & Zamora, 2018)

Cindy Gevarter & Claudia Zamora
Purpose: This article presents a systematic review that aimed to synthesize single-subject–design studies that have examined naturalistic interventions for teaching the expressive use of speech-generating devices (SGDs) to children with complex communication needs. Specifically, this review describes what intervention strategies are most commonly applied in studies with positive effects and minimal methodological flaws and examines the populations and outcomes for which these strategies have been effective.Method: A systematic approach was used to qualitatively code variables...

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