527 Works

Semantic feature analysis and aphasia (Gravier et al., 2018)

Michelle L. Gravier, Michael W. Dickey, William D. Hula, William S. Evans, Rebecca L. Owens, Ronda L. Winans-Mitrik & Patrick J. Doyle
Purpose: This study investigated the predictive value of practice-related variables—number of treatment trials delivered, total treatment time, average number of trials per hour, and average number of participant-generated features per trial—in response to semantic feature analysis (SFA) treatment.Method: SFA was administered to 17 participants with chronic aphasia daily for 4 weeks. Individualized treatment and semantically related probe lists were generated from items that participants were unable to name consistently during baseline testing. Treatment was administered...

Lexical tone perception by CI users (Holt et al., 2018)

Colleen M. Holt, Kathy Y. S. Lee, Richard C. Dowell & Adam P. Vogel
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess Cantonese word recognition and the discrimination of Cantonese tones with manipulated contours by child and adolescent cochlear implant (CI) users and a group of peers with normal hearing (NH). It was hypothesized that the CI users would perform more poorly than their counterparts with NH in both tasks and that CI users implanted before 2 years of age would perform better than those implanted after 2...

Essential statistical concepts (Oleson et al., 2019)

Jacob J. Oleson, Grant D. Brown & Ryan McCreery
Purpose: Clinicians depend on the accuracy of research in the speech, language, and hearing sciences to improve assessment and treatment of patients with communication disorders. Although this work has contributed to great advances in clinical care, common statistical misconceptions remain, which deserve closer inspection in the field. Challenges in applying and interpreting traditional statistical methods with behavioral data from humans have led to difficulties with replication and reproducibility in other allied scientific fields, including psychology...

Outcome measures in phonological treatment (Smit et al., 2018)

Ann Bosma Smit, Klaire Mann Brumbaugh, Barbara Weltsch & Melanie Hilgers
Purpose: In a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial of treatments for phonological disorders conducted over a period of 8 months, we examined 6 clinically relevant outcome measures. We took steps to reduce error variance and to maximize systematic variance.Method: Six children received traditional treatment (Van Riper, 1939), and 7 received expansion points (Smit, 2000), a treatment program with both phonological and traditional elements. Outcome measures, which were applied to both word list and...

Consonant age-of-acquisition effects in nonword repetition (Moore et al., 2017)

Michelle W. Moore, Julie A. Fiez & Connie A. Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development.Method: Thirty (Experiment 1) and 20 (Experiment 2) college students...

Differential diagnosis of apraxia of speech (Basilakos et al., 2017)

Alexandra Basilakos, Grigori Yourganov, Dirk-Bart Den Ouden, Daniel Fogerty, Chris Rorden, Lynda Feenaughty & Julius Fridriksson
Purpose: Apraxia of speech (AOS) is a consequence of stroke that frequently co-occurs with aphasia. Its study is limited by difficulties with its perceptual evaluation and dissociation from co-occurring impairments. This study examined the classification accuracy of several acoustic measures for the differential diagnosis of AOS in a sample of stroke survivors.Method: Fifty-seven individuals were included (mean age = 60.8 ± 10.4 years; 21 women, 36 men; mean months poststroke = 54.7 ± 46). Participants...

Diagnostic accuracy of recall and past tense (Redmond et al., 2019)

Sean M. Redmond, Andrea C. Ash, Tyler T. Christopulos & Theresa Pfaff
Purpose: Measures of linguistic processing and grammatical proficiency represent strong candidates for adaptation into language screeners for early elementary students. One key barrier, however, has been the lack of consensus around the preferred reference standard for assigning affected status. Diagnostic accuracies associated with sentence recall and past tense marking index measures were examined relative to 5 different reference standards of language impairment: receipt of language services, clinically significant levels of parental concern, low performance on...

Multilingual DHH SR (Crowe & Guiberson, 2019)

Kathryn Crowe & Mark Guiberson
Purpose: Many educators and speech-language pathologists have difficulty providing effective interventions to the growing population of d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) learners who use more than 1 language. The purpose of this review article was to identify evidence-based interventions for speech, language, and literacy used with DHH multilingual learners (DMLs), monolingual DHH learners, and hearing bilingual learners without hearing loss. Interventions used with these groups can inform the practice of professionals providing services to DMLs.Method: This...

Patterns of recovery from aphasia (Wilson et al., 2019)

Stephen M. Wilson, Dana K. Eriksson, Temre H. Brandt, Sarah M. Schneck, Jillian M. Lucanie, Annie S. Burchfield, Sara Charney, Ian A. Quillen, Michael De Riesthal, Howard S. Kirshner, Pélagie M. Beeson, Leslie Ritter & Chelsea S. Kidwell
Purpose: Recovery from aphasia after stroke has a decelerating trajectory, with the greatest gains taking place early and the slope of change decreasing over time. Despite its importance, little is known regarding evolution of language function in the early postonset period. The goal of this study was to characterize the dynamics and nature of recovery of language function in the acute and early subacute phases of stroke.Method: Twenty-one patients with aphasia were evaluated every 2–3...

Teleaudiology for rehabilitation with hearing aids (Tao et al., 2018)

Karina F. M. Tao, Christopher G. Brennan-Jones, Dirce M. Capobianco-Fava, Dona M. P. Jayakody, Peter L. Friedland, De Wet Swanepoel & Robert H. Eikelboom
Purpose: This review examined (a) the current evidence from studies on teleaudiology applications for rehabilitation of adults with hearing impairment with hearing aids and (b) whether it is sufficient to support the translation into routine clinical practice.Method: A search strategy and eligibility criteria were utilized to include articles specifically related to hearing aid fitting and follow-up procedures that are involved in consultations for the rehabilitation of adults, where the service was provided by the clinician...

TBI-QOL Communication short form with children (Cohen et al., 2019)

Matthew L. Cohen, David S. Tulsky, Aaron J. Boulton, Pamela A. Kisala, Hilary Bertisch, Keith Owen Yeates, Mark R. Zonfrillo, Dennis R. Durbin, Kenneth M. Jaffe, Nancy Temkin, Jin Wang & Frederick P. Rivara
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency and construct validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury Quality of Life Communication Item Bank (TBI-QOL COM) short form as a parent-proxy report measure. The TBI-QOL COM is a patient-reported outcome measure of functional communication originally developed as a self-report measure for adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but it may also be valid as a parent-proxy report measure for children who have sustained...

The use of dynamic assessment (Orellana et al., 2019)

Carla I. Orellana, Rebekah Wada & Ronald B. Gillam
Purpose: Dynamic assessment (DA) has generally been accepted and recommended for use with bilingual children; however, no meta-analysis or systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy for language impairment within this population exists. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current use of DA and its diagnostic accuracy for language impairment in bilingual children.Method: Through a key word search of PsycINFO, ERIC, Academic Search Premier, and MEDLINE via EBSCOhost, 7 studies were identified. Participants ranged from...

Speech compression in dysarthria (Utianski et al., 2019)

Rene L. Utianski, Steven Sandoval, Visar Berisha, Kaitlin L. Lansford & Julie M. Liss
Purpose: Telemedicine, used to offset disparities in access to speech-language therapy, relies on technology that utilizes compression algorithms to transmit signals efficiently. These algorithms have been thoroughly evaluated on healthy speech; however, the effects of compression algorithms on the intelligibility of disordered speech have not been adequately explored.Method: This case study assessed acoustic and perceptual effects of resampling and speech compression (i.e., transcoding) on the speech of 2 individuals with dysarthria. Forced-choice vowel identification and...

Detailed information regarding participant grouping, probe and treatment stimuli, severity criteria, and accuracy of production of target sounds (Wambaugh et al., 2017)

Julie L. Wambaugh, Christina Nessler, Sandra Wright, Shannon C. Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, Kiera Berggren & Dallin J. Bailey
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of schedule of practice (i.e., blocked vs. random) on outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT) for speakers with chronic acquired apraxia of speech and aphasia.
A combination of group and single-case experimental designs was used. Twenty participants each received SPT administered with randomized stimuli presentation (SPT-R) and SPT applied with blocked stimuli presentation (SPT-B). Treatment effects were examined with respect to accuracy of articulation as...

Naming and story gist in aphasia (Richardson et al., 2018)

Jessica D. Richardson, Sarah Grace Dalton, Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Audrey Holland & Brian MacWhinney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between picture naming performance and the ability to communicate the gist, or essential elements, of a story. We also sought to determine if this relationship varied according to Western Aphasia Battery–Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007) aphasia subtype.Method: Demographic information, test scores, and transcripts of 258 individuals with aphasia completing 3 narrative tasks were retrieved from the AphasiaBank database. Narratives were subjected to a main concept...

Long-term outcomes following pediatric cochlear implantation: Correlation matrices (Hunter et al., 2017)

Cynthia R. Hunter, William G. Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos & David B. Pisoni
We sought to determine whether speech perception and language skills measured early after cochlear implantation in children who are deaf, and early postimplant growth in speech perception and language skills, predict long-term speech perception, language, and neurocognitive outcomes.
Supplemental Material S1. Correlation matrix for Year 1 speech-language measures.
Supplemental Material S2. Correlation matrix for Year 1 speech-language measures, controlling for chronological age.
Supplemental Material S3. Correlation matrix for Year 2 speech-language measures.
Supplemental Material S4. Correlation matrix for...

Developmental and noise-induced changes (Niemitalo-Haapola et al., 2017)

Elina Niemitalo-Haapola, Sini Haapala, Teija Kujala, Antti Raappana, Tiia Kujala & Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
"Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate developmental and noise-induced changes in central auditory processing indexed by event-related potentials in typically developing children.Method: P1, N2, and N4 responses as well as mismatch negativities (MMNs) were recorded for standard syllables and consonants, frequency, intensity, vowel, and vowel duration changes in silent and noisy conditions in the same 14 children at the ages of 2 and 4 years.Results: The P1 and N2 latencies decreased and...

Sound selection (Storkel, 2018)

Holly L. Storkel
Purpose: There are a number of evidence-based treatments for preschool children with phonological disorders (Baker & McLeod, 2011). However, a recent survey by Brumbaugh and Smit (2013) suggests that speech-language pathologists are not equally familiar with all evidence-based treatment alternatives, particularly the complexity approach. The goal of this clinical tutorial is to provide coaching on the implementation of the complexity approach in clinical practice, focusing on treatment target selection.Method: Evidence related to selecting targets for...

Video: Demonstration of the staRt app (McAllister Byun et al., 2017)

Tara McAllister Byun, Heather Campbell, Helen Carey, Wendy Liang, Tae Hong Park & Mario Svirsky
"Speech Therapist’s App for /r/ Treatment (staRt) is an iOS app currently in development at New York University (NYU) that aims to increase the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) using visual-acoustic biofeedback to augment treatment for residual rhotic errors."
This video (3 min, 47 s) shows the staRt app as well as a demonstration of a clinician using the app with a patient.

McAllister Byun, T., Campbell, H., Carey, H., Liang, W., Park, T. H., &...

Video displaying game and nasal accelerometer (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Talia Mittelman, Maia N. Braden, Geralyn Harvey Woodnorth & Cara E. Stepp
Video shows game and nasal accelerometer used in this study. Users play the game as a ninja fighting evil robots by using just their speech. Game play for feedback and no-feedback stages are identical: a robot appears, and the user is prompted to repeat one of the stimuli CVCs (e.g., mom, nun, bag, bead) three times. Feedback stages prompted participants to increase their nasalization on nasal stimuli and decrease their nasalization on nonnasal stimuli, as...

Diagnostic accuracy of SUGAR measures (Pavelko & Owens, 2019)

Stacey L. Pavelko & Robert E. Owens
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the four Sampling Utterances and Grammatical Analysis Revised (SUGAR) metrics, including total number of words, mean length of utteranceSUGAR, words per sentence, and clauses per sentence in differentiating children with language impairment (LI) from those with typical language development, and (b) to compare the average time to collect, transcribe, and analyze 50-utterance language samples for children with LI to those...

Engineering In Speech Science (Hagedorn et al., 2019)

Christina Hagedorn, Tanner Sorensen, Adam Lammert, Asterios Toutios, Louis Goldstein & Shrikanth Narayanan
Purpose: As increasing amounts and types of speech data become accessible, health care and technology industries increasingly demand quantitative insight into speech content.The potential for speech data to provide insight into cognitive, affective, and psychological health states and behavior crucially depends on the ability to integrate speech data into the scientific process. Current engineering methods for acquiring, analyzing, and modeling speech data present the opportunity to integrate speech data into the scientific process. Additionally, machine...

Language outcomes in children who are deaf and hard of hearing (Daub et al., 2017)

Olivia Daub, Marlene P. Bagatto, Andrew M. Johnson & Janis Oram Cardy
Purpose: Early auditory experiences are fundamental in infant language acquisition. Research consistently demonstrates the benefits of early intervention (i.e., hearing aids) to language outcomes in children who are deaf and hard of hearing. The nature of these benefits and their relation with prefitting development are, however, not well understood.Method: This study examined Ontario Infant Hearing Program birth cohorts to explore predictors of performance on the Preschool Language Scale–Fourth Edition at the time of (N =...

Sketch and Speak intervention (Ukrainetz, 2018)

Teresa A. Ukrainetz
Purpose: This preliminary study investigated an intervention procedure employing 2 types of note-taking and oral practice to improve expository reporting skills.Procedure: Forty-four 4th to 6th graders with language-related learning disabilities from 9 schools were assigned to treatment or control conditions that were balanced for grade, oral language, and other features. The treatment condition received 6 30-min individual or pair sessions from the school of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Treatment involved reducing statements from grade-level science articles...

Production–perception link in L1 Cantonese tones (Mok et al., 2019)

Peggy Pik Ki Mok, Holly Sze Ho Fung & Vivian Guo Li
Purpose: Previous studies showed early production precedes late perception in Cantonese tone acquisition, contrary to the general principle that perception precedes production in child language. How tone production and perception are linked in 1st language acquisition remains largely unknown. Our study revisited the acquisition of tone in Cantonese-speaking children, exploring the possible link between production and perception in 1st language acquisition.Method: One hundred eleven Cantonese-speaking children aged between 2;0 and 6;0 (years;months) and 10 adolescent...

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